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Limba Romn

Lecia 3
Sabin Costin Mihai Carzol

Sabin Costin Mihai Carzol

Recap

Sabin Costin Mihai Carzol

Recap

Alphabet (Reading)

An/n/un/in year/in/one/linseed
Lin/ln/lun smooth/wool/moon
Lng/ling/lung near/lick/long
Pan/pn/pun feather/until/put
Par/pr/purpear/tell/pure
Var/vr/vr lime/cousin/stick something in
Par/bar/faruri/var pole/bar/lighthouse/lime
Par/bar/varpear/stick/summer
Cnt/cnd/gnd song/when/thought
vot vote
Reci/regin cold (pl.)/kings
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Recap
Numbers

14 + 16 =
100 + 67 =
250 + 50 =
1000 + 550 =
2 + 99 =
60 10 =
590 33 =
2 * 30 =
90 + 1900 =
1.000.000 + 355.000 =

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Recap

Personal pronoun + The verb to be (present tense)

Singular

Plural

Eu vreau vreau vd

Noi suntem vrem


- vedem

Tu eti vrei - vezi

Voi suntei vrei


vedei

El/Ea este vrea


-vede

Ei/Ele sunt vor vd

You in a polite way?


Negative form?

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Dumneavoastr
suntei
(polite way 2nd
person)

Recap
Greetings

Morning:
Afternoon:
Evening:
Night:
Welcoming somebody:
Meeting somebody (formal, informal):
Leaving (formal, informal):
Making introductions:
Replying:
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L.3 Romanian language


Telling the Time
Asking:
Ct este ceasul?
Ct este ora?
Avei un ceas?
Ai un ceas?

Responding:
Este ora _____ .
Este ________ .
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L.3 Romanian language


Telling the Time
Morning = dimineaa
Afternoon = dup-amiaz
Evening = Sear
Night = Noapte
24 hours
1 pm = 13.00
2 pm = 14.00
........
9 pm = 21.00
........
Midnight = 00.00/24.00
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L.3 Romanian language


Telling the Time
A quarter past = .... i un sfert (15 minutes)
Half past = .... i jumtate/.... Jumate (30 minutes)
A quarter to = .... Fr un sfert (45 minutes)
Examples:
1.40 am Este dou fr douzeci.
4.50 Este cinci fr zece.
6.35 Este apte fr douzeci i cinci.
2.20 pm (14.20) Este dou i douzeci de minute.
7.00 am Este ora apte.
6.30 pm = Este ase i jumtate./ Este ase jumate.
6.45 am = Este ase fr un sfert.
1.00 am = Este ora unu fix.
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L.3 Romanian language


Telling the Time

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L.3 Romanian language


Days of the week

Luni Monday (Lundi)


Mari Tuesday (Mardi)
Miercuri Wednesday (mercredi)
Joi Thursday (jeudi)
Vineri Friday (vendredi)
Smbt Saturday (Samedi)
Duminic Sunday (Dimanche)
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L.3 Romanian language


Days of the week
Examples:
- Ce zi este astzi?
- What day is today?
- Este mari. - Its Tuesday.
- Cnd pleci acas? - When do you go home?
- Eu plec duminic.- Sunday.
- Cnd pleci acas? - When do you go home?
- Mine. - Tomorrow.
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L.3 Romanian language


Astzi/Azi = Today
Ieri = Yesterday
Alaltieri = The day before yesterday
Mine = Tomorrow
Poimine = The day after tomorrow
Niciodat = Never
Mereu = Always
Acum = Now
Trziu = Late
Mai trziu = Later
Devreme = Early
Mai devreme = Earlier
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L.3 Romanian language


Sptmn = week
Lun = month
An = year
Anotimpuri = seasons
Sptmna aceasta/asta = this week
Sptmna trecut = last week
Acum dou sptmni = 2 weeks ago

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L.3 Romanian language


Write the Romanian correspondent for the
following:
the day before yesterday:
Yesterday:
Today:
last year:
last week:
two weeks ago:
three years ago:
Last night:
Tomorrow evening:
Next winter:
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L.3 Romanian language


Months & seasons (Lunile i
anotimpurile)
Primvara (Spring)
Toamna (Autumn)
Martie (March)
Septembrie (September)
Aprilie (April)
Octombrie (October)
Mai (May)
Noiembrie (November)
Vara (Summer)
Iunie (June)
Iulie (July)
August (August)

Iarna (Winter)
Decembrie (December)
Ianuarie (January)
Februarie (February)
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L.3 Romanian language


Months & seasons (Lunile i
anotimpurile)

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L.3 Romanian language


Date and time

Examples:
- n ct suntem astazi? - What date is today?
- n 26 ianuarie. - Its the 26th of January.
- Pe ce dat suntem? - What date is today?
- Suntem n 26? - We are in the 26th.
- Cnd pleci acas? - When do you go home?
- Duminic. - Sunday.
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L.3 Romanian language


Seasonal greetings
Pate fericit! = Happy Easter!
Hristos a nviat! (Easter greeting) = Christ has risen!
Adevrat a nviat! = He is risen indeed!
Crciun fericit! = Merry Christmas!
Srbtori fericite! = Happy holidays!
La muli ani! = Happy birthday!; Happy nameday!;
Happy New Year!
Felicitri! = Congratulations!
Toate cele bune! = All the best!
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L.3 Romanian language


Good wishes and congratulations list

Mult sntate! = May you be healthy!


