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AFFIXES ACROSS

LANGUAGES
DISCUSSANT: ALAIZA L. ELIMOS.

AFFIX
Is a morpheme that is attached
to a word stem to form a new
word,it is joined before,after or
within a root or stem.

Affix

Positional
Categories of
affixes
Affix..

PREFIX
Is an affix which is placed
before the stem of the
word.Adding it to the beginning
of one word changes it into
another word.

*Prefix

PREFIX

MEANING

EXAMPLE

A-

not

Asymmetric, not
symmetric

Acro

High

Acrophobia, (fear of
heights)

Auto

self

Automobile
(move itself)

Anti

Against

Anti-Inflammatory

An

Not\without

Anaerobic (not
requiring air to live)

Prefix..

SUFFIX
Is an affix which is placed after the
stem of word.Common examples are
case endings,which indicate the
grammatical case of nouns or
adjectives,and verb endings,which
form the conjugation of verb.

*Suffix..

SUFFIX

MEANING

EXAMPLE

MENT

CONDITION OF

ARGUMENT,
PUNISHMENT

NESS

STATE OF BEING

SADNESS,
HAPPINESS

ER,OR

ONE WHO

TRAINER,PROTECT
OR

ANCE, ENCE

STATE OR QUALITY
OF

MAINTENANCE,
INDEPENDENCE

*suffix

INFLECTIONAL AFFIXES
Kind of affixes that dont
change the meaning or class of
word after it attach to the
root,stem or morpheme.

Inflectional..

SUFFIX

MEANING

Plural, third person singular present

ed

Past tense

ing

Progressive,continous

en

Past participle

er

comparative

est

superlative

nt

negative

*inflectional

CIRCUMFIX
Is an affix which has two
parts,one placed at the
start of the word, and
the other at the end.

Ex.
EN-LIGHT-EN

INFIX
Is an affix inserted
inside a word
stem.

*Infix

INTERFIX
Or more commonly linking
elements ,is a term of linguistic and
more specifically, phonology.It
describes a phoneme which is placed
in between two morphemes and
does not have semantic meaning.

Ex.
Speed-o-meter

*TRANSFIX
In linguistic
morphology it is a
discontinous affix
which is inserted into a
root word.
*Transfix

SIMULFIX
In linguistic, it is a type of
affix that changes one or
more existing phonemes in
order to modify the meaning
of a morpheme.

*Simulfix

Example:

MAN MEN
FOOT FEET
WOMAN WOMEN
MOUSE MICE
TOOTH - TEETH

*Simulfix

SUPRAFIX
In linguistic it is the type of
affix that adds a
suprasegmental pattern
(such as tone or stress) to a
neutral base in order to
convey a derivational or
inflection meaning.

*Suprafix

Example:
Produce Produce

*suprafix/..

DISFIX
In linguistic morphology it
is a subtractive morpheme,
a morpheme manifest
through the subtraction of
segments from a root or
stem
.

*Disfix..

DERIVATIONAL AFFIX
Kind of affix that can change
the sntactic category also the
underlying meaning of the
word.

*Derivational affi

D.AFFIX

MEANING

EXAMPLE

MAL

BAD

MALNUTRITION

MEGA

MILLION

MEGABYTE

MINI

SMALL

MINI-THEORY

*Derivational

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