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MATERIALS SELECTION AND DESIGN

EBT 447 SEMESTER II, 2013/2014

MATERIAL SELECTION: THE BASIC

LECTURE 1
Expected Outcome at the end of the
course

ASSESSMEN
COURSE OUTCOME (CO)
T
Examination,
Ability to develop design solutions
Design
based on appropriate knowledge in
CO 01 project &
material selection and design with
Technical
realistic constraints.
report
Design
Ability to use engineering tools for
project &
CO 02 product/system design, simulation and
Technical
analysis.
report
Ability to communicate effectively to Design
share information and describe concepts project &
CO 03
and ideas with the engineering community. Technical
report
Examination,
Ability to demonstrate understanding on Design
CO 04 project management and finance project &
Outline
REFERENC
WEEK COURSE CONTENT
E
4 Material Selection: The Basic Chapter 5
Case study on Materials
5 Chapter 6
Selection
Processes and Processes
6 Chapter 13
Selection
Case study on Processes
8 Chapter 14
Selection
9 Materials and the Environment Chapter 15
Materials Selection in Mechanical Design, 4th
10 Methods of Material Selection
Edition,
11
PleaseRevision and summary
download an ebook from WorldCat
using Unimap IP
Teaching approach

I will treat you as an ENGINEER.


I am expecting you to have a knowledge on
whatever we would like to discuss during the
class. Thus..
Please read and understand the content of each
chapter before each lecture. Please bring your notes
with the specific chapter during class.
I hope that our class has more discussions rather
than teaching you every single item.
Please ask if you have any questions during class.
OR Please come and see me privately if you have
any problems.
Our timetable:

Tuesday : 10.00 am 11.00 am


(Lecture-BKM2)
Friday : 9.00 am 10.00 am(Lecture-
DKG5)

Tuesday : 3.00 pm 5.00 pm


(Consultation time)
-by appointment only email me!
LECTURE 1
The Basic procedure for
selection
Why we need to Design
Materials attributes and property profile
Translation function, constrain, objectives free
variables

Screen eliminating the materials that cannot meet


the constraints

Ranking ordering the survivors by their ability to


meet a criterion of excellence, such as minimizing cost or
maximizing impact resistance.

Documentation explore the most promising


candidates in depth, examining how they are used at
present, case histories of failures, and how best to design
with them
The basic procedure for selection

All materials

Translate design
expressed as function, requirements
constrains, objectives and the
variables

Screen using constraints


eliminate materials that cannot do the job

Rank using objective(s)


find the screened materials that do the job best

Figure 1: The strategy


for materials selection.
Seek Documentation The for main steps
research the family history of top-ranked candidates
translation, screening,
ranking and
Material choice documentation.
The first step in relating design
requirements to material properties
is a clear statement of
function, constraints,
objectives, and free variables.
define the boundary conditions
for selecting a material
Materials indices

Think for a moment of the simplest of mechanical


components. The loading on a component can generally
be decomposed into some combination of axial tension,
bending, torsion, and compression. Almost always, one
mode dominates. So common is this that the functional
name given to the component describes the way it is
loaded:
Ties carry tensile loads;
beams and panels carry bending moments;
shafts carry torques;
columns carry compressive axial loads.
The words tie, beam, shaft, and column each
imply a function. Here we explore constraints, objectives,
and resulting material indices for some of these.
Materials indices

The life energy and emissions for transport


systems are dominated by the fuel consumed
during use. The lighter the system is made, the
less fuel it consumes and the less carbon it
emits. So a good starting point is
minimum weight design, subject,
of course, to the other necessary constraints,
of which the most important here have to do
with stiffness and strength. We consider the
generic components shown in Figure 5.6: a tie,
a panel, and beams, loaded as shown.
Materials indices
Minimizing mass: A light, strong tie
A design calls for a tie like those of the biplane in the
cover picture. It must carry a tensile force F* without
failure and be as light as possible (Figure 5.6(a)). The
length L is specified but the cross-section area A is
not. Here, maximizing performance
means minimizing the mass while still
carrying the load F* safely. The design
requirements, translated, are listed in Table 5.2.
Exercise please do it by your own!

Please derive equations to obtain the


Material Indexes for
Light, stiff tie (Mt1 and Mt2).
Light, stiff beam (Mb1 and Mb2).
Light, stiff panel (Mp1 and Mp2).
The selection
procedure
1. Translation and deriving the index
2. Screening: Applying attribute
limits
3. Ranking: Indices on charts
4. Documentation
E chart : a lower limit for E and upper
limit for
E chart : three material indices for stiff, lightweight design
E chart : a grid lines for the material index M=E 1/3/
E chart : based on the Index M=E1/3/
>2
Computer-aided selection
Any question..??
Please read Chapter 5
before our next class
(Tuesday).