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# DESIGN & ANALYSIS OF INDIVIDUAL EXHAUST SYSTEM FOR

## IMPROVING TRANSIENT RESPONSE OF

A TURBO DIESEL ENGINE
BY
ISHAN DEV
PARIKSHIT BAJPAI
PUSHKAR SHUKLA
SANDEEP KR. MISHRA

JSS MAHAVIDYAPEETHA
JSS ACADEMY OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION, NOIDA
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
2014-2015

Introduction
Turbo-diesel refers to any diesel engine equipped with a turbocharger.
Turbo-diesels in automobiles offer a higher refinement levels than their naturally aspirated
counterparts.
In power boosting of engines, the application of conventional turbochargers could realize only a
limited improvement because it is effective in a narrow flow range.
One of the main handicaps of turbocharged diesel engines is their low dynamic response, in the
low speed range, compared with spark ignition ones.

## Objective and Solution Options

Improving the dynamic performance of turbocharged diesel engine, by energy saving in the
turbocharger acceleration by engine performance modelling during transient operation with
individual exhaust configuration.
The possible solutions
Supplement the usual exhaust-driven turbo with another turbo driven by an electric motor.
Using variable-nozzle or twin-scroll turbochargers
Using a turbocharger spool valve to increase exhaust gas flow speed to the turbine.
AFE Intake
Exhaust Manifold Remodeling.
Our Solution Remodeling the existing exhaust system as an individual exhaust manifold in
collector configuration.

## Exhaust Manifold Design

Inside Diameter
Primary Pipe Diameter
cc = Cylinder Volume in cc.
P = Primary Length.

## Secondary Pipe Diameter

ID = Primary Pipe Diameter

## Tailpipe Internal Diameter

cc = Cylinder Volume in cc.
P = Primary Length.

## Flow Analysis of the modelled exhaust manifold.

Calculation Mesh Basic Mesh Dimensions
Number Of Cells
Total cells
Fluid cells
Solid cells
Partial cells
Irregular cells
Trimmed cells
Number of cells in X
Number of cells in Y
Number of cells in Z

47599
14920
16050
16629
0
0
26
12
12

Results

## Flow Analysis: Temperature Variation of a collector style

Results Summary
Name
Pressure [Pa]
Temperature [K]
Density [kg/m^3]
Velocity [m/s]
Velocity (X) [m/s]
Velocity (Y) [m/s]
Velocity (Z) [m/s]
Temperature (Fluid)
[K]
Vorticity [1/s]
Shear Stress [Pa]
Relative Pressure
[Pa]
Heat Transfer
Coefficient [W/m^2/K]

Minimum
71732.21
833.44
0.27
0
-305.485
-632.436
-180.613
833.44

Maximum
245130.88
996.23
0.87
632.824
282.075
118.746
377.317
996.23

21.304
0
-29592.79

136785.185
850.44
143805.88

Future Work
Dynamic Analysis taking into consideration the effect of firing order
Design optimization by modifying runner lengths and angles

References

Garett T.K., Newton K. and Steeds W., The Motor Vehicle, Butterworth Heinemann, London, 2001
Heisler, Heinz, Advanced Engine Technology, SAE, Great Britain, 1995
Heywood, John B., Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill, Inc. New York, 1988
Morrison, John C and Smith, Philip H., Scientific Design of Exhaust and Intake Systems. Cambridge,
MA, Robert Bentley Publishers, 1972
C. Wren, and O. Johnson, Gas Dynamics Simulation for the Design of Intake and Exhaust Systems
Latest Techniques SAE Paper No. 951367T
G. Blair, D. Mackey, M. Ashe, and G. Chatfield Exhaust Tuning on a Four-Stroke Engine;
Experimentation and Simulation SAE Paper No. 2001 01 1797/4218
J. Li, L. Zhou, D. Jiang, and K. Pan Frequency Analysis Technique for Intake and Exhaust Manifold
Design SAE Paper No. 952070
R. Matus, Modeling of Exhaust Systems with CFD SAE Paper No. 941082
Ricardo Software. Wave V5P1 Basic Manual. Burr Ridge, Illinois, USA (2003)
Ricardo Software. Wave V5P1 Engine Manual. Burr Ridge, Illinois, USA (2003)