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MIME 2101N

Introduction + Course

Planning

Dr. C. Subramanian

Lecturer

Mechanical Section

Engineering Department

Shinas College of Technology

Mechanics is a physical science

which deals with bodies at rest or

motion under the action of forces.

Mechanical

Dr .C .Subramanian

Bio Mechanics

Aerospace

Aerodynamics

Applied

Mechanics I

APPLIED MECHANICS

This class is fundamental to your

success

in

any

course

which

involves solids or fluids. I expect to

help you be successful in this class

and for you to leave this class well

prepared to succeed in dynamics

and strength of materials and

subsequently

machine

design,

Prerequisites

structural analysis.

Vectors, calculus dont worry it is not so

difficult

Dr .C .Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Two Theory hours per week and two

Practical hours per week including lectures

and tutorial sessions.

Solve lots of problems

There will be assignments, 4 quizzes (Best

Two) one mid term exams and a final

examination. There will be a great deal of

hands on and observed problem solving in

the class. History has shown Regular

attendance is necessary to be successful in

the class. Quizzes will be short (12 minutes)

at the end of class.

Dr .C .Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Objectives

Outcomes

This course

should enable

the student to

course should be able to:

1.Understand the

laws and the

principles that govern

static.

2. Perceive the basic

concept in the field

of this subject.

3. Model and analyze

static engineering

problems.

4. Lay the ground for

various courses in

engineering.

2. Grasp the condition for transitional and rotational equilibrium and form

the proper equation of equilibrium

3. Use the pictorial representation of equilibrium situation in terms of free

-body diagram.

4. Realize the difference between equilibrium force and the resultant force.

5. Distinguish between the various forces and stresses arising in a

problem such as the internal, external, tensile, compressive, direct , shear

and other loading conditions, etc.

6. Define centroid, center of gravity and center of mass of a rigid body

and appreciate their location and significances.

7. Define moment of inertia of mass and area and grasping methods of

computing each about any axis.

8. Handle various structural problems and utilizing sections and joint

methods.

9. Distinguish between various types of friction.

10. Analyze beams in terms of shearing forces and bending moment

under various boundary conditions.

11. Carry out laboratory experiment to verify the conditions of equilibrium

of forces, analyze beams, determine coefficient of static and kinetic

friction and other topics related to the statics of bodies, frames, etc

Dr .C .Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Assessment Plan

MARKS DISTRIBUTION FOR ENGINEERING COURSES

THEORY + PRACTICAL BASED COURSES// ASSESSMENT METHOD

Type of Course

Course work

Midterm

Exam

20T marks

(20%)

Final Exam

Pure theoretical

(3T)

30T marks

(30%)

Pure practical

(6P)

30P marks

(30%)

Mixed (2T+2P)

15T+15P marks

(30%)

20T marks

(20%)

(35%) + (15%)

Mixed (1T+4P)

10T+20P

(30%)

5T+15P

(20%)

15T+35P

(50%)

50T marks

(50%)

50P+ 20P* marks

(50% )+ (20%)

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Type of Assessment

Marks (%)

Course work

Quizzes

Structured assignments

Technical assignments

10 marks

15 T

05 marks

(Technical reports)

15 marks

15P

20 marks

Final Examination

Theory exam

35 marks

35 T

15 P#

10 marks

Criteria

(Individual performance,

team work, time frame,

attendance)

Grand Total

05 marks

100%

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

What is Mechanics?

Mechanics is a physical science

which deals with bodies at rest or

motion under the action of forces.

Mechanics is an

applied science

Categories of Mechanics:

Continuum

Deformable bodies

hypothesis

Fluids

Dr .C .Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Rigid Bodies: Rigid bodies are those which do not deform under the

action of applied forces

F1

F4

F2

F3

under the action of applied forces.

What is continuum hypothesis?

Basic assumption in solving mechanics problem

Continuum mechanics no voids are present material is

continuous

Dr .C .Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Introduction to

Mechanics

Effect of forces on objects

either at rest or in motion Engineering Mechanics

Engineering Mechanics

Rigid Bodies

Statics

(Body is at rest)

Dynamics

(Body is in motion)

Kinematics

Dr.C.Subramanian

Effect of

body

F forces

Force tends to

rotate the

Mechanics of Fluids

body

Mechanics of Solids

Deformable Bodies

Kinetics

Classification of

study of Engineering

Applied Mechanics I

Objective coverage

1.Understand the laws and the

principles that govern static.

