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OPERATION &

MAINTENANCE
OF
CABLES

POWER SECTOR SCENARIO


The electrical network comprises of
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Generation
Transmission System
Sub Transmission System
Distribution System
Load points

INTRODUCTION-1
Power generated at generating stations,
may be Thermal, Hydro, Nuclear or any
other non conventional type has to be
brought to the utility point for use by
means of Transmission and Sub
transmission systems. The transmission
and distribution systems maybe of
1. Overhead System
2. Underground cable System

INTRODUCTION-2
Transmission by overhead system is
cheaper compared to cable system. Due to
abnormal growth in the load, it is becoming
very essential to improve the transmission
and distribution systems. This again needs
erection of additional EHT/HT/MV
substations at load centers. But due to
abnormal growth and upcoming of high rise
buildings, it is very difficult to bring the
source by overhead system and
underground cable system is found to be a
suitable solution to bring the source at any
voltage level.
However, the initial cost of underground
cable system is more compared to the

UNDER GROUND CABLE


SYSTEM
Underground cable system is again a means
of transmission of power similar to the
overhead system. This system is used
where
There is no Right of Way (ROW) for
installation of overhead system.
To have any route profile.
To maintain fairly Uninterrupted power
supply.
To maintain aesthetic beauty of the place.

COMPARISON OF OH &UG
CABLE SYSTEMS

TYPES OF CABLES-1
Power Cables

Underground Cables.
Aerial bunched Cables:

LT: Stranded Al Conductor, HDPE Insulated


twisted over bare stranded AAA conductor as
messenger wire
HT: Stranded Al Conductor, XLPE Insulated
cables twisted over XLPE insulated AAA
stranded conductor as bearer wire.

Control Cables
Communication cables
Special purpose cables Mining and
Submarine etc

TYPES OF CABLES-2
Power cables are also classified based
on the voltage levels.
LT/LV Cables....up to and including
1.1 kV
MV Cables from 1.1kV to 33 kV
HV/EHV/UHV Cables above 33 kV

TYPES OF CABLES-3

Up to 33KV voltage level, 3 core cables


are manufactured and above this
voltage level only single core cables are
manufactured because of the increase
in the dimensions of the materials used
which further
increases the overall
diameter of the cable This makes it
very difficult to manufacture and also
to install the same at site.

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS


The Electrical system may be
Earthed System or
Un Earthed System
as detailed below.

CABLE SAMPLES-1

CABLE SAMPLES-2

CABLE SAMPLES-3

11KV PILC Al CABLE

CABLE SAMPLES-4

11KV XLPE Al CABLE

CABLE SAMPLES-5

33KV XLPE Al CABLE

CABLE SAMPLES-6

66 KV SINGLE CORE Al CABLE

CABLE SAMPLES-7

132 KV SINGLE CORE Cu CABLE

CABLE SAMPLES-8

220 KV SINGLE CORE Cu CABLE

CABLE SAMPLES-9

400 KV SINGLE CORE SEGMENTAL Cu CABLE