Sunteți pe pagina 1din 37

A320 FLT CTRL Laws &.

Protections | Berlin, Dezember 2012 | POC

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

General

Normal Law

Load Factor Protection

Alternate Law

Bank Angle Protection

Alternate Law (without reduced protection)

High AOA Protection


Low Speed Stability

Direct Law

Stall Warning

Mechanical Backup

High Speed Protection


Abnormal Attitude Law

High Speed Stability

FLT CTRL Law reconfiguration


acc. FCOM 1.27.30
Positive Static Stability
Finish Presentation

Overspeed Warning
Pitch Attitude Protection
Auto Turn Coordination
Dutch Roll Damping

Prsentationskennung

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Normal Law

Normal Law

Load Factor Protection

Alternate Law

Bank Angle Protection

Alternate Law (without reduced protection)

High AOA Protection

Direct Law

Low Speed Stability

Stall Warning

Mechanical Backup

High Speed Protection

Abnormal Attitude Law


FLT CTRL Law reconfiguration
acc. FCOM 1.27.30
Positive Static Stability
Finish Presentation

High Speed Stability

Overspeed Warning

Pitch Attitude Protection


Auto Turn Coordination
Dutch Roll Damping

Prsentationskennung

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Pitch Control

Ground Mode

Flight Mode

Flare Mode

Direct relationship
between sidestick
deflection and
elevator deflection
no auto trim

Load factor demand


Auto trim available

at 30ft in descent
the system reduces
attitude by 2 over 8
seconds

Roll rate demand


max. 15/sec

Same as in Flight
Mode
After touch down
smooth transition to
Ground Mode

Lateral Control Sidestick commands

aileron and roll spoiler


depending of speed
After TakeOff smooth
transition to Flight
Mode

Prsentationskennung

Normal Law

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Alternate Law

Load Factor Protection

Normal Law

Bank Angle Protection

Alternate Law

High AOA Protection

Alternate Law (without reduced protection)


Direct Law
Mechanical Backup

Low Speed Stability

Stall Warning
High Speed Protection

Abnormal Attitude Law


FLT CTRL Law reconfiguration
acc. FCOM 1.27.30
Positive Static Stability
Finish Presentation

High Speed Stability

Overspeed Warning
Pitch Attitude Protection
Auto Turn Coordination

Dutch Roll Damping (limited)

Prsentationskennung

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Pitch Control

Ground Mode

Flight Mode

Landing Mode

Direct relationship
between sidestick
deflection and
elevator deflection
no auto trim
5sec after landing
active

Load factor demand


with less protections
Auto trim available

At Gear down Flight


Mode Direct Law
Direct stick toelevatorrelationship

Roll direct
Yaw Damper
available with rudder
deflection limited to
+/-5
Auto Turn
Coordination lost

Same as in Flight
Mode
After touch down
smooth transition to
Ground Mode

Lateral Control Sidestick commands

aileron and roll spoiler


depending of speed
After TakeOff smooth
transition to Flight
Mode

Prsentationskennung

Alternate Law

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Alternate Law
without reduced protection

Load Factor Protection

Normal Law

Bank Angle Protection

Alternate Law

High AOA Protection

Alternate Law (without reduced protection)

Low Speed Stability

Direct Law

Mechanical Backup

Stall Warning
High Speed Protection

Abnormal Attitude Law

High Speed Stability

FLT CTRL Law reconfiguration


acc. FCOM 1.27.30
Positive Static Stability
Finish Presentation

Overspeed Warning
Pitch Attitude Protection
Auto Turn Coordination
Dutch Roll Damping

Prsentationskennung

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Pitch Control

Ground Mode

Flight Mode

Landing Mode

Direct relationship
between sidestick
deflection and elevator
deflection
no auto trim
5sec after landing active

Load factor
demand with less
protections
Auto trim available
No High Speed
Stability
No Low Speed
Stability
Only Load Factor
Limitation

