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lepton e e   l l10
¦  

d = × î   10 11
`  0 12  ×0 1 2
      

ë  dî  ë ë10


Gontent
Intod tion fo the nified theo of phi
 tt
1. The G 

et
2. The eiodi T le of Ele
ent tile
. The Boon M Fo
l
. The Me of Lepton nd Q 
. The Lepton M Fo
l
î. The Q  M Fo
l
. S


The So e of the eenttion

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Y 
  Y   Y  
Y  Y    
Intod tion fo the nified theo of phi

   o e  le ni ee i  o
plex ni ee. It h t let
fo  foe field the tong, the g ittionl, the eleto
gneti,
nd the we foe field. It h t let fo  diffeent
teil
nd enegie o
i dition, d eneg, d
tte, nd
oni
tte. It h n
eo  ele
ent ptile, inl ding
ix lepton, ix ë , nd g ge oon. The
te of
ë nt

ehni h not een f ll explined. The glx
fo
tion nd
n othe tono
il pheno
en e
in 
peplexing i e. So f, thee i no i le nified theo in
phi to nif peifill ll thee diffeent pheno
en.
The nified theo of phi i the theo of e ething to
explin f ll o
olog, d eneg, d
tte, oni

tte, ë nt

ehni, ele
ent ptile, foe field,
glx fo
tion, nd n  l exte
e foe.
 tt fo the Unified Theo of hi
The nified theo of phi i the theo of e ething to
explin f ll o
olog, d eneg, d
tte, oni

tte, ë nt

ehni, ele
ent ptile, foe field,
glx fo
tion, nd n  l exte
e foe. In the nified
theo, diffeent ni ee in diffeent de elop
entl tge e
the diffeent expeion of the nified ni ee. The nified
theo i di ided into fi e pt the two phil t t e,
o
olog, the peiodi t le of ele
ent ptile, the glx
fo
tion, nd the exte
e foe field.
! 

 

It tt with the two phil t t e the pe t t e nd
the o et t t e. The pe t t e inl de tth
ent
pe nd deth
ent pe. Relting to et
, tth
ent
pe tthe to o et pe
nentl with zeo peed o
e ei l t the peed of light. Relting to ineti eneg, deth
ent
pe ie ei l dethe fo
the o et t the peed of light. The
o
intion of tth
ent pe nd deth
ent pe ing  o t
thee diffeent pe t t e
ii le pe, in lttie pe, nd
in ptition pe fo peil elti it, ë nt

ehni, nd the
exte
e foe field, epeti el. The o et t t e onit of 11D

e
ne (11), 10D ting (210), i le D ptile (1  to 10), nd
e
pt o et (0 to 11) whoe tnfo
tion i tho gh the di
enionl
oilltion tht in ol e the oilltion etween high di
enionl
pe-ti
e with high 
eneg nd low di
enionl pe-ti
e
with low 
eneg.
 

   o e  le ni ee with D pe-ti
e h zeo 
eneg.
In te
 of o
olog, o  ni ee tt with the 11-di
enionl

e
ne ni ee followed  the 10-di
enionl ting ni ee nd
then  the 10-di
enionl ptile ni ee, nd end with the


etil d l ni ee with i le di


enionl ptile nd -
di
enionl ptile. S h -tge o
olog o nt fo the
oigin of the fo  foe field.
O        

The nified theo ple ll ele


ent ptile in the peiodi
t le of ele
ent ptile with the l lted
e in good
gee
ent with the o e ed l e.
      
The inho
ogeneo  t t e,  h  glx, i dei ed fo

the ino
pti ilit etween oni
tte nd d
tte, lie
the inho
ogeneo  t t e fo
ed  the ino
pti ilit
etween oil nd wte. Go
i dition llow d
tte nd
oni
tte to e o
pti le.  the ni ee expnded, the
deeing denit of o
i dition ineed the
ino
pti ilit, e lting in ineing inho
ogeneo  t t e.
The fi e tge of the fo
tion of inho
ogeneo  t t e e
oni
tte, oni doplet, the
fit genetion glxie  the ig e ption, l te, nd
 pel te. The ig e ption explin the oigin of diffeent
tpe of glxie.
×   
Unde exte
e ondition,  h  the zeo te
pet e nd
exte
el high pe e, g ge oon foe field ndegoe the
phe tnition to fo
exte
e foe field. Exte
e foe field
explin n  l pheno
en  h   peond to, ftionl
ë nt
Hll effet,  peno , ne ton t, g

  t,
nd ë .
 tt fo The eiodi T le of Ele
ent tile
The nified theo of phi i the theo of e ething.
The pt  in the peenttion i the peiodi t le of
ele
ent ptile. The G 

