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ARRIS D5 Universal Edge QAM

Operations Training

Release 2.6

Customer Training
www.arrisi.com
Recommended Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of video


broadband technology:
- RF cable plant
- IP network
- MPEG transport streams

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Course Objectives
Identify the system components and functions of the ARRIS D5 Universal
Edge QAM (UEQ)
Describe the key applications of the D5 UEQ
Configure initial settings for the D5 UEQ
Configure static UDP port mapping
Configure a static IGMP multicast group
Configure digital broadcast service
Configure the CA interface for CAS
Determine steps to configure SDV
Configure the D5 UEQ to support DEPI DMPT mode
Configure a primary and spare QAM
Configure a GigE trunk group
Configure redundant stream groups
Configure setup details of RADIUS and TACACS+ protocols/servers
Monitor and maintain basic D5 UEQ system operations
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Course Modules

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D5 UEQ
Technical Documentation
ARRIS D5 UEQ User Documentation
ARRIS D5 UEQ Web Manager Online Help System
To access the latest documentation go to:
http://ask.arrisi.com
E-mail Technical Support:
North America - techsupport.na@arrisi.com
Latin America - techsupport.cala@arrisi.com
Europe - techsupport.europe@arrisi.com
Asia - techsupport.asia@arrisi.com
Japan - Tokyo techsupport.japan@arrisi.com
Japan - Fukuoka techsupport.japan@arrisi.com
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System Overview

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Module 1

Objectives
- Define the technologies supported by the D5 UEQ
- Identify the main features of the D5 UEQ
- Describe the key applications of the D5 UEQ
Topics:
- Digital Broadcast Network Overview
- Video Broadcast Technologies
- D5 UEQ Overview
- D5 UEQ Service Applications

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Digital Broadcast Network Overview

Digital TV is more economical and leads in


technological advancement for the future with
standardized digital compression called MPEG.
Within North America, it has been mandated that all
over the air transmission be broadcast in digital format
by 2009.
Plasma, DLP, and LCD televisions will require digital
input for HDTV.
Digital systems increase quality for picture and sound.

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Video Broadcast Network
Today:
Lots of specialized interfaces, proprietary elements and multiple
levels of dedicated hardware based switching
HFC QAM
Content Ingestion Devices
Re-multiplexer Modulation
Translator Scrambler

Matrix

Matrix
HFC

Statistical Multiplexer
HFC QAM
Modulation

& Scrambler
Matrix

Matrix
HFC
Matrix

Multiplexer

Encoders

Video
Server
CA Manage- PSI/SI Stat
Engine ment Generator MUX 1-10

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Migration to the IP Headend
Tomorrow:
Multi-function open interface elements with flexible, centralized
GigE IP switching and routing
Groomer
Content Ingestion Devices
Multiplexer

GigE QAM
Modulation
HFC
Matrix

IP

Encoders

Video
Server
CA Manage- PSI/SI Stat
Engine ment Generator MUX
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Three Services Two Networks

Telephony & VoIP & DOCSIS


HSD Operations HSD CMTS CM/E-MTA

Encoders
Data
DOCSIS-IP
Headend & Metro PacketCable
Network Hybrid
Fiber-Coaxial Subscriber
Video Network
Video Digital STB
Operations

MPEG-2TS
MPEG-2 TS QAM

VOD/Cache
Servers

February 09

Operators are demanding coordination and convergence of transport,


access, and management networks leveraging low cost, standards
based, IP technologies.
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Video Broadcast Network
Components

Headend Office Subscriber

Video Server
Local HFC
Programs Network
/Ads

STB

Control Local Hub

Video
Streamer

Billing/Network
Operations

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Video Broadcast Technology

Numerous technologies support the digital broadcast


network
Important aspects of the network to understand are:
- Digital Video
- Broadcast spectrum
- MPEG
- QAM

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Digital Video

For digital video delivery, the video and audio inputs are
compressed into a digital stream.

Based on size and content of the individual programs,


multiple digital streams can be combined onto a single 6-8
MHz channel.

Between four and ten programs, depending on the content,


can fit onto a given channel.

Programs with lots of movement, such as sports programs,


require much more bandwidth than still programs like a
news program.

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Broadcast Spectrum Usage

constant bit rate


Basic analog video signal
consumes the full 6MHz/8MHz

3.75 Mb/s
channel
Average individual standard
definition program is 3.75 Mb/s
Entire 6MHz/8MHz channel offers
approximately 38 Mb/s - 50 Mb/s
respectively
Digital video signal allows greater

6 MHz
6 MHz

6 MHz

6 MHz
use of the QAM channel

Up to 38 Mb/s

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Digital Video Delivery

Streams can be a constant bit rate (CBR) or variable bit


rate (VBR)

Bandwidth allocation for a CBR stream is predictable


and generally can be delivered in the 6MHz channel

Due to its nature, the VBR stream is unpredictable and


bursty as statistical multiplexers combine multiple
programs based on bandwidth needs

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Radio Frequency (RF) Spectrum

Air Navigation,
Land/Sea, 2-Way
SW Gov. Cordless
Ham TV FM TV Aero. UHF Cellular Phone
2-Way 2-6 Radio 7-13 Comm. 14-69 Paging Paging

50 88 108 174 216 470 800 900

82 Analog Channels
10011100010010000111111001100
10011100010010000111111001100 Future
550 870
Digital TV
5 Audio 1
MHz Data GHz
40-50
Guardband

Return
Path

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RF Spectrum for Cable Plant

5MHz DOCSIS 42MHz Analog video broadcast 550MHz 870MHz 1002MHz


Return

The band 5MHz to Legacy analog broadcast Content above 550MHz The band up to
42MHz used today limited to 550MHz. Now digital only, telephony, 1002MHz be used for
for DOCSIS return some digital broadcast also data, DOCSIS, HDTV, HDTV and advanced
present VOD services

DOCSIS forward Data, telephony

VOD , SDV HDTV


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What is MPEG?

Moving Pictures Experts Group (MPEG) is a standards


group chartered by the International Standards
Organization (ISO)
MPEG sets standards for TV and video transmission
over cable, satellite, and the Internet
MPEG-2 is the current set of standards for digital TV
that include features such as:
- Transmission (MPEG format)
- System information (PSI/SI)
- Encryption (DVB SimulCrypt)

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MPEG-2 Systems

Combines one or more elementary streams of video and audio, as


well as, other data into single or multiple streams which are
suitable for storage or transmission.

Video
Video Video PES
Packetizer
Data Encoder

Audio
Audio Audio PES
Packetizer
Data Encoder
Program Transport
PS TS
MUX Stream MUX Stream
Video
Video Video PES
Packetizer
Data Encoder

Audio
Audio Audio PES
Packetizer
Data Encoder

Packetized Elementary Streams (PES)


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What is QAM ?

Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM)


a system of modulation in which data is
transferred by modulating the amplitude
of two separate carrier waves which are
out of phase by 90 degrees. Carrier 1

- Doubles the effective bandwidth


- Fits in a standard 6 or 8 MHz channel Carrier 2

- 64QAM and 256QAM channels


supported
QAM signals cannot be received by most
traditional TVs

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QAM Modulation Techniques

Amplitude Phase voltage 0000 voltage 1111


V(t)= Asin(wt+ O ) A
= Icos(wt)-Qsin(wt) time time
O

Q Q
0111 0101 1101 1111
Signal 01 11 Signal
Constellation Constellation 0110 0100 1100 1110

I I
0010 0000 1000 1010
00 10

0011 0001 1001 1011

QPSK Symbol Mapping 16QAM Symbol Mapping


(2bits/symbol) (4 bits/symbol)

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QAM Modulation Techniques

Quadrature amplitude modulation makes it possible to


transfer more bits per position or symbol
- Fits in a standard 6 (or 8) MHz channel

Signal Signal
Constellation Q
Constellation 8 bits
Q
6 bits

I I

64QAM Symbol Mapping


256QAM Symbol Mapping
(16 bits/symbol)
(64 bits/symbol)

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Digital Streams and QAM Channels
Individual
A/V Streams
e.g. HBO, CNN, VOD#1

At the source, programs


are compressed for
transmission.

A QAM modulator modulates


the streams into QAM signals
and sends the signals
Multiplexer downstream via RF ports.

At the destination, the


program date is extracted and QAM Modulator
then combined again into the
original programming content.

Downstream QAM
Channel 1-25

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Universal Edge QAM
UEQ - Universal Edge QAM
- An HFC network edge device specifically designed to efficiently
aggregate and deliver downstream dominated multimedia content in a
variety of formats to a variety of subscriber devices.

MPEG-2 TS

WM9

Universal
Edge
DVB-C
QAM
Real Player UEQ

MPEG-4

Streaming IP

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D5 UEQ Overview

The D5 Universal Edge QAM (QAM) is an MPEG-2


transport and digital video over-cable system.

The D5 UEQ enables cable operators and multiple system


operators (MSOs) to provide advanced audio and video
multimedia services over converged MPEG-2 transport
and IP networks to both residential and business
subscribers.

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D5 UEQ Service Applications

Video on Demand (VOD) QAM/RF resources are allocated during


defined period of time (ie. movies-on-demand)

Digital Broadcast sufficient QAM/RF resources must be allocated


for all channels, all of the time

Switched Digital Video (SDV) still provides subscribers access to


the entire programming schedule but only uses QAM/RF resources
for programs actively being viewed. Programs not being watched
do not tie up bandwidth

Modular-Cable Modem Termination System (M-CMTS) is a


reference edge architecture that separates the downstream
physical layer processing from the rest of the CMTS and places it
into the EdgeQAM with similar video processing

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D5 UEQ Features

Four electrical or optical GigE connection interfaces via removable


Small Form Factor Pluggable (SFP) modules
64QAM and 256QAM
Full line-rate support of up to seventy-two 256QAM

Up to six bonded QAM channels using ANNEX B per RF port on 6QAM

Up to four bonded QAM channels using ANNEX A and C per RF port


on 4QAM
Support for Annexes A, B, and C depending on the QAM module type.
Annex A 6MHz support.
Hot-swappable modules
Redundant AC/DC PSUs22

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D5 UEQ Features, cont.

Multiple management interfaces


DVB SI processing
Multicast support (IGMPv1,v2, v3)
Stream replication - SPTS and MPTS
SimulCrypt/Conditional Access System (CAS)
Broadcast MPTS Pass-through
PSI/SI table injection
RF parameter control per QAM port
Three User Data Protocol (UDP) mapping modes
Up to 2232 output programs per system
2+ Gbps transport stream
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Advanced Performance

Unmatched dynamic jitter tolerance up to 500ms


Support of privacy mode technology
QAM Redundancy
IGMP Stream Redundancy enhancement
D5 UEQ CLI video and audio scramble options
Support for 1Gb Flash and long haul CWDM SFP support
Support of Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS)
and Terminal Access Controller Access-Control System
(TACACS) plus authentication
TACACS+ Authorization & RADIUS Access Challenge
enhancements
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Advanced Performance, cont.

Support of Modular Cable Modem Termination System (M-CMTS)


Full DEPI Control Plane support from CMTS Core to M-CMTS
EdgeQAM for DOCSIS 3.0 support
Support for additional M-OSSI MIBS for M-CMTS/DOCSIS 3.0 as
appropriate and required by customers for Q4 deployments.
M-CMTS DOCSIS debug feature

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Module 1 Review Activity

1. What standard is used by the D5 UEQ to transport a digital stream?

2. Describe some major features of the D5 UEQ.

3. Describe the main D5 UEQ service applications.

4. How many standard definition (SD) programs can fit onto a given QAM
channel? How does high definition (HD) affect the number of
programs in a QAM channel?

5. What is the function of QAM?


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Module 1 Summary

Define the technologies supported by the D5 UEQ

Identify main features of the D5 UEQ

Describe the key applications of the D5 UEQ

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System Architecture

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February 09
Module 2

Objectives:
- Identify D5 UEQ components and functions
- Access the D5 UEQ using the Web Manager
- Identify CLI features
- Access the D5 UEQ using CLI

Topics:
- D5 UEQ Components
- Management Methods
- Web Manager Overview
- CLI Structure and Modes
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February 09
D5 UEQ Front Panel

RJ-45 LCD User 5 Button Front Panel


Front Panel 10/100 Ethernet Latch
CLI Information Panel Keypad
Latch Test Port
Interface (read only)
Port (Future Use)

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February 09
D5 UEQ Front Panel Removed

Fan Tray
Connection to Fan Tray Power
PMOD Connection on PMOD 2
PMOD (optional)
PMOD 1 PSU 2 (optional)

Compact
Front Panel Flash PSU 1
Fan Tray MON Power
Module Connection

Auto Shutdown
Recovery Button

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February 09
Power Supply Unit (PSU)

PSU 1
PSU 2 (optional)

PSU 1

Provides continuous voltage for D5 UEQ chassis


Each PSU can provide full-load requirements at 1:1 optional
redundancy
Redundant configuration load share at 50% each during normal
operations
Supports universal AC or 48 vDC options
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February 09
PSU, cont.