At Gear down Flight


Mode Direct Law
Direct stick toelevatorrelationship

Roll direct
Yaw Damper
available with
rudder deflection
limited to +/-5

Same as in Flight
Mode
After touch down
smooth transition to
Ground Mode

Lateral Control Sidestick commands

aileron and roll spoiler


depending of speed
After TakeOff smooth
transition to Flight Mode

Prsentationskennung

Alternate Law
without reduced protection

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Direct Law

Normal Law

Load Factor Protection

Alternate Law

Bank Angle Protection

Alternate Law (without reduced protection)


Low Speed Stability

Direct Law

Mechanical Backup

Stall Warning
High Speed Protection

Abnormal Attitude Law

High Speed Stability

FLT CTRL Law reconfiguration


acc. FCOM 1.27.30
Positive Static Stability
Finish Presentation

Overspeed Warning
Pitch Attitude Protection
Auto Turn Coordination
Dutch Roll Damping

Prsentationskennung

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Direct Law

Direct Law is the lowest level of computer


flight control.
Pilot inputs are sent to the control surfaces
unmodified.
Because of the large number of failures
required to degrade to Direct Law, it is
unlikely to occur during normal flight.
It is most likely to be encountered when the
landing gear is lowered after an inflight
degradation to Alternate Law.

Prsentationskennung

10

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Direct Law

Ground Mode

Flight Mode

Flare Mode

direct stick to elevator


relationship

Direct stick to
elevator relationship
acc. slat/flap position
No protections
No A-Floor active

No Flare Mode

Lateral Control Direct stick to surface

Direct stick to surface


relationship
acc. slat/flap position
Max. roll rate:
clean 30/sec
slats ext. 25/sec

No Flare Mode

Pitch Control

relationship

Yaw mechanical
No yaw damping
No Auto Turn
Coordination
No auto trim

Prsentationskennung

11

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Mechanical Backup

Normal Law

Load Factor Protection

Alternate Law

Bank Angle Protection

Alternate Law (without reduced protection)

High AOA Protection


Low Speed Stability

Direct Law

Stall Warning

Mechanical Backup

High Speed Protection


Abnormal Attitude Law

High Speed Stability

FLT CTRL Law reconfiguration


acc. FCOM 1.27.30
Positive Static Stability
Finish Presentation

Overspeed Warning
Pitch Attitude Protection
Auto Turn Coordination
Dutch Roll Damping

Prsentationskennung

12

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Mechanical Backup

In the worst case of failures, such as complete loss of flight control computer power supply
the aircraft will revert to Mechanical Backup Mode.

Ground Mode

Flight Mode

Flare Mode

No Ground Mode

Pitch control
manually by applying
trim to the THS

No Flare Mode

Lateral Control No Ground Mode

Pitch control
manually by applying
trim to the THS

No Flare Mode

Pitch Control

Prsentationskennung

13

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Mechanical Backup

In most cases
(e.g. by resetting the flight control computers)
the flight crew will be able to recover from
mechanical backup to either alternate or direct
law depending on type of failure.

Prsentationskennung

14

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Abnormal Attitude Law

Load Factor Protection

Normal Law

Bank Angle Protection

Alternate Law

High AOA Protection

Alternate Law (without reduced protection)

Low Speed Stability

Direct Law

Mechanical Backup

Stall Warning
High Speed Protection

Abnormal Attitude Law


FLT CTRL Law reconfiguration
acc. FCOM 1.27.30
Positive Static Stability
Finish Presentation

Overspeed Warning
Pitch Attitude Protection
Auto Turn Coordination

Dutch Roll Damping (limited)

Prsentationskennung

15

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Abnormal Attitude Law

If the aircraft under extreme conditions


leaves the protected envelope (e.g.
flipover by severe turbulence), the
Abnormal Attitude Law becomes active.
That conditions are:
Pitch

> 50 or
< 30,

Bank

> 125

AOA

> 30 or
< 10 (A320),
<15(A319,A321)
Speed

> 440kts or
< 70-90kts (depending on pitch)

