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Chapter 1

Presented by: Ann Svendsen-Sanchez MS

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sYKfZtI
Owag

Watch this funny short video clip from Jay


Leno of a 103 year old guest. Her words of
advice for longevity. (highlight, right click
mouse and hit open hyperlink to watch)

Every organism ages- from the day you are


born you are aging and as an aging organism
things change.

Aging is:
Intrinsic
Deleterious
Universal
Progressive
Irreversible

(senescence)
Unpredictable

Human life expectancy continues to increase


Nearly

doubled in last century

Contributing factors to life expectancy:


Reduction

in death rates
Advances in medical interventions
Advanced in disease prevention

With an increasing older population comes an


increase in health care costs

Factors that affect individual aging:


Genetics

And the environment factors


Food supply
Social circumstances
Political events
Exposure to disease
Climate and natural disasters

Individual aging and population aging are


NOT the same

The population of older adults is growing


85+

population is expected to grow from 4.2


million to 8.9 million by 2030

Females make up larger portion of the older


age category
The

older a population becomes, the fewer men


there are, the more popular the men are
socially.

Currently there are more elderly White


people than African American people

Incidence of concurrent illness and multiple


disabilities rises sharply with age

Expensive technologies in acute care are


using up health care resources
Expenditures

in acute care and long term care


increase substantially with age increase

For individuals who die at 65, approximately $31, 000


is spent on health care costs
For individuals who die at 90, their health care costs
may exceed $200, 000

Quality of Life:
Subjective

Health status
Functional status
Socioeconomic status
General life satisfaction

Quality of Life for institutionalized people:


May

be related to:

Quality of food they are able to eat or given


Ability to make choices and control some parts of
their lives especially concerning their bodies
Participation in events or life
Attitudes of the care providers and other residents

Consumption of health care resources may


grow beyond availability
Contributing

factors include:

Advances in medical technology


Large portion of population living longer
Skilled nursing services are expensive which is causing
a movement to keep them at home.

Alternatives to skilled nursing facilities


Home

health services
Assisted living facilities
Adult day health care