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INTRO TO

LITERATURE

PROSE,POETRY
LITERATURE
DEFINITIONS

- A Latin word littera which means


letter.
- This is a body of literary
productions, either oral, written or
visual containing imaginative
language that realistically portrays
thoughts, emotions and experiences
of the human condition.
THE IMPORTANCE OF
LEARNING
LITERATURE
Reading /learning literature improves our Language proficiency
Reading/learning literature enhances our understanding about
culture of others.
Reading/learning literature gives us a valuable chance to explore
the nature of human being
Reading /learning literature makes us human
Reading or learning literature shapes our goal and values by
clarifying our own identity both positively and negatively
Reading/learning literature helps us grow personally and
intellectually
Etc.
LITERATURE
GENRES

PROSE PROSE
POETRY (FICTION) (NONFICTIO
N)
Examples:
Open form News
and close Examples: Reports
form Myths Journals
Relies on Fables Articles
imagery, Novels Essays
figurative Textbooks
Short Stories
language and Biographies
sounds Etc.
POETRY

DEFINITION

KINDS OF
Poetry is an imaginative
POETRY/POEM
awareness of experience
expressed through
meaning, sound, and Narrative Poem
rhythmic language choices Lyric Poem
as to evoke emotional
response.
KINDS OF
POETRY
NARRATIVE
POEM
.
Narrative Poem
is a story told
in verse.
This form
describes
important
events in life
either real or
imaginary.
KINDS OF
POETRY

LYRIC POEM

Lyric poem is a
highly musical
verse that
expresses the
observation and
feelings of a
single speaker.
PROSE

DEFINITION
KINDS OF PROSE
PROSE is the ordinary .
form of written
language.
o Fiction
o Non Fiction
Prose imitates the
spoken language.
KINDS OF PROSE

FICTION
Examples:
Short Stories
Legend
Fairy Tales
Folk Tales
Novels
Short Stories
Fables
Myth
Etc.
KINDS OF PROSE

NON FICTION
Examples:
Report
Personal Narrative
Letter
Article
Journal
Biographies
ELEMENTS OF
STORY

ELEMENTS OF STORY INCLUDE:


1. Setting- location
2. Characters - (round and flat)
3. Plot- sequence of event
4. Point of view- the use of a
written or spoken
commentary
5. Theme- unifying subject
6. Mood- affective setting
7. Symbol- signify ideas
ELEMENTS OF
PLOT

ELEMENTS OF PLOT INCLUDE:


1. Exposition- introduction
2. Rising Action- event that
increase he tension
3. Climax- high point of the
story
4. Falling Action- tension
decreases and everything
begins to settle down
5. Resolution- conflict solved,
indicates ending