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Kingdom Animalia

~ Characteristics ~
multicellular
eukaryotic with No cell walls
Ingestive heterotrophs ( Consumers)
Have some type of skeletal support
Show levels of organization including cell, tissue,
organ, and system
Cells are specialized for particular functions
Reproduce sexually
All

Prokaryotes
Domain Bacteria
Domain Archaea

Eukaryotes
Domain Eukarya
Kingdom Protista
Kingdom Plantae
Kingdom Fungi

Chytridiomycota
Phylum Zygomycota
Phylum Basidiomycota
Phylum Ascomycota

Kingdom Animalia

Kingdom Animalia

Phylum
Phylum
Phylum
Phylum
Phylum
Phylum
Phylum
Phylum
Phylum

Porifera
Cnidaria
Platyhelminthes
Nematoda
Annelida
Mollusca
Echinodermata
Arthropoda
Chordata

~Invertebrate
Phylum Porifera~

Examples: Tube
Sponge, Glass
Sponge, Sea Sponge

~Invertebrate
Phylum Porifera~

Sponges

simplest form of animal life

live in water

Do not move around (sessile)

no symmetry (asymmetry)

Pores (holes) all over body

~Invertebrate
Phylum Porifera~

Filter Feeders: a sponge filters particles of


food from water using collar cells and then
pumps the water out the osculum.

~Invertebrate
Phylum Cnidaria~

Live in water

Most have tentacles

catch food with stinging cells

gut for digesting

~Invertebrate
Phylum Cnidaria~
2 different
shapes
Medusa - like a
jellyfish
Polyp - like a
hydra

~Invertebrate
Phylum Cnidaria~

Examples Jellyfish, Hydra,


sea anemones, and
corals

~Invertebrate
Phylum Platyhelminthes ~
Flatworms
Flat, ribbon-like body
Live in water Free-living/non-parasitic
worms others parasites
bilateral symmetry

~Invertebrate
Phylum Platyhelminthes ~
Examples: Planaria
eyespots detect light

(ocelli)
food and waste go
in and out the same
opening

~Invertebrate
Phylum Platyhelminthes ~
Examples:
Tapeworm
Parasite that
lives in intestines
of host
absorbing food

~Invertebrate
Phylum Platyhelminthes ~
Examples: Fluke
parasite

lives inside
of host

Parts of Parasitic Tapeworms

~Invertebrate
Phylum Nematoda ~

Roundworms
Long, cylindrical and slender body
microscopic
bilateral symmetry
have both a mouth and anus
Head and appendages are absent
Live in water/soil or are parasites

Ascaris

Heartworms

Nematodes:
The male is smaller than the
Female and its posterior end is
curved

~Invertebrate
Phylum Annelida ~
Segmented or repeated body parts
have chitinous hair-like structure called
Setae or chaetae for locomotion
(except leeches)
Body divided into segments (section)
Have nervous/ circulatory/ digestive and
excretory system
Breath through skin

~Invertebrate
Phylum Annelida ~
Divided into 3
classes
Polychaeta
Olygochaeta
Hirudinea

Polychaeta
Are marine living in
tubes attached to
rocks and sand
They get floating
food through the
feathery gills

Example:
sandworms

~Invertebrate
Phylum Annelida ~
Olygochaeta

eat soil and breakdown


organic matter, wastes
provide nutrients to soil

Example: earthworms

~Invertebrate
Phylum Annelida ~
Hirudinea/

leeches

parasites that feed on blood of other animals

Some cultured
leeches (blood
sucking annelids)
also use for medical
purposes./therapy

~Invertebrate
Phylum Annelida ~

All Annnelids except leeches have chitinous hair-like


structure called Setae or chaetae which project from the
cuticle these are locomotary organs

~Invertebrate
Phylum Mollusca ~

Soft bodies/ bilaterally symmetrical

Hard Shells

Live on land or in water

have a circulatory system and a complex


nervous system.

