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Herbal cosmetics

And their
formulations
By
Neeraj Kr. Sriwastava

COSMETICS:
Cosmetics are products that are created for application on the
body for the purpose of cleansing, beautifying or altering
appearance and enhancing attractive features.

HERBAL COSMECEUTICALS:
Cosmetics containing an active ingredient obtained from plant
origin.

CLASSIFICATION
1. Skin cosmetics
Cream
Scrub
Lip balm
Powder
Lotion & Liniment
Face pack
Deodorant & antiperspirant
Bath preparation
2.Hair cosmetics
Shampoo
Hair Oil
Hair colorant

3. Tooth cosmetics

Tooth powder

4. Nail preparations
5. Shaving preparations
6. Foot preparations

Tooth paste
Mouth wash

SKIN COSMETICS
CREAMS
semi-solid emulsions that is mixtures of oil and water.
Uses of creams
Ideal characteristic
Protect the skin
Non toxic
Retention of moisture
Easily spreads
Cleansing
Remains stable
Emollient effects
Not too hygroscopic
As barrier with sunscreens
Easy to remove

TYPES OF CREAM
Cold & cleansing creams
Night & Nourishing creams
Vanishing & Foundation creams
All purpose cream
Moisturizer Cream
Fairness Cream
Sun burn cream
Others : Anti-acne, anti-wrinkle cream

LIP BALM
It prevents chapping, drying & cracking of the lips.
It contains a natural UV filter and Vit.E which nourishes, tones
and softens the lips.

LOTIONS
A lotion is a low- to medium-viscosity, topical preparation
intended for application to unbroken skin, applied without
friction. Most lotions are oil-in-water emulsions.
Lotions can be used for the delivery to the skin of medications
such as: Antibiotics ,Antiseptics ,Antifungal ,Corticosteroids
,Anti-acne agents Soothing, smoothing, moisturizing or
protective agents.

FACE PACK
It stimulates the blood circulation, tone the muscles and
maintain the elasticity of the skin. Also they draw out
impurities from the pores.

SCRUBS
Remove impurities and dead skin cells.

Herbs for Skin

Examples of formulations
Night cream(Himalaya)
Key ingredients:
Pyrus malus ( Apple): Cooling, Soothing and Keratolytic.
Triticum sativum (Wheat): Preventing black heads.
Citrus limon (Lemon):It protects the skin from oxidative damage
Lilium polyphyllum (White Lily): Astringent
Solanum lycopersicum (Tomato):Antioxidant
Aloe moisturizing cream
Key ingredients:
Aloe vera gel
Chamomile extract (Anthemis tinctoria)
Vitamin E
Coconut oil
Beeswax

Himalaya acne n pimple cream


Key ingredients:
Lens culinaris(Lentil)- Reduce inflammation
Silk cotton tree- Astringent
Saurashtri(Alum)- Emollient
Vitex negundo- Anti-inflammatory
Sunscreen cream
Key ingredients:
Aloe vera
Fat-soluble walnut extract
Bees wax
Hydrogenated ricinus oil

Himalaya Face Moisturizing Lotion


Key ingredients:
Aloe vera / Aloe barbadensis contains polysaccharides, nutrients and
enzymes, which are responsible for moisturizing the skin.
Wheat germ oil / Godhuma contains natural vitamin E which
protects skin from pollutants and sun rays.
Apricot Scrub
Key ingredients:
Pyrus malus (Apple, Seva)
Prunus armeniaca (Apricot, khumani,Urumana)
Triticum sativum (Wheatgerm oil, Godhuma)

Refreshing Fruit Pack


Key ingredients:
Carica papaya (Papaya, Erandachirbhita)
Ficus carica (Fig, Phalgu)
Pyrus malus (Apple, Seva)
Cucumis sativus (Cucumber, Trapusha)

COSMETICS FOR HAIR

Shampoo
Hair Oils
Hair colorant
Other Hair Care Products

SHAMPOO
Cleansing of hair without leaving the hair greasy & dry.
Classified according to function as:
Protein shampoo
Anti dandruff shampoo
Conditioning shampoo

Ingredients use in shampoos:


Surfactants:
Anionic surfactants- superior foaming properties and low cost E.g
Alkyl benzene sulphonates
Cationic surfactants- They produce good foam, leave hair lustrous and
have good. E.g. Cetyl pyridinum salts
Amphoteric surfactants-E.g. n-alkyl amino acids
Conditioning agent: Mineral oil, lanolin
Viscosity modifiers: NaCl, Natural gums
Coloring agents: TiO2
Sequestering agent: EDTA
Preservatives: Methyl/propyl parabens
Perfumes: Essential oils
Antimicrobials- Thymol

HAIR OILS
Herbal hair care oils are one of the most well recognized hair
treatments. Herbal hair oils not only moisturize scalp, reverse dry
scalp and dry hair conditions, but provide numerous essential
nutrients required to maintain normal functions of sebaceous
glands and promote natural hair growth.