Both AC or DC connectors types are available on rear of the


chassis

AC and DC options cannot be deployed together in the same


chassis

Individual fusing for AC supplies

PSUs are field replaceable and hot-swappable

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February 09
PSU Compatibility
Note PSU compatibility with chassis type:
- New AC chassis (part number 722050) requires the AC PSU (part number 722058)

722058 AC PSU

- Original AC chassis (part number 716625) accepts AC PSU (part number 716630 has
two appearances) or 722058 AC PSU but the two different part numbers cannot be
mixed in a redundant configuration on the chassis

716630 AC PSU

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February 09
Power Conversion Module (PMOD)

Fan Tray Power/Telemetry


PMOD 2 (optional)
Interface on PMOD

Fan Tray
Connection to PMOD 1
PMOD 1

Provides additional voltage rails for the QAM modules and a


power/telemetry interface
Two PMODs can run simultaneously in a load-sharing
configuration similar to PSUs
Replaceable and hot-swappable

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February 09
Fan Tray

Fan Tray
Connection to
PMOD 1

Five individual high speed DC fans located on left of chassis


Provides air flow from right to left side
All fans monitored for RPM
Unit can run with one fan failed
Fans powered and monitored via PMOD 1
Empty slots require blanking plates for proper air circulation
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February 09
Chassis Monitoring Module (MON)

Compact
Flash

Auto Shutdown
Recovery Button

Front Panel
Power Connection

Provides centralized monitoring and control functions for the D5


UEQ
Controls the front panel display and provides connection to the
console port
Removable Compact Flash Card stores:
- Operating software
- Configuration files
- System Error logs (optional)
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February 09
D5 UEQ Rear Panel

6 QAM Modules DC PSU For Future


1&2 Plug Use

QAM 1 QAM 2

QAM 3 QAM 4

QAM 5 QAM 6

CAS PSU2
DTI Fast Ethernet Future use Fuses PSU1 AC
Port 4 GigE port (slot 8) PSU1
Management Fuses
SFP
Fast Ethernet
WAN Module AC
port
(slot 7) PSU2

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February 09
Wide Area Network Module (WAN)

Links GbE 1 GbE 2 GbE 3 GbE 4


GbE 1
Rear Panel
DTI CL ETH1 ETH2

Fast Ethernet DVB Conditional


DTI Clock GigE SFP Management Access Interface
Interface Intefaces 1 - 4 Interface ETH1 ETH2

Ingests video from multiple IP sources from the GigE interfaces and
primarily provides MPEG PID remapping and preparation for processing in
the QAM module video MUX process
Four external, removable GigE small form factor pluggable (SFP) modules
One external 100BaseT management interface
One external 100BaseT DVB Conditional Access interface
One DOCSIS DTI clock interface
Hardware support of MPEG-2 video transport over IP sessions
IP Unicast and Multicast (IGMPv1,v2,v3) support (defaults to IMGPv2)
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February 09
Quadrature Amplitude
Modulation Module (QAM)

QAM 1 QAM 2

QAM 3 QAM 4

QAM 5 QAM 6

Ingests transport streams from the WAN, and modulates


them onto RF carriers that are then up-converted to their
provisioned bandwidth allocations
Two type of QAM modules:
- 6QAM
- 4QAM
Up to six QAM modules available
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February 09
6QAM Module

Each 6QAM module supports:


- Two independent 75-OHM RF-connectors that carry six adjacent QAM
channels each
- Maximum of twelve QAM channels per module in ANNEX B mode only.
ANNEX A and C have a maximum of eight QAM channels per module
- Total of 72 channels per chassis
- RF port may run in single, dual, quad, or hex mode
- Adjacent channels may be muted

QAM 1 DS PHY/Upconverter DOCISIS DRFI (QAM) Module

QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM
Chan 1 Chan 2 Chan 3 Chan 4 Chan 5 Chan 6 Chan 1 Chan 2 Chan 3 Chan 4 Chan 5 Chan 6

RF1 RF2

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February 09
Frequency Ranges

QAM Channel Frequencies

QAM 1 DS PHY/Upconverter DOCISIS DRFI (QAM) Module

QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM QAM
Chan 1 Chan 2 Chan 3 Chan 4 Chan 5 Chan 6 Chan 1 Chan 2 Chan 3 Chan 4 Chan 5 Chan 6

RF1 RF2

+30MHz

+24MHz

+18/+24MHz

Center +12/+16MHz
Frequency +6/+8MHz

qam1 qam2 qam3 qam4 qam5 qam6

1/1.1 1/1.2 1/1.3 1/1.4 1/1.5 1/1.6

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February 09
4QAM Module

Each 4QAM module supports:


- Two independent 75-OHM RF-connectors that carry four
adjacent QAM channels each
- Maximum of eight QAM channels per module in ANNEX
A/B/C modes
- Total of 48 channels per chassis
- RF port may run in single, dual or quad mode
- Adjacent channels may be muted

QAM 1

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February 09
Transport Stream Flow

Management Port

4 GigE SFP Ports


The D5 UEQ processes MPEG

DTI Clock
CA Port
over IP streams received over
GigE connections. Future Slot 8 Primary WAN Slot 7
QAM Slot 6 QAM Slot 5

From these GigE connections, QAM Slot 4 QAM Slot 3

QAM Slot 2 QAM Slot 1


the D5 UEQ extracts MPEG 6 QAM

transport streams. Channels


6 QAM
For each
QAM Module
Channels

Fan Tray
The transport streams are
Data Midplane
multiplexed onto individual Power Midplane
QAM channels and up- MON PSU 1

converted to the desired RF PMOD 1


PMOD 2
PSU 2

frequencies for delivery.


Front Panel

D5 UEQ

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February 09
Activity

Connect each D5 UEQ component to its definition.

Term Definition
PSU Supports four adjacent QAM channels

PMOD Modulates the transport stream onto the RF carrier

MON Provides the fan tray telemetry and power interface

WAN Stores the operating software and configuration files

QAM Provides continuous voltage to chassis

Compact Flash Provides the centralized control function

RF-Connector Functions as the internal switch for the transport


stream

February 09

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Management Methods

Methods of management include:


- Graphical User Interface (GUI)
D5 Web Manager
Maximum of four simultaneous Web Manager sessions
Application Manager
- CLI - a command-line interface using the familiar syntax of
many other communications devices
Maximum of four simultaneous Telnet sessions
- SNMP - a standard remote network management protocol

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February 09
Web Manager Overview

A web-based graphical user interface (GUI) that compliments the CLI


using the communication protocol HTTP to accomplish management
tasks
Benefits:
- Reports D5 UEQ inventory via auto detection
- Expedites and simplifies common configurations and monitoring
activities such as:
Configuring GigE parameters
Configuring QAM modules
Managing MPEG configurations
Monitoring bandwidth and performance
Monitoring events in real-time

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February 09
Web Manager Interface

Web Manager

Headend 1 HTTP Web Manager

HTTP Web Manager

HTTP
Headend 2
Web Manager

HTTP

Image
Web Manager
Upgrade
SN
MP
PSI Section /TC
P
Provision

Image
Repository
TFTP PSI Tables
Servers SI Tables
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February 09
Web Manager System Requirements

Initial support for the Web Manager:


- Optimized for Internet Explorer versions 6.0
Mozilla Firefox not supported
- Javascript enabled
- Minimum PC platform requirements are:
Windows 2000 Pro
Windows XP Pro/Corp
Pentium III @ 600MHz, 512 MB RAM
Video Card and Monitor capable of displaying 1024 x 800 in
True Color
10baseT Ethernet Card
10 Mb of hard disk space

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February 09
Login Access

Each user account has two levels of access


- User password gains access to monitor level
- Privilege password gains access to configuration level
To gain configuration access enter the username and
privilege password at the login prompt.
Each individual login generates its own session
Maximum of four sessions logged in at one time
After 10 minutes of inactivity the user will be logged out

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February 09
Web Manager Interface Login

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February 09
Web Manager System Summary
Home Page

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February 09
Devise Status and Main Menus

Alarm ARRIS
Host Access Software Status Website
Name Mode Version Bell Link

Web Server Boot Load


IP Address Version Logout
Button
Main
Navigation
Menus

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February 09
Drop-down Navigation Menus

February 09

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Activity

Objective:
- Log onto the D5 UEQ using the Web Manager to view the
initial summary screen and navigation menus.

Directions:
- From the Internet browser, access the Web Manager.
- Enter your user name and password for configuration
access.
- View line card status.

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February 09
Command Line Interface (CLI)

Ways to access the D5 UEQ CLI:


- RS232 serial interface on the front panel using a terminal
emulator or server.
- Using TCP applications Telnet or SSH over a management
IP address. Requires:
Valid CLI accounts for login
IP address on an interface
Management-access on that interface

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February 09
CLI Benefits

Benefits:
- Enables the system operators to enter commands to
create, manage, display, and remove networks, users, and
other system entities
- Not network-resource intensive
- Accepts cut and paste type of scripting
- Grep filtering
- Accessible via front panel CLI Interface port or Telnet
session
- Multiple simultaneous session
Up to four Telnet and/or Web Manager sessions
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February 09
CLI Features

Other Features:
- Input editing shortcuts

- <TAB> command completion

- Help system

- Command history

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February 09
CLI Provisioning Modes

The user interface operates in the following


provisioning modes:
- User
- Privileged (Enable)
- Configure

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February 09
User Mode

Initial read-only mode when a user logs on


Limited to basic commands, such as:
- Changing the terminal setting
- Pinging a host
- Displaying certain configuration information

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February 09
Privileged Mode

All User Mode commands are available, along with


extra read-only commands for debugging, file
manipulation, diagnostics, and more detailed
configuration display.

Type enable at the D5 UEQ host prompt and enter a


valid enable mode password to enter Privileged Mode.

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February 09
Configure Mode

You may enter all the commands available in user and


privileged modes.

In Configure Mode, you may enter read-only and write


commands for system and interface configuration.

Type configure terminal (or config t) while in


Privileged Mode to enter Configure Mode.

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February 09
CLI Modes Prompts

User Mode
hostname>
Privileged Mode
hostname#
Global Configuration Mode
hostname(config)#
Configure Interface Sub-modes (switch between
interfaces in this mode):
hostname(config-if)#

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February 09
Provisioning Mode Examples

Provisioning Mode Examples:


- User Mode
D5>show users

- Privileged or Enable Mode


D5#show interface qam 6

- Configure Mode interfaces and sub-interfaces supported


training(config)#interface fastethernet 0/1
NOTE: Configuration changes will be applied after the "exit"
command is given.
training(config-if)#

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February 09
CLI System Logon

How to log on:


ARRIS D5 Universal EdgeQAM
Copyright (c) 2007 ARRIS Group, Inc
Patents and Patents Pending. All rights reserved.

Login: z
Password:
ARRIS D5 Universal EdgeQAM Command Line Interface
Copyright (c) 2007 ARRIS Group, Inc
Patents and Patents Pending. All rights reserved.
(S/W version: 2.x.x.x)

D5>enable
Password:<myenablepassword>

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February 09
CLI System Logout

To log out of the system you have to be in User Mode


or Privilege Mode.
- From User Mode enter exit or logout

- From Privilege Mode enter exit or logout

- From all Configure modes enter exit or end until you


reach the Privilege or User Mode to complete the log out

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February 09
CLI Shortcuts

Input Editing Shortcut Commands

Shortcut Description
<CR> Passes completed line to parser
<DEL> Backspaces one character and deletes
? Activates help
CTRL-A Positions cursor to start of line
CTRL-C (Telnet session): Clears input and resets line buffer
CTRL-D Deletes current character
CTRL-E Positions cursor at the end of line

Shortcut Commands Continue

February 09

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CLI Shortcuts, cont.

Input Editing Shortcut Commands


Shortcut Description
CTRL-I or Tab Completes current keyword
CTRL-K Deletes to the end of line
CTRL-X Clears input and resets the line buffer
CTRL-Z Passes control to user session exit function
<ESC> A or Up Arrow Moves up one line in command history
<ESC> B or Down Arrow Moves down one line in command history
<ESC> C or Right Arrow Positions cursor right one character
<ESC> D or Left Arrow Positions cursor left one character
February 09
CTRL-W Deletes the last word before the cursor

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Question Mark Usage

The ? key performs three functions:


- When added to the end of a partially-typed command,
the ? lists keywords that start with the current fragment.
- When separated from the command by one or more
spaces, ? lists valid keywords that can follow the current
keyword.
- When entered after the prompt, the ? lists all of the
available command verbs.

