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PASSIVE AND ACTIVE VOICE

FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY


PROGRAM STUDY OF AGRICULTURE ENGINEERING
UDAYANA UNIVERSITY
2014

Group Member :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

I Gusti Putu Angga Wira Dananjaya


I Made Surya Adnyana Putra
Kori Ardy Rahayu
Nyoman Dhira Prayasa
I Made Prasetia Candra Andika
Abi Yuda Akbar

(1411305021)
(1411305022)
(1411305023)
(1411305024)
(1411305025)
(1411305026)

Passive and Active Voice


Passive voice is a grammatical voice common in
many of the world's languages. In a clause with passive
voice,
the
grammatical
subject
expresses
the theme or patient of the main verb that is, the person
or thing that undergoes the action or has its state
changed.
Active voice is a grammatical voice common in
many of the world's languages. It is the unmarked voice
for clauses featuring a transitive verb in nominative
accusative
languages,
used
in
a
clause
whose subject expresses the agent of the main verb. That
is, the subject does the action designated by the verb.

Formula of Passive and Active Voice :


1. Present Tense
Active
: S + V1 + O
Passive : O + to be (is,am,are) + V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer irrigate the land
Passive : The land is irrigated by the farmer
2. Past Tense
Active
: S + V2 + O
Passive : O + to be (was,were) + V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer irrigated the land
Passive : The land was irrigated by the farmer
3. Present Continuous Tense
Active
: S + to be (is,am,are) + Ving + O
Passive : O + to be (is,am,are) + being + V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer is irrigating the land
Passive : The land is being irrigated by the land

4.
Past Continuous Tense
Active
: S + to be (was,were) + Ving + O
Passive : O + to be (was,were) + being + V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer was irrigating the land
Passive : The land was being irrigated by the farmer

5.
Present Perfect Tense
Active
: S + has/have + V3 + O
Passive : O + has/have + been + V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer has irrigated the land
Passive : The land has been irrigated by the farmer
6.
Past Perfect Tense
Active
: S + had + V3 + O
Passive : O + had + been + V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer had irrigated the land
Passive : The land had been irrigated by the farmer

7.
Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Active
: S + has/have + been + Ving + O
Passive : O + has/have + been + being + V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer has been irrigating the land
Passive : The land has been being irrigated by the farmer

8.
Past Perfect Continuous tense
Active
: S + had + been + Ving + O
Passive : O + had + been + being + V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer had been irrigating the land
Passive : The land had been being irrigated by the farmer
9.
Present Future tense
Active
: S + will+ V1 + O
Passive : O + will + be+ V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer will irrigate the land
Passive : The land will be irrigated by the farmer

10. Past Future Tense


Active
: S + would + V1 + O
Passive
: O + would + be+ V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer would irrigate the land
Passive
: The land would be irrigated by the farmer

11. Future Present Continuous Tense


Active
: S + will + be + Ving + O
Passive
: O + will + be + being + V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer will be irrigating the land
Passive
: The land will be being irrigated by the farmer
12. Future Past Continuous Tense
Active
: S + would + be + Ving + O
Passive
: O + would + be + being + V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer would be irrigating the land
Passive
: The land would be being irrigated by the farmer

13.
Future Present Perfect Tense
Active
: S + will + have + V3 + O
Passive
: O + will + have + been + V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer will have irrigated the land
Passive
: The land will have been irrigated by the farmer

14. Future Past Perfect Tense


Active
: S + would + have + V3 + O
Passive
: O + would + have + been + V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer would have irrigated the land
Passive
: The land would have been irrigated by the farmer
15. Future Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Active
: S + will + have + been + Ving + O
Passive
: O + will + have + been + being + V3 + S
Example :
Active
: The farmer will have been irrigating the land
Passive
: The land will have been being irrigated by the farmer

16. Future Past Perfect Continuous Tense


Active : S + would + have + been + Ving + O
Passive : O + will + have + been + being + V3 + S
Example :
Active : The farmer will have been irrigating the land
Passive : The land would have been being irrigated by the farmer
17. Modals
Active : S + modals + V1 + O
Passive : O + modals + be + V3 + S
Example:
Active : The farmer can irrigate the land
passive : The land can be irrigated by the farmer

Find passive and active voice in the text.