Mach

> 0.91

Prsentationskennung

16

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Abnormal Attitude Law

Ground Mode

Flight Mode

Flare Mode

No Ground Mode

Load factor demand


without protections
except Load Factor
Protection
No Auto Trim

No Flare Mode

Lateral Control No Ground Mode

Full authority Direct


Law
Yaw mechanical
Auto Turn
Coordination lost

No Flare Mode

Pitch Control

Prsentationskennung

17

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Abnormal Attitude Law

Past recovery from Abnormal Attitude:


Ground Mode

Flight Mode

Flare Mode

No Ground Mode

Load factor demand


without protections
Auto trim available

No Flare Mode

Lateral Control No Ground Mode

Full authority Direct


Law
Yaw Alternate Law
Roll direct
Yaw Damper
available with rudder
deflection limited to
+/-5
Auto Turn
Coordination lost

No Flare Mode

Pitch Control

Prsentationskennung

18

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections


PITCH:
ROLL :
YAW :
Double ADR fail
(2nd not self detected
VCAS or M disagree)
Triple ADR fail
Double SFCC Slat
channel fail (G+B)

FLT CTRL Law Reconfiguration

NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL

Double self detected


ADR failure

Double FAC fail

Double ADR fail (2nd not


self detected or AOA
disagree

Triple IR fail

Double HYD fail


(G+Y)
Yaw damper fail

RA fail, when
L/G down or
in CONF2 if
both LGCIU
failed

Double ELAC fail

Double HYD fail (G+B) Double Aileron fail


THS jammed
ELAC 2 + Blue HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Green HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Yellow HYD fail
One Elevator fail
Double self detected IR fail

EMER ELEC
CONFIG
(on batteries)

Double IR fail
(2nd not self
detected)

Loss of all spoilers


Triple SEC fail

PITCH : ALT (NO PROT)


DIRECT
ROLL : ALT
YAW :
acc: FCOM 1.27.30
FCOM-NG/DSC/27/30
Prsentationskennung

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
ALT

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
MECHANICAL

EMER ELEC from RAT


(after FAC 1 reset)

DIRECT
DIRECT
MECHANICAL

Crew Ident failed IR


action: switch off faulty IR
reset ELAC 1 + 2

DIRECT
DIRECT
ALT

19

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections


PITCH:
ROLL :
YAW :
Double ADR fail
(2nd not self detected
VCAS or M disagree)
Triple ADR fail
Double SFCC Slat
channel fail (G+B)

FLT CTRL Law Reconfiguration

NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL

Double self detected


ADR failure

Double FAC fail

Double ADR fail (2nd not


self detected or AOA
disagree

Triple IR fail

Double HYD fail


(G+Y)
Yaw damper fail

RA fail, when
L/G down or
in CONF2 if
both LGCIU
failed

Double ELAC fail

Double HYD fail (G+B) Double Aileron fail


THS jammed
ELAC 2 + Blue HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Green HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Yellow HYD fail
One Elevator fail
Double self detected IR fail

EMER ELEC
CONFIG
(on batteries)

Double IR fail
(2nd not self
detected)

Loss of all spoilers


Triple SEC fail

PITCH : ALT (NO PROT)


DIRECT
ROLL : ALT
YAW :
acc: FCOM 1.27.30
FCOM-NG/DSC/27/30
Prsentationskennung

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
ALT

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
MECHANICAL

EMER ELEC from RAT


(after FAC 1 reset)

DIRECT
DIRECT
MECHANICAL

Crew Ident failed IR


action: switch off faulty IR
reset ELAC 1 + 2

DIRECT
DIRECT
ALT

20

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections


PITCH:
ROLL :
YAW :
Double ADR fail
(2nd not self detected
VCAS or M disagree)
Triple ADR fail
Double SFCC Slat
channel fail (G+B)

