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Attach

eNB

UE

MME

new
MME

Serving
Gateway
(SGW)

PDN
Gateway

PCRF

EMM_Deregistered
RRC_Connected
Attach Request
S-TMSI/IMSI,old TAI, IP address allocation
ECM_Connected
Authentication Request

Authentication Vector Request (IMSI)


Authentication Vector Respond

Authentication Response
Update Location
Insert Subscriber Data
IMSI, subscription data = default APN, tracking area restrictions,
Insert Subscriber Data Ack
Update Location Ack

HSS

Attach cont.
eNB

UE

MME

new
MME

Serving
Gateway
(SGW)

PDN
Gateway

PCRF

Create Default Bearer Request


select SAE GW

IMSI, RAT type, default QoS, PDN address info


Create Def. Bearer Req.
IMSI, , IP/TEID of SGW-S5
PCRF Interaction

Create Def. Bearer Rsp.


Create Def. Bearer Rsp.
Attach Accept
PDN address, IP/TEID of PDN GW,
QoS according PCRF
RB Est. Req.
IP/TEID of SGW-S1u,
S-TMSI, security info,
PDN address, QoS,
Includes Attach AcceptPDN address, ,IP/TEID
of SGW-S1u (only for eNB)
RB Est. Resp.
Attach Complete
Includes Attach Complete
Update Bearer Request
IP/TEID of eNB for S1u IP/TEID of eNB for S1u
EMM_Registered

Update Bearer Response

ECM_Connected
UL/DL Packet Data via Default EPS Bearer

HSS

S1 Release
After attach UE is in EMM Registered state.
The default Bearer has been allocated (RRC connected + ECM

connected) even it may not transmit or receive data


If there is a longer period of inactivity by this UE, then we should free
these admission control resources (RRC idle + ECM idle)
The trigger for this procedure can come from eNB or from MME.
MME

Serving
Gateway
(SGW)

EMM_Registered

PDN
Gateway

ECM_Connected

S1 Release Request
cause

Update Bearer Request


release of eNB S1u resources
Update Bearer Response

S1 Release Command
RRC Connection Release
cause
RRC Connection Release Ack
S1 Release Complete
EMM_Registered
ECM_Idle

S1 Signalling Connection Release

Detach
Can be triggered by UE or by MME.
During the detach procedure all SAE bearers with their
associated tunnels and radio bearers will be deleted.

EMM-Registered

MME

Serving
Gateway
(SGW)

PDN
Gateway

RRC_Connected
NAS Detach Request
switch off flag

Delete Bearer Request

ECM_Connected
NAS: Detach Accepted

Delete Bearer Request


Delete Bearer Response

Delete Bearer Response


PCRF

S1 Signalling Connection
Release

EMM-Deregistered

RRC_Connected + ECM Idle

Note: Detach procedure initiated by UE.

Detach
Note: Detach procedure initiated by
MME.

EMM-Registered

MME

Serving
Gateway
(SGW)

PDN
Gateway

RRC_Connected
NAS Detach Request
switch off flag

Delete Bearer Request


Delete Bearer Request

ECM_Connected
NAS: Detach Accepted

Delete Bearer Response


Delete Bearer Response
PCRF

S1 Signalling Connection
Release

EMM-Deregistered

RRC_Connected + ECM Idle

Service Request
From time to time a UE must switch from ECM_Idle to

ECM_connected
The reasons for this might be UL data is available, UL signaling
is pending (e.g. tracking area update, detach) or a paging from
the network was received.
PDN
Serving
MME

Gateway
(SGW)

Gateway

RRC_Idle+ ECM_Idle
Paging

Paging

S-TMSI

S-TMSI, TAI/TAI-list

RRC_Connected
Service Request
S-TMSI, TAI, service type
ECM_Connected
Authentication Request
authentication challenge
Authentication Response
Authentication response

DL Packet Notification

DL Packet Data

Service Request
MME
Initial Context Setup Req.
RB Establishment Req. SGW-S1 IP/TEID, QoS
RB Establishment Rsp.
Initial Context Setup
Rsp.
eNB-S1 IP/TEID, ..
Update Bearer Request
eNB-S1 IP/TEID
Update Bearer Response

Serving
Gateway
(SGW)

PDN
Gateway