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Installation/Maintenance of a PLC

SIMATIC S7

Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

04.01.16
SYH_03E.1

Information and Training Center


Knowledge for Automation

Components for the Configuration of an S7-300


Components

Function

Rail

... is the rack for an S7-300

Power Supply
(PS)

... converts the supply voltage (120/230 V) to 24 V DC operation


voltage to supply the S7-300

Central Processing Unit


(CPU)

... executes the user program


accessories: memory module, back-up battery

Interface Modules
(IM)

... connect the bus between the racks (tiers)

Signal Modules (SM)


(Digital/Analog)

... adapt various process levels to the S7-300.


accessories: bus connector, front connector

Function Modules (FM)

... make functions for positioning, closed-loop control etc.


available

Communication
Processors (CP)

... for connections between programmable logic controllers.


accessories: cable, software, interface modules

SIMATIC S7

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Mounting Positions for an S7-300 Configuration

SIMATIC S7

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Expansion Capabilities for an S7-300

PS

Slot
number

SIMATIC S7

Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

PS

IMR

PS

IMR

PS

IMR

CPU

FM

IMS

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SYH_03E.4

local

10

11

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Installation Rules

For a horizontal configuration, the CPU and power supply must be arranged
on the left. For a vertical configuration, the CPU and power supply must be
arranged at the bottom

The following minimum clearances must be maintained:

20 mm to the right and left of the rack

40 mm above and below for a single-tier configuration and at least 80


mm between two racks

The interface module always occupies the space next to the CPU

There may be a maximum of eight I/O modules (signal modules, function


modules, communication processors) inserted in a rack

A multi-tier configuration is possible only for the CPU 314/315/316

Please ensure that there is a low resistance connection between the rail and
the substructure, such as through contact washers.

SIMATIC S7

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Installation Aids
Hardware manuals

Check list

Installation

Parts list
1. ................
2. .................
3. ..................

SIMATIC S7

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File:

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SYH_03E.6

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Installation Check List

Are all the components available ? (see parts list)


Install the rail !
Install the power supply !
Connect a bus connector to the CPU and install the module !
Connect a bus connector to each of the I/O modules
and install the modules !
Connect the front connectors and insert the labelling strips
and the slot number !
Wire the modules (power supply, CPU and I/O modules)

SIMATIC S7

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File:

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Installing the Rail (Part 1)

Screw the rail to the substructure


using M6 screws !
Connect the protective ground conductor to the
rail (protective ground screw) !
Note: Minimum cross section of the cable = 10mm2.
Protective ground connection

57.2mm

466 mm
500 mm
800 mm

SIMATIC S7

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Date:
File:

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SYH_03E.8

482 mm
530 mm
830 mm

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Installing the Rail (Part 2)

Rail

Bus connector
Hold-down screw

SIMATIC S7

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File:

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Check List for Electrical Configuration

1. Are analog signals or bus signals


used?
2. Do cables with > 60V exist?
3. Are inductances switched by additional
contacts in the output circuit or
independent of the programmable logic
controller?
4. Will cables be laid outside of
buildings?

SIMATIC S7

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Date:
File:

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Wiring the Front Connector

SIMATIC S7

Open the front door of the signal modules !

Bring the front connector into wiring position !

Thread the strain reliever in the front connector !

Strip the insulation from the wires (6 mm length) !

Connect the wires !

Tighten the strain relief for the cable loom !

Position the front connector in the operating position !

Close the front door !

Fill out the labeling strip and insert it in the front door !

Attach the slot number to the front door !

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Date:
File:

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Preparing for Operation

Insert the keyswitch in the CPU !

Install the back-up battery !

SIMATIC S7

if the user program is not stored in a power failureproof way in the memory module

if larger data areas must remain retentive during a


power failure

Insert the memory module if required !

Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

so that the user program and the data are retained


during Power OFF and without a back-up battery

to have a larger "load memory" available.

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Exercise: Using the Manual. Configuration of an S7-300

SIMATIC S7

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File:

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Exercise: Installing the Modules

SIMATIC S7

Dismantle the modules in slots 8-9 (Version A) or 4-5 in


Version B !

Install the input module in slot 8 (4) and the output


module in slot 9 (5)!

Check whether you can switch the front connector


between the input module and the output module
(interchange protection) !

Connect a new front connector on both the digital input


and digital output module and bring them into wiring
position!

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Date:
File:

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Exercise: Wiring the Signal Modules


S1

S4

H4

L-

L+

conveyor
model

Term.No.: 1

L+

modules

L+

16 channel -> I 17.1


32 channel -> (I 3.1)

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

L-

I 17.4
(I 3.4)

Q 21.1
(Q 7.1)

L-

L+

To supply the input/


output modules
(see manual or the label
on the front door of the modules)

SIMATIC S7

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Date:
File:

04.01.16
SYH_03E.15

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Knowledge for Automation

Installing an S7-400

SIMATIC S7

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Date:
File:

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Components of an S7-400
Components

Function

Rack

for receiving and establishing an electrical


connection to the modules

Power Supply
(PS)

converts the supply voltage to 5V DC and 24V DC


to supply the modules

Central Processing Unit


(CPU)

executes the user program


accessories: Memory Card

Signal Modules (SM)


(Digital/Analog)

adapt various process signals to the S7-400.


accessories: front connector

Interface Modules
(IM)

connect the racks with one another.


accessories: connector cables, terminators

Function Modules (FM)

make functions available for positioning, closed-loop control


etc.

