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Crude Oil Extraction

From Plastic Waste


Group:- 1201229282-291
Guided by :- Asst. Prof Rashmi Ranjan
Senapati

Content
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Introduction
Material
Process
Parts
Applications
Conclusion

What is plastic ?
The term plastics includes materials composed of various
elements such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, chlorine,
and sulphur.
Plastics are macromolecules, formed by polymerization and
having the ability to be shaped by the application of reasonable
amount of heat and pressure or any other form of forces.
It is one of the few new chemical materials which pose
environmental problem.
Polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene is largely used in
the manufacturing of plastics.

Why do we need to convert


waste plastic into fuel ?
According to a recent study performed by the Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) approximately billion of tons of waste plastic are
generated in the world every year.
Statistics show that approximately 10% of this plastic is recycled, 25% is
incinerated and the remaining 65% is dumped in landfills.
The cost of waste plastic management is around $2800/ton of waste
plastics.
Incineration is an alternative to landfill disposal of plastic wastes, but
this practice could result in the formation of unacceptable emissions of
gases such as nitrous oxide, sulfur oxides, dusts, dioxins and other
toxins.
The option of secondary recycling or mechanical recycling, which is the
reprocessing of plastic waste into new plastic products with a lower
quality level, is not showing any signs of growth in the recycling industry
The method of converting the polymers present in the waste plastics
into Fuel.

Selection of plastic

Reference: Thermofuel Pyrolysis of waste plastic to produce Liquid Hydroocarbons Dr. P.V. Thorata*, Miss. Sandhya Warulkara ,Miss.Harshal Sathonea a*Head of Department , a Assistant Professor
a Department of Polymer Technology, College of engineering and technology Akola, NH6, Murtizapur Road,

Conversion of plastic waste


into liquid fuel

Pyrolysis process
Pyrolysis is a process of thermal degradation in
the absence of oxygen.
Plastic & Rubber waste is continuously treated
in a cylindrical chamber and the pyrolytic gases
are condensed in a specially-designed
condenser system. This yields a hydrocarbon
distillate comprising straight and branched
chain aliphatic, cyclic aliphatic and aromatic
hydrocarbons. The resulting mixture is
essentially the equivalent to petroleum
distillate. The plastic / Rubber is pyrolised at
350-450C and the pyrolysis gases are
condensed in a series of condensers to give a
low sulphur content distillate.

Parts of the Machine

Reactor
Condenser
Cooling tower
Temp & Pressure gauge
Oil container

REACTOR CHAMBER

CONDENSER

TEMP & PRESSURE GAUGE

INSIDE ARRANGEMENT

Applications in real world.


The city-based Sustainable Technologies &
Environmental Projects (STEPS) plans to set up a
plant to convert plastic waste into light diesel,
calorific value combustible gas and carbon
pellets.
The company has succeeded in generating
diesel from waste plastic, for which it won the
Lockheed Martin Innovations Award three times.
Pune Municipal Corporation, India is planning on
running a pilot project that will convert plastic
into fuel for generators.

Conclusion
Plastics present a major threat to today's society and
environment. Over 14 million tons of plastics are dumped into the
oceans annually, killing about 1,000,000 species of oceanic life.
Though mankind has awoken to this threat and responded with
developments in creating degradable bio plastics , there is still no
conclusive effort done to repair the damage already caused.
In this regard, the catalytic pyrolysis studied here presents an
efficient, clean and very effective means of removing the debris
that we have left behind over the last several decades.
By converting plastics to fuel, we solve two issues, one of the
large plastic seas, and the other of the fuel shortage. This dual
benefit, though will exist only as long as the waste plastics last,
but will surely provide a strong platform for us to build on a
sustainable, clean and green future. By taking into account the
financial benefits of
such a project, it would be a great boon to our economy.