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Most nouns form the plural by adding -s or -es.

Singular boat hat house river Plural boats hats houses rivers

A noun ending in -y preceded by a consonant makes the plural with -ies.


Singular a cry a fly a nappy a poppy a city a lady a baby Plural cries flies nappies poppies cities ladies babies

There are some irregular formations for noun plurals. Some of the most common ones are listed below.

Singular woman man child tooth foot person leaf half

Plural women men children teeth feet people leaves halves

There are some irregular formations for noun plurals. Some of the most common ones are listed below.

Singular Knife wife life loaf potato cactus focus

Plural knives wives lives loaves potatoes cacti foci

There are some irregular formations for noun plurals. Some of the most common ones are listed below.

Singular fungus Nucleus syllabus analysis diagnosis oasis thesis crisis

Plural fungi nuclei syllabi/syllabuses analyses diagnoses oases theses crises

Some nouns have the same form in the singular and the plural.

Singular Sheep Fish species aircraft

Plural sheep fish species aircraft

Some nouns have a plural form but take a singular verb.

news The news is on at 6.30 p.m. athletics Athletics is good for young people. linguistics Linguistics is the study of language. darts Darts is a popular game in England. billiards Billiards is played all over the world.

Some nouns have a plural form and take a plural verb.

trousers My trousers are too tight. jeans Her jeans are black. glasses Those glasses are his. others include: savings, thanks, steps, stairs, customs, congratulations, tropics, wages, spectacles, goods

The indefinite article a/an - Exercise 1. 1- Lucy has ---- dog. 2- Let's sing ---- song. 3- Emily needs ---- new desk in her room. 4- I need ---- blue pen. 5- Ben has ---- old bike. 6- Peter has ---- aunt in Berlin. 7- We listen to ---- English CD. 8- She has ---- exercise book in her school bag. 9- The speed of this car was 160 miles ---- hour. 10- They finished ---- unit.

The indefinite article a/an - Exercise 2. 1- There is ---- new English book on the desk. 2- She's reading ---- old book. 3- They've got ---- idea. 4- He is drinking ---- cup of coffee. 5- The girl is ---- pilot. 6- Cairo has ---- airport. 7- This is ---- expensive bike. 8- Look! There's ---- bird flying. 9- My friend is ---- polite person. 10- My friend likes to be ---- astronaut.

Which article a or an can be put before the following words or phrases? Write the words or phrases into the correct column. idea, new desk, apple, astronaut, green umbrella, uncle, famous actress, bird, airport, book.

an

Put in the correct form of the plural. 1- desk 3- bike 5- invitation 7- game 9- cake 11- half 13- woman 15- foot 17- penny 19- day 2- pencil 4- cat 6- watch 8- cage 10- box 12- kilo 14- mouth 16- sheep 18- bus 20- fish