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Pengertian Komposit
Komposit merupakan kombinasi dari dua material atau lebih yang memiliki fasa yang berbeda menjadi suatu material baru yang memiliki properti lebih baik dari keduanya. Jika kombinasi ini terjadi dalam skala makroskopis maka disebut sebagai komposit. Jika kombinasi ini terjadi secara mikoroskopis (molekular level) maka disebut sebagai alloy atau paduan.


cotton polypropylene wool silk jute acrylic rayon polyamide (nylon) polyester polyurethane "Lycra") polyaramid ("Kevlar") poly(vinyl alcohol)

polyethylene polypropylene poly(vinyl chloride) polystyrene ABS acrylic cellulose acetate polyamide polyester polyurethane polyacetal polycarbonate PTFE modified PPE polysulphone PEEK LCP

phenol-formaldehyde urea-formaldehyde melamine formaldehyde epoxide alkyd furan nitrile rubber polyester polyurethane silicone

natural rubber polyisoprene polybutadiene SBR butyl rubber ethylene-propylene polychloroprene (Neoprene) polyester polyurethane silicone fluororubbers

1. PLASTICS Organic polymeric composites*, which can be easily formed to shape and hold that shape.


1.1 THERMOPLASTICS Organic polymeric composites which can be softened (plasticised) and made to flow by the action of heat and/or pressure but which recover their semi-rigid state when the heat and pressure are removed. Thermoplastic materials are reversible materials. In theory the heating forming cooling cycle can be repeated over and over again, making them suitable for recycling 1.2 THERMOSETTING PLASTICS Organic polymeric composites, which are initially capable of being softened by heat but, after a chemical change, become resistant to flow at all temperatures. These materials cannot be passed through the forming process again and a different approach has to be taken in recycling. 2. ELASTOMERS (RUBBERS) Organic polymeric materials, which, at room temperature, can be stretched repeatedly to twice their own length (100% elongation) and, upon release of stress, will return with force to the original length. Elastomers may be thermoplastic (reversible heat softening) or thermosetting (irreversible chemical change). 3. FIBRES Organic polymeric composites which have dimensions in one direction (length) many times greater than dimensions in other directions (cross-section) and are anisotropic, i.e. the properties in the length are different from the properties in the cross-section.