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# FACULTATEA DE AUTOMATICA SI CALCULATOARE

DEPARTAMENTUL DE CALCULATOARE

NELEGEREA LIMBAJULUI
NATURAL
Student:

Cristian-Cosmin NNDREAN
Indrumator:

## S.l.Dr. Ing. Emil CHIFU

CUPRINS
1. Introducere
2. Motivaie

3. Soluii existente
4. Soluia propus
5. Implementare
6. Rezultate
7. Testare

8. Contribuii
9. Concluzii

10. Bibliografie

1. INTRODUCERE
1964-STUDENT
Cuvinte cheie
Probabilistic

2. MOTIVAIE
Competiia RTE(Recognition of text entailment)
Intrare: fiier xml
Perechi T-H (n limba englez)
Sarcini: MT, QA, CD, etc.

3. SOLUII EXISTENTE
Johan Bos DORIS
DRT = Discourse Representation Theory
DRS = Discourse Representation Structure
DRS -> logica de ordinul unu
Demonstrator matematic(theorem prover)
Sisteme auxiliare

4. SOLUIA PROPUSA
WordNet
FrameNet
Fr demonstrator matematic
Algoritm de deducere RTE

4. SOLUIA PROPUS

5. IMPLEMENTARE

5. IMPLEMENTARE(CONT.)
<t>Seagate Technology Inc. reported a loss of \$33
million on revenue of \$1.34 billion.</t>
<h>Seagate Technology Inc. posted revenues of
\$1.34 billion.</h>
</pair>

5. IMPLEMENTARE(CONT.)
DRS pentru T

DRS pentru H

## earnings_and_losses(revenue of \$ earnings_and_losses(of \$ 1.34

1.34 billion).
billion).
cardinal_numbers(million).

sending(revenues of \$ 1.34
billion).

cardinal_numbers(1.34)=billion.

cardinal_numbers(1.34)=billion.

## statement(loss of \$ 33 million on artifact(technology).

revenue of \$ 1.34 billion)=seagate
technology inc..
artifact(technology).
Rezultat: (2 + 2 + 1 + 0) / 4 = 1,25

6. REZULTATE

7. TESTARE
Unit Teste
Comparare cu alte sisteme

7. TESTARE
Autor(Group)

Acuratee

Akhmatova(Macquarie)

51%

Bayer(MITRE)

58%

## Bos(Edinburgh & Leeds)

56%

Jijkoun(Amsterdam)

55%

Newman(Dublin)

56%

## 49%; si 70%(cu acoperire de 19%)

Raina(Stanford)

56%

Sistemul meu

56%

8. CONTRIBUII
Algoritm de transformare a adnotrilor de
FrameNet n DRS
Algoritm de detecie RTE
Integrare FrameNet
Integrare WordNet

9.CONCLUZII
Rezultate bune
FrameNet n NLU
Alternative la demonstratoare matematice

9.CONCLUZII
Exist loc de mbuntiri
Folosirea unui alt parser(acuma se folosete
SEMAFOR)
Algoritmul de MT
Adaugare de KB(util pentru IR, RC, QA)

10.BIBLIOGRAFIE
1. Applying automated deduction to natural language understanding. Bos, Johan. s.l.: University of
Rome La Sapienza, Italy, 13 07 2007, Journal of applied logic.
3. Josef Ruppenhofer, Michael Ellsworth, Miriam R. L. Petruck, Christopher R. Johnson,
Jan Scheffczyk. FrameNet II: Extended Theory and Practice. 2010.
4. Inferring implicatures and discourse relations from frame. Irmer, Matthias. Germany: University
of Leipzig, 2012, Lingua, p. 22.
5. The PASCAL Recognising Textual Entailment Challenge. Ido Dagan, Oren Glickman, Bernardo
Magnini. 2004, p. 8.
6. Discourse Representation Theory. Eijck, Jan van. s.l.: CWI, Kruislaan 413, 1098 SJ Amsterdam,
The Netherlands, 2005. p. 17.
7. Implicatures and discourse structure. Asher, Nicholas. s.l.: CNRS,
LaboratoireIRITUMR5505,Univ.deToulouse,118routedeNarbonne,31062ToulouseCedex9,France,
2012, Lingua, p. 16.
8. [Interactiv] [Citat: 30 06 2014.] https://www.google.com/url?
sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CBwQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F
%2F9789491216527-c2.pdf%3FSGWID%3D0-0-45-1307156p174288092&ei=cOmxU6bqBujR7Ab2z4HQCA&usg=AFQj.
9. wikipedia. [Interactiv] [Citat: 30 06 2014.] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Textual_entailment.
10. [Interactiv] [Citat: 30 06 2014.] http://www.nist.gov/tac/data/RTE/index.html.
11. [Interactiv] [Citat: 30 06 2014.] http://www.ark.cs.cmu.edu/SEMAFOR/SEMAFOR-2.1-models.tgz.

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