Sunteți pe pagina 1din 28

Presented by:

Harish Ramrakhyani
Monali
Kartik Ingley
Kunal Chaure
CONTENTS
1. Environmental ( protection ) Act
2. The water (prevention and control of
pollution) Act
3. The wild life protection Act
4. The forest conservation Act
5. Environment Impact Assessment (EIA )
6. Environmental Auditing
7. Environmental Clearance
ENVIRONMENTAL (PROTECTION
) ACT
 OBJECTIVE :
For protection and improvement of
environment
 PRELIMINARY :
 Act is also called Environment
( protection ) Act 1986
 Extends to whole of India
DEFINITIONS
 “ENVIRONMENT” includes water, air and
land and interrelationship which exits
between water, air and land and human
being, other living creatures, plants,
microorganism and property.
 “Environmental Pollutant” means any solid,
liquid and gaseous substance present in
such concentration as may be or tends to be
injurious to environment.
 “Environmental Pollution” means presence in
environment of any environmental pollutant.
POWERS OF CENTRAL
GOVERNMENT
1. Coordination of actions by state government
officers and other authorities
2. Planning and execution of nationwide
programme
3. Laying down standards for quality of
environment
4. Laying down standards for emission or
discharge of environmental pollutants
5. Laying down procedure and safeguard for
handling of hazardous substances
POWERS OF CENTRAL
GOVERNMENT
6. Laying down procedure and safeguard for
prevention of accidents
7. Examination of manufacturing processes,
materials and substances
8. Inspection of any premises, plant, machinery,
equipment, manufacturing or other processes
9. Establishment of environmental laboratories
RULES TO REGULATE
ENVIRONMENTAL
POLLUTION
1. Standards of quality of air, water or soil
for various areas and purposes
2. Maximum allowable limits of
concentration of various environmental
pollutants
3. Procedure and safeguards for handling
of hazardous substances
4. Procedure and safeguard for prevention
of accidents
ABATEMENT OF
ENVIRONMENTAL
POLLUTION
 No person carrying on any industry,
operation or processes shall discharge
environmental pollutants in excess of
standards
 No person shall handle or cause to be
handle any hazardous substance
PENALTY
 Whoever fails to comply with or
contravenes any of provision of this act
be punishable with impressionment or
fine or both
THE WATER
( PREVENTION AND
CONTROL OF
POLLUTION)
1) DEFINITION : ACT
"pollution" means such contamination of water or such
alteration of the physical, chemical or biological
properties of water or such discharge of any sewage or
trade effluent or of any other liquid, gaseous or solid
substance into water (whether directly or indirectly) as
may or is likely to, create a nuisance or render such
water harmful or injurious to public health or safety, or
to domestic, commercial, industrial, agricultural or
other legitimate uses, or to the life and health of
animals or plants or of aquatic organisms“
Environmental auditing programme in India.
THE WATER
( PREVENTION AND
CONTROL OF
POLLUTION)
2. POWERS OF ACT ACT
 Powers of state government to restricts the application of
act to certain areas
 Power to obtain information
 Power to test effluents and procedure to be followed in
connection therewith
 Power of entry and inspection
 Prohibition on use of stream or well for disposal of
polluting matter
 Restrictions on new outlets and new discharges
THE WATER
( PREVENTION AND
CONTROL OF POLLUTION)
ACT
3. CONSEQUENCES ON NON-
COMPLIENCE

4. APPEAL
ENVIROMENT AUDIT
Def: A systematic examination of performance to ensure
compliance with requirements during the operational
phase of industrial activity including the following
components
 full management commitment
 Audit team objectivity
 Professional competence
 Well defined and systematic approach
 Written reports
 Quality assurance
 Follow up
ADVANTAGES OF EA

 Safeguarding the Environment

 Employee awareness of environmental laws

 Modification of plant

 Better relation with regulatory authorities

 Waste minimization
ENIVIROMENTAL AUDIT
SCENARIO IN INDIA
OBJECTIVES
 REDUCE WASTE GENERATION
 BEST USE OF RAW MATERIAL
 RAW MATERIAL SUBSTITUTION
 REUSE
 TREATMENT OF WASTE
ENIVIROMENTAL AUDIT
SCENARIO IN INDIA
 SCOPE
 COVERAGE
 METHODOLOGY

PREPARATORY ACTIVITY
ON SITE VISIT
POST-VISIT ACTIVITY
ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT
ASSESSMENT
(EIA)
 NATIONAL ENIROMENTAL POLICY ACT
(NEPA)
 STATUS OF EIA IN INDIA
 MINISTRY OF ENVIROMENT AN
FORESTS(MEF)
PROJECT APPRAISED BY MEF
INCLUDE

INDUSTRY AND MINING


THERMAL POWER
RIVER VALLEY
RAIL, ROAD, HIGHWAY PROJECTS
NEW TOWNS
AIR PORTS
COMMUNICATION PROJECTS
PORTS AND HARBOURS
WILD LIFE PROTECTION ACT

 Definition
- An Act to provide for the protection of Plant, wild
animals, their young and their eggs.
- 9th September, 1972.

 Prohibition under act


- No hunting, except it allows.
- During defense.
- Education, Scientific research, population control.
PROTECTION OF SPECIFIED PLANTS

 17A. Prohibition of uprootin,picking, etc. of


specified plant.
 17B. Grants of permit for special purposes
-education
-scientific research
-collection, preservation and display in a herbarium
of any scientific institution.
 17E. Declaration of stock
- 30 days from the date of commencement of the
Wild Life Act, declare to the Chief Wild Life
Warden.
Provisions-Sanctuaries, National
Parks, Closed Area.

 Definition
(18) Declaration of sanctuary
Any area other than an area comprised within any reserve
forest as a sanctuary if it found that such area is of adequate
for ecological, faunal, floral, natural or zoological significance,
for the purpose of protecting, propagating of wild life.
Rules
27. Restriction on entry in sanctuary
-A public servant on duty.
-Permission by the Chief Wild Life Warden.
-To extinguish any fire in sanctuary.
..Continue

 (31)Prohibition of entry into sanctuary with


weapon. (except permission in writing)
 (34)Registration of certain persons in possession
of arms.
 Provision for residence.

-Resident within 10 km of sanctuary.


NATIONAL PARKS

 35. Declaration of National Parks


-May or may not be a part of sanctuary, but which
is useful to wildlife.

CLOSED AREA
 -37. (1)Declaration of any area closed to hunting
for period as may be specified in the notification.
TRADE OR COMMERCE IN WILD
ANIMALS, ANIMAL ARTICLES
AND TROPHIES
 Government property.
- Every wild animal except vermin.
- Meat, Import of articles, weapons used.
- Return to Government.

 Possession of government property.


- Permission in writing of Chief Wild Life Warden.
- To acquire.
- To transfer.
-To Destroy.
Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980

 Definition
-Act which is useful for the conservation of forests.
-It extends to the whole of India except J&K.

 Objective
-Restriction on use of forest land for non forest
purpose.
- No Lease.
Penalty for contravention of the
provisions of the Act
 Penalty with imprisonment till 15 days.(3A)

Offenses
 3B. Offences by the Authorities and Government
Departments. Except if he proves.
ANY QUESTIONS…???
THANK YOU