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February 09
Question Mark Usage Example

? Examples:

D5(config)# i?
interface ip

D5(config)#interface ?
fastethernet -
gigabitethernet - Interface string
loopback -
port-channel - Interface string
qam - Configure a QAM interface
<typeX/Y.Z> - Interface string

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February 09
Question Mark Usage Example
? Example:

D5#
D5#?
calendar - Modify date/time
cd - Change Directory
chkdsk - Check a DOS filesystem for errors
clear - Reset commands
clock - Clock
configure - Enter configuration mode
copy - Copy a file
debug - Configure various debug parameters
delete - Delete a file
diagnostics - Hardware diagnostics commands
dir - Display contents of current directory
disable - Exit privileged mode
disconnect - Disconnect a CLI connection
elog - Event logging
enable -
erase - Erase a file-system
exit - Exit Mode / CLI
format - Format a file-system
help - Display help about help system

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February 09
Tab Key Usage

Use the Tab key completes a partially-typed command


or keyword.
- Example:
D5# con<Tab>
D5# configure

The Tab cannot be used to complete a keyword unless


the partial keyword is unique.
- For example, entering co<Tab> could have two possible
results, configure or copy.

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February 09
CLI Command History

The D5 UEQ maintains a history of CLI commands entered


during a session.
- The up arrow retrieves back in the command history.
- The down arrow retrieves forward in the command history.
If the command history contained the following commands:
interface qam 6/1
video annex a
video power 450
video frequency 57000000
- Pressing the up arrow three times retrieves video annex a.
- Pressing the down arrow once retrieves video power 450.

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February 09
Pipe Feature

The D5 UEQ supports the use of the pipe (|) as a trailer to


some commands.
A string following a pipe can be used to include or exclude
matches to the output generated by the command.
- Keywords are:
begin starts with first line containing the string
include matches only lines which contain the string
exclude excludes all lines which contain the string
Especially useful when trying to isolate specific text within a
verbose command result.

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February 09
Pipe Example

D5# show video session | include 602


60291 10.17.100.15 10.17.100.19 1 3 0 | 1 0
60292 10.17.100.15 10.17.100.19 1 3 0 | 1 0
60293 10.17.100.15 10.17.100.19 1 3 0 | 1 0
60294 10.17.100.15 10.17.100.19 1 3 0 | 1 0
60295 10.17.100.15 10.17.100.19 1 3 0 | 1 0
60296 10.17.100.15 10.17.100.19 1 3 0 | 1 0
60297 10.17.100.15 10.17.100.19 1 3 0 | 1 0
60298 10.17.100.15 10.17.100.19 1 3 0 | 1 0

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February 09
Pipe Example

D5# show all-commands | include wan


show environment minmax all wan
show environment minmax temperature wan
show environment minmax voltage wan
show environment temperature wan
show environment temperature wan * * threshold
show environment temperature wan * * time
show environment temperature wan * * time current
show environment temperature wan * * time past
show environment voltage wan
show environment voltage wan * * threshold
show environment voltage wan * * time
show environment voltage wan * * time current
show environment voltage wan * * time past

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February 09
Using NO as First Keyword

Entering no as the first keyword after a configure command


performs the opposite function of the command OR configures the
default setting for that parameter.

Examples:

Command Description
D5(config-if)# shutdown shuts down an interface
D5(config-if)# no shutdown enables an interface
D5(config-if)# ip address assigns IP address for a specific
interface
D5(config-if)# no ip address Removes the IP address for a
specific interface

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Activity

Objective:
- Log into the D5 UEQ using CLI
Directions:
- Open a Telnet session.
- Enter your user name and password for configuration
access.
- In Enable Mode, enter a command to view a line card.
- Access Privileged Mode and enter a command view.
- Log out of system.

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February 09
Module 2 Summary

Identify D5 UEQ components and functions

Access the D5 UEQ using the Web Manager

Identify CLI features

Access the D5 UEQ using CLI

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February 09
Initial System Configuration via CLI

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February 09
Module 3

Objectives:
- Use CLI to:
Create a CLI account and add an IP address for management
Configure the GigE and QAM modules for video output
Configure an Ethernet interface
Verify active video session
Topics:
- Initial System Configuration Overview
- System Setup via Setup Mode Configuration Script

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February 09
Initial System Configuration Overview

Setting up the D5 UEQ system for the first time with minimal
features includes, using CLI to configure:
- Remote management The WAN provides management
access on ETH1 port (0/1)
- GigE port Each of the four GigE interface ports on the
WAN card requires an IP address assignment
- QAM ports Each QAM has two RF ports with four
channels each that must be configured

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February 09
D5 UEQ Initial Setup Steps

The D5 UEQ can initially be set up using two methods:


CLI to manually configure the system
Setup Mode Configuration Script to automatically configure the
system
System configuration includes:
Designating a D5 UEQ hostname
Creating a CLI account
Enabling SNMP
Enabling a GigE interface
Configuring a QAM module
Enabling an Ethernet interface for IP management
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February 09
Designate a D5 UEQ Hostname

D5#config t
Configuring from terminal [terminal]
D5(config)#hostname ?
<STRING> -

D5(config)#hostname "D5 Training 2"


D5 Training 2(config)#

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February 09
Create a CLI Account

D5 Training 2(config)#cli ?
account - Create/Modify a CLI account
logging - Turn on session command logging

D5 Training 2(config)#cli account ?


<STRING> - User-Name

D5 Training 2(config)#cli account d5?


<cr>
enable-password - Set the enable password
password - Set the login password
secret-password - Set the enable secret password

D5 Training 2(config)#cli account d5 password ?


<STRING> - Password

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February 09
Create a CLI Account, cont.

D5 Training 2(config)#cli account d5 password 99?


<cr>
enable-password - Set the enable password
secret-password - Set the enable secret password

D5 Training 2(config)#cli account d5 password 99 enable-password arris?


<cr>
secret-password - Set the enable secret password

D5 Training 2(config)#cli account d5 password 99 enable-password arris

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February 09
Create a CLI Account, cont.

D5 Training 2(config)#show cli ?


accounts - Display configured user accounts
logging -

D5 Training 2(config)#show cli accounts


Login name : d5
Login password : 99
Enable password : arris
Enable secret :

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February 09
Enable SNMP

D5 Training 2#config t
Configuring from terminal [terminal]?
D5 Training 2(config)#snmp-server community ?
<STRING> - SNMP community string

D5 Training 2(config)#snmp-server community public ?


ro - Read-only
rw - Read-Write

D5 Training 2(config)#snmp-server community public ro


D5 Training 2(config)#snmp-server community private rw

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February 09
Create a Static Route
D5 Training 2(config)#ip ?
domain-name - Define the default domain name
http -
name-server - Specify Domain Name Servers
route - Create a static route
routing - Enable IP routing
ssh - Configure SSH Server
telnet -
D5 Training 2(config)#ip route ?
<N.N.N.N> - Destination prefix
D5 Training 2(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 ?
<N.N.N.N> - Destination prefix mask
D5 Training 2(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 ?
<N.N.N.N> - IP address of forwarding router
D5 Training 2(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.17.42.62 ?
<cr>
<1-255> - Distance metric for this route
D5 Training 2(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.17.42.62

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February 09
Enable an Ethernet Interface for IP
Management
D5 Training 2(config)#interface fastethernet 0/1
NOTE: Configuration changes will be applied after the "exit" command is given.
D5 Training 2(config-if)#ip ?
address - Set port ip-address
broadcast-address - Set broadcast-address

D5 Training 2(config-if)#ip address ?


dhcp - Configure interface for management DHCP
<N.N.N.N> - IP Address

D5 Training 2(config-if)#ip address 10.17.42.20 ?


<N.N.N.N> - IP Mask

D5 Training 2(config-if)# ip address 10.17.42.20 255.255.255.192


D5 Training 2(config-if)#duplex ?
auto - Auto-negotiate mode(For both duplex and speed)
full - Full-duplex mode
half - Half-duplex mode
D5 Training 2(config-if)#duplex full
D5 Training 2(config-if)#no shutdown
D5 Training 2(config-if)#exit
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February 09
Configure a QAM Module

D5 Training 2(config)#interface qam 1


NOTE: Configuration changes will be applied after the "exit"
command is given.
D5 Training 2(config-qam-card)#video annex b
D5 Training 2(config-qam-card)#exit

! QAM card in slot 1, RF ports are not operational.

D5 Training 2(config)#interface qam 1/1


NOTE: Configuration changes will be applied after the "exit"
command is given.
D5 Training 2(config-qam-port)#video format 256
D5 Training 2(config-qam-port)#channel mode quad
D5 Training 2(config-qam-port)#video frequency 201000000
D5 Training 2(config-qam-port)#no shutdown
D5 Training 2(config-qam-port)#exit

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February 09
Enable a GigE Interface
D5 Training 2(config)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1
NOTE: Configuration changes will be applied after the "exit" command is given.
D5 Training 2(config-gig-if)#ip address 10.17.42.80 255.255.255.192
D5 Training 2(config-gig-if)#duplex full
D5 Training 2(config-gig-if)#no shutdown
D5 Training 2(config-gig-if)#exit

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February 09
View Active Video Streams

d5 training 3#show video sessions


UDP SRC-IP DEST-IP QAM / PIDS | PROGS
CONTAINER TOTAL FILTERED | TOTAL
FILTERED
32800 10.17.42.250 10.17.42.80 1/1.1 3 0 | 1
0
33000 10.17.42.250 10.17.42.80 1/1.4 3 0 | 1
0
34150 10.17.42.250 10.17.42.80 1/2.6 3 0 | 1
0
37000 10.17.42.250 10.17.42.80 2/1.3 3 0 | 1
0
38000 10.17.42.250 10.17.42.80 2/2.2 3 0 | 1
0
38010 10.17.42.250 10.17.42.80 2/2.2 3 0 | 1
0
38200 10.17.42.250 10.17.42.80 2/2.5 3 0 | 1
0
Totals 21 0
| 7 0
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February 09
Activity

Objectives:
- Create a CLI account and add an IP address for management
- Configure the GigE and QAM modules for video output
- Configure Ethernet interface
- Verify an active video session
Directions:
- Instructor guided activity to:
- Designating a D5 UEQ hostname
- Creating a CLI account
- Enabling SNMP
- Enabling a GigE interface
- Configuring a QAM module
- Enabling an Ethernet interface for IP management 3-101

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February 09
System Setup via Setup Mode
Configuration Script
The Setup Mode Configuration Script interactively
steps you through the configuration process after the
D5 UEQ is booted up.
The process starts with cabling the operator console to
your PC.
Use an asynchronous terminal or a PC with
asynchronous terminal emulation software.

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February 09
Setup Mode Configuration Script
Overview
Once connected and the system boots up, the script
steps you through the initial setup of the D5 UEQ by
answering a series of questions.
The D5 UEQ Setup Mode Configuration Script includes
selecting the:
- Setup-mode script
- System-wide information for the CLI account and IP
addresses
- Parameters for the FastEthernet and GigE Interfaces

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February 09
Select Setup Mode

ARRIS D5 Universal EdgeQAM


Copyright (c) 2008 ARRIS Group, Inc
Patents and Patents Pending. All rights reserved.

