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Sound Operated Light


Submitted by:
Manu Garg
EL 163-2K11
6th sem

Idea Of Development
The driving force behind idea of my
project comes from the fact that
Engineering is about harnessing to
simplify our lives. So I decided to make
a project Sound Operated Light
Switch which can be useful in our
daily life for a bit of home automation.

It is a system that will control the switching off
or on of light by the help of sound (claps). Many
household items are now supplied with remote
control handsets- all designed to encourage
laziness! However, to adjust the room lighting it
is usually still necessary to get up and do it
manually. This is probably because the lighting
was specified by the house builder, and most
householders are understandably reluctant to
alter it. So here we are going to develop such a
lighting system that will be controlled by sound.
Clap once lights on, clap again lights off!!

Component List
IC 741
IC CD 4017
Microphone (mic)
Transistor BC 547
Diode IN 4007

IC 741

8 pin Operational
amplifier IC

High gain

High input impedance,

low output impedance

Used with feedback

circuit, with gain
determined by
feedback network

IC CD4017

16 pin CMOS counter /

divider integrated circuit
with 10 outputs

Decade counters with 10


When a clock pulse is

applied to it externally,
its outputs become logic
High' and 'low'
sequentially (one after
the other)


Is a transducer that uses

a capacitor (or
condenser) to convert
acoustical energy into
electrical energy

The sound waves result

into electric signals that
can be used to drive a
circuit or device

The pin connected to the

case of mic is connected
to ground and the other
pin gives the output

Transistor BC 547

NPN bi-polar junction

Silicon transistor

Mainly used for

amplification and
switching purposes. It
has a maximum
current gain of 800

Diode IN 4007

General purpose
silicon rectifier diodes

Diffused Junction

High Current
Capability and Low
Forward Voltage Drop

Allow electrical current

to flow in one direction

Used to convert AC to

Other Components
(Resisters, Capacitors, Battery, LED)

Circuit Diagram

Working Principle

R2, R3 and variable resistor VR1 adjust the sensitivity of the

amplifier. Resistor R1 set the sensitivity of Mic. The amplified output
pulses from IC1 passes to the input of IC2 (CD 4017). Resistor R4
keeps the input (pin14) of IC2 low so as to prevent false triggering.


is a decade counter IC which is wired as a toggle switch. That its

outputs 1 and 2 (pins 2 and 3) becomes high and low when the input
pin14 receives pulses. Pin4 (output4) is connected to the reset pin15
so that further counting will be inhibited. The high output from IC2
passes through the current limiter R6 to the base of switching
transistor T1. When T1 conducts, White LED (D2) turns on. If a 6V 100
ohms relay is connected to the points marked (A and B), the relay will
also energize and the load (bulb or electrical equipments) will be
switched on. In the next clap, output pin 2 becomes low and relay
and White LED will be switched off. LED D1 (Red LED) indicates the
OFF position.

Advantages &

Can be used to turn

something (e.g. lamp,
TV, radio) on and off
from any location in
the room simply by
clapping hands
Useful for mobilityimapired person


Cumbersome to have
to clap one's hand to
turn something ON or

Future Improvement

can increase the range of this

equipment by using better Mic


modify the circuit little bit and

use for security purposes

Clap switch can be used to switch ON/OFF
any electrical appliances such as:

Tube light
Air Conditioner