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Chapter 1

What Engineers Do

In This Course You Will Study


The role of engineers and engineering
technologists
Force, motion, energy, fuels, and engines
Logic and computing systems
The elements of engineering design
Engineering economics
And much, much more!
Exploring Engineering

What Is Engineering?
Engineers can be classified according to the kind of work they
doadministration, construction, consulting, design,
development, teaching, planning, production, research, sales,
service, and test engineers. Because engineering deals with the
world around us, the number of engineering disciplines is very
large. The table below lists some of the many engineering fields.
Aerospace

Ceramic

Electrical

Mechanical

Petroleum

Agricultural

Chemical

Environmental

Metallurgical

Sanitary

Architectural

Civil

Geological

Mining

Systems

Automotive

Computer

Manufacturing

Nuclear

Textile

Biomedical

Ecological

Marine

Ocean

Transportation

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What Is Engineering Technology?


Engineering technology is the profession in which a knowledge
of mathematics and natural sciences gained by higher
education, experience, and practice is devoted primarily to the
implementation and extension of existing technology for the
benefit of humanity.
Engineering technologists work closely with engineers in
coordinating people, material, and machinery to achieve the
specific goals of a particular project. The engineering
technologist is often responsible for design and development.

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What Makes A GOOD 21st


Century Engineer?
The 21st century will be characterized by the
convergence of many technologies and engineering
systems. The products of today and tomorrow will be
smarter in which computers, sensors, controls,
modern alloys, and plastics are as important as
continuing expertise in the traditional engineering
disciplines.

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Personal Ethics
Personal ethics are the standards of human behavior that
individuals of different cultures have constructed to make moral
judgments about personal or group situations.
Naturally, they vary over time and from culture to culture,
resulting in conflict when what is acceptable in one culture is
not in another. For example, the notion of privacy in U.S. culture
is very strong, and a desk is considered an extension of that
privacy, whereas in another culture, such as Japan, office space
is open and ones desk would be considered public domain.

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Professional Ethics
Having a code of ethics enables an engineer to resist the
pressure to produce substandard work by saying, As a
professional, I cannot ethically put business concerns ahead of
professional ethics. It also enables the engineer to similarly
resist pressure to allow concerns such as personal desires,
greed, ideology, religion, or politics to override professional
ethics.
As members of this profession, engineers are expected to
exhibit the highest standards of honesty and integrity. Engineers
perform under a standard of professional behavior that requires
adherence to the highest principles of ethical conduct.

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National Society of Professional


Engineers Code of Ethics
Fundamental canons
Engineers, in the fulfillment of their professional duties, shall
Hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public.
Perform services only in areas of their competence.
Issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner.
Act for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees.
Avoid deceptive acts.
Conduct themselves honorably, responsibly, ethically, and
lawfully so as to enhance the honor, reputation, and usefulness
of the profession.

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Engineering Ethics Decision Matrix


Options
NSPE Canons
Hold paramount
the safety, health
and welfare of the
public

Go along with the


decision

Appeal to higher
management

Perform services
only in the area of
your competence
Issue public
statements only in
an objective and
truthful manner
Act for each
employer or client
as faithful agents
or trustees
Avoid deceptive
acts
Conduct
themselves
honorably

Exploring Engineering

Quit your
job

Write your state


representative

Call a newspaper
reporter

Keys to YOUR Success


Study skills
Time management
Writing skills
Math skills

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Where to Find Information


Your Instructors
Your fellow team members
Other students
Campus resources

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Engineering Design Is:


Synthesis putting things together
Analysis taking things apart

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Example - Buying a Car


A car salesperson might say:
a) This car was driven by an older person
who never exceeded the speed limit.
and
b) It has great power, excellent fuel efficiency, and
low pollution.

What would an engineer say to part a)?

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Design Criteria
For part a) an engineer might say:
It was driven by a human about 1.7 meters high
and 2 billion seconds old who never drove it
faster than about 70 meters per second.
Variable
Height
Age
Speed

Unit
meters
seconds
m/s

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Number
1.7
2x109
70

Design Criteria
In part b) when the salesperson says
It has great power, excellent fuel efficiency, and
low pollution.

An engineer might say:


(You fill in this part and define the variables, units,
and numerical values)

Variable

Unit

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Number

National Academy of Engineering


Top 20 Engineering Achievements of the 20th Century
1) Electrification

11)Highways

2) Automobile

12)Spacecraft

3) Airplane

13)Internet

4) Water Supply and Distribution

14)Imaging

5) Electronics

15)Household Appliances

6) Radio and Television

16)Health Technologies

7) Agricultural Mechanization

17)Petroleum and Petrochemical


Technologies

8) Computers
9) Telephone
10)Air Conditioning and
Refrigeration

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18)Laser and Fiber Optics

19)Nuclear Technologies
20)High-performance Materials

The National Academy of Engineering List of the Challenges


for Engineering in the 21st Century.
1) Make solar energy economical

2) Provide energy from fusion


3) Develop carbon sequestration
methods

8) Engineer better medicines


9) Reverse-engineer the brain
10) Prevent nuclear terror
11) Secure cyberspace

4) Manage the nitrogen cycle

12) Enhance virtual reality

5) Provide access to clean water

13) Advance personalized learning

6) Restore and improve urban


infrastructure

14) Engineer the tools of scientific


discovery

7) Advance health informatics

http://www.engineeringchallenges.org/
Exploring Engineering

Do you agree
with this list of
challenges?
http://www.engineeringchallenges.org/

Exploring Engineering