FLT CTRL Law Reconfiguration

NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL

Double self detected


ADR failure

Double FAC fail

Double ADR fail (2nd not


self detected or AOA
disagree

Triple IR fail

Double HYD fail


(G+Y)
Yaw damper fail

RA fail, when
L/G down or
in CONF2 if
both LGCIU
failed

Double ELAC fail

Double HYD fail (G+B) Double Aileron fail


THS jammed
ELAC 2 + Blue HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Green HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Yellow HYD fail
One Elevator fail
Double self detected IR fail

EMER ELEC
CONFIG
(on batteries)

Double IR fail
(2nd not self
detected)

Loss of all spoilers


Triple SEC fail

PITCH : ALT (NO PROT)


DIRECT
ROLL : ALT
YAW :
acc: FCOM 1.27.30
FCOM-NG/DSC/27/30
Prsentationskennung

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
ALT

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
MECHANICAL

EMER ELEC from RAT


(after FAC 1 reset)

DIRECT
DIRECT
MECHANICAL

Crew Ident failed IR


action: switch off faulty IR
reset ELAC 1 + 2

DIRECT
DIRECT
ALT

21

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections


PITCH:
ROLL :
YAW :
Double ADR fail
(2nd not self detected
VCAS or M disagree)
Triple ADR fail
Double SFCC Slat
channel fail (G+B)

FLT CTRL Law Reconfiguration

NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL

Double self detected


ADR failure

Double FAC fail

Double ADR fail (2nd not


self detected or AOA
disagree

Triple IR fail

Double HYD fail


(G+Y)
Yaw damper fail

RA fail, when
L/G down or
in CONF2 if
both LGCIU
failed

Double ELAC fail

Double HYD fail (G+B) Double Aileron fail


THS jammed
ELAC 2 + Blue HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Green HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Yellow HYD fail
One Elevator fail
Double self detected IR fail

EMER ELEC
CONFIG
(on batteries)

Double IR fail
(2nd not self
detected)

Loss of all spoilers


Triple SEC fail

PITCH : ALT (NO PROT)


DIRECT
ROLL : ALT
YAW :
acc: FCOM 1.27.30
FCOM-NG/DSC/27/30
Prsentationskennung

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
ALT

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
MECHANICAL

EMER ELEC from RAT


(after FAC 1 reset)

DIRECT
DIRECT
MECHANICAL

Crew Ident failed IR


action: switch off faulty IR
reset ELAC 1 + 2

DIRECT
DIRECT
ALT

22

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections


PITCH:
ROLL :
YAW :
Double ADR fail
(2nd not self detected
VCAS or M disagree)
Triple ADR fail
Double SFCC Slat
channel fail (G+B)

FLT CTRL Law Reconfiguration

NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL

Double self detected


ADR failure

Double FAC fail

Double ADR fail (2nd not


self detected or AOA
disagree

Triple IR fail

Double HYD fail


(G+Y)
Yaw damper fail

RA fail, when
L/G down or
in CONF2 if
both LGCIU
failed

Double ELAC fail

Double HYD fail (G+B) Double Aileron fail


THS jammed
ELAC 2 + Blue HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Green HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Yellow HYD fail
One Elevator fail
Double self detected IR fail

EMER ELEC
CONFIG
(on batteries)

Double IR fail
(2nd not self
detected)

Loss of all spoilers


Triple SEC fail

PITCH : ALT (NO PROT)


DIRECT
ROLL : ALT
YAW :
acc: FCOM 1.27.30
FCOM-NG/DSC/27/30
Prsentationskennung

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
ALT

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
MECHANICAL

EMER ELEC from RAT


(after FAC 1 reset)

DIRECT
DIRECT
MECHANICAL

Crew Ident failed IR


action: switch off faulty IR
reset ELAC 1 + 2

DIRECT
DIRECT
ALT

23

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections


PITCH:
ROLL :
YAW :
Double ADR fail
(2nd not self detected
VCAS or M disagree)
Triple ADR fail
Double SFCC Slat
channel fail (G+B)