Important food source for humans

The Mollusks Body has 3 Parts


Muscular Foot locomotion
Mantle produces shell
Visceral Mass contains their internal organs

Mollusks consists of three classes

Gastropods
Bivalves
Cephalopods

~Invertebrate
Phylum Mollusca ~
Gastropods
snails and slugs
may have 1 shell

stomach-footed move on stomach

~Invertebrate
Phylum Mollusca ~
Bivalves
2 shells hinged
together
clams, oysters,
scallops and
mussels

~Invertebrate
Phylum Mollusca ~
Cephalopods
squids and octopuses
internal mantel

~Invertebrate
Phylum Echinodermata ~

Hard, spiny skin

Live in salt water

Radial symmetry

name means spiney skinned

endoskeleton

Unique to echinoderms is the presence of the


water-filled tubes that spread out to form a tube.
Tube feet are used for getting food, moving
around and gas exchange

~Invertebrate
Phylum Echinodermata ~

Examples: seastar, sea urchin, sand dollar


and sea cucumber

Phylum Arthropoda
Considered the most successful of all
animal phyla, as they are present in
almost all types of Habitat.
There are arthropods that walk or crawl,
some can fly, while others swim in salty
and freshwaters.
Arthropods have an exoskeleton- made up
of chitin (thin,thick,hard exoskeleton)

Arthropods are grouped based on :


the type of the exoskeleton
the number of body section and
the kind of appendages like mouth
parts present

Crustaceans
Have hard
exoskeleton and
have mandible to
grind and bite food
All crustaceans live
in water
Have gills for
breathing

Mouthparts called
Chelicerae and
pelipalps.
Uses book lungs
for respiration.
Causes itching to
some animals
including humans

arachnids
Have two body sections
most with four pairs of
legs and mouthparts

(spiders with thin flexible


exoskeleton are the
largest member of the
group)
Examples: mites, ticks

Millepedes and centipedes


Close relative of
insects have long,
worm like
segmented bodies
Have a pair of
antenae, and each
segment bear a
pair or two legs

Insects
Form the largest
group among
arthropods
Have three body
section
Three pair of legs
A pair of antenna
One to two pair of
wings
Example: butterfly

Aedes aegypti
A mosquito that poses danger to
people of all ages.
It carries and transmits virus
through its bite that causes dengue

Phylum Chordata
The Vertebrates

~ Phylum Chordata ~ subphylum Vertebrata


5 classes
Fish
Amphibians
Reptiles
Birds

Mammals

Phylum Chordata

Four Characteristics
Present in any of the
stages in their life cycle

Notochord
Dorsal hollowed nerve
chord
Gill slits
Post-anal Tail

Chordates with no Backbone

Fishes
Cold blooded
Scales for protection
Fins for movement
Gills- gas exchange

Jawless Fishes belongs to class Agnatha,


have tooth like structures in their mouth that
can attach to bodies of other fishes
Lamprey

Hagfish

Cartilaginous Fishes
They have skeleton made up of soft,
flexible protein materials called cartilage
Covered with though, sandpaper like skin
due to the presence of tooth-like scales

Bony Fishes

Fishes that have endoskeleton made of


hard, calcium materials called Bone.

Amphibians
Means double life- animals that lives in
water and land
Most lays small, Shell-less egg sorrounded
by jelly like substances.
Have moist skin to help lungs for gas
exchange

Reptiles

Animals that exhibits more adaptations for


living on land
They lay eggs with shells to protect from
dying
Have smooth or rough scales for protection
from loss of body water

Birds
Most birds are adopted to fly
Presence of wings and feathers
Large flight muscle in the breast bone and
reduce weight.
Birds weight less because their bones are light
and hollow filled with air
Have egg shells and legs covered with scales
Have bills or beak

Philippine Eagle

Only found in our country and has been


declared as a critically endangered
species. Means that there is possibility will
disappear or lost

The main Reason is the LOSS of their


habitat --- The Forest due to logging and
conversion to farmlands.

Mammals