Hyperspectral imaging detects food pathogen Campylobacter
Researchers with the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural
Research Service (ARS) have used hyperspectral imaging to distinguish the
foodborne pathogen Campylobacter from other microorganisms. Results are
achieved is as fast as 24 hours after a sample is placed on solid media in a Petri
dish.
Microorganisms grown on solid media carry unique spectral fingerprints
in a specific portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. A hyperspectral imager
was identified these fingerprints by measuring visible to NIR light that reflects
off or through these objects. This technique may be applied to other pathogen
detection studies.
Campylobacter infections in humans are a major cause of bacterial
foodborne illness both in the United States and other countries throughout the
world. the United States and other countries throughout the world had used an
effective method on solid media to isolate this organism. they were
distinguishing Campylobacter from non-Campylobacter microorganisms and the
result were difficult because different bacteria could often look very similar.

Find passive and active voice in the text.


The research team led by ARS electronics engineer Seung-Chul Yoon at the agency's
Quality and Safety Assessment Research Unit in Athens, Ga., developed the
imaging technique to detect Campylobacter colonies on solid media in 24 hours.
Normally, isolation and detection for identification of Campylobacter from foods
like raw chicken involve time-consuming or complicated laboratory tests that
may take several days to a week.
The researchers say that hyperspectral imaging, which was nearly 100 percent
accurate with pure cultures of the microorganisms, could be used for early
detection of presumptive Campylobacter colonies in mixed cultures. The
researchers have been developing a presumptive screening technique to detect
Salmonella and Campylobacter in food samples.
Other ARS team members included research leader Kurt Lawrence, agricultural
engineer Bosoon Park, animal physiologist William Windham, and food
technologists John Line and Peggy Feldner. Line is at the ARS Poultry
Microbiological Safety Research Unit, also in Athens. Gregory Siragusa of
Danisco, in Waukesha, Wis., also collaborated on the study.
Findings from this study were published in the journal Sensing and Instrumentation
for Food Quality and Safety. This research supports the USDA priority of
ensuring food safety.
SOURCE: USDA Agricultural Research Service

1. Present Tense
Active
Microorganisms grown on solid media carry unique spectral fingerprints in a
specific portion of the electromagnetic spectrum
Passive
The unique spectral fingerprints are brought by the Microorganisms grown
on solid media in a specific portion of the electromagnetic spectrum
2. Past Tense
Active
The research team led by ARS electronics engineer Seung-Chul Yoon at the
agency's Quality and Safety Assessment Research Unit in Athens, Ga.,
developed the imaging technique to detect Campylobacter colonies on solid
media in 24 hours.
Passive
The imaging technique was developed by the research team to detect
Campylobacter colonies on solid media in 24 hours.

3. Present Continuous Tense


Active
The researchers are developing a presumptive screening technique to detect
Salmonella and Campylobacter in food samples.
Passive
A presumptive screening technique is being developed to detect Salmonella and
Campylobacter in food samples by The researchers.

4. Past Continuous Tense


Active
They were distinguishing Campylobacter from non-Campylobacter microorganisms
Passive
Campylobacter from non-Campylobacter microorganisms were being distinguished
by them

5. Present Perfect Tense


Active
Researchers with the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research
Service (ARS) have used hyperspectral imaging to distinguish the foodborne
pathogen Campylobacter from other microorganisms
Passive
Hyperspectral imaging has been used by Researchers with the US Department of
Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) to distinguish the
foodborne pathogen Campylobacter from other microorganisms
6. Present Perfect Tense
Active
The United States and other countries throughout the world had used an effective
method on solid media to isolate this organism.
Passive
An effective method on solid media had been used The United States and other
countries throughout the world to isolate this organism

7. With modals
Passive
This technique may be applied to other pathogen
detection studies.
Active
The other pathogen may apply this technique to
detection studies.

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