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FOOD PROCESSING

By :
Willy Handika Bramasta
Siti Aisah
Syswati
Sofihatul
Luluul Mukaromah

Assalamualaikum .......

DEFINITIO
N

Nutrition is all interactions


between organisms and foods
consumed (Lynda Juall, 2001).

THE HUMAN ORGANS


DIGESTIVE

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Mou
th Pharinx and
Oesophagea
Sto
l

D
DIIG
GE
ES
ST
TIIV
VE
E

S
SY
YS
ST
TE
EM
M

mac
h Small
Intestinal
Col
on

Rectum
and Anus

MOUTH

Is the entrance to the digestive system.


Mechanic and Kimiawi procces
Any accecoris Organ, like :
Lips
Check
Tongue, stir when chewed and push food
when ingested and as a taster. There
papillae causes the tongue becomes rough
texture.
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Dental, Functioning in the process of chewing


food :
2 incisors (front teeth)
1 Kanina (canines)
2 molars (back teeth)
3 Premolar (front teeth)

There any enzyme :


Amylase, Starch
Polysaccarhides
Ptialin , Amylum

Maltose and
Glucose

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PHARYNX

There are any Oropharync use to connect


Mouth and Esophaguse. And have
Epiglotice, can close and open when eat.

OESOPHAGE
AL

is a muscular tube, length of 25 cm and


diameter of 2,54 cm.
stomach
laringofaring
moves food from by peristalsis.

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STOMACH
is an organ that is shaped j
on the left superior part of the abdominal
cavity below the diaphragm
Hull sections are:
Gastro, meeting area of the esophagus and
stomach
Fundus
Pylori

Stomach can be Mechanic and Kimiawi procces


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Muscle Layer of Stomach :


Longitudinal
Muscularis externa (oblique), helps the
effectiveness of mixing and the destruction of
food
Mucosa, forming folds (rugae)

Gastric Fluid containing :

*Pepsin, change Protein into Peptone


*Renin, precipitate the casein in milk
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*Lipase, breaks down fats into fatty acids
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and gliseron

SMALL INTESTINE
is twisted tube with 7 m of Lenght and 2,5 of Diameter

*Pylorus to the ileocecal valve, merges with the colon


*Length reach 3-5 m when working
*Absorbs digestion products
Part of the small intestine:
*The duodenum, the shortest part (25-30 cm)
*Yeyunum, the second part of that length is 1 to 1.5 cm
*Ileum, part 2 to 2.5 meters in length and merges with
colon

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Bowel movements mix it with enzymes for


digestion :
o Segmentation Rhytm
o Peristalsis
Small intestine mix the food with the enzyme :
*Trypsin digested peptone into amino acids
*Sukrase, outlining sucrose into glucose and
fructose
*Amylase, digesting starch into disaccharides
(maltose, sucrose and lactose)
*Maltase, converting maltose into glucose
*Lactase, convert lactose into glucose and
galactose
*Peptidase, outlining the peptide bonds into amino
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acids

COLONE
twisted tube with lenght shorter than small
intestine

Stretch power is greater than the small

intestine
Dont have the villi.
The food that goes into the large intestine
usually takes 2 to 5 days to cover the end
of the digestive tract.

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The parts of the colon:


*General Secretary
*Colon : Ascending, Transverse, Discending

*Rectum, the digestive tract last with 1213 cm long. Ends at the anal canal and
open to the exterior in the anus.

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Digestive System.mp4

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