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SUSTAINABLE UTLIZATION OF PLANT GENETIC

RESOURCES

PRESENTED BY

P.Sivagurunathan
II M.SC Envt.BIOTECHNOLOGY

BHARATHIDASAN UNIVERSITY
TRICHY-24
INTRODUCTION

 soil , water and sunlight are essential for food production.

 Lot of people do not realize that there is a fourth ,equally


important resource the genetic diversity.

 Plant genetic resources give us crop varieties of different ,


shapes colours and sizes.

 It as resistance to disease or pests.


Sustainable
 Sustainable is the ability to maintain balance of certain
process or state in any system.

 Resource means available source of wealth a new or


reserve supply.

 That can be drawn upon when needed.


Transgenic plant resources
 Transgenic plants posses a gene or genes that have been
transferred from a different species.

 DNA of another species can be integrated in plant genome


by natural process the term ‘transgenic plants’.

 Recombinant DNA technology laboratory was mainly used


.
in transgenic plants production
Preservation and
conservation
 Preservation means the protection of biodiversity from any
kind of human activity.

 Conservation means protection of biodiversity for


.
sustainable utilization
Biotechnology method used
 Biotechnology can directly and indirectly enable
conservation strategies.

 At the same time allow economically significant species to


both utilized and protected.

 This is a major issue for those global areas, rich in


biodiversity.

 Population is increasing so we need rich biological


resources and the same time preserve them for future
generations.
Techniques used
 The germplasm of economically significant species
preserved, ex situ in culture collection and genebanks.

 It is need to continuously take germplasm form natural


environment.

 Tissue cultures method the species can be used as a direct


source of natural products.

 Clonal micropropagation also similarly to tissue culture.

 Biotechnology derived plants or trees can be used as


sources of nursery stock for plantations.
In situ & Ex situ
conservation
 In situ conservation is essential and the protection of
natural ecosystem.

 Without this in situ conservation natural evolutionary


pressures will not be imposed and in the long term and
future generation.

 Both ex situ & in situ conservation used in genetic


resources.
IPGRI
 International plant genetic resources institute (IPGRI).

 Another organization associated with FAO food and


agriculture organization which promotes the conservation
and use of genetic resources.

 IPGRI has funded a number of research programmers and


conferences.

 To develop technologies for reducing the risk of moving


pathogens with plants.
 Germplasm should be obtained from a safe pathogen
tested source.

 In vitro culture pose less risk than vegetative plant


materials potted in soil.

 In vitro material should be derived from pathogen tested


sources .
Conclusion
 Biotechnology is integrated in all aspects of plant
germplasm charaterization,exchange and genetic resource
management.

 The sustainable utilization of plant diversity can be greatly


assisted by the application of direct and indirect bio
technology procedurs.

 In vitro and molecular approaches to plant conservation


become more amenable. It will become more and more
important.
THANK YOU