Sunteți pe pagina 1din 29

TYPES OF ENERGY

MECHANICAL

What is Mechanical Energy?


o Energy due to a

objects motion
(kinetic) or position
(potential).
The bowling ball has
mechanical energy.
When the ball strikes
the pins, mechanical
energy is transferred
to the pins!

Examples of Mechanical Energy

What is Light or Radiant


Energy?
It all begins with the
Sun!
Includes energy from
gamma rays, xrays,
ultraviolet rays,
visible light, infrared
rays, microwave and
radio bands

Light travels VERY FAST around 300,000


kilometers per second.

At this speed it can go around the world 8


times in one second.

Light travels much faster than sound. For


example:
1) Thunder and
lightning start at
the same time,
but we will see
the lightning first.
2) When a starting
pistol is fired we
see the smoke first
and then hear the
bang.

What is Electrical Energy?


o Energy caused by
the movement of
electrons
o Easily
transported
through power
lines and converted
into other forms of
energy

What is Chemical Energy?


o Energy that is

available for release


from chemical
reactions.
The chemical bonds
in a matchstick
store energy that is
transformed into
thermal energy
when the match is
struck.

Chemical energy is the energy


that is stored in the chemical
composition of matter.
An example is the energy used by
cells in your body come from the
chemical energy in the food you
eat.Energy is released as the
chemical

Examples of Chemical Energy

What is Thermal Energy?


o

Heat energy

o The heat energy of an

object determines how


active its atoms are.
A hot object is one whose
atoms and molecules are
excited and show rapid
movement.
A cooler object's molecules
and atoms will show less
movement.

. Thermal energy

a. As temperature increases, so
does thermal energy (because the
kinetic energy of the particles
increased).

b. Even if the temperature doesnt


change, the thermal energy in a more
massive substance is higher
(because it is a total measure of
energy).

. Heat

a. The flow of
thermal energy
from one object to
another.

Cup gets cooler


while hand gets
warmer

b Heat always
flows from warmer to
cooler objects.

Ice gets warmer


while hand gets
cooler

Nuclear Energy
There is a energy stored n the nucleus of
an atom (Nuclear energy). There are two
forms ti free the energy in atoms:
1. Fusion: Is to combine atoms to make a
new atom. Here we have an example:

2. Fission: Is to split the atoms apart. We


can split one atom in two smaller atoms.
The extra energy is released as heat and
radiation. Here we have an example:

QUIZ TIME!
What type of energy
cooks food in a
microwave oven?
ELECTROMAGNETIC
ENERGY
What type of energy
is the spinning plate
inside of a
microwave oven?
MECHANICAL
ENERGY

QUIZ TIME!
Electrical energy is
transported to your house
through power lines.
When you plug an electric
fan to a power outlet,
electrical energy is
transform into what type
of energy?
MECHANICAL ENERGY

QUIZ TIME!
What energy
transformation occurs
when an electric lamp is
turned on?
ELECTRICAL ENERGY

ELECTROMAGNETIC
ENERGY

What types of energy are shown


below?

Mechanical and Thermal Energy


(Dont forget friction)

What type of energy is shown


below?

Chemical Energy

What types of energy are shown


below?

Electrical, Mechanical and


Electromagnetic Energy

What type of energy is shown


below?

Chemical Energy (yummy)

What type of energy is shown


below?

Thermal Energy

Draw a flow map showing the flow of


energy transformations in a car from
starting vehicle to driving. You should
have 5 different types of energy.

Energy Transfer
l
a
c
ri
t
c
Ele

Electrical

Chemical
Ele
ctr
ica
l

Sound
(mechanical)
Thermal

Mechanical

Light
(Electromagnetic)