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Presentation by

Santhosh Kumar K
FROM 2ND YEAR BBM

Bangladesh

Few Information about Bangladesh


President:Abdul Hamid (2013)
Prime Minister:Sheikh Hasina (2009)
Land area:51,703 sq mi (133,911 sq km);
Total area:55,598 sq mi (144,000 sq km)
Population (2014 est.):166,280,712 (growth

rate: 1.6%); birth rate: 21.61/1000; infant


mortality rate: 45.67/1000; life expectancy: 70.65
Capital and largest city (2011 est.) Dhaka,
15.391 million
Other large cities:Chittagong, 5.239 million;
Khulna, 1.781 million; Rajshahi 932,000
Monetary unit:Taka

FEW FACTS ABOUT BANGLADESH


Official name : Peoples Republic of Bangladesh
National flag
National emblem

Capital city : Dhaka


Nationality : Bangladeshi
Name of currency : Taka (TK)
Area : 147570 sq.km
State language : Bangla, over 98% of the people speak in Bangla, however, English is widely
spoken.

Bangladesh Anthem
Animal
Bird
Fish
Flower
Fruit
Sport
Calendar

Amar Shonar Bangla


Royal Bengal Tiger
Oriental Magpie Robin
Hilsa
White Water Lily
Jackfruit
Kabadi
Bengali calendar

DEMOGRAPHY
ETHNICITY

The vast majority (about 98.5%) of Bangladeshis are of


theBengali ethno-linguistic group. Bengalis (Bangali) are
anIndo-Aryanethnic groupnative to the region ofBengal. They
speak theBengali language
MAJOR RELIGIONS

The main religion in Bangladesh isIslam(89.7%), but a significant


percentage of the population adheres toHinduism(9.2%). Other
religious groups includeBuddhists(0.7%, mostly
Theravada),Christians(0.3%, mostly of theRoman
Catholicdenomination), and Animists (0.1%).

DEMOGRAPHY
Literacy Rate

The countrys overall literacy rate now stands at 53.7


percent with Barisal division being on the top with 61.9
percent, says a survey conducted by Bangladesh Bureau of
Statistics (BBS).

Demographic

Population: 153,546,896 (July 2010 est.)


Ran
k

1
Population growth rate: 2.002% (2010 est.)

Population Density: 1,123.5 person/sq km


Thailand #86 127.14 person/sq km
U.S.
#172 32.87 person/sq km

Age Structure:

0-14 years: 33.4%

Male
Female

26,364,370
24,859,792

15-64 years: 63.1%


Male
49,412,903

Female
47,468,013

65 years/over: 3.5%
Male
2,912,321

Female
2,529,502

Country

Population

World

6,706,993,152

China

1,330,044,544

India

1,147,995,904

European
Union

United
States

Indonesia

237,512,352

Brazil

196,342,592

Pakistan

172,800,048

Bangladesh

22

Thailand

491,018,683
303,824,640

153,546,896

65,493,296

Life Expectancy: 63.21 years rank #169 (2008 est.)


Notice!!! There is a significant decrease in % of
people between 0-14 years Next 15 years, the
number of population in Bangladesh is likely to
decrease.

Demographic
Life Expectancy at birth: 63.21 years rank #169 (2010 est.)

Literacy

Bangladesh
Thailand
U.S.

Total Population 43.1%


92.6%
99%
Male
53.9%
94.9%
99%
Female
31.8%
90.5%
99%
Education

Education Expenditure
2.7% of GDP (2005) ---- Thailand (4.2%) ---- U.S. (5.3%)

Primary School: 16,225,658 students

Secondary School: 7,398,552 students

Colleges: 1,367,246 students

Professional Education: 60,043 students

POPULATION IN
BANGLADESH

Geographic -- Natural Resource


Natural Gas
Natural gas - Production(cu m)
2008

Country

Production (cu
m)

World

2,833,000,000,00
0

100

Russia

656,000,000,000

23.16

US

490,800,000,000

17.32

EU

213,700,000,000

7.54

Canada

178,200,000,000

6.29

28

Thaland

33

Banglades
h

22,730,000,000

13,430,000,000

0.8

0.47

Country

Trade Value

Share

Growth

(thousands)

(%)

(% 5yr)

United
States

2,759,388

20.27

28.47

Italy

2,225,120

16.34

47.10

Germany

1,202,202

8.83

191.25

Netherlands

639,905

4.70

64.55

United
Kingdom

584,299

4.29

110.62

Spain

554,246

4.07

33.29

Saudi Arabia

397,085

2.92

(20.30)

..

Thailand

12,495

0.09

(41.58)

Argentina

11,645

0.09

146.65

Nicaragua

10,087

0.07

(16.14)

Finland

9,372

0.07

126.02

Honduras

8,714

0.06

15.13

Iran

8,474

0.06

97.21

..

