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# GCSE

Mathematics

Unit 2
Algebra 2

## If not you need

Can You ?
Solving simple linear equations
Unknowns on both sides of the
equation

Try a test
Factorising an expression

## Top: Review 1 - How much do

you know?
Practice 1: Solving equations
with the unknown on one side

## Practice 2: Solving equations

with the unknown on both
sides
TAIL 1
Practice 3: Writing the
expression in a different form
using brackets

Form equations
Try a test

for the

## TOP How much do you know?

Solve the following
(i)

x + 5 = 16

x = 11

(ii)

3x + 4 = 19

x=5

(b)

(c)

6y + 9 = 45

2x 5 = -1

(2)

y=6

(1)

x=2

(2)
(d)

4(x + 3) = 20

x=2
(1)

(e)

29 = 9x - 7

x=4

(1)
(Total 7 marks)

Lesson

Practice 1:

Solve:

(a) (i) 4x + 2 = 18

(ii) 8x 5 = 19

(iii)

7 = 3y - 8

## Multiply out the brackets first:

(a)
2(x + 3) = 16

for the

x=3

y=5

x=5
(1)

(c)

3(2x 3) = 9

x=3
(2)

Lesson

Practice 2:
(i)

Solve:
2x + 3 = x + 7

for the

x=4

(2)
(ii)

8r + 3 = 5r + 12
3r = 9
r=3

(iii)

(2)

9x 14 = 4x + 11
5x = 25
x=5

(iv)

20y 16 = 18y - 10
2y = 6
y=3

Lesson

(2)

(2)

for the

TAIL 1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

3x 5 = 10

5y + 6 = 21
2(x + 4) = 12
5(y - 3) = 4
8x + 12 = 20
4x + 5 = 2x + 9
3y 2 = 2y + 8
5t 8 = t + 16
15x + 6 = 7x - 2
20y 16 = 18y - 10

Next

for the

Lesson

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

3x 5 = 10

x=3

5y + 6 = 21

y=3

2(x + 4) = 12

x=2

5(y 3) = 5

y=4

8x + 12 = 20

x=1

4x +5 = 2x + 9

x=2

3y 2 = 2y + 8

y = 10

5t 8 = t + 16

t=6

15x + 6 = 7x - 2

x = -1

## 20y 16 = 18y -10

y=3

Factorising
means...

Putting
brackets
in
This is the exact reverse of multiplying out
the brackets.
This is what
you have to
do...

## Take out the biggest number that goes into all

the
Taketerms
out each letter that will go into every term the
highest power
Factorise 3x + 6

## 3 divides into 3 and 6

= 3(x + 2)
Multiply out the brackets to check...
3(x + 2) = 3x + 6

Look at these
examples

5x + 15x

## 5 divides into 5 and 15

x divides into x and x

= 5x(x + 3)
Multiply out the brackets to check
5x(x + 3) = 5x + 15x

4x - 8xy

## 4 divides into 4 and 8

x divides into x and x

= 4x(x 2y)
Multiply out the brackets to check
4x(x 2y) = 4x - 8xy
For more practice click
here

## Can you factorise these?

1.

9x + 12

3(3x + 4)

2.

10x - 6

2(x -3)

3.

9 3x

4.

3x + 5xy

5.

x - 9x

6.

x + x

7.

3x + 6xy

8.

p + 6p

9.

8x + 4x

10.

ax + ax

for the

3(3
x)
x(3 +
5y)
x(x
3)
x(x + 1)
3x(x +
2y)
p(p + 6)
4x(2x +
x)
ax(x + 1)

Lesson
(10)

Have a go at...
1.

Forming equations

## Mr Smith owns minibuses and coaches.

Each minibus has 12 seats.

(a)
Write an expression, in terms of m, for the number of
seats in m minibuses.
12m

(1)
Each coach has 48 seats
(b)
Write an expression, in terms of m and c, for the
number of seats in m minibuses and ccoaches.
12m + 48c

(2)

for the

(Total 3 marks)

More
practice

## Lisa packs pencils in boxes.

She packs 12 pencils in each box.
Lisa packs x boxes of pencils.

## (a) Write an expression, in terms of x, for the number of

pencils Lisa packs.
12x
.................................
(1)
Lisa also packs pens in boxes.
She packs 10 pens into each box.
Lisa packs y boxes of pens.
(b) Write down an expression, in terms of x and y, for the total
number of pens and pencils Lisa packs.
10y + 12x
.................................
(2)
(Total 3 marks)

for the

More
practice

## The diagram represents a garden.

All measurements are given in metres.
The garden has a flowerbed in one corner.
The flowerbed is a square of side x.

F lo w e rb e d

D ia g ra m N O T
a c c u ra te ly d ra w n

(a)
Write down an expression, in terms of x, for the shortest side of
the garden.
x+2
.....................................
(1)
(b)
Find an expression, in terms of x, for the perimeter of the
garden.
4x + 14
.....................................

(c)
More
practice

The perimeter of the garden is 20 metres. for the
4x + 14 = 20
Find the value of x.

(2)

4x = 6

x = 6/4 = 1

(2)
(Total 5 marks)

The cost, in pounds, of hiring a car can be worked out using this rule.

(a)

for the
70

(2)

## Bishen hired a car.

The cost was 120
(b)
Work out the number of days for which Bishen hired the car.

..
(2)
(c)

## The cost of hiring a car for n days is C pounds.

Write down a formula for C in terms of n.

10(n+

..
3)
(3)
(Total 7 marks)

More
practice

## The width of a rectangle is x centimetres.

The length of the rectangle is (x + 4) centimetres.

(a)

## Find an expression, in terms of x, for the perimeter of the rectangle.

Give your expression in its simplest form

4x + 8

.
(2)
(b)

## The perimeter of the rectangle is 54 centimetres.

Work out the length of the rectangle.
4x + 8 = 54
4x = 46

15

x = 46/4 = 11
The length must be
15 cm.

Lesson

for the

11 + 4 =

cm
(3)
(Total 5 marks)

TAIL 2

1.

for the

(a)

Factorise 15x + 5

5(3x +1)

(b)

Factorise 6y - 3y

3y(2y 1)

(c)

Factorise a + a

(d)

(e)

Simplify

xy - xy

a(a + 1)

6x(3x + 2)

xy(y 1)

## Click for the next

question

2.

TAIL
She put 4 sweets on top of each cake.

(a)
Write down an expression, in terms of x, for the number of
sweets she used.
4x
..
(1)
Paul made 3 more cakes than Jennifer.
(b)
Write down an expression, in terms of x, for the number of
x+3
..
(1)
Paul also put 4 sweets on each of his cakes.
(c)
Write down an expression, in terms of x, for the number of
sweets Paul used.
4(x + 3)
..

for the

(1)
Click for next question

(Total 3 marks)

3.

## Eggs are sold in boxes.

A small box holds 6 eggs.
A large box holds 12 eggs.
Hina buys x small boxes of eggs.

TAIL 2

Hina also buys 4 less of the large boxes of eggs than the small
boxes.
(a)
Find, in terms of x, the total number of eggs in the
large boxes
12(x 4)
............
..............
(1)
(b) 12(xFind,
termseggs
of x, and
the total
number of eggs that Hina
4)inlarge
6x small
18x - 48
12x 48 + 6x = 18x - 48

for the

question

...........

4.

## The perimeter of this triangle is 19 cm.

All lengths on the diagram are in centimetres.

(t + 4 )
(t + 3 )

for the

(t 1 )

3t + 6 = 19
3t = 13

(Total 3 marks)

t = 13/3 =
Lesson

t4
=