Press '1' to enter setup mode


Press '2' to connect to CLI

Setup-mode Configuration Script


*******************************
Enter '?' for help
Enter 'quit' to exit

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February 09
Select System-wide Information

System-wide Information
=======================
Enter Keystone D5 hostname: D5 Training 1
For remote access, a cli account is required for each port to be used.
Would you like to add a CLI account? [yes/no]: yes
Enter the CLI account username: d5
Enter the CLI account password: 99
Enter the CLI account enable password: arris
Do you want to enter a secret-enable password? [yes/no]: no
Enable or Disable POST on D5 startup (Disable saves approx. 5 sec)?
[enable/disable]: enable
Enable SNMP Network Management? [yes/no]: yes
Enable Management Interface DHCP client on an Ethernet interface? [yes/no]: no
For external access, an IP default gateway is required.
Configure Default Gateway? [yes/no]: yes
Default Gateway IP Address? []: 10.17.42.62

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February 09
Select Interface Parameters
Configuring Interface Parameters
================================

Configure Interface FastEthernet 1 (MGMT port - labeled ETH1 on the WAN card)?
[yes/no/done]: yes
IP Address? []: 10.17.42.10
Network Mask? []: 255.255.255.192
Should this interface be activated? [yes/no]: yes
Configure Interface FastEthernet 2 (CAS port - labeled ETH2 on the WAN card)?
[yes/no/done]: no
Configure Interface Gigabit Ethernet 1 (labeled GbE1 on the WAN card)?
[yes/no/done]: yes
IP Address? []: 10.17.42.70
Network Mask? []: 255.255.255.192
Duplex mode? [auto/full/half]: full
Should this interface be activated? [yes/no]: yes

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February 09
Select Interface Parameters, cont.
Configure Interface Gigabit Ethernet 2 (labeled GbE2 on the WAN card)?
[yes/no/done]: done
Configure annex identically for all QAM interfaces? [yes/no]: yes
Annex? [A/B/C]: b
Configure Interface QAM 1/1 (labeled RF1 in slot 1)? [yes/no/done]: yes
Modulation Format? [64/128/256]: 256
Channel Mode? [single/dual/quad/hex]: quad
Frequency? []: 105000000
Should this interface be activated? [yes/no]: yes
Configure Interface QAM 1/2 (labeled RF2 in slot 1)? [yes/no/done]: done

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February 09
Verify Proposed Configuration
The following configuration has been proposed
==============================================
hostname D5 Training 1"
cli account d5 password 99
cli account d5 enable-password arris
post enable
snmp-server community public ro
snmp-server community private rw
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.17.42.62
interface FastEthernet 0/1
ip address 10.17.42.10 255.255.255.192
no shutdown
exit
interface GigabitEthernet 0/1
.
.
interface QAM 1/1
video format 256
channel mode quad
video frequency 105000000
no shutdown
exit

Use this configuration? [yes/no]: yes 3-108

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February 09
Module 3 Summary

Create a CLI account and add an IP address for


management

Configure the GigE and QAM modules for video


output

Configure Ethernet interface

Verify active video session

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February 09
Initial System Configuration via Web Manager

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February 09
Module 4

Objectives:
- Using the Web Manager:
Access the Web Manager through the D5 UEQ
Access the online Help System
Create a CLI account and add an IP address for management
Configure the GigE and QAM modules for video output
Configure an Ethernet interface
Verify active video session
Topics:
- Initial System Configuration Overview
- System Setup via Web Manager

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February 09
Initial System Configuration Overview

Setting up the D5 UEQ system for the first time with minimal
features includes, using the Web Manager to configure:
- Remote management The WAN provides management
access on ETH1 port (0/1)
- GigE port Each of the four GigE interface ports on the
WAN card requires an IP address assignment
- QAM ports Each QAM has two RF ports with up to six
channels each

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February 09
D5 UEQ Initial Setup Steps

Setting up the D5 UEQ for the first time includes:


- Accessing the Web Manager
- Accessing the Online Help System
- Completing initial system configuration

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February 09
Access Web Manager Overview

Procedure Overview:
- Connect directly into the D5 UEQ and access Web
Manager
- Access Help files
- Select the D5 UEQ Initial Setup Procedures

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February 09
Connect Directly to D5 UEQ

If connecting directly to the D5 UEQ for initial setup, follow these steps:

Steps Notes
1. Boot the D5 UEQ.
2. Plug your PC into the management port <ETH1> with an Ethernet
cable.
3. Configure you PC to accept DHCP. If the D5 Web Manager does
a. Go to Start Control Panel Network Connections Local Area not launch, release your PCs
Connections DHCP IP address and
b. Click Properties. reconfigure a new one.
c. Select Internet Protocol TCP/IP and click Properties.
d. Select the Obtain IP Access Automatically box and click OK.

4. Read the D5 UEQ IP Address on the LED front panel (address will
default to 169.254.x.x range [Automatic Private IP Addressing
-APIPA]).
February 09
5. Enter the IP address listed in step 4 into your PC Web browser. Web Manager Login displays
6. From the Web Manager Login, enter user name and password.

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Access Help Files
To access the Web Manager Online Help System:

Steps Notes
1. From the Web Manager drop-down menu, select Help
Help Content to launch the File Download window.
2. Click Save and download the file to your desktop. Save to desktop.
3. From your desktop, click the Help icon to launch the Note: When opening Help from your desktop,
Open File window. uncheck the Always ask before opening this file.
box.

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Access Help Files

Save Help
file to
Desktop.

Uncheck box
before
opening
Help.

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Online Help System
Web Manager Online Help System Welcome Screen

The menu tree lists the main


tasks performed via Web
Manager. In addition, a Web
Manager overview is
When one or more of these buttons
available along with setup
appear, you can click to get more
procedures and a number of
information:
common procedures that can
be performed depending on Summary overview of task
network requirements. Application procedural steps
Options parameter settings/defaults
Show monitor/show procedures.

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D5 UEQ Initial Setup Steps

After the Web Manager and Help are launched, use the
initial setup procedures below to configure the D5 UEQ:
- Designate a D5 UEQ hostname
- Create a CLI account
- Enable SNMP
- Enable a GigE interface
- Configure a QAM module
- Enable an Ethernet interface for IP management

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February 09
Access the D5 UEQ Setup Steps

To access the D5 UEQ Setup Steps in the Help file:


- Open the Help file from your desktop and select the Initial Setup
Procedures.

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February 09
Configure the Hostname
Designate a hostname for the D5 UEQ.
Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Network drop-down menus, navigate to SNMP
Management to launch the SNMP v2c Configuration screen.
2. In the Global config section, enter a name in Hostname field. Other SNMP profile
information can be entered.
3. Click Update.

Example:

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February 09
Enable SNMP
To create an SNMP user community, continue with these steps.
Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Network drop-down menus, navigate to SNMP
Management to launch the SNMP v2c Configuration screen.
2. In the SNMP Communities section, enter public in the Community
field.
3. Select read-only in the Access field.
4. Click Create.
5. In the SNMP Communities section, enter private in the Community Create a second SNMP
field. community for private.
6. Select read-write in the Access field.
7. Select enabled in the Notifications field.
8. Click Create.
9. In the D5 Application Manager SNMP Profile box, click On and February 09
Update to enable SNMP.

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SNMP Configuration Screen
Example: SNMP Configuration.

Create an SNMP
community for public and
private.

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February 09
Create a CLI Account
Create a CLI login account for a user.
Steps Notes
1. From the Access Management Configure CLI Account
drop-down menus, launch the CLI Account screen.
2. Click Add.
3. Enter a user name in the User Name field.
4. Enter a password in the Password field.
5. Enter a privileged password in the Privileged
Password field.
6. If desired, enter a secret password (at least 8 Secret password is optional. A
characters long) in the Secret Password field. provisioned secret password will replace
use of a privileged password.
7. Click Apply Changes.

February 09

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Enable GigE Interface
Enable the GigE interface ports for video transmission.

Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Input drop-down menus, launch the Gigabit
Ethernet SFP Port Configuration screen.
2. Select a GbE interface to configure. <GbE1 - GbE4>
3. Check Up for Admin State state.
4. Select Full for Duplex. <Automatic/Full>
5. Enter IP address in the Primary IP Address field. {N.N.N.N}
6. Enter the Subnet Mask IP address in the Mask field. {N.N.N.N}
7. Enter the Broadcast IP address in the Broadcast Address (default {N.N.N.N}
gateway) field.
8. Click Apply Changes or continue to next step.
February 09

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Additional Options

Enter additional GigE interface parameters as required.

Steps Notes
1. Continue in the Gigabit Ethernet SFP Port Configuration screen.
2. If using the GigE for D5 UEQ management, check Management
Access.
3. If using channel groups, select the desired channel group number <disable/Port Channel
from Channel Groups and check Standby if Standby Mode is 1/Port channel 2>
required.
4. If using gratuitous Arp, check the Enable Gratuitous Arp box and <5 - 600> seconds
enter transmission interval in the Transmission Interval field.
5. Click Apply Changes.

February 09

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GigE Interface Configuration Screen
Example: Configure GigE Interface.

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February 09
Configure QAM Module
Configure the QAM and RF components.
Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Output drop-down menus, launch the QAM
Port Modulation Setup for QAM screen.
2. From the QAM Module configuration tree, click the desired QAM For QAM 1
icon.
3. In the QAM box, select the Annex type. <A - C>
4. Click Up for the Admin State and click Apply Changes to QAM. Up/Down
5. Select the desired RF Settings Mode in the Attributes column. <EIA STD>
6. Enter the frequency in the Frequency (Hz) field. Based on Annex type & channel mode
7. Select the QAM power level. Based on channel mode
8. Select the QAM modulation type. <64, 256>
9. If desired, select the Interleavers. 6 I=128 J=4 default
10. Select the Channel mode type. <Single, Dual, Quad, Hex>
11. Enter the channel width in the Channel Width (Hz) field. <6000000 8000000>
February 09
12. Select Yes or No for Spectral-inversion.
13. Enter the symbol-rate in the Symbol-rate (SymPerSec) field. Entered only with Annex A or C
14. Click Apply Changes.
15. Select On for the RF Output and click Apply.
16. Repeat steps 5 15 to configure port 2. For QAM 1/2 4-128

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QAM Configuration Screen

Once the ANNEX has been applied, the


entire QAM Port Modulation Setup screen
appears.
This sequence occurs only during initial
setup. Thereafter, the entire QAM
configuration screen always will appear.

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February 09
Enable an Ethernet Interface
Configure the FastEthernet management port.
Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Network drop-down menus, navigate to the
IP Management to launch the Network Configuration screen.
2. Check the Up in the Desired Admin State box. <Eth1, Eth2>
3. Select the card speed in the Speed field. <10BaseT, 100BaseT>
4. Select the duplex mode in the Duplex field. <Full, Half, Automatic>
5. Enter the Primary IP address, Netmask, and Broadcast IP
address in their associated fields.
6. Check the Management Access box for the desired FE port. <Eth1, Eth2>
7. If using DHCP Client Management on the FE port, select the <Eth1, Eth3>
desired DHCP client interface. If not, skip to the add static route
procedure.
8. Enter the server domain name in the Domain Name field.
February 09
9. Enter the primary name server in the Primary Name Server field.
10. Enter the secondary name server in the Secondary Name
Server field.
11. Select the number of retry attempts in the Retries field. <1 - 10>
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Add Static IP Routing Table

If a static IP routing table needs to be added to the Ethernet


Interface, continue with these steps.
Steps Notes
1. Continue in the Network Configuration screen.
2. If a static IP route is desired on the FE port, click Add in the Static
Routing Table.
3. Enter a destination IP address in the Destination IP Address
field.
4. Enter a prefix mask IP address in the Prefix Mask field.
5. Enter a forward router IP address in the Forward Router IP
Address field.

February 09

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Ethernet Configuration Screen
Example: Configure Ethernet Interface.

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February 09
View Active Video Stream

Example: View active video stream.


Steps Notes
1. From the Monitor Active Video Sessions drop-down menus,
launch the Active Video Sessions screen.
View: UDP port number, IP address source and destination, transport stream ID, the associated QAM and
channel, how long the stream has been active, associated program number, and PSI/PID information.

Example:

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Activity

Objectives:
- Create a CLI account and add an IP address for management
- Configure the GigE and QAM modules for video output
- Configure Ethernet interface
- Verify an active video session
Directions:
- Instructor guided activity to:
Configure PC to accept DHCP
Configure management access
Enable GigE interface
Configure QAM
Enable Ethernet interface

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February 09
Module 4 Summary

Access the Web Manager through the D5 UEQ

Access the online Help System

Create a CLI account and add an IP address for


management

Configure the GigE and QAM modules for video output

Configure an Ethernet interface

Verify active video session


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February 09
Video on Demand

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Module 5

Objectives:
- Identify the port mapping options
- Configure NSG and static port mapping
- Verify port mapping
Topics:
- Video on Demand Overview
- UDP Port Mapping Options
- NSG Port Mapping Procedure
- Static Port Mapping Procedure

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Video on Demand Overview

Headend Office Subscriber


HFC
Management and Network
Distribution
STB

Local Hub/
D5 UEQ

Video on Demand (VOD) is based on real-time video streaming


or on an advanced request for the desired viewing time.
A session is established between a central server at the head-
end and the D5 UEQ for processing the request.
The D5 UEQ extracts MPEG Single Program Transport Streams
(SPTSs) and outputs them to the desired program number on
the desired RF frequencies for delivery to the STB.
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UDP Port Management

The D5 UEQ delivers MPEG-2 transport streams over UDP


port assignments by utilizing UDP port mapping schemes.

UDP input streams are mapped to programs on a QAM


channel using mapping rules.

A UDP port has an assigned QAM channel and program


number.

A UDP port number identifies a QAM channel on which to


transmit the video stream and the program number to use
when transmitting.

