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SELF INFLATING TIRES

By:

PIYUSH PRIYADARSHI
MECHANICAL
4TH YEAR

INTRODUCTION

What Is It

The Self inflating tires is designed to inflate or deflate tires

automatically.
Tires need more air while driving on hard surfaces at high
speeds and less air for driving on soft surfaces such as soil
or sand.
The driver of the vehicle will select an appropriate tire
pressure from inside the vehicle
MEANINGS :
INFLATE : To fill (something) with air or gas so as to make it
swell.
DEFLATE : To release contained air or gas from

INFLATING TYRES

Tires-inflation systems Job:


Detect when the air pressure in a particular tire has
dropped.
Notify the driver of the problem.
Inflate that tire back to the proper level.

Types Of Self Inflating Tires System

CTIS (Central Tire Inflation System )


TMS (Tire Maintenance System )
MTIS( Meritor Tire Inflation System)

COMMON ELEMENTS OF INFLATION SYSTEMS:

They use valve to isolate individual tires to prevent airflow.


They have a method for sensing the tire pressures.
They have an air source.
There's a way to get the air from the air source to the tires.
There's a pressure relief vent to vent air from the tire.

CTIS an inside look:

CTISs Primary
functions:
A wheel valve is present which isolate the tire from the system

when it's not in use.

An electronic control unit (ECU), the brain of the system is

mounted behind the passenger seat.

An operator control panel let customize tire pressure model.


CTIS includes a speed sensor provide information about current

speed & in turn CTIS maintain the optimum tire pressure.

CTIS gives priority to the Brakes since the brakes & the tire share

air from the same compressor.

CTIS a closer look (At the wheel):

Tire Maintenance System (TMS):

TMSs primary components :


The Rotary Joint.
The Manifold.
It also has a electronic control unit that runs the entire
system.

Wheel-end assembly:

Controls:

Air enters into the tires

Future of Self Inflating Tires:


TIPM (Tire Intelligent Pressure
Management)

Entire system
Cycloid Air Pump system.

Disadvantages
Too many components
More costly than the conventional tires.
Requires more maintenance.
Heavier than general vehicle.
The user must have the basic know how of the relation between

the pressure and road condition.

Conclusion
Self inflating tires are going to be used in the
bicycles and motorcycles along with the four or
more wheelers through out the world and an era
will definitely come soon when there will be
only self inflating tires in practice.

THANK YOU