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THE IMPORTANCE OF

PHILOSOPHY

BY: MS. ROSSEL C. GENDRANO

What is the meaning


of life?

OBJECTIVES:
KNOW THE MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY
UNDERSTAND AND DIFFERENTIATE THE

THREE MAJOR FIELDS OF PHILOSOPHY


KNOW THE IMPORTANCE OF

PHILOSOPHY IN EDUCATION

Why do we need to
know philosophy?

RATIONALE
The study of Philosophy enables us to think
carefully and clearly about important matters.
In studying philosophy, we learn to take a step
back from our everyday thinking and to
explore deeper about the things that we need
to know.

It develop students total development that


will provide opportunities for him to lead a
life worthy of mans dignity as individual and
as a member of society. It helps to be a totally
complete social being, guided by what he
thinks is important and essential and to make
a well-developed man cultured refined and
well rounded.

ETYMOLOGY
THE TERM HAS BEEN DERIVED FROM

TWO GREEK WORDS. PHILOS MEANS


LOVE AND SOPHIA MEANS WISDOM
PHILOSOPHY MEANS LOVE FOR

KNOWLEDGE OR PASSION FOR


LEARNING.

According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary,


it is the study of ideas about knowledge,
truth, the nature and meaning of life

PHILOSOPHY is
The study of the fundamental nature of

knowledge, reality and existence (google.com)


Study of knowledge or Thinking about
Thinking (google.com)
The study of ultimate nature of existence,
reality, knowledge and goodness as
discoverable by human reasoning (American
Heritage Dictionary)

Investigation of the nature, causes or

principles of reality, knowledge or values


based on logical reasoning rather than
empirical methods (Wikipedia)

PHILOSOPHY is

Philosophy is the tenacious attempt of reasoning men to think the most fundamental

issues of life, to reach reasonable conclusions on first and last things, to suggest
worthwhile goals that can command loyalty of individuals or groups. Carlis Lamont
Philosophy is a search for comprehensive view of nature, an attempt at a universal

explanation of nature of things. Alfred Weber

Philosophy is a persistent effort of both ordinary

and persistent people to make life intelligible and


meaningful as possible. Branold
According

to John Dewey, Whenever


philosophy has been taken seriously, it has always
been assumed that it signified achieving as
wisdom that would influence the conduct of life

PHILOSOPHY
J.A. Nicholson states that There is no other knowledge
that so widens our intellectual horizon and that deepens
thereby both our understanding and our symphaties ". It
breaks up that intellectual crust which Wordsworth
speaks the yoke of conventional custom that thinking
tends fatally to impose upon itself, and by setting
thought free, it permits that full functioning of the life of
the spirit that alone constitute the good life.

SOCRATES

Virtuous Man
The Socratic method is a dialectic method

teaching.
DIALECTIC: A method of seeking truth through a
series of questions and answers.
To solve a problem, it is broken down into a
series of questions, the answers to which
gradually distill the answer a person would seek.

an unexamined life is
not worth living

Three Major Fields of


Philosophy

EPISTEMOLOGY
It deals with the study of origin, structure,
methods, nature, limit and veracity (truth,
reliability, validity) of human knowledge
The word epistemology is derived from the
Greek word episteme which means knowledge
and logos which means the study of.

METAPHYSICS
It deals with questions of reality its
nature, meaning and existence.
The word metaphysics is derived from
the Greek word meta which means beyond
and physikon which means nature from
which is derived from the word physics- the
science which deals with matter, energy,
force, natural laws and processes.

AXIOLOGY
It deals into the study of values. It
analyses the origin, types and characteristics,
criteria and knowledge of values.
It includes values of human conduct, the
nature and jurisdiction of social structures and
political systems and the nature of art and its
meaning in human experience.

What is the role of


Philosophy in education?

To provide the student the ability to

synthesize, criticize, assimilate and evaluate


a variety and huge means of knowledge.
It is aimed to make a well-developed man-

cultured refined and well- rounded.

PHILOSOPHY CONTRASTED WITH


EDUCATION
PHILOSOPHY
EDUCATION
Practical

Theoretical and speculation

The actual process of educating is a


matter of actively dealing with those
factors, i.e. teaching, organizing
programs, administering organizations
and building curricula

Asks questions, examines facts of


reality and experience, many of which
are involved in the educative process

The experience of the educator in


nurturing the young places him in with
phases of reality which are considered in
making philosophical judgements

It yields a comprehensive
understanding of reality, a world view,
touch which applied to educational
practices lends direction and
methodology which are likely to be
lacking otherwise

Field of investigation yields certain data


as a basis for philosophical judgements

Guide to educational practice

Importance of Philosophy to Teachers


PHILOSOPHY.
Helps us, educators to understand deeply the educational

process thus it allows us to explore and to explain the


lesson in a way that the student can understand.
It also gives us the reason and the guide as to what and
why we are teaching. The philosophy allows the teachers to
dig within themselves the fundamental reasons as to why
they are teaching and what do they want to achieve and
what do they want the students to attain.

Importance of Philosophy to Teachers

PHILOSOPHY.
With the help of philosophy we are able to

organize the work and the classroom life.


For example, a teacher who is examining
his students would know the effect of the
classroom atmosphere to the behavioral
and emotional ways of his students.

Importance of Philosophy to School

PHILOSOPHY
Helps the institution to transfer the cultural

heritage from the previous generation by


providing them with guidelines
Helps the school enhance the pupils values of
cultural identity and principles of Human Rights
Helps the institution to qualify a person from
public life and to be an effective member of
society

Importance of Philosophy to
School
PHILOSOPHY
It gives the institution of what the children
should learn and how they would effectively
learn it.
It gives the institution the values and skills

taught by their institution reflecting the society's


ideas and belief of what is important

Importance of Philosophy to
Society

Every institution of a society is based on

philosophical ideas from the most basic to


the biggest unit. It helps in the drastic
changes in laws of the government and the
transformation of the economic system. All
of these inside the society is guided by a/
some philosophical ideas. (democratic
society and non democratic society)