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1. Can give very high powers
2. Has good steam economy
3. Is very reliable
4. Has long life
5. Has few working parts - no vibration
6. Is small in size for its power

1. Is non-reversible
2. Has good steam economy Has poor starting torques
›he term Dzdrop in pressuredz is normally expressed in terms of
Dzdrop in enthalpydz. greater pressure drop results in a greater
temperature drop in the expanding gas or vapour, greater
drop in enthalpy.
›he Degree Of Reaction Ȧ, is defined as the fraction of the
enthalpy drop that occurs in the moving (rotor) blades in a
turbine stage. ›hat is:
Ȧ = enthalpy drop in moving blades / enthalpy drop in stage
for an
for a reaction turbine: Ȧ = 0.5

gReheat factor
Losses ÷  ÷ 
M Residual velocity losses
M Friction and ›urbulance
M Leakage losses
M Mechanical friction
M Radiation losses
M Loss due to moisture
˜ strial steam trbi e
M mxtraction turbine
M Back pressure turbine
M mxhaust turbine
M Mixed pressure turbine
1. Steam expand in nozzle up to 1. Steam expanded continuously in
moving and fixed blade.
exit pressure and then
constant. 2. Relative vel. Of steam increases in
moving blade due to expansion.
2. Relative vel. Of steam constant 3. No of stage is more.
in moving blade.
4. Blades are asymmetric and aerofoil
3. No. of stage is less. section.
4. Blades are profile type. 5. Steam & blade vel. High.
5. Steam & blade vel. High. 6. Less compact.
6. More compact. 7. Fine blade tip clearances necessary
to minimize leakage. Fine clearances
7. Steam pressure is constant can result in damage to blade tips.
across the blades , so fine tip 8. Inefficient in high pressure stages
clearances are not necessary. due to (high velocity maintained
right down pressure leakages around
8. Suitable for efficient absorbing the blade tips.
high vel. of high pressure
9. mnd thrust is generated wherever
steam. there is a pressure drop across the
9. No pressure drop , so no end moving blades. ›his is also worst in
thrust. high pressure stages.