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UDP Port Mapping Options

Three port mapping options:


- Default port mapping mapping to the QAM module is
determined by the UDP port number
- Defacto Industry Standard port mapping mapping is
determined by the destination IP address
- Static port mapping manually assigning a port to a
program number or overriding assigned port mapping

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Default UDP Port Mapping
Legacy default UDP port mapping supports a mixture of 2x4 or 2x6
QAM modules with 127 UDP ports per QAM channel.
The new default UDP port mapping supports a mixture of 2x4 and
2x6 cards with 63 UDP ports per QAM channel.
System upgrades from older software versions will default to the
legacy scheme.
New installations will default to the new default UDP port mapping
scheme.
UDP ports are assigned based on the:
- Slot in which the QAM module resides
- RF port
- QAM channel index within the RF port
Note: The legacy scheme can be turned on/off globally, but not on a
per-QAM basis because it would create overlapping port ranges
resulting in ambiguous UDP- QAM mappings.
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Legacy Default UDP Port Mapping Table

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New Default UDP Port Mapping Table

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Mapping UDP to QAM

Video
Source Subscribers
STBs

D5 UEQ STB
UDP 32768 1/1.1 Prog 1
GigE IP Address
UDP 32769 1/1.1 Prog 2 Hz
10.17.42.100 201 M STB
UDP 32770 1/1.1 Prog 3 QAM 1/1.1
207 MHz RF Serving Area
UDP 23832 1/1.2 Prog 1 QAM 1/1.2 STB
UDP 23833 1/1.2 Prog 2 QAM 1/1.3 213
M Hz
UDP 32896 1/1.3 Prog 1 QAM 1/1.4 STB

UDP 32897 1/1.3 Prog 2 QAM 1/1.5

QAM 1/1.6 STB

STB

STB

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Default UDP Mapping

D5 UEQ
UDP=32701/F (= 201 MHz)
GigE QAM #1
MPEG over UDP
WAN
GigE

IP=10.17.42.100, UDP=32901
QAM #2
GigE
IP=10.17.42.100, UDP=32770
IP=10.17.42.100, UDP=32902
UDP=32901/F (= 213 MHz)
GigE QAM #3

QAM #4

QAM #5

QAM #6

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Toggle Default Mapping Mode

Disable or toggle between the two types of default port


mapping schemes.
Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Operation Global Video Management drop-
down menus, launch the Global Video Management screen.
2. In the MPEG Manager Video Attributes box, select the desired UDP, UDP Legacy, Disabled
default UDP port to QAM mapping scheme.

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Toggle Default Mapping Mode

Example: Select the default UDP port to QAM mapping scheme.

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Disable Default Mapping Per QAM
Disable default port mapping on a per QAM basis.
Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Output drop-down menus, launch the QAM
Port Module Setup screen.
2. In the QAM Cards menu tree, click the Video link for the desired
QAM module to access the QAM Channel screen.
3. In the Default UDP Port/QAM Map field, un-check the default UDP
port mapping on the desired port channels.

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Disable Default Mapping Per QAM
Example: Disable default port mapping on a QAM.

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View Default Video Streams

View default active video streams.


Steps Notes
1. From the Monitor Active Video Sessions drop-down menus,
launch the Active Video Sessions screen.
UDP port number, IP address source and destination, transport stream ID, the associated QAM and
View: channel, how long the stream has been active, associated program number, and PSI/PID information.

Example:

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View Available QAM Ports

View the UDP ports available for each QAM channel.


Steps Notes

1. From the Monitor Port Mappings QAM x Port x QAMx/x.x


drop-down menus, launch the QAM Video Port Mappings screen.
View: UDP port mappings for the chosen QAM module, port and channel.

Example:

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Defacto UDP Port Mapping

Defacto Industry Standard is an alternate port mapping


scheme available for compatibility with Harmonic Edge
QAMs
Convenient when replacing an existing Edge QAM
Under the defacto scheme the QAM module is determined
by the destination IP address rather than the UDP port
The QAM channel and program number are determined by
the UDP port

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Defacto UDP Port Mapping Scheme

The diagram below illustrates the NSG port-mapping


scheme
Supports no more than eight channels per QAM module
Lowest bit corresponds to the lowest number QAM channel
on the module
Next higher bit corresponds to the next higher number QAM
channel on the module and so on
8

1
AM

AM

AM

AM
Q

15 8 7 0

QAM Channel Program Number

NSG Port Mapping Scheme


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Defacto Bitmapping

The NSG scheme uses the following bitmap to handle incoming


UDP traffic where the IP address is used to identify the particular
QAM module.

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Enable Defacto UDP Port Mapping

Enable the Defacto UDP port mapping scheme on the GigE


interface.
Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Input drop-down menus, launch the
Gigabit Ethernet SFP Port Configuration screen.
2. Check the NSG Compatible box.
3. Enter the number of NSG IP addresses to be used in the
Number NSG IP addresses field.
4. Click Apply Changes or continue to next step. IP address assignments appear
after changes are applied.
NOTE:
Note that the primary GigE IP still operates in default UDP mapping mode.
If a PID, program filter, or remap is configured after start of a video stream, then the video stream must be re-
started to effect the new rules.
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Defacto Port Mapping Table

Defacto Industry Standard UDP Port Mapping -Decimal

Examples:
GigE IP NSG Port QAM 1 6 RF Channel
Address Number
10.17.42.71

10.17.42.72 2055 QAM 2 RF1 Channel 4

10.17.42.73
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10.17.42.74 16635 QAM4 RF2 Channel 3

10.17.42.75 4300 QAM5 RF2 Channel 1

10.17.42.76
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Enable Defacto UDP Port Mapping

Example: Enable defacto UDP port mapping on the GigE.

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View Defacto UDP Video Stream

View Defacto UDP mapped stream.


Steps Notes
1. From the Monitor Active Video Sessions drop-down menus,
launch the Active Video Sessions screen.

Example:

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Static Port Mapping

Allows operator to fully configure the UDP port to output


program mapping using video udp rules
Static port mapping can override specific assigned UDP
ports to programs on a given QAM channel
Program needs to be unique within a QAM channel
Multiple streams can be received using the same UDP port
provided the SRC and/or DEST IP information is different

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Static Port Mapping Options

Depending on your UDP port mapping requirements,


some UDP port mapping options are:
- Configure multiple UDP ports mappings
- Configure ports based on IP address
- Override an existing mapped program number
- Configure an IP multicast stream to a QAM channel
- Modify a pre-configured UDP port mapping parameters

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Configure Multiple UDP Port Mapping

Configure several port mappings at once.


Steps Notes
1. From the Configure QAM UDP Port Mapping drop-down
menus, launch the QAM Static UDP Port Mappings screen.
2. From the Add Static UDP Port Mapping box, select the desired
QAM from the QAM Interface Name field.
3. Enter the desired UDP port number in the UDP Port field.
4. Enter the desired number of mappings in the Multiple <None, Even,
Mappings field and select desired type in the adjacent drop- Sequential>
down.
5. Click Apply New Port Map.

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Sequential UDP Port Mapping
Example of sequential UDP port mappings.

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Configure Static Port Mapping

New entries appears in sequence 1001 - 1010.

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View Static Port Mapping

Verify the new static port mapping.


Steps Notes
1. From the Monitor Active Video Sessions drop-down menus,
launch the Active Video Sessions screen.

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Configure Mapping Based on IP Address

Configure a mapping based on the IP address.


Steps Notes
1. From the Configure QAM UDP Port Mapping drop-down
menus, launch the QAM Static UDP Port Mappings screen.
2. From the Add Static UDP Port Mapping box, select the desired
QAM from the QAM Interface Name field.
3. Enter the desired UDP port number in the UDP Port field.
4. Enter the source IP address in the Source IP Address field.
5. Enter the program number in the Program Number field.
6. Click Apply New Port Map.

Follow similar steps to:


- override a previously mapped program number by changing the5-165
program number and QAM.
- modify a pre-configured UDP port mapping by changing the
desired parameter settings for the mapping.
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Static Port Mapping Restrictions

Restrictions:
- IP address and port combination must be unique
video udp 1111 dest-ip 233.51.60.12 program 120
video udp 1111 dest-ip 233.51.60.12 program 121
Because UDP 1111/Destination 233.51.60.12 is already assigned
- Output program number must be unique
video udp 1111 dest-ip 233.51.60.12 program 120
video udp 1111 dest-ip 233.51.60.13 program 120
Because program 120 is duplicated on this QAM channel

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Configure Port Mapping via CLI

CLI commands are available to perform the following


UDP mapping scheme configurations. Details about
these command follow in the next set of slides.
- Configure Default Port Mapping
- Configure Defacto Mapping
- Configure Port and Program Number
- Configure Simultaneous Ports
- Configure Ports per IP Address
- Override an Assigned Program Number
- Map an IP Multicast to a QAM Channel
- Display VOD settings

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Configure Default Port Mapping

The default UDP mapping scheme can be controlled from the


CLI while in configuration mode with the following commands.
- To enable the new default UDP-mapping scheme, use the
following command:
D5(conf)# video default-mapping-scheme udp
- To enable the old legacy default UDP-mapping scheme, use
the following command:
D5(conf)# video default-mapping-scheme udp-legacy
- To turn off the default-mapping-scheme, use the following
command:
D5(conf)# no video default-mapping-scheme udp-legacy

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Configure Defacto Mapping

Configure the defacto industry standard mapping on a


per Gigabit interface basis as shown in the following
command examples.
D5# configure terminal
D5(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/1
D5(config-gig-if)# ip address 10.17.42.70 255.255.255.192
D5(config-gig-if)# video emulation-mode bitwise 6
D5(config-gig-if)# no shutdown
D5(config-gig-if)# exit

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Configure Port and Program Number

The default UDP port mapping can be overridden to assign


specific UDP ports to programs on a given QAM channel.
The command syntax is as follows:
[no] video udp <> [src-ip <>] [dest-ip <>] program <1-
65535> [use <even | sequential> <1-127>]

For example, by default UDP port 32769 is assigned to QAM


1/1.1 program number 2. However, the following commands
assign this port to QAM 1/1.3 and the program number
remains the default 2 for this port.
D5# configure terminal
D5(config)# interface qam 1/1.3
D5(config-subif)# video udp 32769 program 2

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Configure Ports Simultaneously

Configure several ports at once


- For example, RTP always uses even port numbers (the
associated RTCP flow is carried on the odd port number).
- It is possible to configure 10 even number ports from
32768 through 32786 to QAM 1/1.3 with the following
commands.
D5# configure terminal
D5(config)# interface qam 1/1.3
D5(config-subif)# video udp 32769 program 22 use even 10

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Configure Ports per IP Address

Perform configuration on a per IP address basis


- For example, suppose there are two server 10.17.42.110 and
10.17.42.115. To map UDP port 32768 from the first server to
QAM 1/1.3 use the following commands.
D5#configure terminal
D5(config)#interface qam 1/1.3
D5(config-subif)#video udp 32768 src-ip 10.17.42.115 program 10

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Override an Assigned Program Number

Override an existing program number assignment with a


different program number.

D5#configure terminal
D5(config)#interface qam 1/1.3
D5(config-subif)#video udp 32768 src-ip 10.17.42.110 program 12

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Display Video Session

The show video session command displays information


about video streams.
D5(config)#show video session
UDP SRC-IP DEST-IP QAM / PIDS | PROGS
CONTAINER TOTAL FILTERED | TOTAL FILTERED
32768 10.17.42.110 10.17.42.70 1/1.1 3 0 | 1 0
32770 10.17.42.110 10.17.42.70 1/1.1 3 0 | 1 0
32775 10.17.42.110 10.17.42.70 1/1.1 3 0 | 1 0
Totals 9 0 | 3 0
D5(config)#

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VOD Review Activity

1. What type of port mapping is based on the destination IP address?

2. What type of port mapping is solely based on the UDP port number?

3. What must be done when a remap is configured on an active video


stream?

4. How many UDP ports can be mapped to each QAM channel?

5. In the Defacto port mapping mode, the primary GigE IP still operates
in the default UDP mode? True or False

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Activity

Objectives:
- Configure and modify static UDP port mappings.

Directions:
- Instructor guided activity done individually or in small
groups
- Using the mapping information given by the instructor to:
Configure simultaneous UDP port mappings
Configure ports per IP address
Override an existing mapped program number
Map an IP multicast to a QAM channel
Modify a pre-configured UDP mapping

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Module 5 Summary

Identify the port mapping options

Configure static port mapping

Verify port mapping

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Multicast

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February 09
Module 6

Objectives:
- Configure a static IGMP multicast group
- Replicate a multicast stream to multiple QAM channels
Topics:
- Unicast/Multicast Overview
- IGMP Overview
- Multicast Static Groups
- Multicast Configuration Procedure
- Channel Containers and Replication

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February 09
Unicast

What is Unicast?
Unicast is the delivery of information replicated for each
destination resulting in inefficient use of bandwidth.

Headend

Replicated
for each
destination

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February 09
Multicast

What is Multicast?
Multicast is the delivery of information to a group of
destinations points simultaneously using an optimal delivery
path to send the information only once, creating copies only
when the links to the destinations split.
Headend

Information
sent once

Duplicated
where needed

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February 09
Multicast Overview, cont.