Banglades

Geographic --

Natural

Resource
Bangladesh Tea

Bangladesh Tea Board: To regulate, control and promote


the cultivation, sale and export of tea.
In Chittagong, Panchagar and Sylhet Districts

ANNUAL PRODUCTION
Year

2008-09

2007-08

2006-07

PRODUCTION
TARGET

59,000

58,500

58,000

ACHIEVEMENTS

42,377*

58,839*

55,427

Global Production of Tea


2006 (Million Kg)

Geographic -Other Resources

Resource

Natural
Permanent Crops & Arable
Land (Percentage Intensity)
Sparsely Vegetated

Arable Land
Timber
Coal
Leather

Undetermined (0 - 30)
30 - 40
40 - 60
> 60
Water
No Data

21.50 million Bovine and 17.50 million Goat and


Sheep
Bangladesh produces the worlds finest goatskin
of smooth grain pattern.

Jute (Natural fiber)

Bangladesh has been blessed with the favorable


climate and the potentials to be the largest
grower and exporter of the best quality jute, the
golden fiber. This gives Bangladesh advantage

Major Political parties


Bangladesh is ruled by a multi-party parliament
system or parliamentary democracy form of
government. The President (currently ABDUL
HAMID) acts as head of state, whilst the Prime
Minister (currently Sheikh Hasina) takes on the role
of head of government and holds the real
power.Bangladesh's government often receives
much criticism and sometimes violent opposition by
other political parties. This has been the situation
no matter which political party in Bangladeshhas
been in power.
Bangladesh
Few
political
Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bangladesh

Democratic
Party
parties
of Bangladesh
Freedom Party
Nationalist Party
Jamaat-e-Islam

Climate of bangladesh
Bangladeshhas a subtropical

monsoonclimate characterized by wide


seasonal variations in rainfall, high
temperatures and humidity. There are three
distinct seasons inBangladesh: a hot, humid
summer from March to June; a cool, rainy
monsoon season from June to October; and a
cool, dry winter from October to March.

Climates of Bangladesh

CLIMATE IN BANGLADESH
Tropical Climate
Mild winters ( Oct. to March)
Hot, humid summers ( March to June)
Humid rainy monsoons ( June to October)

NATURAL RESOURCES
Natural gas
Arable land
Timber
Coal

AGRICULTURE
Main products include: rice, tea, wheat sugarcane, potatoes,

tobacco, oilseeds, spices, fruits, beef and milk.

Major Tourism Places in Bangladesh


1Cox's Bazar
2St. Martin's Island
3Bandarban
4Rangamati
5Khagrachari beach
6Patenga beach
7Foy's Lake
8Heritage Park
Lal bhag fort

The Bandarban
A buddhist
temple

Shahid Minar
Freedom Fighters
monument

Famous Landmarks Of
Bangladesh
The Supreme
Court of
Bangladesh
The Lalbagh
Fort

The Ahsan Manjil


(also known as Pink Palace)

Culture
TheCulture of Bangladesh: refers to the way of life of the

people ofBangladesh It has evolved over the centuries and


encompasses the cultural diversity of several social groups
of Bangladesh. TheBengal Renaissance of the 19th and
early 20th centuries, noted Bengaliwriters saints,authors
scientists, researchers, thinkers,music composers painters,
andfilm-makers have played a significant role in the
development ofBengali culture The Bengal Renaissance
contained the seeds of a nascent political Indian nationalism
and was the precursor in many ways to modern Indian
artistic and cultural expression. The culture of Bangladesh is
composite and over the centuries has assimilated influences
ofIslam Hinduism BuddhismandChristianity It is
manifested in various forms, includingmusic,dance
anddrama;art andcraft;folkloreandfolktale;languages
and literaturephilosophyandreligion;festivalsand

FESTIVALS

CUISINE

Roti
(chapati)
Sticky rice with mango
Murgi kalia (chicken tomato curry)
Samosa
Alu chorchori
Mango relish
Paratha
Kheer
Balti fish curry
Alu kopi dalna
Alu posto
Nimki
Rasgolla

Food- Bangladesh

TRADITION IN
BANGLADESH

Bangladesh : Clothing
Bangladeshi women habitually wear Sarees. Jamdani was once world famous
for it's most artistic and expensive ornamental fabric. Moslin, a fine and
artistic type of cloth was well-known worldwide. Naksi Kantha, embroidered
quilted patchwork cloth produced by the village women, is still familiar in
villages and towns simultaneously. A common hairstyle is Beni (twisted bun)
that Bangalee women are fond of. Traditionally males wear Panjabis, Fatuas
and Pajamas. Hindus wear Dhuty for religious purposes. Now-a-days common
dresses of males are shirts and pants.
Government and non-government organizations like Bangla Academy, Nazrul
Institute, Bangladesh Shilpakala Academy, Fine arts Institute, Chhayanat etc.
play significant role to flourish Bangladeshi art and culture providing
encouragement in music, drama, dance, recitation, art etc. Many other
cultural organizations are also popularizing Bangladeshi art and culture.

