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# SECTION A

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Expansion / increase in volume
thermometer X
Mercury

## The smallest division is smaller // able to detect the smaller change

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Rate of change of displacement// Velocity = Displacement ÷ Time
Between D and E
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## Total displacement = [ (½ x 4 x 10) + (6 x 10) + (½ x 2 x 10)] – [1/2 x 2 x 10] = [20 + 60 + 10] – [10] = 80 cm

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Pascal’s Principle
=
200
F
Some of the force is used to compress air bubbles // The pressure
cannot be transmitted uniformly and immediately because the air
bubble is compressed
1.When the handle is pressed down, the pressure is exerted on the
liquid and transmits uniformly to the large piston
2. The force is produced and pushes the load up

## = 40 N

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increases linearly
0 o C = 273K
- 273 o C
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## As the temperature increase, the speed of the molecules increase. The rate of collision between molecules and container wall increase. Therefore, pressure increase

=
=
P₂
273 + 27
T₁
P₂___
273 + 80
P₁
P₂
T₂
235.3 kPa
200
=

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Force is an action that can change the type of motion of the object
which is in a straight line// Pushing or pulling action on an object
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When the object moves with constant velocity or the object is
stationary, the net force is zero
The aeroplane will accelerate.
Forces in equilibrium.
F e = F d // Equal
T = W // Equal
Net force = 0 N
Net force = 0 N
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MEASURE of the ability of the conductor to resist the flow of
current through it
The potential difference in Diagram 6.1 is bigger
The length of wire in Diagram 6.1 is longer
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The magnitude of current is the same in both diagrams.
The longer the length the higher the resistance
The resistance of wire in Diagram 6.1 is bigger
2. Because total resistance decreases
1. Current increases

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The incidence angle in denser medium produce a 90⁰ refracted angle.
n = 1/0.669
n = 1.49 or 1.50
Total internal Reflection
n = 1/ sin 42
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refractive index of the inner core is greater than the outer
Optical fibre has high flexibility.
total internal reflection can occur

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v
=
f( 2 X 10⁻²)
1.5 X 10¹⁰ Hz
3 X 10 8
=
f
=
Microwave

## t 0.16 s

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Waves converge at focal point// Signal focus at focal point
converge wave// focus the signal
Concave reflector
At focal point
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can collect more wave/ signal
Type X is most suitable
Big

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# SECTION B

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## Force per unit surface area// Pressure = Force ÷ Surface area

- Mass of load is equal

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• ## 4. The liquid leaves the top of the narrow tube through the nozzle as a fine spray.

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## Sources that have same amplitude, frequency and in phase

The separation between
two consecutive
antinodal or nodal
• Diagram 10.2 is bigger
Name the phenomenon
the two coherent source
The distance between
• Both are equal
The wavelength
• Interference
Compare
• bigger in Diagram 10.1
or
• The smaller the distance between two sources,
the bigger the separation between two
consecutive antinodal/ nodal lines.

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k
=
F / x
(0.3 x 10)
=
=
50 Nm⁻¹

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so ,

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