Multicast is bandwidth efficient rather than broadcast


to everyone or use high bandwidth to send multiple
unicast transport stream.
Allows end points to join or leave multicast groups as
needed.
An unrelated group of receivers request access to a
particular transport stream.
Hosts that need to forward the transport stream to a
particular group must join the group using the protocol
IGMP.
Hosts must be a member of the group to receive the
transport stream.
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February 09
Multicast Group

Multicast address range is reserved for multicast


groups
- 224.0.0.0 to 239.255.255.255
- Some addresses are reserved or have special meaning
224.0.0.1 is for all systems
224.0.0.2 is for all routers

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February 09
IGMP Overview

What is IGMP?
Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is used to
signal membership in a particular group.
Devices listen for IGMP messages and send queries to
determine active groups.
Hosts send IGMP messages to devices to signal
membership.

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February 09
IGMP/Multicast Operation

There are two parts to IGMP/Multicast operation:


- Static Multicast Group Configuration
Configure the D5 UEQ to listen to multicast traffic
Required regardless of IGMP protocol

- IGMP Client Operation


Configure D5 UEQ to signal group membership to
router/switch

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February 09
IGMP Client in the Network

Scenarios where IGMP client fits into the network


- Connected to a video server
Any Source Multicast (ASM) - D5 UEQ is directly connected to
a video server that is IGMP enabled
Source Specific Multicast (SSM) D5 UEQ is directly
connected to a video server
- Connected to IGMP enabled switch/router
Any Source Multicast (ASM) - D5 UEQ is connected to a
switch/router that is IGMP enabled
Source Specific Multicast (SSM) D5 UEQ is connected to a
switch/router that is IGMP enabled

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February 09
Connection to IGMP Switch/Router

ASM Example: D5 UEQ connected to an IGMP enabled


switch/router

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February 09
Connection to IGMP Switch/Router

SSM Example: D5 UEQ connected to an IGMP enabled


switch/router

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February 09
Multicast Configuration Procedure

To configure IGMP/multicast service:


- Enable IGMP on GigE
- Create a static group on GigE or create a static group with
multiple source addresses on GigE
- Add source address to static group on GigE

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February 09
Configure for Multicast

Configure the GigE for multicast and create a multicast group.


Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Multicast drop-down menus, launch the
Multicast Configuration screen.
2. Check the Enable IGMP box on the desired GigE interface.
3. If entering a static group, enter a group IP address in the Group
Address field from the Configure Static Multicast Group box.
4. Enter a source IP address in the Source Address field.
5. Click Add Group.

February 09

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Configure GigE for Multicast

Example: Configure for IGMP and multicast groups.

Create a static
multicast group

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February 09
Map an Multicast Group

Map an IP multicast group to a QAM channel and program


number.
Steps Notes
1. From the Configure QAM UDP Port Mapping drop-down menus,
launch the QAM Static UDP Program Mapping Configuration screen.
2. Enter a UDP port number in the UDP Port field.
3. Enter a destination IP address in the Destination IP Address field.
4. Enter a program number in the Program Number field.
5. Click the Apply New Port Map.

February 09

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Map a Multicast Group

Example: Mapping of a multicast group to QAM channel.

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February 09
Channel Container and Replication
A channel container is a mechanism used to group a number
of individual QAM channels together from a single input.
Channel containers can serve different purposes such as:
- Create a group of QAM channels to which Entitlement
Management Messages (EMM) can be multicast
- Create a group QAM channels to which an input transport
stream can be replicated
To configure a channel container determine parameter
setting for Channel-container:
- Decide on a name for the Channel-container
- Determine if TSIDs or QAMs will be in the container
February 09
Channel Container delivers
multiple output
Single input

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Channel Container

Creates a container for delivering multiple outputs from a single


input.
You can assign a video stream to a channel container to replicate
its streams to multiple channels.
Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Channel Containers drop-down menus,
launch the Channel Container screen.
2. Enter the channel container name.
3. Enter the PID number, if desired. Enter if CC is used for EMM.

4. Enter the Service ID, if desired. Enter if CC is used for stream


replication

5. Click Apply.

February 09

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Add Channel Container

Example: Add channel container for data to be replicated.

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February 09
Associate QAM to Channel Container

Assign a TSID or QAM channel to the channel container.

Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Channel Containers drop-down menus, launch
the Channel Container screen.
2. Under the Container Entries column, click Add in the TSID or QAM
boxes.
3. If adding a TSID to a channel container, enter the TSID and Service
ID (program #).
4. If adding a QAM to a channel container, select the QAM from the drop-
down menu and enter the Service ID, if desired.
5. Click Update.

February 09

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Associate TSID/QAM to Channel
Container
Example: Add a TSID or QAM to a channel container.

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February 09
Add a Stream Replication

Assigns input streams to a channel container for replication


downstream.
For example, a single SI (stream information) can be replicated to
multiple streams feeding into the same RF area network.
- In this case, the SI stream and the video streams are assigned to
the same channel container for downstream delivery.

Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Stream Replication drop-down menus,
launch the Stream Replication screen.
2. Enter the channel container name.
3. Enter the UDP port IP address information to be replicated.
4. Click Add Replication. February 09

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Add Stream Replication
Example: Add data to be replicated.

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February 09
View Video Sessions
Steps Notes
1. From the Monitor Active Video Sessions drop-down menus,
launch the Active View Sessions screen.
2. View the active video session information.

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February 09
Multicast Configuration Procedure via CLI

To configure IGMP and create a multicast stream(s) via CLI:


Enable IGMP on a GigE interface
Create the static group on the GigE interface
Create a static group with multiple source addresses on a GigE
interface

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February 09
Enable IGMP

Enable IGMP on GigE 0/1.


- Example:
D5(config)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1
!NOTE: sub-interface config will not be applied
!(and will not be displayed by the "show" commands)
!until after interface-configuration mode has been
Exited
D5(config-gig-if)#ip igmp
D5(config-gig-if)#exit

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February 09
Configure a Static Group

Create a static-group {*, 225.10.10.15}(ASM) on GigE 0/1.


- Example:
D5(config)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1
!NOTE: sub-interface config will not be applied
!(and will not be displayed by the "show" commands)
!until after interface-configuration mode has been
exited
D5(config-gig-if)#ip igmp static-group 225.10.10.15
D5(config-gig-if)#exit

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February 09
Add a Source Address to Static Group

Add source address 10.17.42.110 to the static-group


{*, 225.10.10.15}(SSM) on GigE 0/1.
- Example:
D5(config)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1
!NOTE: sub-interface config will not be applied
!(and will not be displayed by the "show" commands)
!until after interface-configuration mode has been
exited
D5(config-gig-if)#ip igmp static-group 225.10.10.15 source
10.17.42.110
D5(config-gig-if)#exit

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February 09
Remove Source Address

Remove source 10.17.42.110 from static-group {10.17.42.110,


225.10.10.15}(ASM) on GigE 0/1.

- Example:
D5(config)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1
!NOTE: sub-interface config will not be applied
!(and will not be displayed by the "show" commands)
!until after interface-configuration mode has been !exited
D5(config-gig-if)#no ip igmp static-group 225.10.10.15 source
10.17.42.110
D5(config-gig-if)#exit

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February 09
Delete Static Group

Delete the static group {*, 225.10.10.15} from GigE 0/1.


- Example:
D5(config)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1
!NOTE: sub-interface config will not be applied
!(and will not be displayed by the "show" commands)
!until after interface-configuration mode has been
!exited
D5(config-gig-if)#no ip igmp static-group 225.10.10.15
D5(config-gig-if)#exit

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February 09
Configure Static Group with Multiple
Source Address
Create a static group 226.40.40.25 with multiple source addresses
{10.17.42.110, 10.17.42.115, 10.17.42.120 } on GigE 0/1.
- Example:
D5(config)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1
!NOTE: sub-interface config will not be applied
!(and will not be displayed by the "show" commands)
!until after interface-configuration mode has been exited
D5(config-gig-if)#ip igmp static-group 226.40.40.25 source 10.17.42.110
D5(config-gig-if)#ip igmp static-group 226.40.40.25 source 10.17.42.115
D5(config-gig-if)#ip igmp static-group 226.40.40.25 source 10.17.42.120
D5(config-gig-if)#exit

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February 09
Remove/Delete Static Group

Remove source address 10.17.42.110 from 226.0.0.1 on GigE 0/1.

- Example:
D5(config-gig-if)#no ip igmp static-group 226.0.0.1
10.17.42.110

Delete static group {*, 225.0.0.1} from GigE 0/1.

- Example:
D5(config-gig-if)#no ip igmp static-group 226.0.0.1

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February 09
Associate Static Group to QAM

Associate the static-group {10.17.42.110, 225.0.0.1} with QAM


1/1.1 program 10.
- Example:
D5(config)#interface qam 1/1.1
D5(config-qam-if)#video src-ip 10.17.42.110 dest-ip 225.0.0.1 program
10
D5(config-qam-if)#exit

Create the static-group {10.17.42.110, 225.0.0.1}(ASM) on


GigE 0/1.
- Example:
D5(config-gig-if)#ip igmp static-group 225.0.0.1 source 10.17.42.110

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February 09
Display Multicast Information

To verify that IGMPv3 is configured properly, use these


commands.

- Examples:
show ip igmp groups
show ip igmp groups <N.N.N.N>
show ip igmp groups interface gigabitethernet <X/Y>
show ip igmp interface
show ip igmp interface gigabitethernet <X/Y>

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February 09
Add Channel Container

Add a channel container for delivering multiple outputs from a


single input and assign a TSID or QAM channel to the channel
container.
- Example:
D5#conf t
D5(config)#video channel-container cc1
D5(config-video-channel)#channel qam 1/1.2
D5(config-video-channel)#channel qam 1/1.3
D5(config-video-channel)#channel qam 1/1.4
D5(config-video-channel)#exit

February 09

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Add a Stream Replication

Assign input streams to a channel container for replication


downstream and view the active video session information.
- Example:
D5(config-video-channel)#video udp 1001 virtual-program cc1

D5(config-video-channel)#show video sessions


UDP SRC-IP DEST-IP QAM / PIDS | PROGS
CONTAINER TOTAL FILTERED | TOTAL FILTERED
1001 10.17.42.110 10.17.42.70 cc1 3 0 | 1 0
1005 10.17.42.110 10.17.42.70 1/1.3 3 0 | 1 0
Totals 6 0 | 2 0

February 09

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IGMP/Multicast Review Activity

1. What is the benefit of using multicast over unicast?

2. What function does the D5 UEQ perform in an IGMP/multicast


configuration?

3. What is the mechanism to signal membership?

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February 09
Activity

Objective:
- Enable IGMP and configure a multicast source on a QAM
channel
- Set up channel containers for stream replication
Directions:
- Instructor guided activity done individually or in small
groups
- Using IGMP multicast sources given by the instructor to
map a multicast group to a QAM channel
- Configure stream replication through a defined channel
container

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February 09
Module 6 Summary

Configure a static IGMP multicast group

Replicate a multicast stream to multiple QAM


channels

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February 09
Digital Video Broadcast

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February 09
Module 7

Objective
- Configure digital broadcast service
Topics:
- Digital Broadcast Overview
- Digital Broadcast Procedure
- D5 UEQ PSI/SI Table Generation
- Pass Through Mode
- Pre-encrypted Content

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February 09
Digital Video Broadcast Overview

What is Digital Video Broadcast (DVB)?