Noroc! = Good luck!
Baft! = Good luck!
Succes! = Good luck!
Cas de piatr! = May you have a successful
marriage!

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L.3 Romanian language


Good wishes and congratulations list

S fie ntr-un ceas bun! = Hope it goes well for


you!
S v triasc! = May he/she live long!
S fie fericit/! = May he/she be happy!
S creasc mare! = May he/she grow strong!
S fie sntos! = May he be healthy!
S aib noroc! = May he/she be lucky!
S vi se ndeplineasc toate dorinele! = May
all your wishes come true!
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L.3 Romanian language


Good wishes and congratulations list

Mult noroc i fericire! = Lots of luck and


happiness
Drum bun! = Safe journey!
Cltorie plcut! = Have a nice trip!
Vacan plcut! = Have a nice holiday!
Avei grij de voi! = Take care of yourselves!
S v simii bine! = Have a good time!
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L.3 Romanian language


Good wishes and congratulations list

S avei parte numai de bine! = Have a great


time!
S v pzeasc Dumnezeu! = God be with you!
Domnul s aib grij de voi! = God be with you!
Mergei cu Dumnezeu! = God be with you!
Condoleane! = My condolences!
Sunt alturi de tine. = I am with you.
Toate cele bune! = All the best!
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L.3 Romanian language


Talking about health
General questions:
Cum te simi? = How do you feel? (informal)
Cum v simii? = How do you feel? (formal)
Te mai doare ... ? = Is ... Still hurting you? (informal)
V mai doare ... ? = Is ... Still hurting you? (formal)
Cum merge? = How is it going?
Ce e nou? = What is the latest?
General answers:
M simt bine. = I feel alright.
M simt ru. = I feel sick.
Nu m simt prea bine. = I do not feel very well.
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L.3 Romanian language


At the doctor
Questions:
Ce probleme avei? = What is the problem?
Ce v doare? = Where is the pain?
Avei greuri/dureri de cap/ameeli? = Do you have
nausea/headaches/dizziness?
Answers:
M doare capul. = I have a headache.
M doare stomacul. = I have a stomach ache.
M dor picioarele. = My feet hurt.
Nu pot s respir. = I cannot breathe.
M sufoc! = I am suffocating.
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L.3 Romanian language


At the doctor

Vreau s fac o programare. = I want to make an


appointment.
Dezbrcai-v! = Get undressed!
Respirai adnc! = Breathe deeply!
Deschidei gura! = Open your mouth!
ntindei-v! = Lie down!

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L.3 Romanian language


At the doctor

V rog s v relaxai. = Relax.


Trebuie s v iau tensiunea. = I have to take your
blood pressure
Trebuie s facei analize. = You have to take blood
tests.
V prescriu o reet. = I will prescribe medication.
Odihnii-v! = Get some rest!
inei o diet! = Go on a diet!
Facei sport! = Exercise!
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L.3 Romanian language


Gender

Romanian retains all three genders of Latin


(masculine, feminine and neuter). The gender of the
noun ca usually be determined by its ending or its
meaning. However, it is advisable to learn new
words together with their genders.

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L.3 Romanian language


Masculine nouns
Masculine nouns have the following endings
in the singular:
1) Consonant
Brbat (man)
Pantof (shoe)
Cal (horse)
Inginer (engineer)
Portocal (orange tree)
Stru (ostrich)
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L.3 Romanian language


Masculine nouns
Masculine nouns have the following endings
in the singular.
2) u
Ministru (minister)
Codru (forest)
Metru (metre)

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L.3 Romanian language


Masculine nouns
Masculine nouns have the following endings
in the singular.
3) eu
Dumnezeu (God)
Zmeu (kite)
Cimpanzeu (chimpanzee)

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L.3 Romanian language


Masculine nouns
Masculine nouns have the following endings
in the singular.
4) u
Clu (executioner)
Flcu (young man)

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L.3 Romanian language


Masculine nouns
Masculine nouns have the following endings in the
singular.
5) ou
Bou (ox)
Erou (hero)
6) iu
Fiu (son)
Camionagiu (truck driver)
Vizitiu (coachman)
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L.3 Romanian language


