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VI JORNADA INTERESTITUCIONAL DE EXPERIENCIAS PEDAGGICAS

EN EL PROCESO DE ENSEANZA Y APRENDIZAJE DEL INGLS


UNEXPO - UPEL-IPB

THE WORD IN
NORMAL
COLLOQUIAL
SPEECH
GERARDO CORBO, 2013

THE WORD IN
NORMAL
COLLOQUIAL
SPEECH
GERARDO CORBO, 2013

THE WORD IN NORAL COLLOQUIAL SPEECH


GERARDO CORBO, 2013

Declamatory style:
/

/
Formal colloquial:
/

/
Less familiar:
/

Gerardo Corbo (2013)

THE WORD IN NORAL COLLOQUIAL SPEECH


GERARDO CORBO, 2013

BREATH GROUP

Imetheronmywaytothecinema
I met / her on / my way / to /the cinema
I mether / onmy way / to the cinema

Gerardo Corbo (2013)

THE WORD IN NORAL COLLOQUIAL SPEECH


GERARDO CORBO, 2013

BREATH GROUP
1.The cars outside. (single breath)

2.Coming out of the theatre // we found it utterly impossible to get a


taxicab. (long sentence)
3.His teeth were rotten / and he had bad breath. (Correctly grouped)

4.His teeth // were rotten and // he had // bad // breath.


(INCORRECTLY GROUPED)

Gerardo Corbo (2013)

THE WORD IN NORAL COLLOQUIAL SPEECH


GERARDO CORBO, 2013

SENSE GROUP

// Once upon a time / there was a king / who failed to please


his subjects // and was in consequence / in instant peril //

Gerardo Corbo (2013)

THE WORD IN NORAL COLLOQUIAL SPEECH


GERARDO CORBO, 2013

RHYTHM UNIT AND FLUENCY


Take them home
Once upon a time (READY-MADE phrase)
Im leaving now /

stress group

rhythm unit

stress group

rhythm unit
Gerardo Corbo (2013)

THE WORD IN NORAL COLLOQUIAL SPEECH


GERARDO CORBO, 2013

RHYTHM UNIT AND FLUENCY

Some simple rules to group words or syllables into rhythm units:


Any unstressed syllable at the beginning of a word group must go together with the
following stress group:
// AsI didit //
// myattempt //
/
/
/
/
If the unstressed syllables are closely grammatically connected to the stressed word, they
belong to the same rhythm unit:
// movethem silently //
// wheres theorchestra //
/
/
/
/

Whenever you are in doubt as to which rhythm unit unstressed syllables belong to, put
them after a stress rather than before it.
She was taller than me.
Gerardo Corbo (2013)
// shewastallerthan me //
/
/

THE WORD IN NORAL COLLOQUIAL SPEECH


GERARDO CORBO, 2013

THE LOCATION OF THE


PHRASE BOUNDARY

1. AFTER AN INTERROGATIVE WORD (What?, Where?, How?, )


//What did you / do / last night?//

// Where is she / working?//

// I wonder how she did it.//

// I wonder / how she / did it.//

Gerardo Corbo (2013)

THE WORD IN NORAL COLLOQUIAL SPEECH


GERARDO CORBO, 2013

THE LOCATION OF THE


PHRASE BOUNDARY

2. Phrasal Verbs

//He turned off the light.//


// He turned off / the light.//
// He turned off the road.//
// He turned / off the road.//
Gerardo Corbo (2013)

THE WORD IN NORAL COLLOQUIAL SPEECH


GERARDO CORBO, 2013

THE LOCATION OF THE


PHRASE BOUNDARY

3. Conjunctions
a. // I telephoned, // but John / was out.//
// He said / that he wanted / a pen.//

// He said that / yesterday.//

Gerardo Corbo (2013)

THE WORD IN NORAL COLLOQUIAL SPEECH


GERARDO CORBO, 2013

THE LOCATION OF THE


PHRASE BOUNDARY

3. Conjunctions
b. //water and / ice//
// There were / old / men and / women.//
// There were / old / men / and women.//

//I have / black and / white cats.//


// I have / black / and white cats.//
Gerardo Corbo (2013)

THE WORD IN NORAL COLLOQUIAL SPEECH


GERARDO CORBO, 2013

THE LOCATION OF THE


PHRASE BOUNDARY
4. Prepositions
// A lot of / people / were there.//
//Its the Prince of / Wales.//
5. Weak Forms
// Johns / coming today.//
//Hell / do it.//
// I am / waiting for / you//
// What are you / waiting / for?//

Gerardo Corbo (2013)

THE WORD IN NORAL COLLOQUIAL SPEECH


GERARDO CORBO, 2013

Taken from:
The Word in Connected speech by Angel Milano
Pronunciation Practice by Donn Byrne and Gordon Walsh
An Outline of English Phonetics by Daniel Jones

Gerardo Corbo (2013)