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Industrial Training

Project
on
Turbo Generators

Presented By-

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Overview of B.H.E.L.
 Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (B.H.E.L.) is the
largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise
in India.

 BHEL caters to core sectors of the Indian Economy


viz., Power Generation's & Transmission, Industry,
Transportation, Telecommunication, Renewable
Energy, Defense and many more.

 BHEL has its setup spread all over India namely


New Delhi,Gurgaon,Hardwar, Rudrapur, Jhansi,
Bhopal, Hyderabad, Jagdishpur, Tiruchirapalli,
Banglore and many more.
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B.H.E.L., Hardwar
 Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (B.H.E.L.),
Hardwar has two manufacturing plants:-

 Heavy Electrical Equipment Plant(HEEP)


 Central Foundry Forge Plant(CFFP)

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H.E.E.P.

 Heavy Electrical Equipment Plant (HEEP) located in Hardwar is one


of the major manufacturing plants of BHEL. The core business of
HEEP includes design and manufacturing of large steam and gas
turbines, turbo generators, hydro turbines and generators, large
AC/DC motors and so on.

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The various blocks in HEEP are as follows:

 Block-1: Turbo generator Shop


 Block-2: Fabrication Shop
 Block-3: Turbine Shop
 Block-4: Insulation Block
 Block-5: Forging Shop
 Block-6: Stamping Shop
 Block-7: Packing and Wood Working Shop
 Block-8: Condenser and Piping Shop
 New Blade Shop

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PROJECT
TURBO GENERATORS

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BLOCK -1
 Machine section
 Assembly section Hydro generator
 Stator winding

 Machine section
 Iron assembly
 Heavy rotor assembly section
 Stator winding section Turbo generator
 Armature/Rotor section
 General assembly section
 Test stands

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STUDY OF
TURBO GENERATOR

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TECHNICAL DATA
Rated data & Turbo Main exciter Pilot exciter
output generator
Apparent power 588 MVA - 65kVA

Active power 500 MW 3780 KW -


Current 16.2 KA 5300 A 195 A
Voltage 21 KV 600 V 220 V
Frequency 50 Hz - 400 Hz
Power factor 0.85 - -
Hydrogen 3.5 Bar - -
pressure
Rated field 4040 A - -
current
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Rated field 340 V - -
voltage
RECTIFIER WHEEL

Number of fuses per 30(800V ,800A)


rectifier wheel

Fuse resistance Approx 150 μ ohm

Number of diode per rectifier 60


wheel

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Constructional Features
Of Turbo Generator
 The two pole uses hydrogen cooling for rotor winding and direct
water cooling stator winding.

 Turbo generator consists of following parts:

o STATOR
o ROTOR
o BEARINGS
o SHAFT BEARINGS

 Other additional auxiliaries:


o Excitation system
o Gas system

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STATOR
Stator consists of following parts:
o Stator frame
o Stator core
o Stator winding
o Locating bars
o End shields
o Terminal bushings
o Phase connectors
o Hydrogen cooler
o End winding vibration
o Supervision of generator

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STATOR FRAME

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STATOR CORE

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ROTOR

Rotor consists of following parts:


o Rotor shaft
o Rotor winding
o Retaining ring
o Field connection
o Fans
o Rotor cooling system
o Bearings
o Shaft seals

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ROTOR SHAFT

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ROTOR WINDING

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RETAINING RING

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FAN

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AUXILLARY SYSTEMS

o GAS SYSTEM

o BRUSHLESS EXCITATION SYSTEM

oPERMANENT MAGNETIC PILOT EXCITER

oTHREE PHASE MAIN EXCITER

oAUTOMATIC VOLTAGE REGULATOR

oRECTIFIER WHEELS

oCOOLING SYSTEM

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RECTIFIER WHEEL

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COOLING SYSTEM

The exciter is air cooled. The cooling air is circulated


in a closed circuit and recooled in two cooling sections
arranged along side the exciter. The complete exciter
is housed in an enclosure draw the cool air in at both
ends and expels the warmed air to the compartment
beneath the base plate.The main exciter enclosure
receives the cool air from the fan after it passes over
the pilot exciter.

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BRUSHLESS EXCITER

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PERMANENT MAGNET EXCITER

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Advantage Of Turbo Generator
Over Hydro Generator

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CONCLUSION

o Turbo Generators are used where high


frequency supply is required.
o As steam is used so no site problem.

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THANK YOU

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