Set of standards for digital television that define how
distribution systems such as cable or satellite interact at
the physical and data link layers in the network
Transmission scheme based on the MPEG-2 video
compression/transmission scheme
Conditional Access Service (CAS) defines the
scrambling and descrambling of content
Transport stream includes service information (SI) such
as, the electronic program guide, searching, filtering,
and subtitling
- SI resides in SI tables that are injected into the transport
stream
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February 09
DVB Application

ASI Network Grooming


IRD Transrating
Encoding

Unscrambled SPTS
Central Headend Simulcrypt
Simulcrypt
Server
Server Scrambler
Scrambled SPTS
IP Multicast

EPG Server
SI Tables
IP Multicast
IP Network
SI Tables
IP Multicast

Scrambled SPTS
IP Multicast

Local content Scrambled MPTS Local content Scrambled MPTS


Unscrambled SPTS QAM RF Unscrambled SPTS QAM RF

D5 UEQ D5 UEQ

Regional Headend #1 Regional Headend #2

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February 09
Broadcast/Multicast

HD MPTS Stream 1

1
2

SD MPTS Stream 1
GbE
1
2
3
4

1
2

1
4

2
3

1
4

2
1
2
SD SPTS Streams 1-2
1
2
3
4
QAM #1 QAM #2 QAM #3 QAM #4
5 MPTS MPTS SPTS SPTS
6 Passthru Passthru Mux Mux
SD SPTS Streams 3-6

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February 09
Digital Video Broadcast Features

Digital Video Broadcast Features


- Service Information (SI) table insertion
- Program Specific Information Generator (P)SIG Interfaces
- Program Specific Information (PSI) table generation
- QAM pass-through mode
- Pre-encrypted content

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February 09
(P)SI Tables
(P)SI tables play an important role in the DVB environment
- PSI data, delivered in MPEG frames, connects sections of the
transport stream with their associated programs
- Various PSI tables carry the information
Program Association Table (PAT) (required)
Program Map Table (PMT) (required)
Conditional Access Table (CAT) (optional)
There are two methods of inserting (P)SI tables into the D5
UEQ
- Use the Application Manager to create, edit and inject tables
into the D5 UEQ.
- From an external (P)SI application server, stream dynamic
tables into the D5 UEQ

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February 09
D5 UEQ PSI/SI Processing

D5 UEQ PSI/SI processing ensures the integrity of video


streams received and forwarded to output QAM
channels.
The D5 UEQ provides the ability to edit and configure
static SI tables using the Application Manager (see the
D5 UEQ Application Manager) feature called the PSI
Wizard.
PSI Wizard supports the creation, import/export and
storage of the following eight table types:
- PSI tables: PAT, CAT, and PMT
- SI tables: NIT, SDT, TOT, TDT, and EIT

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February 09
SI Table

SI Tables:
- NIT - Network Information Table
Transport stream tuning information
- SDT Service Description Table
Provides name, language codes, running status, country
availability
- TOT - Time Offset Table
Time offsets to give local time
- TDT - Time and Date Table
Provides UTC
- EIT Event Information Table
Basis of an EPG, provides information on current and future
programs
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February 09
SI Table Insertion

Operators can configure these SI tables using


specialized tools or subscribe to services, such as
Ortikon, which supply them.
SI data is inserted as a video service via (P)SIG or it can
be auto-generated by the D5 UEQ

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February 09
Configure QAM Setup for SI Streams

Example: Configure SI table streams, enter the QAM


sub interface mode.
D5#configure terminal
D5(config)#interface qam 6/1.1

Example: Configure a QAM channel and a video UDP


port as well as a destination IP address.
D5(config-qam-if)#video udp 5000 src-ip 10.17.42.110 dest-ip
10.17.42.70 si-stream

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February 09
Configure Video SI Stream via Web Manager

Apply the SI stream to the QAM port and channel.


Steps Notes
1. From the Configure QAM UDP Port Mapping drop-down menus,
launch the QAM Static UDP Port Mappings screen.
2. In the Add Static UDP Port Mapping box, select the QAM Interface
Name.
3. Enter a UDP port number.
4. Enter a program number.
5. Enter the Source IP and Destination IP addresses.
6. Select the Mapping Type box. Video stream/SI stream/
Video SI stream

7. Select the Multiple Mappings type. None/Sequential/Even

8. Click Apply New Port Map.

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February 09
Apply Video SI Stream via Web Manager

Example: Applying the SI stream to the QAM port and


channel.

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February 09
Multiple PSIG Interfaces

Table injection is done via the PSIG interface.


The PSI Wizard will allow the user to create a PSIG
interface on the D5 UEQ to accept table injection from a
dedicated host or from any host.
PSI Tables:
- PAT Program Associate Table
- PMT Program Map Table
- CAT Conditional Access Table

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February 09
Configure Multiple PSIG Interfaces

Example: A basic CAS (P)SIG configuration might be as


follows where:
- PSIG 1 = IP address 192.168.250.24 port 2000
- PSIG 2 = port 2001
Configure the PSIG ArrisPSIG1
D5#configure terminal
D5(config)#video psig ArrisPSIG1
D5 (config-psig)#no shutdown
D5(config-psig)#ip address 192.168.250.100
D5(config-psig)#port 2000
D5(config-psig)#exit
D5(config)#

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February 09
Configure Multiple PSIG Interfaces

Example: Configure the PSIG ArrisPSIG2

D5#configure terminal
D5(config)#video psig ArrisPSIG2
D5 (config-psig)#no shutdown
D5(config-psig)#port 2001
D5(config-psig)#exit
D5(config)#

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February 09
PSI Table Generation

When defining tables externally, you need to turn off the


D5 UEQ auto-generation of these tables.
- Enabled/disabled on a global or per-QAM basis
- Possible to control generation of individual tables
- Control both PSI and SI table generation

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February 09
PSI Table Generation

Example: Configure on/off global table generation.


D5#configure terminal
D5(config)#video ?
generate-psi - enable PSI table generation
generate-si - enable SI table generation
D5(config)#no video ?
generate-psi - disable PSI table generation
generate-si - disable SI table generation

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February 09
PSI Table Generation

Example: Individual tables can be turned on or off.


D5(config)#video generate-si ?
<CR>
nit - enable NIT table generation
sdt - enable SDT table generation

D5(config)#video generate-psi ?
<CR>
pat - enable PAT table generation
pmt - enable PMT table generation
cat - enable CAT table generation

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February 09
PSI Table Generation

Example: Configure on/off on a per QAM table generation


basis.
D5#configure terminal
D5(config)#interface qam 6/1.1
D5(config-qam-if)#video ?
generate-psi - enable PSI table generation
generate-si - enable SI table generation
D5(config-qam-if)#no video ?
generate-psi - disable PSI table generation
generate-si - disable SI table generation

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February 09
View PSI Table Information

Example: View PSIG table information.


D5#show video psig ?
<cr>
active -
pending - show pending mux timers
verbose - show all psig interface details
<input> - show single psig interface details
| - Output modifiers

Example: Clear all PSIG tables being muxed.


D5#clear video psig ?
active - Clear all sections being carouselled by the mux

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February 09
Enable (P)SI Auto-Generation via Web
Manager
Enable global (P)SI table auto-generation.
Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Operation Global Video Management drop-
down menus, launch the Global Video Management screen.
2. Set Video (P)SI transmission intervals.
3. Enable (disable) the desired (P)SI tables from the drop-down lists.
4. Set the video network attributes.
5. Set MPEG manager video attributes.
6. Click Apply Changes.

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February 09
Configure (P)SI Attributes via WM
Example: Enable (P)SI and apply attributes globally via Web Manager.

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February 09
Configure (P)SI Per Channel via Web
Manager
Enable (P)SI on a per channel basis.

Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Output drop-down menus, launch the QAM
Port Modulation Setup screen.
2. Click the Video icon to view the QAM channel attributes.
3. Check the desired tables to auto-generate on the desired QAM
channels.
5. Enter the desired transmission intervals for the selected
See below.
QAM channels.

6. Set network attributes for selected QAM channels.


7. Click Apply Changes.

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February 09
Configure (P)SI Attributes via Web
Manager
Example: Enabling (P)SI on a per channel basis.

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February 09
View Active PSIG Interfaces via Web
Manager
Example: View a summary of active (P)SIG interfaces.
Steps Notes
1. From the Monitor PSIG Status drop-down menus, launch the D5
(P)SIG Active Sections in the Carousel screen.
2. View a summary of the active (P)SIG interfaces.

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February 09
View Active PSIG Interfaces via Web
Manager
Example: View a summary of active (P)SIG interfaces.

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February 09
Pass-through Mode

Content can also be sent through the D5 UEQ in pass-


through mode
- In SPTS pass-through the D5 UEQ:
Does not remap PID or program number
Does not automatically pass through all defined DVB SI PIDs
Processes PSI tables in REMUX mode so there will be no
overlapping of program and PID numbers
- In MPTS pass-through the D5 UEQ:
Passes all DVB SI information through the system
Only transport streams that match the UDP port are passed through
to the QAM

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February 09
SPTS Pass-through Mode
Configured globally or per-QAM
D5 UEQ ignores default remapping rules for program
numbers, assumes programs are correctly lined up
Several SPTS are sent to the D5 via a GigE port using UDP
ports
D5 UEQ will not remap PIDs or program numbers
A QAM channel is configured to use SPTS/MPTS pass-
through mode

PAT and PMT tables are generated as in Remux mode

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February 09
MPTS Pass-through
Statistically multiplexed content from a groomer (e.g. Cherrypicker)

Program 8
Program 2 Program 4 Program 5 Program 6 Program 7
Program 1 Program 3 Program 9

In via IP GbE

D5 QAM running MPTS


pass-through makes no
changes to the MPEG
multiplex transport stream

Out via QAM

Program 6
Program 2 Program 4
Program 8

Program 1 Program 3 Program 5 Program 7 Program 9


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February 09
D5 UEQ Pass-through Mode

MPTSs are sent into the D5 UEQ via GigE ports on specific UDP
ports.

ES ES ES ES
ES ES ES ES

MPTS Source
200Mhz 225.0.0.1/100 Multicast
206Mhz 225.0.0.1/200 Address
212Mhz 225.0.0.1/300
216Mhz 225.0.0.1/400

ver
T So
MP UDP MPTS#1
MPTS#1
STB
STB
D5 UEQ
UDP #100 MPTS#1
192.156.23.2 MPTS#2
MPTS#2

UDP #200 MPTS#2 QAM #1 (100) STB


STB

QAM #1 (101)
MPTS#3 RF Serving MPTS#3
MPTS#3
UDP #300
QAM #1 (102)
STB
STB
UDP #400 MPTS#4 QAM #1 (103)
MPTS#4
MPTS#4
STB
STB

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February 09
MPTS Pass-through Mode

A QAM channel is configured to use MPTS pass-through mode


D5#configure terminal
D5(config)#interface qam 1/1.1
!WARNING: some settings also affect other QAM interfaces connected
to this port
!NOTE: sub-interface config will not be applied
!(and will not be displayed by the "show" commands)
!until after interface-configuration mode has been exited
D5(config-qam-if)#video pass-through

All PIDs in the MPTS are forwarded to the QAM which matches
the UDP-port/src-ip/dest-ip rule

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February 09
Pass-through Mode via Web Manager

Example: View a summary of active (P)SIG interfaces.


Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Operations Status Global Video
Management drop-down menus, launch the Global Video
Management screen.
2. Select Enable or Disable from the QAM Pass Through Mode field in
the MPEG Manage Video Attributes box.
2. Click Apply Changes.

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February 09
Pass-through Mode via Web Manager

Example: Globally enable or disable QAM Pass Through Mode.

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February 09
Pre-encrypted Content

The D5 UEQ can also accept pre-encrypted content


For handling pre-encrypted content:
- Already scrambled content can be handled by the D5 UEQ
- No configuration required
- View the presence of pre-encrypted content using some show
commands

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February 09
View Pre-encrypted Content

Shows the presence of a CA descriptor in the PMT.


- show video session psi
D5#show video session psi
D5#show video udp 5000 session psi
D5#show interface qam 6/1.1 video session psi
UDP SRC-IP DEST-IP STATUS QAM PAT PMT(S)
59393 10.250.24.61 10.250.24.51 active 6/1.1 v27 1/1/CA
59395 10.250.24.61 10.250.24.51 active 6/1.1 v29 1/1

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February 09
View Pre-encrypted Content

- show video session psi verbose

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February 09
Digital Video Review Activity

1. How is the Digital Broadcast application different from Video On


Demand?

2. What is the function of (P)SI tables in the DVB environment?

3. Would a PSI or SI table be frequently updated? Why? How does the


D5 UEQ handle these tables?

4. What must be turned off when externally defining PSI tables?

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February 09
Activity

Directions:
- Configure digital broadcast service

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February 09
Module 7 Summary

Configure digital broadcast service

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February 09
Conditional Access

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February 09
Module 8

Objective:
- Configure an interface for CAS or for pass-through

Topics:
- Conditional Access System Overview
- CAS in D5 UEQ
- Signal Flow
- CAS Configuration Procedure

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February 09
Conditional Access System Overview

What is Conditional Access System (CAS)?


Conditional Access System is an en-/de-cryption
management method
- Broadcaster controls subscriber's access to DTV services
- Smart cards are used by subscribers to access services

Why have Conditional Access?


