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2014-15
3D OPTICAL DATA
STORAGE

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION
METHODS OF OPTICAL STORAGE
WHY OPTICAL MEMORY?
HOW DOES IT WORK?
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
FUTURE OF OPTICAL DATA STORAGE
CONCLUSION
REFERENCE

INTRODUCTION
In this type of data storage information can be
recorded and /or read with 3 dimensional
resolution.
This innovation has the potential to provide
peta-byte level mass on DVD sized disc.
Data recording and read back is achieved by
focusing lasers with in the medium.

HISTORY

The origins of the field date back to the


1950s, when Yehuda Hirshberg developed
the photochromic spiropyrans and suggested
their use in data storage.
In the 1970s, Valeri Barachevskii
demonstrated that this photochromism could
be produced by two-photon excitation.
At the end of the 1980s Peter M. Rentzepis
showed that this could lead to threedimensional data storage.

METHODS OF OPTICAL STORAGE


1. Surface or 2D recording
CD/DVD Data are stored in reflective pits
and scanned with a focused laser.
Magneto-Optic disks-spots are recorded with
a combination of magnetic field and focused
laser.
Near-field optical recording- higher 2D
density than with conventional surface
recording is achieved by placing a small light
source close to the disk.

METHODS OF OPTICAL DATA


STORAGE
CONTD
1. Volumetric recording
HolographicData are stored in
interference fringes with massively parallel
I/O. Suitable recording material is still
needed.
Spectral hole burningThis technique
addresses a small subset of molecules
throughout the media by using a tunable
narrowband laser.

WHY HOLOGRAPHIC MEMORY..?


Holographic memory is a 3 dimensional
optical data storage system that can store
information at high density inside the crystal
or photopolymer.
It store information in the form of Holographic
images.
It records information throughout the volume
of the medium and is capable of recording
multiple images in the same area utilizing light
at different angles.

WHY HOLOGRAPHIC MEMORY ?


CONT..
Holographic storage is capable of recording
and reading millions of bits in parallel,
enabling data transfer rates.
It is compact

HOW DOES IT WORK?


Photographic holograms are made by
recording interference patterns of a reference
beam of light reflected off an object.
Photosensitive material holds this interference
pattern, and the image can be reproduced by
applying an identical beam of light to the
reference beam onto the photosensitive
material.
Each frame of an animation is stored by
varying the angle of the incident light.

HOW DOES IT WORK..?

Figure1:storing information in a optical data


storage system

BASIC COMPONENTS THAT ARE


NEEDED TO CONSTRUCT AN
OPTICAL DATA STORAGE
SYSTEM

Blue-green argon laser


Beam splitters to spilt the laser beam
Mirrors to direct the laser beams
LCD panel (spatial light modulator)
Lenses to focus the laser beams
Lithium-niobate crystal or photopolymer
Charge-coupled device (CCD) camera

STORING INFORMATION IN AN
OPTICAL/HOLOGRAPHIC DATA
STORAGE SYSTEM
When the blue-green argon laser is fired , a
beam splitter creates two beams.
One beam, called the object or signal beam
,will go straight ,bounce off one mirror and
travel through a spatial light modulator (SLM).
An SLM is a liquid crystal display (LCD) that
show pages of raw binary data as clear and
dark boxes

STORING INFORMATION IN AN
OPTICAL DATA STORAGE
SYSTEM
The information from the page of binary code
is carried by the signal beam around to the
light sensitive lithium innovate crystal
A second beam, called the reference beam
,shoots out the side of the beam splitter and
takes a separate path to the crystal
When the two beams meet , the interference
pattern that is created stores the data carried by
the single beam in the specific area in the
crystal.

READING DATA
The stored data is read through the
reproduction of the same reference beam used
to create the hologram
The reference beams light is focused on the
photosensitive material ,illuminating the
appropriate interference pattern ,the light
diffracts on the interference pattern, and
projects the pattern onto a detector

READING DATA CONT


The detector is capable
of reading the data in
parallel , over one
million bits at once
,resulting in the fast
data transfer rate
Files on the optical
drive can be accessed in
less than 0.2 seconds

MEDIA FORM FACTOR


Media for 3D optical data
storage have been
suggested in several
form factors
Disc. A disc media
offers a progression
from CD/DVD, and
allows reading and
writing to be carried out
by the familiar spinning
disc method

MEDIA FORM FACTOR CONT...


Crystal, Cube or Sphere. Several science
fiction writers have suggested small solids that
store massive amounts of information.
Card. A credit card form factor media is
attractive from the point of view of portability
and convenience, but would be of a lower
capacity than a disc .

ADVANTAGES
They are non-volatile
Optical media can last a long time
Transportability-optical media are widely used
on other platforms, including PC

DISADVANTAGES
Optical discs require a special drives to
read/write.
Optical storage is expensive per GB/TB in
comparison to other technologies.

FUTURE OF OPTICAL DATA


STORAGE
One possible application is data mining. Data
mining is the processes of finding patterns in
large amounts of data.
Optical memory systems can potentially
provide the high speed transfers.

CONCLUSION
The optical/holographic disk will be the next
technological revolution and its future is very
promising.
Recent research has demonstrated that
holographic storage systems with desirable
properties can be engineered.

REFERENCES
Steve Redfield and Jerry Willenbring
"Holostore technology for higher levels of
memory hierarchy," IEEE potentials, 1991, PP.
155-159
www.wikipedia.org/wiki/optical_data_storage
www.engeeniringseminars.com
www.wikipedia.org/wiki/optical_data_storage
www.computer.howstuffworks.com
http://www.scribd.com/doc/19211430/Hologra
phic-Memory

THANKYOU