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Seminar

On
Hybrid Desiccant Cooling System

Presented by
Kirankumar Gosavi
Shelke
(132031)

Guided By
Prof. P.D

INTODUCTION

HDC System is new Technology use to Regulate Humidity from


conditioned space using Desiccant Wheel

The Desiccant wheel is Heart of the system .

The Use of Solar Thermal energy for Regeneration of desiccant

The system use two energy sources solar & Electricity


hence it is Hybrid system.

HUMAN COMFORT
Temperature
The

Humidity

Air
Purity

Air
Movement

above Four Atmospheric Condition affect Human Comfort.

Most of People (90%) are most comfort when Air Temperature Is Between 18 c22c and RH 40-50%

the system using Desiccant wheel to control humidity ,Indirect evaporative Cooler
for cooling.

HDC System is work in conjuction with Conventional vapour Compression System


for Humidification ,hence to reduce Latent load

Conventional cooling system for


dehumidification
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Limitations
High power required to reduce the latent load
Frost in evaporator
CFC emission

a grille
An electric fan
freezing cold pipes
a heating element
another grille.
A plastic float
electric switch

Desiccant Dehumidification

The use of chemical (or physical)


absorption of water vapour to
dehumidify air and reduce the latent
cooling load in AC System

Two types of desiccant systems


Liquid (sorbent)
Dry.

DESICCANT WHEEL

A desiccant dehumidifier is a tool for controlling


humidity (moisture) level for conditioned air spaces.

HOW DESICCANT ABSORB MOISTURE ?

Desiccants remove moisture in one of three


ways; absorption, adsorption or through a
chemical reaction or change.

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

PSCHOMETRIC CHART

It consists of Desiccant wheel, rotary heat recovery wheel,


heater, supply fans and cooling coil The Desiccant wheel
divided into two sections: dehumidification and
regeneration.

Liquid desiccant cooling system

1.Liquid desiccant System


2.Indirect evaporative cooler
3.Solar Collector
4.Microprocessor Based control
unit.

LIQUID DESICCANT DEHUMIDIER


It Consist of two System
Air Drying System
Desiccant Regeneration

Hybrid desiccant air conditioning


system:

The Desiccant Wheel is also used in Conventional


Vapour Compression Ac System.
Using Partial heat of Condeser and External Gas
Source for Desiccant Regeneration.

DESICCANT MATERIALS

A substance, that has a high affinity for


water and is used as a drying agent.
Two major categories of desiccants are
Adsorbents.
Activated alumina, silica gel, molecular sieves, zeolite etc

Absorbents
LiCl,hpx,etc..

Advantages

Reduce moisture at high moisture Rate, much below 40f


dew point temperature
High COP can be achieve.
No CFC Production,it is clean and eco -friendly.
It decreases the electrical demand.
Excesses exhaust heat from regenerator can be used to
heating water.
Stop the growth

Microorganism

LIMITATIONS

Applicable for only Hot humid region.


High initial cost
A considerable amount of thermal energy is
necessary for the reactivation process and it
increases with the dehumidification requirements
and with the reactivation temperature.
Major limitations of liquid system are corrosion and
desiccant droplet carry over with air stream

APPLICATIONS

Industrial applications
Mostly pharmaceutical companys
In some commercial or institutions building
Crowded building such schools, restaurant,
hospital, mosque etc, which are located in hot,
semi humid regions
In the cities of humid region
Commercial applications including refrigerated
warehouse, ice rinks, schools, supermarket and
hospital

ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FEAIBILITY STUDY

Energy consumption and feasibility study in IRAN


The work studies of the economic feasibility of integrated a solid wheel desiccant wheel with
conventional vapour compression air conditioning system in IRAN

Air conditioning space of 1500 meter cub. area ,the experimental studies conclude that the
annual cost saving for the system is 418.39 USD for gas price of 0.141USD/kg
The payback period of hybrid system is less than 5 years with initial cost of 1700 USD.For
Domestic roof top application it was determined that a 30kw capacity LDAC could dehumidify
and cool 1000 m cub. Of residential buildings in perision gulf in Iran.100 m.square of flat plate
solar collector to dehumidify and cool 1000m.squre area

DEVELOPMENT AND FUTURE SCENARIO

FUTURE SCOPE

REFERANCES

[1] ASHARE JOURNAL January 2007 by M.H.Saidi


& S.Vazirifard
[2] Energy and feasibility study ,k.ghaliu,beriut ,Beirut university ,Lebanon
[3] Investigation on solar energy driven liguid desiccant cooling fortropical
Climates By Raju Subhra Das,Pretik kumar shaha and sanjeev Jain,IIT
delhi
[4] www.youtube.com
[5 ] www.csiro.com
[6] Munter.Dry cool ,heat and mass exchange industry ,in USA
Desiccant wheel broacher.
[7] www.novelaire.org
[8] www.slideshare.com
[9] www.wikipedia.com
[10] United States Patent Patent No.: US 2011/0138832 A1
Jun. 16, 2011