etil ptile-
ntiptile e lt in the o
intion of the e en
³pinipl di
enionl o itl nd the e en ³ xili
di
enionl o itl. The peiodi t le of ele
ent
ptile i ont ted fo
thee o itl, e lting in the
g ge oon
 fo
l, the lepton
 fo
l, nd
ë 
 fo
l fo the l ltion of the
e of
g ge oon, lepton, ë  ing onl fo  nown
ontnt the n
e , the
 of eleton, the
 of
Zù, nd the fine t t e ontnt. The l lted l e
e in good gee
ent with the o e ed l e.
Y   
Di
enionl   itl
In the light ni ee (the o e  le ni ee), o
i dition i
the e lt of the nnihiltion of the G 

etil ptile-
ntiptile. Howe e, thee i the G 

et, e lting in


exe of
tte. Mtte e lt fo
the o
intion of the G


etil ptile-ntiptile. 
entioned efoe, 
oni
tte ptile (d) h e en di
enionl o itl with
the di
enionl o itl n
e, d, fo
 to11.

d = × î   10 11
The G 

etil ptile-ntiptile ptile


en
the o
intion of two 

etil et of e en fo

ptile nd ntiptile, e lting in the o


intion of the
e en ³pinipl di
enionl o itl nd the e en
³ xili di
enionl o itl. The  xili o itl e
dependent on the pinipl o itl, o  oni
tte
ptile ppe to h e onl one et of di
enionl o itl.
Fo oni
tte, the pinipl di
enionl o itl e
fo lepton nd g ge oon, nd the  xili di
enionl
o itl e
inl fo indi id l ë . Be e of the
dependene of the  xili di
enionl o itl, indi id l
ë  e hidden. The onfig tion of di
enionl
o itl nd the peiodil t le of ele
ent ptile e
hown elow.
Y)  !á*
!á
lepton e e   l l10
¦  

d = × î   10 11
`  0 12  ×0 1 2
      

ë  dî  ë ë10


á ! "!#  Y  !á! !$ á !  !á

!á %  !á  !á 
!á& á á '
(
!%!$ á !  !á 
!á& á '

Y !
á +á  !! á
%  !á  !á 
!á
(!%!$ á !
 !á 
!á

=0 1 2 =0 1 2   

Lepton Q  Boon


 l = e ë = = B = 
 e
î lî = e ëî = d = Bî = 1/2
e
l =  ë = /d   t B = ZL0
 l =   ë = '  t B = XR
(e
pt) (e
pt)
 l ë B = XL
10 B10=ZR0
11 B11
. The Boon M Fo
l
The pinipl di
enionl o itl e fo g ge oon of the foe
field. Fo the g ge oon, the e en o itl of pinipl
di
enionl o itl e nged  F B Fî Bî F B F B F B F10
B10 F11 B11, whee B nd F e oon nd fe
ion in eh o itl. 

entioned efoe,
º d, F 6 º d, B R d, B ,
º d 1, B 6 º d, F R d, F ,
º d -1, B 6 º d , B R 2
d

whee d i the di
enionl o itl n
e fo
 to 11. E,B nd
E11,B e the enegie fo the d di
enionl o itl nd the 11d
di
enionl o itl, epeti el. The lowet eneg i the Go lo
i
field,
, B 6R î,  6R ºe
The oon geneted e the di
enionl o itl oon o
Bd. Uing onl Re, the
 of eleton (Me), the
 of
Z0, nd the n
e (e en) of di
enionl o itl, the

e of Bd  the g ge oon n e l lted  the


oon
 fo
l  hown elow.
Y!áá!  ,!  Y-!./  
Y !  Y  !á 
!á
 
R %R( %  !á 
!á

Bd Md GeV G ge Intetion edeeo
(l lted) oon
B Me R . x10-î  Eleto
gneti e-hged
Bî Me/R x10-2 1/2 Stong e-tong
B Mî/Rw2 o w 1.1 ZL0 we (left) Ftionliztion
(gi en) (liing)
B M /R2 1. x10î XR G (ight) G 

et
nonone tion
B M/R2 .2x1010 XL G (left) G 

et
nonone tion
B1 M/R2 î.0x101 ZR0 we (ight) Ftionliztion
0 (liing)
B11 M10/R2 1.1x101 G G it eg it
G ge Boon
In T le, R = Re (the fine t t e ontnt fo
eleto
gneti field), nd Rw = R/in2 w. Rw i not 
e 
R of the et, e e, thee i 
ixing etween B nd B 
the 

et
ixing etween U(1) nd SU(2) in the
tndd theo of the eletowe intetion, nd in w i
not eë l to 1. (The 

