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Seminar Presentation

on
Cyber Crime And Security
By
Shishupal Nagar 8CSB-1(95)

DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE &ENGINEERING

Jaipur Engineering College & Research Centre


Sitapura , Tonk , Road Jaipur

What is Cyber Crime?


Reasons for Cyber Crime
Cyber Criminals
Classification
Types of Cyber Crime
Safety tips for Cyber crime
Cyber Security
Advantage of Security
Conclusions
References

Cybercrime is nothing but where the computer used as an object or subject of

crime.
Crime committed using a computer and the internet to steal a persons identity.
Illegal imports.
Malicious programs.

Capacity to store data in comparatively small space


Easy to access
Complex
Negligence
Loss of evidence

Those who are doing crimes by using the computer as an target or


object.
Children and adolescents between the age group of 6 18 years
Organised hackers
Professional hackers / crackers
Dissatisfied employees

When Computer Is used:As a Target: using a computer to attack other computers.


As a weapon: using a computer to commit real world crimes.

Hacking
Email bombing
Data diddling
Salami attacks
Email spoofing
Denial of Service attack
Virus / worm attacks
Logic bombs
Software piracy

Hacking in simple terms

means an illegal instruction


into a computer system and/or
network. It is also known as
CRACKING.
Government websites are the

hot targets of the hackers due


to the press coverage, it
receives. Hackers enjoy the
media coverage..

Sending huge volumes of e-mail


To an address or server in an attempt to overflow the mailbox

or overwhelm the server


Zip Bombing
Methods of email bombing
Mass Mailing
Link Listing

Changing of data before or during entry into the

computer system
Forging or counterfeiting documents used for data
entry
Exchanging valid disks and tapes with modified
replacements.
Prevention:
Regular Audits
Supervising employees

A series of minor attacks that together results in a larger

attack
Used for financial crimes in which criminals steal money
or resources a bit at a time from a system
Prevention:
Find indications of an attack
Random audits
Don't ignore what appear to be errors in computerbased financial systems.

The sender address and other parts of the e-mail header are

altered .
From, Return-Path and Reply-To fields
Although the e-mail appears to come from the address
indicated in the From field it actually comes from another
source.
Prevention
Antivirus
Use cryptographic signatures

This is an act by the cyber criminal to make any host network

unavailable for the guests.


These attacks are mostly done by group of people.
This is an act by the criminal, who floods the bandwidth of the

victims network or fills his e-mail box with spam mail depriving
him of the services he is entitled to access or provide.

Viruses are programs that attach themselves to a computer or a

file and then circulate themselves to other files and to other


computers on a network.
They usually affect the data on a computer, either by altering

or deleting it.
Programs that multiply like viruses but spread from computer

to computer are called as worms.

If a piece of code intentionally inserted into a software system.


That will set off a malicious function when specified

conditions are met.


Prevention:
Monitoring system
Application logs are the keys to identifying unwarranted

activity

Theft of software through the illegal copying of genuine

programs.
Distribution of products intended to pass for the original.

Use antivirus softwares


Insert firewalls
Uninstall unnecessary software
Maintain backup
Check security settings
Stay anonymous - choose a genderless

screen name
Never give your full name or address
to strangers

Avoiding use of Unauthorized software.


Avoid opening of unknown email.
Use internet filtering software.
Data Level Security (Using encrypting software's).
Don't respond to harassing or negative messages.
Get out of uncomfortable or hostile situations quickly.
Save offending messages.
Learn more about Internet privacy.

Internet security is a branch of computer security specifically

related to the Internet.


It's objective is to establish rules and measure to use against
attacks over the Internet.

The cyber security will defend us from critical attacks.


It helps us to browse the safe website.
Internet security process all the incoming and outgoing data on

our computer.
Security will defend from hacks and viruses.

It is not possible to eliminate cyber crime from the cyber

space.

It is quite possible to check them.


Awareness is the first step in protecting yourself.
So we must pay attention to all those issues and protect the

World from Cyber Crime.

The IT Act is a historical step in the cyber world.

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