FLT CTRL Law Reconfiguration

NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL

Double self detected


ADR failure

Double FAC fail

Double ADR fail (2nd not


self detected or AOA
disagree

Triple IR fail

Double HYD fail


(G+Y)
Yaw damper fail

RA fail, when
L/G down or
in CONF2 if
both LGCIU
failed

Double ELAC fail

Double HYD fail (G+B) Double Aileron fail


THS jammed
ELAC 2 + Blue HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Green HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Yellow HYD fail
One Elevator fail
Double self detected IR fail

EMER ELEC
CONFIG
(on batteries)

Double IR fail
(2nd not self
detected)

Loss of all spoilers


Triple SEC fail

PITCH : ALT (NO PROT)


DIRECT
ROLL : ALT
YAW :
acc: FCOM 1.27.30
FCOM-NG/DSC/27/30
Prsentationskennung

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
ALT

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
MECHANICAL

EMER ELEC from RAT


(after FAC 1 reset)

DIRECT
DIRECT
MECHANICAL

Crew Ident failed IR


action: switch off faulty IR
reset ELAC 1 + 2

DIRECT
DIRECT
ALT

24

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections


PITCH:
ROLL :
YAW :
Double ADR fail
(2nd not self detected
VCAS or M disagree)
Triple ADR fail
Double SFCC Slat
channel fail (G+B)

FLT CTRL Law Reconfiguration

NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL

Double self detected


ADR failure

Double FAC fail

Double ADR fail (2nd not


self detected or AOA
disagree

Triple IR fail

Double HYD fail


(G+Y)
Yaw damper fail

RA fail, when
L/G down or
in CONF2 if
both LGCIU
failed

Double ELAC fail

Double HYD fail (G+B) Double Aileron fail


THS jammed
ELAC 2 + Blue HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Green HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Yellow HYD fail
One Elevator fail
Double self detected IR fail

EMER ELEC
CONFIG
(on batteries)

Double IR fail
(2nd not self
detected)

Loss of all spoilers


Triple SEC fail

PITCH : ALT (NO PROT)


DIRECT
ROLL : ALT
YAW :
acc: FCOM 1.27.30
FCOM-NG/DSC/27/30
Prsentationskennung

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
ALT

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
MECHANICAL

EMER ELEC from RAT


(after FAC 1 reset)

DIRECT
DIRECT
MECHANICAL

Crew Ident failed IR


action: switch off faulty IR
reset ELAC 1 + 2

DIRECT
DIRECT
ALT

25

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections


PITCH:
ROLL :
YAW :
Double ADR fail
(2nd not self detected
VCAS or M disagree)
Triple ADR fail
Double SFCC Slat
channel fail (G+B)

FLT CTRL Law Reconfiguration

NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL

Double self detected


ADR failure

Double FAC fail

Double ADR fail (2nd not


self detected or AOA
disagree

Triple IR fail

Double HYD fail


(G+Y)
Yaw damper fail

RA fail, when
L/G down or
in CONF2 if
both LGCIU
failed

Double ELAC fail

Double HYD fail (G+B) Double Aileron fail


THS jammed
ELAC 2 + Blue HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Green HYD fail
ELAC 1 + Yellow HYD fail
One Elevator fail
Double self detected IR fail

EMER ELEC
CONFIG
(on batteries)

Double IR fail
(2nd not self
detected)

Loss of all spoilers


Triple SEC fail

PITCH : ALT (NO PROT)


DIRECT
ROLL : ALT
YAW :
acc: FCOM 1.27.30
FCOM-NG/DSC/27/30
Prsentationskennung

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
ALT

ALT (REDUCED PROT)


DIRECT
MECHANICAL

EMER ELEC from RAT


(after FAC 1 reset)

DIRECT
DIRECT
MECHANICAL

Crew Ident failed IR


action: switch off faulty IR
reset ELAC 1 + 2

DIRECT
DIRECT
ALT

26

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Load Factor Protection

The load factor is automatically limited to:


+2,5g to -1g for clean configuration
+2g to 0g for other than clean configuration