Traditional Clothes
Traditional clothes for
women in Bangladesh
are sarees or salwar
kameez.
saree

salwar
kameez

29

Traditional clothes for


men in Bangladesh are
lungi, panjabi, and kurta.
lungi
panjabi

Clothing in Bangladesh

ART AND TRADITION OF BANGLADESH

Drama and theatre is an old

tradition that is very popular.


Tribal
dances
are
very
popular
among
the
Bangladeshi.
The
traditional music of
Bangladesh is very popular.

SPORTS
THE MAJOR INTEREST CRICKET

LIST OF WARS FOUGHT BY


BANGLADESH
Second Opium War
Bhutan War
Third Anglo-Burmese War
Boxer Rebellion
Second Boer War
World War I
World War II
Under Pakistan(1947-1971)
Indo-Paki war of 1947
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Independent Bangladesh(1971-present)
Bangladesh Liberation War
Chittagong Hill Tracts Insurgency
Gulf War

HISTORY OF
BANGLADESH
ANCIENT AND MEDIVAL

Many of archeological excavations in Bangladesh revealed evidences of theNorthern


Black Polished Ware culture (abbreviated NBPWorNBP) of theIndian Subcontinent (c.
700200BC) which was anIron Age culture developed beginning around 700BC and
peaked from c. 500300BC, coinciding with the emergence of 16 great states
ormahajana padas in Northern India, and the subsequent rise of theMauryan Empire The
eastern part of ancient India, covering much of current days Bangladesh was part of one
of suchmahajana padas the ancient kingdom ofAnga which flourished in the 6th century
BCE.
MODERN

Islamis the largest religion of Bangladesh, theMuslimpopulation is approximately


148.6 million, which is the fourth largestMuslim population in the world
(afterIndonesiaPakistan andIndia), constituting 90.4% of the total population as of
2010.[Religion has always been a strong part of identity, but this has varied at different
times. A survey in late 2003 confirmed that religion is the first choice by a citizen forselfidentificationatheismis extremely rare.[4]Bangladesh is a secular state, however
theUnited Nations has recognised the country as mainlymoderate Muslim
democraticcountry.

Independence
Previously known as East Pakistan, the war for

independence in 1971 brought about the establishment


of Peoples Republic of Bangladesh with the help of India.
Problems after Independence: famines, natural disasters,

prevailing poverty (later tackled with Education and


Population policies), political turmoil, and military coups.
Restoration of democracy in 1991.
Constitution was given in 1992.

MODERN History
of Independence

-March 25th, 1971


Bangladesh made first
unofficial declaration of
independence
( declaration made by
M.A. Hannan)

- Official declaration of
independence made by
Major Zia on March 26th,
1971

( Major

Economy and foreign relations of


Bangladesh
The foreign relations ofPeople's Republic of Bangladeshshare

theBangladeshi government's policies in its external relations with


the international community. The country pursues a
moderateforeign policythat places heavy reliance on
multinationaldiplomacy especially at theUnited
NationsandWorld Trade Organization(WTO). Since independence
in 1971, the country has stressed its principle offriendship towards
all, malice towards nonein dictating its diplomacy. As a member of
theNon-Aligned Movement Bangladesh has tended to not take
sides with major powers. Since the end of the Cold War, the
country has pursued better relations with regional neighbors.

Economic Overview

GDP per capita $1700 in 2008


GDP growth rate 5.9%
agriculture: 19.1%
industry: 28.6%
services: 52.3%

Public Dept 43.6% of GDP


Labor Force 70.86 million people
Resource endowment

human resource base


rich agricultural land
relatively abundant water
natural gas

Opportunities Industries
IT/Software
Global Recession makes outsourcing

to Bangladesh an economic possibility

17.5
%

Natural Gas
Global non-oil energy demand steadily
Increasing, with abundant supplies in Bangladesh

11%

Textile Manufacturing
New duty free textile agreements increase
outreach of Bengali goods except USA

24.4%

Bangladesh economy
status

Cont

GROSS DOMESTIC
PRODUCT LATEST

Bangladesh gdp OUTDATED


REPORT
Bangladesh GDP
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

Bangladesh GDP

IMPORTANT PROJECTS TAKEN BY


BANGLADESH

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

Imports/Exports:

AS PER 2010

Exports:

$13.97 billion

Exports - commodities:

garments, jute and jute goods, leather, frozen fish and seafood

Exports - partners:

US 23%, Germany 13%, UK 9.1%, France 5.5%, Belgium 4%

Imports:

$20.17 billion

Imports - commodities:

machinery and equipment, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles,


foodstuffs, petroleum products, cement

Imports - partners:

China 15%, India 14.3%, Kuwait 8.3%, Singapore 6.2%, Hong


Kong 4.2%