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A SLUMP TEST is a method used to
determine the consistency of concrete. The
consistency, or stiffness, indicates how much
water has been used in the mix. The stiffness of
the concrete mix should be matched to the
requirements for the finished product quality


for the measurement of a property of fresh
concrete. The test is an empirical test that
measures the workability of fresh concrete. More
specifically, it measures consistency between
batches. The test is popular due to the simplicity
of apparatus used and simple procedure.
The slump test result is a
measure of the behavior of a
compacted inverted cone of
concrete under the action of
gravity. It measures the
consistency or the wetness of
Slump cone,
Scale for measurement,
Temping rod (steel)
Dampen the slump cone and the metal base plate, then
engage the slump cone with the base plate clamps. The
base plate should rest on a level surface.

Fill the slump cone in three lifts, tamping each lift 25

times with the tamping rod, starting from the center and
working toward the perimeter. The bottom lift should be
rodded the full depth down to the base plate. For the 2
other lifts, the strokes of the tamping rod should
penetrate into the underlying concrete layer. The top lift
should remain heaped above the top of the slump cone
after completing the rodding. Each of the 3 lifts should
contain approximately an equal volume of concrete.
Therefore, the bottom layer should have a rodded depth
of about 7 cm and the second lift to about 15 cm.
Strike off the excess concrete with ascending and
rolling motion of the tamping rod.

Remove the cone carefully with a slow vertical motion

without any rotational or lateral motion. The entire
procedure from the time the fresh concrete is ready
for testing to this point should be no more than 5 min.
The time from the filling of the slump cone to the
determining of the slump should be within 2 1/2 min.

Set the slump cone in an inverted position next to the

concrete and measure the distance to the top of the
original center of the specimen.
In order to reduce the influence on
slump of the variation in the surface
friction, the inside of the mould and its
base should be moistened at the
beginning of every test, and prior to
lifting of the mould the area
immediately around the base of the
cone should be cleaned from concrete
which may have dropped accidentally.
Types Of Slump
The slumped concrete takes various shapes, and
according to the profile of slumped concrete, the
slump is termed as;

Collapse Slump
Shear Slump
True Slump
Degree of Compacting Use for which concrete is
workability Factor suitable
mm in

Very dry mixes; used in road

Very low 0-25 0-1 0.78 making. Roads vibrated by power

Low workability mixes; used for

foundations with light
Low 25-50 1-2 0.85
reinforcement. Roads vibrated by
hand operated Machines.

Medium workability mixes;

manually compacted flat slabs
using crushedaggregates. Normal
Medium 50-100 2-4 0.92
reinforced concrete manually
compacted and heavily reinforced
sections with vibrations.

High workability concrete; for

sections with congested
High 100-175 4-7 0.95
reinforcement. Not normally
suitable for vibration