Refer to FCOM 1.27.20; FCOM-NG / DSC / 27 / 20

Prsentationskennung

27

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Bank Angle Protection

at bank angle <= 33 constant roll rate with stick neutral


positive spiral static stability for bank angle > 33
max bank angle 67
with AOA protection active max bank angle 45
with High Speed Protection active max bank angle 40
With bank angle > 45 autopilot and FD off
FD returns when bank angle < 40

Refer to FCOM 1.27.20

Refer to FCOM 1.27.20

Prsentationskennung

28

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

High AOA Protection

If AOA > PROT the system switches to


protection mode in which AOA is
proportional to sidestick deflection.
Max AOA is MAX

To deactivate AOA protection push sidestick


> 8 forward
> 0,5 forward and at least 0,5 sec if <MAX
Below 200ft AOA protection is deactvated if
sidestick deflection is < half nose-up and
actual < PROT -2

Prsentationskennung

at AOA = PROT + 1 the auto pilot


switches off.
vPROT, VMAX and VFLOOR vary
according to x-weight and configuration
Refer to FCOM 1.27.20

29

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Low Speed Stability

Low Speed Stability replaces normal AOA protection


Available at 5 kts to stall warning speed + 10 kts
Introduction of gentle nose down signal
Audio stall warning is activated
VFLOOR protection inoperative
Modified PFD speed scale

Refer to FCOM 1.27.20; FCOM-NG / DSC / 27 / 20

Prsentationskennung

30

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Stall Warning

In low speed (at speed threshold below VLS)


stall warning is activated at 1,03 VS1G

Refer to FCOM 1.27.20; FCOM-NG / DSC / 27 / 20


Refer to FCTM OP-020

Prsentationskennung

31

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

High Speed Protection

a/c recovers automatically from high speed upset


activated at VMO/MMO depending from flight conditions
(high acceleration, low pitch attitude)
THS setting is limited between present position and 11
nose-up
Positive spiral static stability to 0 bank
max bank angle 40
autopilot deactivates

Refer to FCOM 1.27.20

Prsentationskennung

32

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

High Speed Stability

Above VMO/MMO a nose-up demand is introduced to avoid


excessive increase in speed.
The pilot can override that demand.
The aural overspeed warning remains available at
VMO+4 or MMO+0,006

Refer to FCOM 1.27.20; FCOM-NG / 27 / 20

Prsentationskennung

33

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Over Speed Warning

The aural overspeed warning remains available at


VMO + 4 or
MMO + 0,006

Refer to FCOM 1.27.20

Prsentationskennung

34

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Pitch Attitude Protection

30 nose-up in Config 0-3


progressively reduced to 25 at low speed
25 nose-up in Config FULL
progressively reduced to 20 at low speed
15 nose-down
FD bars disappear at pitch > 25 nose-up or < 13 nosedown

Refer to FCOM 1.27.20; FCOM-NG / DSC / 27 / 20

Prsentationskennung

35

A320 FLT CTRL Laws & Protections

Positive Static Stability

An aircraft with positive spiral stability tends to roll out of a turn by itself if the controls are
centered.
In other words the airplane reduces bank by itself aerodynamic configuration.
According FCTM Operational Golden Rules No.1
The aircraft can be flown like any other aircraft
the A320 series shows basic aerodynamic characteristic of positive static stability.
p.e. in Normal Law: Neutral spiral stability up to 33 bank:

Automatic pitch trim

The bank angle is maintained when the sidestick is at neutral

p.e. in Normal Law: Positive spiral stability restored above 33 bank:

No automatic pitch trim

The bank angle returns to 33 if the sidestick is at neutral

Prsentationskennung

36

Jens Pochandke| Airbus Simulator Admin

Deptmt. Training

Air Berlin PLC & Co. Luftverkehrs KG | Saatwinkler Damm 42-43


13627 Berlin | Tel: +49 30 3434-3015 | Fax: +49 30 3434-xxxx
Jens.Pochandke@airberlin.com | http://www.airberlin.com

KONTAKT

VIELEN DANK FR IHRE AUFMERKSAMKEIT