Masculine nouns
Masculine nouns have the following endings
in the singular.
7) e
Nasture (button)
Rege (king)
Cine (dog)
Mire (groom)
Iepure (rabbit)
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L.3 Romanian language


Masculine nouns
Masculine nouns have the following endings
in the singular.
8) i
Ochi (eye)
Unchi (uncle)
Usturoi (garlic)
Genunchi (knee)
Pui (chicken)
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L.3 Romanian language


Masculine nouns
Masculine nouns have the following endings
in the singular.
8)
Tat (father)
Pap (Pope)
Pop (priest)
Buliba (gypsy baron)

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L.3 Romanian language


Masculine nouns
The gender of masculine nouns can be natural or
grammatical. Nouns that have a natural
masculine gender denote male human beings,
professions (there is also a corresponding female
equivalent) and male animals.
Biat (boy)
Constructor (builder)
Brbat (male)
Inginer (engineer)
Leu (lion)
Arici (hedgehog)
Medic (doctor)
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L.3 Romanian language


Masculine nouns
The following nouns are considered masculine:

Months of the year


Numbers and letters: un doi, un trei, un patru, un A, un C
Most name of trees: pr (pear), nuc (walnut), cais (apricot)
Names of certain plants and flowers: ardei (pepper),
bostan (pumpkin), cartof (potato), crin (lily)
Musical notes: do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, si, do
Some names of towns: Bucureti, Iai, Ploieti, Maramure
Names of most mountains and mountain ranges:
Carpai, Bucegi
Certain general objects: pantof (shoe), pantaloni
(trousers), perete (wall)
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L.3 Romanian language


Feminine nouns
Feminine nouns have the following endings in the
singular:
1) :

Cas (house)
Fat (girl)
Gin (hen)
Brnz (cheese)
Main (car)
Ceap (onion)
Broasc (frog)
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L.3 Romanian language


Feminine nouns
Feminine nouns have the following endings in the
singular:
2) e:
Carte (book)
Minge (ball)
Floare (flower)
Scrisoare (letter)

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L.3 Romanian language


Feminine nouns
Feminine nouns have the following endings in the
singular:
3) vowel + ie:
Femeie (woman)
Baie (bath)
Ploaie (rain)
Tigaie (frying pan)

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L.3 Romanian language


Feminine nouns
Feminine nouns have the following endings in the
singular:
4) consonant + ie:
Familie (family)
Memorie (memory)
Istorie (history)
Rochie (dress)

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L.3 Romanian language


Feminine nouns
Feminine nouns have the following endings in the singular:
5) ee
Idee (idea)
Alee (alley)
6) a
Basma (head scarf)
Sarma (stuffed cabbage leaf)
Pijama (pyjamas)
Macara (crane)
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L.3 Romanian language


Feminine nouns
Feminine nouns have the following endings in the
singular:
7) ea/ia
Cafea (coffee)
osea (road)
Chiftea (meatball)
Saltea (mattress)
Boia (paprika)
Nuia (stick)
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L.3 Romanian language


Feminine nouns
Feminine nouns have the following endings in the
singular:
8) i
Luni (Monday)
Mari (Tuesday)
Zi (day)

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L.3 Romanian language


Feminine nouns
Feminine nouns denote female beings and the
professions in which they work:
female beings: fat (girl), femeie (woman),
mam (mother), fiic (daughter), mtu (aunt)
Female jobs: profesoar (female teacher),
inginer (female engineer), actri (actress)

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L.3 Romanian language


Feminine nouns
There is also a variety of other words that are feminine:
Some animals: gsc (goose), vulpe (female fox),
leoaic (lioness), pisic (female cat)
Certain general objects: carte (book), u (door),
cldire (building), banc (bench/bank)
Some plants: mazre (pea), ceap (onion)
Most flowers: garoaf (carnation), azalee (azalea)
Most fruit: cais (apricot), piersic (peach), capun
(strawberry)
Name of the days, time of the day and seasons
Some names of towns and areas: Timioara,
Oradea, Baia Mare, Transilvania, Moldova
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L.3 Romanian language


Feminine nouns
There is also a variety of other words that are
feminine:
Most countries and continents: Romnia,
Anglia (England), Scoia (Scotland), America.
Certain abstract words: iubire (love), team
(fear), mil (mercy)
Some actions: lucrare (work), cntare (singing),
alergare (running)
Most names of sciences and arts: istorie
(history), biologie (biology), matematic
(mathematics)
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Thank you!
Next time:
Neuter nouns
Forming the feminine from a masculine noun

Have a wonderful
day!
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Romanian recipes:
http://www.gourmet-europeanrecipes.com/romanian-recipes.html

Quote of the day:

Sabin Costin Mihai Carzol