2. Perceive the basic concept in

the field of this subject

1. Recognize common equilibrium problems.

2. Grasp the condition for transitional and rotational equilibrium

and form the proper equation of equilibrium

3. Use the pictorial representation of equilibrium situation in

terms of free -body diagram.

4. Realize the difference between equilibrium force and the

resultant force.

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Scalar and Vector

Quantities

Problems

Scalar Quantities : Physical quantity which defined only by magnitude. Scalar

quantities are volume, density, speed, energy, mass, time and work.

For example: Volume of the bottle is 1 litre

Mass of the car is 1700kg.

Vector Quantities: These are defined by both magnitude and direction. Vector

quantities are displacement, velocity, acceleration, force, moment and momentum.

A vector may be represented by a straight line, the length of line being

directly proportional to the magnitude of the quantity and the direction of

the line being in the same direction as the line of action of the quantity.

An arrow is used to denote the sense of the vector, that is, for a

horizontal vector,

say, whether it acts from left to right or vice-versa.

Force: Action of one body on another; characterized by

its point of application, magnitude, line of action, and

sense

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Newtons First Law: If the resultant force on a

particle is zero, the particle will remain at rest or

continue to move in a straight line.

Importance of first law

Deals with equilibrium of particle or body

Involved mostly in solving static problems

Particle.

be neglected during analysis .

Idealization as a

Dr.C.Subramanian

particle

Applied Mechanics I

an acceleration proportional

to a nonzero

F ma

problems

Importance of mass was recognized

reaction between two particles have the same

magnitude and line of action with opposite

Importance of Third law

sense.

Involved mostly in solving static problems

Basis for drawing the free body diagram indicating the action

and reaction

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

It states that if two vectors (Say P and

Q) acting at a point to be represented in

magnitude and direction by the two

adjacent sides of parallelogram, then

their

resultant

is

represented

in

magnitude and direction by the diagonal

of the parallelogram at that point.

R=P+Q

Law of Cosine

Triangle rule for vector addition

R=P+Q

sides a, b, & c, and included angles ,

, & where , , & 90

a2 = b2 +c2 2bc cos .

c2 = a2 +b2 2ab cos .

Law of Sine

a b c

sin Sin Sin

b

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Force system

Coplanar

Collinear

Force

System

Coplanar

Concurrent

Force System

Coplanar NonConcurrent

Force System

Coplanar Like

Parallel Force

System

Non-Coplanar

Concurrent Force

System

Coplanar

Parallel Force

System

Coplanar Unlike

Parallel Force System

Non-Coplanar

Parallel Force

System

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Non-Coplanar Non

Concurrent Non

Parallel Force System

Non-Coplanar concurrent Force System

whose lines of action lie on the

same line and in the same plane

is called coplanar collinear force

system

the forces meet at one

point and lie in a

different plane is called

coplanar

concurrent

force system

Non-Coplanar concurrent Force System

lie in the same plane is called coplanar concurrent

force system. The concurrent forces may or may notCoplanar Concurrent Force System

Dr.C.Subramanian

be collinear.

Applied Mechanics I

Problem 1

their resultant.

Graphical Solution

R 98 N 35

A triangle is drawn with P and Q headto-tail and to scale. The magnitude and

direction of the resultant or of the third

side of the triangle are measured.

R 98 N 35

A parallelogram with sides equal to P

and

Q is drawn to scale. The

magnitude and direction of the resultant

or of the diagonal to the parallelogram

are measured

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Law of Cosines,

R 2 P 2 Q 2 2 PQ cos B

40 N 2 60 N 2 2 40 N 60 N cos155

R 97.73N

Law of Sines

Q

R

sin A sin B

sin A sin B

Q

R

sin 155

A 15.04

20 A

35.04

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

60 N

97.73N

Problem 2

the forces exerted by the tugboats is 5000 N directed

along the axis of the barge, determine

The tension in each of the ropes for = 45o

Graphical solution - Parallelogram Rule with known

resultant direction and magnitude, known directions

for sides.

