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GCSE

Mathematics

Targeting Grade C
Unit 2
Algebra 2

If not you need

Can You ?
Solving simple linear equations
Unknowns on both sides of the
equation

Try a test
Factorising an expression

Top: Review 1 - How much do


you know?
Practice 1: Solving equations
with the unknown on one side

Practice 2: Solving equations


with the unknown on both
sides
TAIL 1
Practice 3: Writing the
expression in a different form
using brackets

Form equations
Try a test

Practice 4: Forming equations

Are you ready


for the
answers ?

TOP How much do you know?


Solve the following
(i)

x + 5 = 16

x = 11

(ii)

3x + 4 = 19

x=5

(b)

(c)

6y + 9 = 45

2x 5 = -1

(2)

y=6

(1)

x=2

(2)
(d)

4(x + 3) = 20

x=2
(1)

(e)

29 = 9x - 7

x=4

(1)
(Total 7 marks)

Lesson

Practice 1:

Solve:

(a) (i) 4x + 2 = 18

(ii) 8x 5 = 19

(iii)

7 = 3y - 8

Multiply out the brackets first:


(a)
2(x + 3) = 16

Are you ready


for the
x = 4 answers ?

x=3

y=5

x=5
(1)

(c)

3(2x 3) = 9

x=3
(2)

Lesson

Practice 2:
(i)

Solve:
2x + 3 = x + 7

Are you ready


for the
answers ?

x=4

(2)
(ii)

8r + 3 = 5r + 12
3r = 9
r=3

(iii)

(2)

9x 14 = 4x + 11
5x = 25
x=5

(iv)

20y 16 = 18y - 10
2y = 6
y=3

Lesson

(2)

(2)

Are you ready


for the
answers ?

TAIL 1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

3x 5 = 10

5y + 6 = 21
2(x + 4) = 12
5(y - 3) = 4
8x + 12 = 20
4x + 5 = 2x + 9
3y 2 = 2y + 8
5t 8 = t + 16
15x + 6 = 7x - 2
20y 16 = 18y - 10

Next

Are you ready


for the
answers ?

TAIL Answers

Lesson

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

3x 5 = 10

x=3

5y + 6 = 21

y=3

2(x + 4) = 12

x=2

5(y 3) = 5

y=4

8x + 12 = 20

x=1

4x +5 = 2x + 9

x=2

3y 2 = 2y + 8

y = 10

5t 8 = t + 16

t=6

15x + 6 = 7x - 2

x = -1

20y 16 = 18y -10

y=3

Factorising
means...

Putting
brackets
in
This is the exact reverse of multiplying out
the brackets.
This is what
you have to
do...

Take out the biggest number that goes into all


the
Taketerms
out each letter that will go into every term the
highest power
Factorise 3x + 6

3 divides into 3 and 6

= 3(x + 2)
Multiply out the brackets to check...
3(x + 2) = 3x + 6
For more click here

Look at these
examples

5x + 15x

5 divides into 5 and 15


x divides into x and x

= 5x(x + 3)
Multiply out the brackets to check
5x(x + 3) = 5x + 15x

4x - 8xy

4 divides into 4 and 8


x divides into x and x

= 4x(x 2y)
Multiply out the brackets to check
4x(x 2y) = 4x - 8xy
For more practice click
here

Can you factorise these?


Write down your solutions to:

1.

9x + 12

3(3x + 4)

2.

10x - 6

2(x -3)

3.

9 3x

4.

3x + 5xy

5.

x - 9x

6.

x + x

7.

3x + 6xy

8.

p + 6p

9.

8x + 4x

10.

ax + ax

Are you ready


for the
answers ?

3(3
x)
x(3 +
5y)
x(x
3)
x(x + 1)
3x(x +
2y)
p(p + 6)
4x(2x +
x)
ax(x + 1)

Lesson
(10)

Have a go at...
1.

Forming equations

Mr Smith owns minibuses and coaches.


Each minibus has 12 seats.

(a)
Write an expression, in terms of m, for the number of
seats in m minibuses.
12m

(1)
Each coach has 48 seats
(b)
Write an expression, in terms of m and c, for the
number of seats in m minibuses and ccoaches.
12m + 48c

(2)

Are you ready


for the
answers ?