etil hged d l pe- ni ee


o elp with the  ent 

etil ni ee fo the we


intetion  hown elie.)  hown lte, B, Bî, B , B,
B, nd B10 e  (
le photon), 1/2 (hlf of pion), ZL0,
XR, XL, nd ZR0, epeti el, eponi le fo the
eleto
gneti field, the tong intetion, the we (left
hnded) intetion, the G (ight hnded) nonone tion,
the G (left hnded) nonone tion, nd the (ight
hnded) nonone tion, epeti el.
The l lted l e fo Rw i 0.2 , nd w i 2.î0 in
good gee
ent with 2.10 fo the o e ed l e of w .
The l lted eneg fo B11 i 1.1x101 GeV in good
gee
ent with the ln
, 1.2x101 GeV. The
tong intetion, epeenting  1/2 (hlf of pion), i
fo the intetion 
ong ë , nd fo the hiding of
indi id l ë  in the  xili o itl. The we
intetion, epeenting  ZL0, i fo the intetion
in ol ing hnging fl o (deo
poition nd
ondention) 
ong ë  nd lepton.
The D lit in G ge Boon

Thee e d litie etween di


enionl o itl nd the
o
i e ol tion poe. The pe-hged foe, the pe-
tong foe, the ftionliztion, the G 

et, nd the


peg it e the pedeeo of eleto
gneti foe, the
tong foe, the we intetion, the G nonone tion,
nd g it, epeti el. Thee foe e
nifeted in the
di
enionl o itl with io  pe-ti
e 

etie nd
g ge 

etie. The tength of thee foe e diffeent


thn thei pedeeo, nd e nged oding to the
di
enionl o itl.  nl the d ptile ( oni
tte)
h the B, o witho t B, d
tte onit of pe
nentl
ne tl highe di
enionl ptile. It nnot e
it light,
nnot fo
to
, nd exit  ne tl g.
G (Right) Violting Boon
The pinipl di
enionl oon, B, i  G iolting
oon, e e B i 
ed to h e the G - iolting U(1)R


et. The tio of the foe ontnt etween the G -


in int WL in B nd the G - iolting XR in B i
 R    o   

R  

 ×  


whih i in the 
e ode  the tio of the foe
ontnt etween the G -in int we intetion nd
the G - iolting intetion with S = 2.
G (Left)-Violting Boon
The pinipl di
enionl oon, B (XL), h the G -
iolting 

et. B genete
tte. The tio of foe
ontnt etween XR with G one tion nd XL with
G -nonone tion i 
  R 

  R 

6 R 

 

whih i the tio of the n
e etween
tte (d nd
oni) nd photon in the ni ee. It i loe to the tio
of the n
e etween oni
tte nd photon  o t 
x 10±10 o tined  the ig ng n leonthei.
. The Me of Lepton nd Q 
1. Low-
 lepton (e, e,  , nd † The e in
pinipl di
enionl o itl. ll ne tino h e zeo

 e e of hil 

et (pe
nent hil


et).
2. High-
 lepton ( nd ) The e the o
intion
of pinipl di
enionl fe
ion, e nd  , nd
 xili di
enionl fe
ion. Fo ex
ple, i the
o
intion of e,  ,, nd , whih i 1 tht h d =
nd  = 1
. Q  The e the o
intion of pinipl
di
enionl ë  (ëd) nd  xili di
enionl
ë . The pinipl di
enionl fe
ion fo ë  i
dei ed fo
pinipl di
enionl lepton.
Y   !  Y   ,! 0 ! 1!#
%  !á  !á 
!á
! !%!$ á !  !á 
!á

Go
poition Gl lted M
d
Lepton
e 0 e 0
e î0 e 0.1 MeV(gi en)

 0  0
 0  0
î0 + 0 + 1 e+ + 10.î MeV
 î0 + 0 + 2 e+ + 1 î MeV
' î0 + 0 + 2 + 0 + 1 e+ + +  +  1î. GeV
Q 
0 + 0 + 1 ë + ë + 0. MeV
d î0 + 0 + 1 ëî + ë + d 2. MeV
 î0 + 0 + 2 ëî + ë +   MeV
 0 + 0 +  ë + ë +  1 01 MeV
î0 + 0 +  ëî + ë + 1 MeV
t 0 + 0 +  + 0 + 2 ë  + ë + t + ë  + t 1 î. GeV
2Y0 ,!3  á!
Y  !á  !á  Y .Y !
á & ! ' !  $ á !  !á
        !á  !á

     
 (
º , 6º ,£ R ,£
4 Y! !(  Y ! !$ á !  !á
 & 3'   !á  !á
 &/'( Y
"!   º `
º  ,` 6  1, 0

