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# BASIC MACHINE

Teknik Kendaraan Ringan Semester 1nd Class X Dasar Kompetensi Kejuruan SK-KD 1TH

## DIAGRAM ALUR PENCAPAIAN KOMPETENSI

TARGET OF LESSON
Student understand basic static and strained Student understand machine element Student understand basic material and mineral

## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

STATIC
Learn about balanced material, and the force at the material for balancing that

## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

FORCE
Force is something cause the material move or standby

The Symbol : F

## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

F = m (Kg) a (m/s2) = Kg m/s2 = Newton (N) f = u N Newton N = Normal force, that upright with material face (Newton) = friction coefficient at material face (without unit)

Compose to force

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To analyze force

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Inertia Force

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Couple

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## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Balanced
Inertia force F1 to O, M1 = F1 . a (clockwise),

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## FMg = sin F = W sin dan N = W cos

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STRAINED
Load at material molecule in unit of face large

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Normal Strained

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Pull Strained

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Push Strained

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Shift Strained

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Bend Strained

## Mb = momen lengkung Wb = momen tahanan lengkung

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Twist Strained

## Mt = momen puntir (torsi) Wp = momen tahanan polar (pada puntir)

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## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

SHAFT
Shaft at the machine use for continue power with rotation

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## THE KINDS OF SHAFT

Yoke
Axle is a shaft that does not get the load torque, function only as a drag load, usually do not spin. For example, as mounted on the wheels of a freight train, or on trucks as the front.

Spindle
Axis of transmission is relatively short, as the main axis of the machine tools, where the main burden of torsion

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## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Transmission Shaft

Axis of the transmission function of mechanical energy to move one machine element to the other machine elements

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## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

BEARING
Bearing needed to rivet shaft loaded, in order to turn or move back and forth continuously, and no noise due to friction

Sliding bearings
where there is movement between the shaft and sliding bearings for shaft surface by the bearing surface with a layer of lubricant

Rolling bearings
where there is rolling friction between the parts rotates with the rest through rolling elements such as rollers or needle rollers
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Based on the weight of the shaft, the bearings classified into Radial bearing where the load bearing ditumpu axis perpendicular to the axis

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## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Axial bearings, where the load bearing direction is parallel to the axis of the shaft

Special roller bearings, which are bearing the burden rested the direction parallel and perpendicular to the axis of the shaft.

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MATERIAL
MATERIAL

STELL

NON STELL

ORGANIC

AN ORGANIC

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## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

MATERIAL
BASED CHEMICAL ELEMENTS

LOGAM

NON LOGAM

METALLOID

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## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

STEEL CHARACTERISTIC
MEKANIS

FISIKA

SIFAT LOGAM

PENGERJAAN

KIMIA

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## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

PROPERTIES MECHANICAL

strength

hardness

elasticity

rigidity

plasticity

fatique

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## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

MINERAL
Mineral is a lot of material contained in the earth, which has the shape and specific characteristics and has a fixed chemical composition.

CHARACTERISTIC:
Color For example faucet flashes of gold, tin, and copper metal which has a flash Crystals or parts of a mineral that has a smooth plane Density, the mineral has a specific gravity of between 2 to 4 ton/m2.

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## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

MINERAL

STEEL
besi, alumunium, mangan, titanium,tembaga, timah hitam

NON STEEL
Natrium klorida, kalsium fosfat, dan belerang, pasir, batu kerikil, batu hancur, gips, dan semen, bahan bakar fosil, Air

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## Teknologi dan Rekayasa

BIBLIOGRAPHY:
BSE Memahami Dasar-Dasar Kejuruan

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