(Total 3 marks)

More
practice

Lisa packs pencils in boxes.


She packs 12 pencils in each box.
Lisa packs x boxes of pencils.

(a) Write an expression, in terms of x, for the number of


pencils Lisa packs.
12x
.................................
(1)
Lisa also packs pens in boxes.
She packs 10 pens into each box.
Lisa packs y boxes of pens.
(b) Write down an expression, in terms of x and y, for the total
number of pens and pencils Lisa packs.
10y + 12x
.................................
(2)
Are you ready
(Total 3 marks)

for the
answers ?

More
practice

The diagram represents a garden.


All measurements are given in metres.
The garden has a flowerbed in one corner.
The flowerbed is a square of side x.

F lo w e rb e d

D ia g ra m N O T
a c c u ra te ly d ra w n

(a)
Write down an expression, in terms of x, for the shortest side of
the garden.
x+2
.....................................
(1)
(b)
Find an expression, in terms of x, for the perimeter of the
garden.
Give your answer in its simplest form.
4x + 14
.....................................

(c)
More
practice

Are you ready


The perimeter of the garden is 20 metres. for the
4x + 14 = 20
answers ?
Find the value of x.

(2)

4x = 6

x = 6/4 = 1

(2)
(Total 5 marks)

The cost, in pounds, of hiring a car can be worked out using this rule.

Add 3 to the number of days hire


Multiply your answer by 10
(a)

Work out the cost of hiring a car for 4 days.9

Are you ready


for the
answers ?
70

(2)

Bishen hired a car.


The cost was 120
(b)
Work out the number of days for which Bishen hired the car.

..
(2)
(c)

The cost of hiring a car for n days is C pounds.


Write down a formula for C in terms of n.

10(n+

..
3)
(3)
(Total 7 marks)

More
practice

The width of a rectangle is x centimetres.


The length of the rectangle is (x + 4) centimetres.

(a)

Find an expression, in terms of x, for the perimeter of the rectangle.


Give your expression in its simplest form

4x + 8

.
(2)
(b)

The perimeter of the rectangle is 54 centimetres.


Work out the length of the rectangle.
4x + 8 = 54
4x = 46

15

x = 46/4 = 11
The length must be
15 cm.

Lesson

Are you ready


for the

11 + 4 =

cm
(3)
(Total 5 marks)

TAIL 2

1.

Are you ready


for the
answers ?

(a)

Factorise 15x + 5

5(3x +1)

(b)

Factorise 6y - 3y

3y(2y 1)

(c)

Factorise a + a

(d)

Factorise 18x + 12x

(e)

Simplify

xy - xy

a(a + 1)

6x(3x + 2)

xy(y 1)

Click for the next


question

2.

Jennifer made x cakes.


TAIL
She put 4 sweets on top of each cake.

(a)
Write down an expression, in terms of x, for the number of
sweets she used.
4x
..
(1)
Paul made 3 more cakes than Jennifer.
(b)
Write down an expression, in terms of x, for the number of
cakes Paul made.
x+3
..
(1)
Paul also put 4 sweets on each of his cakes.
(c)
Write down an expression, in terms of x, for the number of
sweets Paul used.
4(x + 3)
..
Are you ready

for the
answers ?

(1)
Click for next question

(Total 3 marks)

3.

Eggs are sold in boxes.


A small box holds 6 eggs.
A large box holds 12 eggs.
Hina buys x small boxes of eggs.

TAIL 2

Hina also buys 4 less of the large boxes of eggs than the small
boxes.
(a)
Find, in terms of x, the total number of eggs in the
large boxes
that Hina buys.
12(x 4)
............
..............
(1)
(b) 12(xFind,
termseggs
of x, and
the total
number of eggs that Hina
4)inlarge
6x small
buys.eggs
Give your answer in its simplest form.
18x - 48
12x 48 + 6x = 18x - 48

Are you ready


for the
answers ?

Click for the next


question

...........

4.

The perimeter of this triangle is 19 cm.


All lengths on the diagram are in centimetres.

(t + 4 )
(t + 3 )

Are you ready


for the
answers ?

(t 1 )

Work out the value of t.


3t + 6 = 19
3t = 13

(Total 3 marks)

t = 13/3 =
Lesson

t4
=