HAIR COLORANTS:

Should give desirable color.


It should be non-injurious to the hair shaft
It should possess no systemic toxic effect or irritation
when applied to the hair
It should have affinity for hair keratin

Herbs for Hair

Examples of formulations
Anti-Hair Fall Shampoo
Key ingredients:
Butea Frondosa (Palash): Strengthens hair.
Eclipta alba: Improves Hair Texture.
Pongamia pinnata (Karanj) : Effective natural anti-fungal ingredient.

Anti-Dandruff Shampoo
Key ingredients:
Tea Tree oil: Natural anti-dandruff agent.
Grape Seed: Effective anti-dandruff and antimicrobial action.
Indian Sarsaparilla (Hemidesmus indicus) & Aloe: Nourishes and moisturizes hair
and scalp.

Protein Shampoo
Key ingredients:
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum): Rich source of natural protein.
Amla & Black Myrobalan: Natural hair tonics that strengthen hair roots.
Licorice: Helps promote hair growth.

Oils Processed from the beneficiary herbs areCoconut Hair Oil


Shikakai Hair Oil
Amla Hair Oil
Brahmi Hair Oil
Tulsi Hair Oil
Almond Hair Oil

Formula for hair colorant


Key ingredients
Amla, Bhrinraj, Methi, Henna, Hibuscus and
Para-phenylenediamine, a marketed as
Indica herbal hair color.

TOOTH PREPARATIONS
To prevent and control of teeth disorders, which include Tooth
paste tooth powder dentifrices and mouthwash.
Dentifrices
The basic requirements of a dentifrice are1. To remove food debris, plaque and stain.
2. It should leave the mouth with a fresh, clean sensation.
3. It should be harmless, pleasant and convenient to use.
Tooth paste
To remove adherent soiling matter from a hard surface with
minimal damage
Mouth wash
Mouthwash or mouth rinse is a product used to enhance oral
hygiene

Herbs for tooth


preparations

Examples of formulations
Divya Dant Kanti (Toothpaste)
Key ingredients:
Vajradanti Extract
Pilu Extract
Bakul Extract (Mimusops elengi)
Babool Extract
Akarkara Extract (Anacyclus Pyrethrum )
Majuphal Extract (Quercus infectoria)
Kapur Extract (Cinnamomum camphora)
Vidang Extract
Nimb or Neem Extract
Lavang Extract

HiOra mouthwash
Key ingredients:
Pilu (Salvadora persica)
Bibhitaka (Terminalia bellerica)
Nagavalli (Piper betle)
Gandhapura taila (Gaultheria fragrantissima)
Ela (Elettaria cardamomum)
Peppermint satva (Mentha spp)
Yavani satva (Trachyspermum ammi)

HERBAL NAIL PREPARATIONS


Used for treatment of nail disorders like splitting and flaky nails,
white spots, vertical ridges or discoloration of the nail.
Herbs for Nail preparations
Sesame seeds,
sunflower seeds,
dairy products,
nuts,
dried fruit and
dark green leafy vegetables encourage healthy nail growth.

Example of formulation
Cream of almond oil and honey and leave it on overnight.

SHAVING PREPARATIONS
Shaving cream:
A good shaving cream should have following characteristics:
It must give an abundant lather
It must remain soft in tube
It must tacky to adhere to both brush & face
After shave preparations:
To relieve slight irritation after shaving.
To recover injury after shaving.
Humectants and emollients-like glycerol and sorbitol etc
Cooling effect of skin is achieved by adding menthol
Astringency is achieved by adding witch hazel (Hamamelis
japonica) extract and zinc.

Example of formulation
Bluegrass
Key ingredients:
Tankhan Khar (Lavan) - Antiseptic and Antifungal effects
Neem Oil - as an antiseptic purpose
Aritha Extract (Sapindus trifoliatus) - for beard softening &
antifungal agent
Peppermint- for cooling effect

FOOT PREPARATION
To help treat cracked heels, corns, calluses, dry skin, bad foot odor
Foot care cream
Composition
Foot Care Cream contains the following ingredients:
Shorea robusta (Sal Tree, Shala), which is an antimicrobial and an
anti-inflammatory.
Meldespumatum (Honey, Madhu), which possesses bactericidal and
antiseptic properties.
Curcuma longa (Turmeric, Haridra), which is an excellent
antiseptic.
Trigonella foenum- (Fenugreek, Medhika) seeds, which are used
externally for boils, abscesses and ulcers.
Zingiber officinale (Ginger, Sunthi), which is used externally as a
local circulatory stimulant and rubefacient.

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