R`
À`
` 60

,

YR! %!$ á !  !á   


  ! (! !%!$ á !  
%5
  .
`

À ` 

The eond te


, ` 60 , of the
 fo
l i fo
Boh-So

efeld ë ntiztion fo  hge - dipole


intetion in  i l o it  dei ed  . B t.
 in B t lepton
 fo
l, 1/R i /2. The
oeffiient, /2, i to on et the pinipl di
enionl
oon
 to the
 of the  xili di
enionl
fe
ion in the highe di
enion  dding the oon

 to it fe


ion
 whih i one-hlf of the oon

. The fo


l eo
e
º `

º  ` 
2
 1, 0
À`
`


 º  `
6
2R 
1, 0
À`
`


1
The
 of thi  xili di
enionl fe
ion i dded to
the 
of
e fo
the oeponding pinipl
di
enionl fe
ion (F¶) with the 
e eleti hge o
the 
e di
enion. The fe
ion
 fo
l fo he 
lepton i dei ed  follow.
º  ,`
6 À º   º   ,`

º 
`
6 À º  
2R
1,0
À
`60
` 

 1
The pinipl di
enionl fe
ion in the fit te
i e. It
n e ewitten  º `
º 6º   ` 
À
`  2R ` 6 0
 = 0, 1, nd 2 e fo e, , nd , epeti el.
î. The Q  M Fo
l
Q  e the o
intion of pinipl di
enionl ë 
(ëd) nd  xili di
enionl ë . The pinipl
di
enionl fe
ion fo ë  i dei ed fo
pinipl
di
enionl lepton. To genete  pinipl di
enionl
ë  in pinipl di
enionl o itl fo
 lepton in the

e pinipl di
enionl o itl i to dd the lepton to
the oon fo
the o
ined lepton-ntilepton. Th , the

 of the ë  i thee ti


e of the
 of the
oeponding lepton in the 
e di
enion. The eë tion
fo the
 of pinipl di
enionl fe
ion fo ë  i

º  6 º 
Fo pinipl di
enionl ë , ë (0) nd ëî (î0) e e
nd e, epeti el. Sine l i
le  ,  i epled
 , nd ë i  . Q  e the o
intion of pinipl
di
enionl ë , ëd, nd  xili di
enionl ë .
Fo ex
ple,  ë  i the o
intion of ëî (e), ë ( )
nd  ( xili di
enionl ë  = 2).
The ë 
 fo
l elow i i
il to the lepton

fo
l.

º  , ` 6 À º   º  , `
º `
6˼   1, 0
À` 

2 ` 60

 º  `
6˼  1, 0
À` 

2R  1 ` 60

`

6 º  º  , 0 R  ` 

2 ` 60
The  xili di
enionl ë  exept  pt of t ë 
e ë ¶. The pinipl di
enionl ë  inl de  ,
e, nd  ., R = Rw, nd ë =  . The ë 

fo
l n e ewitten  the ë 
 fo
l.
R º ` 
 ¦
º 6 º   `
 2 `60
whee  = 1, 2, , , nd  fo /d, , , , nd  pt of t,
epeti el. When  > , Më i gete thn the
 of the
pinipl di
enionl fe
ion (l), o  i le thn î. The
dditionl ë 
 fo t ë  h to e nothe et of
 xili di
enion o itl.
The M of Top Q 

To
th l (), ë  inl de ë   pt of t ë . In the

e w tht ë =  , ë in ol e ¶. µ i the 
of e,
, nd  ( xili di
enionl lepton). The
 of  i
eë l to /2 of the
 of B , whih i Z0. Be e thee
e onl thee f
ilie fo lepton, ' i the ext lepton,
whih i "hidden". ' n ppe onl  + photon. The
piing of + fo
the hidden ' nd eg l

o nt fo the o ene of 
e ign dilepton in the high
eneg le el.
1. The pinipl di
enionl ë  ë = ' inted of  ',
e e ' i hidden, nd ë doe not need to e  ' to e
diffeent. Uing the ë 
 fo
l, the l ltion
fo t ë  in ol e R = R , ' inted of  fo
pinipl fe
ion, nd  = 1 nd 2 fo  nd t,
epeti el. (The totl n
e of  xili di
enionl
o itl i  the totl n
e of piniple di
enionl
o itl.) The hiding of ' fo lepton i lned  the
hiding of  fo ë . The l lted
 of the top
ë  i 1 . Ú .1 GeV in  good gee
ent with the
l lted l e, 1 î. GeV.
2. The l lted
e e in good gee
ent with the
o e ed ontit ent
e of lepton nd ë .
. S


The nified theo of phi i the theo of e ething. .
The pt  in the peenttion i the peiodi t le of
ele
ent ptile. The G 

etil ptile-
ntiptile e lt in the o
intion of the e en
³pinipl di
enionl o itl nd the e en ³ xili
di
enionl o itl. The peiodi t le of ele
ent
ptile i ont ted fo
thee o itl, e lting in the
g ge oon
 fo
l, the lepton
 fo
l, nd
ë 
 fo
l fo the l ltion of the
e of
g ge oon, lepton, ë  ing onl fo  nown
ontnt the n
e , the
 of eleton, the
 of
Zù, nd the fine t t e ontnt. The l lted l e
e in good gee
ent with the o e ed l e.