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Implications for Syllabus Design Eclectic Method

It must be simple for both teacher and learner, and must be within the capabilities of all teachers. Also, the teacher must feel that pupils are progressing satisfactorily. It must bring about a balance between the spoken and written or printed word (and must be flexible enough for the teacher to concentrate on the area (s)he wants).

It must overcome the conflict between fluency and accuracy.

It must increase the rate and amount of learning which takes place in the classroom.

Testing must be part of the method, and not a separate entity.

Constant revision must be part of the method.

It must enable the teacher to set defined limits and have control over oral responses.

It must be variable ( cf. the difficulty of the Direct Method where framing the right question to make the pupils apply various persons / tenses / cases and vocabulary is most difficulty without prearranged coding.

It must reflect the linguistic habits the child has already acquired by learning his/her mother tongue and their ability to assimilate a new language.

It must offer a new approach to the application of translation work.

It must give the pupils a stimulus to say something in the first instance - and it must find ways of supplying the pupils constantly with ideas which they can use for their expression in the foreign language.

It must enable work done with modern teaching aids (e.g. audio-visual aids, computer) to be an extension of the method used in class.

It must give the teacher an opportunity to speed up intercommunication between himself/herself and individual pupils.

It must be sufficiently flexible to cope with various class conditions ( as far as pupils' specific / general interests are concerned )

It must ensure that pupils are given the opportunity of having the greatest number of meaningful contacts possible both with and in the foreign language - THE most important criteria for the validity of any modern method.

Activity for Eclectic Method

Lesson Plan In this lesson our focus is on Past Simple Tense. For this

purpose we shall try to present a series of activities which will provide the learners' opportunity to practice the structures with in context with conscious and unconscious state of mind. The students are supposed to be class 6 students.
Activity 1: Reading of Passage (10 Mins Approx) Activity 2: Question Answering about Passage (10 Mins

Approx) Activity 3: Fill in the Blanks (10 Mins Approx) Activity 4: Past Simple Practice (10 Mins Approx) Activity 5: Story Writing (10 Mins Approx)

Activity 1: Reading of Passage (10 Mins Approx)

The purpose is to provide a context for next activities. The Lady With the Lamp Florance Nightingale was a young girl, in the early part of the nineteenth century. At that time, the hospitals were not as good as they are now. The doctors and nurses were not trained about healing wounds. Many poor soldiers died because of this in result of war. So she wanted to be a nurse. But her father did not want that. He sent Florance to travel many countries. She did not forget and visited hospitals. She worked in convents where nurses were trained. She worked in the hospital and improved the system. She worked day and night. She looked after the wounded soldiers. She used to walk around the hospital with a small lamp. So the hospitals became clean and nurses were much more skillful. She stayed at hospital till the end of the war and saved hundreds of lives.That's why today, nurses all over the world remember The Lady with the Lamp

Activity 2: Question Answer (10 Mins Approx)

The purpose is conversational practice in a controlled situation as well as to remind what students previously read. It will allow the students to remember the new vocabulary items specially the content words used in the passage. As well as students will unconsciously practice past simple tense.

Questions:Q1:- Who was Nightingale? Q2:- Are hospitals today better or worse than in Florance Nightingale's times? Q3:- Why did many soldiers die? Q4:- Did her father wanted his daughter to be a nurse? Q5:- Why did she want to learn about nursing? Q6:- What she did for the improvement of the system of hospitals? Q7:- Why she was called The Lady with the Lamp?

Activity 3: Fill in the Blanks (10 Mins Approx)

The purpose is again to let the students interact with the teacher and to memorize the vocabulary items .

Fill in the blanks with appropriate words. Florance was a _________ girl. (Old, Young) She wanted to be a _________. (Nurse, Doctor) She visited _________. (Hospitals, Saloons) Florance is called ____________________. (Lady with a Piano, Lady with a Lamp) Florance was in the early part of _____________. (Twentieth century, Nineteenth century) The hospitals were not so _________. (Good, Beautiful) But his _________ did not want that. (Brother, Father) She worked in a ___________. (School, Hospital) Andy many _________ soldiers died because of that. (rich, poor) He sent Florance to travel many ________. (Countries, Villages) She worked in convents where ________ were trained. (Teachers, Nurses) She improved the system and worked ___________. (Day and night, for a month) She used to walk around the hospitals with __________. (a lamp, a piano) Hospitals became _________. (clean, ugly) Nurses were much more __________ now. (reasonable, skillful) She stayed at hospital until the end of ________. (war, dinner) Nurses all over the world __________ The Lady with the Lamp. (remember, forget)

Activity 4: Practice of Past Simple Tense (10 Mins Approx)

The purpose of this activity is to convert the previous unconscious knowledge about the past simple tense to conscious one. The definition and structural formula will be presented in traditional way and then the sentences will be practiced in substitution tables. The Simple Past Tense The simple past tense is used to talk about actions that happened at a specific time in the past. You form the simple past of a verb by adding -ed onto the end of a regular verb but, irregular verb forms have to be learned. Practice of to be statements In Past Simple. Positive and Negative Sentences .

Practice of regular verbs in Past Simple. Positive and Negative Sentences.

Practice of to be statements and regular verbs in Past Simple. Interrogative Sentences

Activity 5: Story Writing (10 Mins Approx)

The purpose is to let the students use their minds and provide linguistic output

in desired form i.e. past simple tense. A picture will be presented and then the students will be asked to write a story according to their perception of the picture. Reasonable guide and clues will be provided by the teacher after the students having brainstormed.