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Chapter 1

Presented by: Ann Svendsen-Sanchez MS

Watch this funny short video clip from Jay

Leno of a 103 year old guest. Her words of
advice for longevity. (highlight, right click
mouse and hit open hyperlink to watch)

Every organism ages- from the day you are

born you are aging and as an aging organism
things change.

Aging is:


Human life expectancy continues to increase


doubled in last century

Contributing factors to life expectancy:


in death rates
Advances in medical interventions
Advanced in disease prevention

With an increasing older population comes an

increase in health care costs

Factors that affect individual aging:


And the environment factors

Food supply
Social circumstances
Political events
Exposure to disease
Climate and natural disasters

Individual aging and population aging are

NOT the same

The population of older adults is growing


population is expected to grow from 4.2

million to 8.9 million by 2030

Females make up larger portion of the older

age category

older a population becomes, the fewer men

there are, the more popular the men are

Currently there are more elderly White

people than African American people

Incidence of concurrent illness and multiple

disabilities rises sharply with age

Expensive technologies in acute care are

using up health care resources

in acute care and long term care

increase substantially with age increase

For individuals who die at 65, approximately $31, 000

is spent on health care costs
For individuals who die at 90, their health care costs
may exceed $200, 000

Quality of Life:

Health status
Functional status
Socioeconomic status
General life satisfaction

Quality of Life for institutionalized people:


be related to:

Quality of food they are able to eat or given

Ability to make choices and control some parts of
their lives especially concerning their bodies
Participation in events or life
Attitudes of the care providers and other residents

Consumption of health care resources may

grow beyond availability

factors include:

Advances in medical technology

Large portion of population living longer
Skilled nursing services are expensive which is causing
a movement to keep them at home.

Alternatives to skilled nursing facilities


health services
Assisted living facilities
Adult day health care