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Violations - Ballhandling Violations

The following is a list of the most common

ballhandling violations committed by players
while they have possession of the basketball.
Double Dribble- When a player stops
dribbling, holds the basketball, and then starts
dribbling again. Also when a player dribbles the
ball with two hands at the same time.
Over-and-Back- When a player crosses over
the midcourt line into the frontcourt and then
crosses back into the backcourt.
Traveling- Taking more than one and a half
steps without dribbling while you have the ball.
Also when you stop dribbling and then move or

Basketball Violations - Time Violations

Three-Second Rule- No offensive player can be in the
free-throw lane for longer than 3 seconds at a time.
Five-Second Inbound Violation- When passing the
ball inbounds after gaining possession, players have five
seconds to get the ball to a teammate.
Five-Second Possession Violation- When a
ballhandler is being defended within six feet in the
frontcourt, and fails to get rid of the basketball within
five seconds.
Lane Violation- During a free throw situation, if you
enter the lane too soon, it's called a lane violation and
results in a turnover or the other team gets another free
throw attempt.
Ten-Seconds In The Backcourt- When the offensive
team takes ten or more seconds to move the basketball
across the midcourt line into the front court.

Basketball Fouls - Personal Fouls

The following is a list of the more common fouls
committed by players during a game or practice. These
fouls are personal fouls that are called against the
player initiating contact with an opposing player.
Blocking- When a player uses their body position to
prevent their opponent from advancing.
Charging- When an offensive player runs into a
defender who has an established position.
Elbowing- When a player swings their elbows in an
excessive manner and makes contact with their
Holding- Using the hands to interfere with or limit an
opponent's freedom of movement.
Illegal Screen- The player setting the screen is still
moving when the defender makes contact with them.
This is a form of blocking which prevents the defender
from moving around the screen.

Hand Check- When a defender intermittently

or continuously uses one or both hands on an
opposing player, usually the ball handler.
Holding- Using the hands to interfere with or
limit an opponent's freedom of movement.
Over-the-Back- Jumping on and over the
back of an opposing player who is attempting
to rebound the basketball.
Reaching In- When attempting to steal the
basketball, the defender extends their arm and
hand and makes contact with the ballhandler.
Tripping- When a player uses their foot or leg
to cause their opponent to fall or loose their

Other Common Basketball Fouls

The following list is some of the other
common fouls that are committed during a
game or practice.
Flagrant Foul- A foul committed in an
violent and harmful manner.
Intentional Foul- A foul committed on
purpose, usually by a defensive player, to stop
the clock or prevent a basket.
Shooting Foul- When a defender makes
contact with an offensive player who is in the
act of shooting the basketball.
Technical Foul- Violations and misconduct
that are detrimental to the game. These are
penalized by free-throw opportunities.