Communication
Processors (CP)

for connections between programmable logic controllers.


accessories: cable, software, interface modules

SIMATIC S7

Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

04.01.16
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Racks and Connection Possibilities


Useable in
Type of Rack

UR1 / UR2
(Universal Rack)

Central
rack

Extension
rack

Yes

Yes

P bus
K bus

CR2
(Central Rack)

P bus, Segment 1

P bus, Segment 2

Yes

No

K bus

ER1 / ER2
(Extension Rack)

SIMATIC S7

Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

P bus

Date:
File:

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04.01.16
SYH_03E.18

Yes

Information and Training Center


Knowledge for Automation

Installation Rules

The following minimum clearances must be maintained:

20 mm to the right and left of the rack

40 mm above and 22 mm below the rack

110 mm between two racks

The power supply must be inserted on the far left (slot 1) and
the receive IM must be inserted on the far right

Please ensure that there is a low-resistance connection


between the rack and substructure, such as through contact
washers

Connect the rack to building ground with at least 10 mm2

Remove the slot covers before you install the modules

SIMATIC S7

Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

04.01.16
SYH_03E.19

Information and Training Center


Knowledge for Automation

Installation Check List

Are all components available? (see parts list)


Install the rack !
Install the power supply !
Remove the slot covers and install the modules !
Connect the front connectors and insert the
labeling strips !
Wire the modules (power supply and I/O modules) !

SIMATIC S7

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Date:
File:

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Knowledge for Automation

Installing Racks

SIMATIC S7

Screw the rack to the substructure (M6 machine


screws) !

Connect the rack to building ground. A stud bolt is


provided on the lower left for this purpose. The
minimum cross section of the cable is 10 mm2 !

Install additional racks with a minimum clearance of


110 mm !

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File:

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Knowledge for Automation

Installing Modules

SIMATIC S7

Remove the slot covers.


Grasp the cover at the indicated locations and pull the
cover forward to remove it !

Hang in the first module and swing it down !

Screw the module tight on the top and the bottom. Threefold modules and the power supply each have
two screws on the top and on the bottom !

Install the other modules as before !

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Date:
File:

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Wiring the Power Supply

SIMATIC S7

Open the power supply cover !

Adjust the power selection switch to the correct supply voltage !

User a screw driver as a lever to loosen the power plug !

Pull out the power plug !

Shorten both wires (not PE) by 10 mm !

Strip the insulation to a length of 7 mm !

Open the power plug (screw in the cover) and the strain relief device !

Connect the wires and tighten the strain relief device !

Close the power plug cover !

Push the power plug into the guide notch on the power supply and
then to a dead stop !

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File:

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Wiring the Front Connector

SIMATIC S7

Use a lever motion on the lower part of the front connector cover to
loosen it. Open the cover and pull it up to remove it !

Strip the insulation from the wires !

Connect the wires !

Install the strain relief device on the lower side of the front connector !

Fill out the labeling strip and insert it in the front connector !

Place the cover on the front connector !

Latch the front connector onto the modules coding key !

Swing the front connector up !

Screw the front connector tightly in place !

Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

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Knowledge for Automation

Preparing for Operation

SIMATIC S7

Insert the keyswitch in the CPU !

Insert the back-up battery (batteries) !

Adjust the BATT INDIC switch for monitoring the


battery on the power supply !

Insert the memory card in the CPU !


(always required for the S7-400)

Connect the racks using the correct connector


cables !

Set the rack number (1 to 21) on the coding key of


every receive IM !

Connect a terminator to the last receive IM of every


coupling phase !

Perform a CPU memory reset !

Connect the programming device !

Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

04.01.16
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Knowledge for Automation

Maintaining the Programmable Logic Controller

SIMATIC S7

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Date:
File:

04.01.16
SYH_03E.26

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Knowledge for Automation

Changing the Back-up Battery in the S7-300

SIMATIC S7

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Date:
File:

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Exchanging Signal Modules in the S7-300

Switch the CPU to Stop !

Switch the load voltage off !

Open the front door !

Release the front connector and take it out !

Loosen the hold-down screw on the module !

Swing the module out !

On the new module, remove the upper portion of the front


connector coding !

Insert the new module and screw it down tightly !

Connect the front connector and bring it into operating


position !

Close the front door !

Switch the load voltage on again !

Perform a complete restart on the CPU !

SIMATIC S7

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Date:
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Changing the Fuse in Digital Output Modules of the S7-300

SIMATIC S7

Switch the CPU to Stop !

Switch the load voltage off !

Remove the front connector !

Loosen the hold-down screw on the module !

Swing the module out !

Screw the fuse support out of the module !

Change the fuse !

Screw the fuse support down again tightly !

Install the module !

Insert the front connector !

Switch the load voltage on again !

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Date:
File:

04.01.16
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Knowledge for Automation

Changing the Back-up Battery in the S7-400

Open the power supply cover !

Use the ribbon loop to pull the battery (batteries) out of the battery
compartment !

Insert the new battery and pay attention to the batterys polarity !

Set the BATTINDIC switch for battery monitoring:

BAT position for a single-width power supply

1BAT position for a double or triple-width PS and one battery

2BAT position for a double or triple-width PS and two batteries

Use the FMR acknowledgement pushbutton to cancel the error


message !

Close the cover to the power supply !

SIMATIC S7

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Date:
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Exchanging Signal Modules in the S7-400

Switch the CPU to Stop or make sure that the user program permits
modules to be exchanged in the RUN state !

Loosen the hold-down screws of the front connector and remove the
front connector !

Loosen the hold-down screw on the module and swing the module out !

Hang in the new module and swing it down !

Use both screws to screw the module down tightly !

Remove the front part of the coding key in the front connector !

Connect the wired front connector and tighten it !

Switch the CPU to RUN ! (if it was switched to STOP)

SIMATIC S7

Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

04.01.16
SYH_03E.31

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Knowledge for Automation