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INNOVATION

AND INVENTION
ITS IMPORTANCE TO THE
COMPANIES

DEFINITION OF INNOVATION
Technological innovations are defined as new
products and processes and major technological
modifications to products and processes. An
innovation is considered performed if it is introduced
to the market (product innovation) or implemented
in the production process (process innovation).
Innovation includes many research, technological,
organizational, financial and commercial activities.

DEFINITION OF INNOVATION
R&D represents only one of these activities and can
take place during various stages of the innovation
process. It can play not only the role of the original
source of the innovation ideas but also the role of
problem solution framework, which can be turned to
at any stage of the implementation.
OECD, Frascati Manual 1992

OSLO MANUAL
Product innovation
A good or service that is new or significantly
improved. This includes significant
improvements in technical specifications,
components and materials, software in the
product, user friendliness or other functional
characteristics.

Process innovation
A new or significantly improved production
or delivery method. This includes significant
changes in techniques, equipment and/or
software.

Marketing innovation

A new marketing method involving significant


changes in product design or packaging,
product placement, product promotion or
pricing.

Organisational innovation

A new organisational method in business


practices, workplace organisation or external
relations.

CHARACTERISTICS OF SUCCESSFUL
INNOVATING COMPANIES
Systematic collection of all impulses that could lead to
innovation
Creativity of employees
Ability to evaluate the possibility of the innovation idea
Good team work
Project-based approach and ability to manage projects

CHARACTERISTICS OF SUCCESSFUL
INNOVATING COMPANIES
Cooperation with external experts (universities, research
laboratories)
Proper rate of risk-taking
Employees motivation (the employees are willing to improve
the product and the operation of the whole company)
Continued education of employees
Ability to finance the innovation activities

INNOVATION PROCESS

Research and development (R&D)

Production

Marketing

Innovation is an opportunity for something new, different. It is


always based on change.
Innovators do not view any change as a threat but as an
opportunity.

1990

2005

Conclusion
It was proposed to us to do a research work about inventions
and innovations and its inportance to the companies. With this
research we found a few carachteristics needed in the
companies to a sucessfull process of inovation and inventions.
Also, we mentioned the definition of diferent kinds. As we were
finishing the research, we found some inventions that we think
that are the most importante and they leaded many companies
to a great success.
In a brief conclusion we can say that inventions and
innovations were very important to companies because they
took the companies to a process of change and evolution,
creating better conditions and safety at work, for example.