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Contents

Education
Vedic

system of ancient India

Universities

Pre-independence

education system (British Rule)

Post-independence

onwards)

Basic school education

Higher education

New developments

education system (1947

Gurukul (ashram) was a type of school in India,


residential in nature, with pupils living in proximity to the
teacher (guru).
In a gurukul, students would reside together as equals,
irrespective of their social standing, learnt from the guru
and distribute work in themselves to help the guru in his
day-to-day life.
At the end of studies, pupil would be ready to offer
gurudakshina (one time fees) to the guru. The
gurudakshina is a traditional gesture of acknowledgment,
respect and thanks.

Nalanda is the name of an ancient university in Bihar, India


which was a Buddhist center of learning from 427 CE (AD)
to 1197 CE (AD). It has been called as "one of the first great
universities in recorded history.

Established a Department of Public


Instruction in each province of British
India.
Established teacher-training schools for
all levels of instruction.
Increased the number of Government
colleges ,vernacular schools and highschools .
The Department of Public Instruction th
Educational
early
20
was in placereforms
by 1855.in
Bythe
1857
a number
of universities
were established
century
led towards
the nationalisation
modeled on the University of London.

of many universities.

India's

first
education
minister
recommended
strong central government
control
over
education
throughout
the
country,
with a uniform educational
system and introduced right
to education.

RIGHT TO EDUCATION
Every child between the ages
of 6 to 14 years has the right
to free and compulsory
education. The government
schools shall provide free
education to all the children.

The Indian government


plays great emphasis on
primary education up to
the age of fourteen years
(referred to as
Elementary Education in
India). The Indian
government has also
banned child labour in

NCERT is an autonomous
body fully funded by the
Ministry of Human Resource
and Development (MHRD)
The NCERT was established in 1961. It functions as
a resource centre in the field of school education and
teacher education. Publication of school textbooks
and other educational material like teachers
guides/manuals etc. are its major functions.

There is a common educational


structure (10+2+4) followed all
over the country. Its similar to
the USA but unlike to the one
being followed in the UK

With Prof. Ian Hutchings


(University of Cambridge)

India's higher education system is the


third largest in the world, after China
and the United States.
Some institutions of India, such as:
Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) and (IISc)
All India institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
Indian Institute of Management (IIMs)
have been globally acclaimed for their standard of
education.

Vocational

education is
imparted through
Industrial Training
Institutes (ITIs)
and polytechnics.

Delhi Chief Minister Ms.Sheila


Dikshit launched the Ladli.
Under the scheme, the state
government intends to deposit
Rs.100,000 in the account of
every girl child (belonging to a
particular income group) by
the time she attains the age of
18.
As per the scheme, the
government will deposit
Rs.10,000 in the name of a girl
child at the time of her birth
and Rs.5,000 each at the time
of admission to Class I, VI, IX,
X and XII to encourage her
education.

The online projects encourage students to collaborate ,cooperate and communicate


with the students all over the world. This use of cyber space has led to the globalisation
of education.

In the Words of Indian


Government,
We give them roots, we give
them wings
And great joys from, little
things,
A hope that they will soar ,
A hope that they will try,
We are sure that one day ,
Our children will learn to fly.