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Building construction


ROLL NO. 1100100195

Post-tensioned (PT) slabs

Post-tensioned (PT) slabs are typically flat slabs, band
beam and slabs or ribbed slabs. PT slabs offer the
thinnest slab type, as concrete is worked to its
strengths, mostly being kept in compression. Longer
spans can be achieved due to pre stress, which can be
used to counteract deflections
Post-tensioned slabs use high strength tensioned steel
strands to compress the slabs, keeping the majority of
the concrete in compression. This gives a very efficient
structure which minimizes material usages and
decreases the economic span range when compared to
reinforced concrete.

Post-tensioning can give architects greater freedom to
create large open spaces between support columns. It
also can mean thinner concrete slabs, less structural
weight and greater floor-to-ceiling heights or shallower
excavations. It can cut costs and save construction

If post-tensioned concrete isn't built exactly as it was
designed, it can be pulled apart by internal stresses.
Exposure to moisture during construction can cause
internal deterioration over time, too. These problems
can be hard to spot and difficult to repair.

Building an enduring post-tensioned structure requires
care to ensure that the same forces that hold it
together do not cause it to age prematurely. Properly
implemented, post-tensioned construction can be a
cost-effective way to build flexible, useful design

Inside the beam

Slab profile where you can see the draping of the

tendons. By draping the tendons you maximize
the strength of the post tension slab

The advantages of pre stressed concrete include crack
control and lower construction costs; thinner slabs especially important in high rise buildings in which floor
thickness savings can translate into additional floors for the
same (or lower) cost and fewer joints, since the distance that
can be spanned by post-tensioned slabs exceeds that of
reinforced constructions with the same thickness. Increasing
span lengths increases the usable unencumbered floor space
in buildings; diminishing the number of joints leads to lower
maintenance costs over the design life of a building, since
joints are the major focus of weakness in concrete buildings.

in slabs two categories of pt systems are

used :
Un -Bonded system

Bonded system

Fire resistance
Reduced material use
Sound control
Thermal mass
Minimal deliveries
Longer Spans
Flat Soffits
Flexibility of Layout & S
Deflection & Crack Cont
Thinner Slabs
Reduced Storey Height
Lighter Structure
Fast Construction
Cost Saving

Unbonded post-tensioned concrete differs from bonded

post-tensioning by providing each individual cable
permanent freedom of movement relative to the
concrete. To achieve this, each individual tendon is
coated with a grease (generallylithiumbased) and
covered by a plastic sheathing formed in
anextrusionprocess.The transfer of tension to the
concrete is achieved by the steel cable acting against
steel anchors embedded in the perimeter of the slab. The
main disadvantage over bonded post-tensioning is the
fact that a cable can destress itself and burst out of the
slab if damaged (such as duringrepairon the slab).

Un-bonded Tendons



Flat corrugated duct

in a circular duct

Strand position

The advantages of this system over bonded post-

Single strand coated with corrosion inhibiting

tensioning are:
grease and encased in polyethylene sheathing
The ability to individually adjust cables based on poor
PT force is transferred to the concrete by
conditions (For example: shifting a group of 4 cables
around an opening by placing 2 to either side).
anchors provided at the ends
The procedure of post-stress grouting is eliminated.
The ability to de-stress the tendons before attempting

Bonded Tendons

the advantages of this system over

unbonded post-tensioning are:

Large reduction in traditional reinforcement

requirements as tendons cannot destress in
Bonded system tendon detail for beams & slabs
Tendons can be easily "woven" allowing a more
Bond is achieved throughout the length efficient design approach.
of the tendon by a cementitious
matrix Higher ultimate strength due to bond generated
called grout
between the strand and concrete.
PT force along the tendon is a function of No long term issues with maintaining the integrity
the deformation of the Concrete
of the anchor/dead end.

Pre stressed concrete is the main material for floors in high-rise buildings and the entire containment
vessels of nuclear reactors.
Unbonded post-tensioning tendons are commonly used in parking garages as barrier cable. Also, due
to its ability to be stressed and then de-stressed, it can be used to temporarily repair a damaged
building by holding up a damaged wall or floor until permanent repairs can be made.
Prestressing can also be accomplished on circular concrete pipes used for water transmission. High
tensile strength steel wire is helically-wrapped around the outside of the pipe under controlled tension
and spacing which induces a circumferential compressive stress in the core concrete. This enables the
pipe to handle high internal pressures and the effects of external earth and traffic loads.