T1 3700 N T2 2600 N

Trigonometric solution - Triangle Rule with Law of Sines

T1

T2

5000 N

T1 3660 N T2 2590 N

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Tutorial

Problem 1

Cosines,

Have: = 180 45

= 135

Then:

R2 = 900 2 + 600 2 2 (900) (600) cos 135

or R = 1390.57 N

Using the Law of Sines,

600 /sin =

1390.57/sin135

or = 17.7642

and = 90

17.7642

= 72.236

Three problems will be given for tutorial class separately

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

May resolve a force vector into perpendicular

components so that the resulting parallelogram is a

rectangle. Fx and Fy are referred to as rectangular

vector components and

F Fx Fy

parallel to the x and y axes.

Vector components may be expressed as products of

the unit vectors with the scalar magnitudes of the

vector components.

F Fx i F y j

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Wish to find the resultant of 3 or more

concurrent forces,

R PQ S

Resolve each force into rectangular components

R x i R y j Px i Py j Q x i Q y j S x i S y j

Px Q x S x i Py Q y S y j

equal to the sum of the corresponding scalar

components of the given forces.

R y Py Q y S y

R x Px Q x S x

Fx

Fy

Dr.C.Subramanian

2

2

1 R y

R Rx R y

tan

Rx

Applied Mechanics I

Problem 3

SOLUTION:

Resolve each force into rectangular

components.

Determine the components of the

resultant by adding the corresponding

force components.

Four forces act on bolt A as shown.

Determine the resultant of the force

on the bolt.

of the resultant.

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

SOLUTION:

Resolve each force into rectangular

components.

force mag

x comp

y comp

F1 150

129.9

75.0

F2

80

27.4

75.2

F3 110

0

110 .0

F4 100

96.6

25.9

R x 199.1 R y 14.3

Determine the components of the resultant by

adding the corresponding force components.

Tutorial

Problem

2 procedure and

Follow

the same

solve problem 1 in the class

Dr.C.Subramanian

R 199.12 14.32

14.3 N

tan

199.1 N

Applied Mechanics I

R 199.6 N

4.1

Tutorial

Problem 3

resultant of the

three forces shown

Start with the tail and end with a head

Rx = Fx = 300 N + (400 N)cos + (600 N)sin

(1)

Ry 41

= Fy = (400 N)sin (600 N)cos

Beer and Johnston Ex. Pbm

(2)on do it use the calculators properly

Come

Substitute = 65, Come on do it use the calculators

properly

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Equilibrium of a Particle

When the resultant of all forces acting on a particle is zero, the particle is

in equilibrium.

Newtons First Law: If the resultant force on a particle is zero, the particle will

remain at rest or will continue at constant speed in a straight line.

two forces:

- equal magnitude

- same line of action

- opposite sense

Dr.C.Subramanian

- graphical solution yields a closed polygon

- algebraic solution

R F 0

Fx 0

Applied Mechanics I

Fy 0

Free-Body Diagrams

the forces on the selected particle.

Space Diagram: A sketch showing the physical

conditions of the problem.

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

particle

Equilibrium equations are written as

Fx = 0

Fy = 0

1.The algebraic sum of the magnitudes of the vertical components of

all the forces acting on the body is zero.

2.The algebraic sum of the magnitudes of the horizontal components

of all the forces acting on the body is zero.

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Proble

m4

Two cables tied together at C are loaded as

shown. Knowing that W = 190 N, determine

the tension

(a) in cable AC, (b) in cable BC.

Free-Body Diagram at C

I will do the problem in the class

(a) TAC =

169.6 N

Dr.C.Subramanian

(b) TBC = 265

Applied Mechanics I

Tutorial

Problem 5

temporarily suspended from a

cable as shown. Knowing that

the signal at B weighs 300 N,

determine the weight of the

signal at C.

I will do the problem along with you.

come on attempt it

Free-Body Diagram at C

Free-Body Diagram at B

WC = 97.7 N

TBC = 565.34 N

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

Lami's Theorem

Only applicable

to Three coplanar, concurrent and non-collinear forces

When an object is in static equilibrium,

According to the theorem

where A, B and C are the magnitudes of three coplanar, concurrent and noncollinear forces, which keep the object in static equilibrium, and , and are

the angles directly opposite to the forces A, B and C respectively.

Example :

Free-Body Diagram

TAB

TAc

736 N

sin 100

Dr.C.Subramanian

Applied Mechanics I

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