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MODULAR

CO-ORDINATION

By: S.S.Chakradeo,
M.I.E.T., Gondia

Prefabrication

INDUSTRIALISED BUILDING SYS


MASS PRODUCTION
RAPID CONSTRUCTION

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BUILDING SYSTEM
MANUFACTURING
TRANSPORTATION
ASSEMBLY on SITE

COMPONENTS
STANDARD DIMENSIONS
MANUFACTURING
NARROW DOWN OPTIONS
MASS PRODUCTION
ECONOMY
NUTS, BOLTS, SCREWS, TYRE, TUBES, SPARK
PLUG, PIPES, TUBE LIGHT, BULB HOLDERS,
SOCKETS, GARMENTS, SHOES,
PAPERS,
PENCILS, LPG CYLINDERS, UNITS ETC.

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Standardization

Modular Coordination

REDUCE VARIETY
INCREASE FLEXIBILITY

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TECHNIQUE
MODULARIZATION
BUILDING COMPONENTS
DIMENSIONS
RATIONALIZATION
CO-ORDINATION

Normally a building consists of thousands of


individual components.
These components have unrelated dimensions.
Require on site modifications and adjustments
while assembling them.

Reduction in speed of construction.


Higher cost

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Wastage of materials,

Modular Co-Ordination can sort out the


problem by coordinating the various
components of buildings and its systems.
This calls for standardisation of dimensions.

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Standardisation and Modular co-ordination


are prerequisites for prefabrication.
Results in economy in all phases of design,
production and construction.

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Recommendations of NBC:

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1)The basic module to be of 100 mm represented


by M.
2)The planning grid in both the direction to be
3M for residential buildings and 15M for
industrial buildings. The centre lines of walls to
coincide with grid lines.
3)The planning module in vertical direction shall
be 1M. Preferred increments for sill heights, doors,
windows and other fenestrations shall be 1M.
4)The columns centre lines to coincide the grid
lines.

1)Length of Flooring and roofing units shall be in


multiples of 3M, Width to be in multiples of 1M
and thickness to be in multiples of 0.25M4.
2)Length of Beams in multiples of 3M, width and
depth in multiple of 0.25M.
3)Column height shall be in multiples of 1M and
lateral dimensions or diameter in multiples of
0.25M.
4)Stair width shall be in multiples of 1M.
5)Lintels length in multiples of 1M, width and
depth in multiples of 0.25M.

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For pre cast components:

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HABITAT 67
Apartment block,
Expo 67, Montreal,
Canada,196667,
Architect: Moshe Safdie.

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Modular, 3-dimensional
reinforced concrete box
architecture.

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Canadian architect Moshe Safdie designed and built this extraordinary experimental
housing complex made up of modular concrete units for the 1967 World Expo in
Montreal.
Named Habitat 67, the apartment complex was Safdies attempt to redesign urban living,
provide affordable housing and create a community complete with shops and a school.
All of the units (15 Types of Units with same Module) were prefabricated on-site, and
each has its own rooftop garden space located on the roof of the neighbor below..
In order to make the complex affordable, Safdie devised a plan for on-site mass
production of the concrete blocks.
There were four large moulds to form the basic shape of each standardized unit.

After the unit cured it was removed from the mould and moved to the assembly line
where a wooden sub-floor was installed with electrical and mechanical services below it.
Windows and insulation came next, and then prefabricated bathrooms and kitchen
modules were installed.
Finally the unit was lifted by crane into position on the building.

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A reinforcing wire cage was dropped into the mould & concrete was poured around it.

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Section

NAGAKIN CASULE
TOWER , 1972
TOKYO, JAPAN

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KISHO KUROKAVA
(Metabolism)

The Nakagin Capsule Tower


houses 140 micro apartments
that are attached to a central
core and designed to be
replaceable.
Each capsule has a built-in bed,
bathroom and circular window,
and is furnished with a TV and
a radio.

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Today the capsules are used as


offices or homes by a diverse
group of people,

Influenced by American mobile home unit technology, Kurokawa introduced his


Capsule theory, which was published in the March 1969 issue of the periodical Space
Design.
A cornerstone of this theory was the replaceability, or interchangeability, of the
individual capsules.
Kurokawas first such building, which immediately succeeded in making him known
worldwide, was the Nakagin Tower in Tokyo, built in 1972,
Capsules of a standard size were fixed to a reinforced concrete core with only 4 hight
tension bolts.

Complete with appliances and furniture, from audio system to telephone, the capsule interior
is pre-assembled in a factory off-site.
Whilst the core represented permanence, the capsules made possible functional
adaptability and change.

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The capsuls are designed to accommodate the individual as either an apartment or


studio space, and by connecting units can also accommodate a family.

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GRID PLANNING
Grid size based on basic module.

Prefabrication:
It is a practice of building construction in
which components of the predesigned
system are manufactured in on site/off
site factories, transported and assembled
in the desired location to form the
complete structure. It facilitates mass
production and rapid construction of
buildings.

Modular Coordination:
It is a technique of dimensional
rationalization & co-ordination of
dimensions of building and various
components of the buildings. The purpose
being
a)to reduce variety of component size
produced.
b)to allow the building designer greater
flexibility in arrangement of components.

Standardization:
It is a process of standardizing or fixing
the building dimensions and sizes of
building components to be followed by
manufacturers
and
designers.
Standardization narrows down the
options in terms of size and shape and
bring downs the parts to lesser types.

Nagakin Capsule Tower, Tokyo, Japan, Akira


Kurokava

Apartment block, Expo 67, Montreal,


Canada,196667,
architect: Moshe Safdie. Modular,
threedimensional
reinforced concrete box architecture.

ENDTHANK YOU