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Introduction to

Industrial Automation
and Control

Lesson Summary:
Introduction to the Industrial Automation
Track
Role of Automation Systems in the
Industry
Type of Production Systems and the
Type Automation Use

Objectives:
Describe the scope and nature of the
track
Define Industrial Automation
Compare Automation with Control
Describe the major roles of Automation
in the Industry

Objectives continued:
Relate how Automation affects
economies of scope and scale
Categorize and describe the major
types of Automation Systems
Provide industrial for each categories

What is Industrial Automation?


Industry

Automation

comes from two Greek words:


Auto self and
Matos Moving
is a set of technologies that results
in operation of industrial machines
and systems without significant
human intervention and achieves
performance superior to manual
operation.

Industrial
Automation

Systematic Economic Activity


(Manufacture, Service, Trade)

Nature of Industrial Automation Track


Users View
Application oriented
Existing technologies with trends
Interdisciplinary

Role of Automation in the Industry

Raw or
Unfinished
Materials

(Price/unit

Manufacturing
Process
(Energy, Manpower,
Infrastructure)

Cost/unit )

Production
Volume

Finished
Product

Profit

Role of Automation in the Industry


Cost/unit )

Material

Energy

Manpower

Automation

Material

Role of Automation in the Industry


Production Volume

Production Material
Time
Handling
Time

Idle Time

Automation

Quality
Assurance
Time

Role of Automation in the Industry


Price/unit

Demand

Quality

Economy of Scope
Competition/ R&D - Product Development
Product Life Time
Product Life Cycle needs to be Accelerated
Manufacturing Systems need to be Rapidly
Reconfigurable

Categories of Production Systems


Production Systems

Continuous
( Process)

Continuous
Flow Process

Batch
Process

Discrete
Manufacturing

Mass
Manufacturing

Job
Shop

Types of Production Systems


Production Systems

Quantity

Continuous
Flow Process
Mass
Manufacturing
Batch
Process

Job
Shop
Variety

Types of Automation Systems


Automation Systems

Fixed

Programmable

Flexible

Integrated

Fixed Automation
Features:
High volume production
Dedicated Equipment
Fixed Efficient operation
Production Type:
Continuous Flow
Discrete Mass
Production

Examples:
Process Automation
Conveyors
Paint Shops
Transfer Line

Programmable Automation
Features:
Changeable Sequence of Operation
Electronic Controls
Production Type:
Batch Process
Discrete Mass
Production

Examples:
CNC Machines
Assembly Robots

Flexible Automation
Features:
Computer Controlled
Programmable Material Handling
Production Type:
Job Shop
Batch Process

Examples:
CNC Machine Centers
AGVS

Integrated Automation
Features:
Advanced Optimizing Algorithms
Computer Communication
Production/Management Integration
Production Type:
All types
Large

Examples:
Chemical Process
Automation
Plant wide CIM

Lesson Review:
Definition of Industrial Automation
Course Objectives
Role of Automation in Industry
Economy of Scope and Scale
Types of Production Systems
Types of Automation Systems

Homework:
Explain the following with one
industrial example for each
Define Automation, Distinguish it from
control and Give examples
Explain Suitability of various types of
automation systems in specific
industrial situations