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Measurement While

Drilling

Presented to

Miss. Ain Sahara


Prepared by
Mr. Ranjiv Maulana

Head of Electronic
Instrumentation oil & Gas

Menggolo Johannes
T

STT MIGAS Balikpapan of


Electronic Instrumentation Engineering

31rd January 2016

Outline
Introduction to Drilling and
Measurement
Introduction Measurement While
Drilling
MWD components
Telemetry and MWD Tools
Surface system

Introduction to

Drilling and Measurement


segment

Core services provided by DnM:

Measurements While Drilling (MWD)


Logging While Drilling (LWD)
Directional Drilling (DD)
Drilling Optimization (PD)

Introduction MWD
What is MWD?
Resistivity, natural gamma ray, porosity
wellbore geometry (inclination, azimuth),
Mechanical System

MWD Components
There are few components:
1. Telemetry channel
2. Transmission system
3. Power source
4. MWD sensors
5. Surface system

Flow Chart MWD

Downhole Survey
Work drill
string
Additional
steps

Reduce
flow rate

Examine
data

Lock drill
string

Detect
MWD
signal

Increase
flow rate

MWD Telemetry Process


Telemetry is the process of transmitting
data from one place to another
The process includes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Down hole measurements


Data conversion
Signal generation
Signal propagation
Surface sensor acquisition
Signal demodulation
Telescope Modulator
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Surface Systems
The purpose is to collect and process data
about drilling parameters and geological
information about formation.
Surface system is composed of five main
parts:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Sensors (Signal Pressure Transducer, Rotary Torque Sensor)


Sensor peripherals
Computers
Logging units
Peripheral components
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Way Forward

Sonic logging while drilling


The expanding role of mud logging
A hybrid rotary steerable system
Shale gas: a global resource

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PLC (Programmable Logic


Control)

sebuah peralatan elektronik digital yang menggunakan memori


pemrograman untuk penyimpanan internal instruksi yang
berguna melaksanakan fungsi-fungsi spesifik seperti logika,
urutan, waktu, menghitung dan aritmatika untuk mengontrol
mesin-mesin dan proses-proses dalam suatu pengendalian
(controller) melalui modul digital atau analog, komputer, dan
berbagai jenis mesin atau proses, serta bahasa pemrograman.

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FlowChart PLC

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Flow Block Diagram &


Ladder

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Distributed Control System


DCS merupakan
sistem kontrol yang
mampu menghimpun
(mengakuisisi) data
dari lapangan dan
memutuskan akan
diapakan data
tersebut, secara
singkat DCS ->
ambil/baca data +
lakukan pengontrolan
berdasar data tersebut.
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VP Centum

OperatorConsole
Engineering Station
Historian Module
Data Historian
Control Module
I/O
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Flow Chart DCS

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Microprocessor
The uP is the brain of the microcomputer Is a single
chip which is capable of
processing data
controlling all of the components which make up the
microcomputer system
P used to sequence executions of instructions that is
in memory
uP Fetch , Decode , and Execute the instruction
The internal architecture of the microprocessor is
complex.
Microprocessor (MPU) typically contains
Registers: Temporary storage locations for program
instruction or
data.
The Arithmetic Logic unit (ALU): This part of the MPU
performs both
arithmetic and logical operations
Timing and Control Circuits: that keep all of the other
parts of system

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Blok Diagram Intel Centrino

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TERIMA KASIH
THANK YOU
MERCI

Thanks &

Acknowledgments
Mr. Zeeshan Saeed (D&M segment)
Mr. Husnain Ali (D&M segment)
Courtesy by :
Madam Muntaha Musarat (HR)
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