Prevents unauthorized access to content
- Content is scrambled so only paying customers have access
Can scramble different content
- Premium subscription packages
- VOD, Digital Broadcast, SDV, etc
- Protect revenue streams

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February 09
CAS in the D5 UEQ

CAS configuration is similar to configuring interfaces for


Ethernet ports and QAM channels except here it is the CAS
server interface
- Each CAS server interface has a configured:
- Entitlement Control Message Generator (ECMG)
- Event Information System (EIS)
No two similar server interface types can be configured with the
same name
- Different types (ECMG,EIS, and EMMG) could have the same name
CAS server interfaces are session-based and transmit the
following on the appropriate QAM channels:
- Entitlement Management Messages (EMM)
- Entitlement Control Messages (ECM)
- Conditional Access Tables (CAT)
Packet Identifier remapping of tables prior to transmission
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February 09
CAS in the D5 UEQ
CAS configuration is similar to configuring interfaces for
Ethernet ports and QAM channels except here it is the CAS
server interface
Each CAS server interface has a configured:
- Ethernet Control Message Generator (ECMG)
- Entitlement Management Message Generator (EMMG)
- Event Information System (EIS)
No two similar server interface types can be confgiured with the
same name
- Different types (ECMG, EMMG, and EIS) could have the same name
CAS server interfaces are session-based and transmit the
following on the appropriate QAM channels:
- Entitlement Management Messages (EMM)
- Entitlement Control Messages (ECM)
- Conditional Access Tables (CAT)
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February 09
SimulCrypt

Supports multiple CAS solutions which gives


operators flexibility in implementing content protection
within their networks.
Handles vendor-specific pre-encrypted content and
stream encryption by adding descriptor pointers and
Program Identifiers (PIDS) into:
- D5 UEQ Program Map Tables (PMT)
- Program Association Tables (PAT)
- Network Information Tables (NIT)

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February 09
SimulCrypt in the D5 UEQ

The SimulCrypt solution in D5 UEQ:


- Accepts scrambling session information
- Interfaces with ECMGs
- Creates and supplies the Control Words (CW),
- Receives prepared ECM messages
- Ensures synchronization of CWs and transmission time
(for ECMs)
- Interfaces with Subscriber Management Systems (SMS)
so that it can forward EMM messages and Private Data
messages to subscriber Set Top Boxes (STBs).
Extension to SimulCrypt allows you to turn on scrambling
without concern for specific program numbers by use of
wildcard program numbers

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February 09
CAS Operations
CAS
Components
(P)SIG
Storage

VOD EIS
ECMG
Server
EMMG/
PDG

SFP CAS
1000 BaseT 100 BaseT
SCS
WAN Module
D5 UEQ

CWG
MUX

QAM Module
QAM Module
QAM Module Scrambler

RF1 RF2

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February 09
How CAS Works

A Conditional Access System is made up of two


components:
- Signal scrambling using Digital Video Broadcast
Common Scrambling Algorithm
- Encryption and decryption of electronic keys (Control
Words)

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February 09
Signal Flow

General flow of transport stream through CA System:


- Scramble Done at the Headend

- Encryption
- Decryption
Done at the STB
- Descramble

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February 09
Scrambling

Scrambling uses Control Words (CWs):


- Scrambling protects content by using CWs to prevent
unauthorized content decoding.
- CWs are changed to prevent hacking, anywhere from 10
seconds to hours depending on the protection required.

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ECM Encryption Message

Entitlement Control Message (ECM)


- Encryption is used to protect the CWs which are
transmitted to the descrambler to decode the scrambled
content.
- These encrypted keys are sent to STBs via an ECM.

Entitlement Control Message Generator (ECMG)


- Sends messages which allow STBs to decrypt content

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February 09
EMM Encryption Message

Entitlement Management Messages (EMMs)


- EMMs send information about subscribers to STBs.
- Each STB receives EMMs specific for that STB.
- EMMs contain service keys for each STB which are
scrambled using the private key from the STB smart
card.

Entitlement Management Message Generator (EMMG)


- Sends messages which tell STBs which content it is
entitled to (subscribed to, paid for)

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February 09
Decryption

Decrypting EMMs
- The STB decrypts the service keys in EMMs (using the
STB private keys).
Decrypting CWs
- The service keys are then used to decrypt the CWs in
ECM messages.

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February 09
Descrambling

Descrambling
- Finally, the STB descrambler will use the CWs to
descramble content.

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Subscriber Management System

Event Information System (EIS)


- Operator subscriber provisioning and ordering system
- Has knowledge of deployed STBs

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February 09
CAS CLI Configuration Procedure

To configure CAS service via CLI:


- Determine parameter settings
- Configure ECMG
- Configure EMMG (unless the information is coming from
another source)
- Configure Channel-container (optional if configuring
EMMG)
- Configure SCG
- Configure EIS

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February 09
Prep To Configure ECMG

Determine parameter setting for ECMG:


- Decide on a name for the ECMG interface
- Select an ECMG vendor (Conax, Nagra, etc)
- Determine the ECMG server IP address
- Determine TCP Port of the ECMG server
- Determine Super_CAS_ID in hex (vendor provided)
- Determine Protocol version (optional)

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February 09
ECMG Configuration

Entitlement Control Message Generator (ECMG)


- Sends messages which allow STBs to decrypt content
ECMG Parameter Details:
- Name: ecmg1
- Vendor: Arris Simulator
- IP Address: <ip of ecmg>
- TCP Port: <port>
- Super_CAS_ID: <hhhh.hhhh>
- Protocol version: 2 (negotiated)

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February 09
ECMG Configuration Options

ECMG configuration options - mandatory items listed in


bold red
channel - Set ECM Channel parameters
end - Exit configuration mode
exit - Exit Mode / CLI
ip -
no -
port - Specify TCP Port to be used on ECMG Server
primary - Make the ECMG a primary
redundancy-group - Add the ECMG to a Reundancy Group
shutdown - Set administrative state of ECMG to'down'
super-cas-id - Set super_CAS_id of ECMG
version - Set protocol version of ECMG-SCS comms

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February 09
ECMG Configuration

Example: Configure ECMG

training(config)#video ecmg ecmg1


training(config-ecmg)#ip address 10.250.42.13
training(config-ecmg)#port 20001
training(config-ecmg)#super-cas-id 1001.0001
training(config-ecmg)#no primary
training(config-ecmg)#no shutdown
training(config-ecmg)#exit

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February 09
Verify ECMG Configuration

Example: Verify general ECMG configuration

D5#show video ecmg ecmg1


ECMG 'ecmg1' is admin up, line protocol is up
Super_CAS_id is 1001.0001 (Tandberg Television)
TCP Port is 20001, configured IP address 10.250.42.13
Negotiated Message Protocol Version with SCS to 2
Redundancy Group is 'unassigned', is a secondary ECMG
ECM format is MPEG frames
ECM_channel_id is 1, Active time (0:00:16)
Total Channels 1 Streams 0
0 codeword_provisions
0 ECM_responses
0 stream tests, 0 sent
0 stream errors
0 channel tests, 0 sent
0 channel errors
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February 09
Verify ECMG Channel Configuration

Example: Verify ECMG channel configuration


- show video ecmg <name> channel
D5#show video ecmg ecmg1 channel

CHAN-ID FORMAT VER ACTIVE STREAMS ERRORS


1 frames 2 (0:00:19) 312 0

- show video ecmg <name> channel verbose


D5#show video ecmg ecmg1 channel verbose
Channel_id is 1, Time activated (0:03:49)
ac_delay_start 0 ac_delay_stop 0
delay_start 1000 delay_stop 1000
transition_delay_start 4294966296 transition_delay_stop 0
ecm_rep_period 100 max_streams 1500 min_cp_duration 50
lead_cw 1 cw_per_msg 2 max_comp_time 2000

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February 09
Verify ECMG Stream Configuration

Example: Verify ECMG stream configuration


- show video ecmg <name> stream (stream-id)
D5#show video ecmg ecmg1 stream

ECM-ID STRM-ID CP# CW-PROVISION ACTIVE ERRORS


1 313 102 2/2 (0:02:15) 0
2 314 101 2/2 (0:02:15) 0
...
311 623 101 1/1 (0:02:15) 0
312 624 101 1/1 (0:02:15) 0
D5#

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February 09
Verify ECMG Configuration

Example: Verify ECMG configuration


- show video ecmg <name> verbose
combines output of stream and channel details
D5#show video ecmg ecmg1 verbose
ECMG 'ecmg1' is admin up, line protocol is up
Super_CAS_id is 1001.0001 (Tandberg Television)
TCP Port is 20001, configured IP address 10.250.42.13
Negotiated Message Protocol Version with SCS to 2
Redundancy Group is 'unassigned', is a secondary ECMG

CHAN-ID FORMAT VER ACTIVE STREAMS ERRORS


1 frames 2 (0:04:41) 52 0

ECM-ID STRM-ID CP# CW-PROVISION ACTIVE ERRORS


261 573 101 2/2 (0:04:41) 0
262 574 101 2/2 (0:04:41) 0
...

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February 09
Prep for Channel-container
Configurations
Determine parameter setting for Channel-container:
- Decide on a name for the Channel-container
- Determine if TSIDs or QAMs will be in the container

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February 09
Channel-container Configuration

Example: Configure channel-container


- Video channel container <name>
Channel-container is used to determine which TSIDs (or
QAM channels) the EMM messages are sent to.

D5(config)#video channel-container cc1


!NOTE: channel-container config will not be applied
! (and will not be displayed by the "show" commands)
! until after channel-container configuration mode has been exited
D5(config-video-channel)#channel tsid 1
D5(config-video-channel)#channel qam 1/1.2
D5(config-video-channel)#end
D5#

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February 09
Channel-container

Example: Verify channel-container


- show video channel-container (name)

D5#show video channel-container


Video Channel Container "cc1"
Tsid QAM
1 - (maps to Q1/1.1) UP
- Q1/1.2 UP
D5#

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February 09
Prep for EMMG Configurations

Determine parameter setting for EMMG


- Decide on a name for the EMMG interface
- Select an EMMG vendor (Conax, Nagra, etc)
- Determine TCP and/or UDP ports to be used on the D5
- Identify data-id (optional)
- Determine section or mpeg frame delivery
- Choose desired output PID (optional)
- Determine channel container
- Determine the client_id in hex (vendor provided)

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February 09
EMMG Configuration

Entitlement Management Message Generator (EMMG)


- Sends messages which tell STBs which content it is
entitled to (subscribed to, paid for)
EMMG Parameter Details:
- Name: emmg1
- Vendor: Arris Simulator
- IP Address: <ip of emmg>
- TCP Port: <port>
- client-id: <hhhh.hhhh>
- Protocol version: 2 (negotiated)

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February 09
EMMG Configuration Options

EMMG configuration options - mandatory items listed in


bold red
bandwidth - Set maximum bandwidth per EMMG stream
ca-descriptor - Add private data to CA descriptor of CAT
channel-container - Assign EMMG to QAM channels in container
client-id - Set client_id of EMMG
data-id - Set data_id of EMMG
data-type - Set data_type for EMM stream
end - Exit configuration mode
exit - Exit Mode / CLI
mpeg-section - Set expected data format to MPEG sections
no -
pid - Set PID value on QAM output
shutdown - Set administrative state of EMMG to 'down'
tcp - TCP configuration for EMMG
udp - UDP configuration for EMMG

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February 09
EMMG Configuration

Example: Configure EMMG

D5(config)#video emmg emmg1


D5(config-emmg)#client-id 1001.0001
D5(config-emmg)#tcp port 30001
D5(config-emmg)#no data-id
D5(config-emmg)#no mpeg-section
D5(config-emmg)#data-type emm
D5(config-emmg)#no pid
D5(config-emmg)#channel-container cc1
D5(config-emmg)#no ca-descriptor
D5(config-emmg)#channel-container cc1
D5config-emmg)#no shutdown
D5(config-emmg)#exit

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February 09
Verify EMMG Configuration

Verify general EMMG configuration


- show video emmg variants - verbose is most useful
D5#show video emmg emmg1 verbose
EMMG 'emmg1' is admin up, line protocol is up
Client_id is 1001.0001 (Tandberg Television)
TCP Port is 30001, connected IP address 10.250.42.13
UDP Port is 0, IP address is not configured
Maximum 500 kbps bandwidth per stream
Channel container is 'cc1'
Data format is MPEG Frames, Data_type is EMM
Data_id is not specified, PID is not specified

CHAN-ID FORMAT VER ACTIVE ERRORS


101 frames 2 (0:08:07) 0
STRM-ID DATA-ID B/W DATA-PROVISION ACTIVE ERRORS/CC
201 301/EMM 150 0/0 (0:07:53) 0/0

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February 09
Prep to Configure Static SCG

If you need to scramble some transport streams, first you


need to create a static Scrambling Control Group (SCG).
A few settings should be defined before starting:
Descriptive name for the SCG, like SportsPackage
Crypto Period (CP) duration, which controls how often the Control
Words (CWs) are renewed
A unique Entitlement
Control Message (ECM)-group ID
Access-criteria used for the ECM group
Super-cas-id to be used
- Same as the ECMG
Services (by program number and transport-id) to be grouped

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February 09
Static SCG Configuration

Static SCG configuration options - mandatory


items listed in bold red
activation-time - Specify activation time
ca-descriptor - Add private data to CA descriptor of PMT
cp-duration - Specify Crypto Period duration
ecm-group - Specify ecm-group
end - Exit configuration mode
exit - Exit Mode / CLI
network-id - Specify original network-id
no
service - Specify service
shutdown - Set administrative state of SCG to 'down'

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February 09
Static SCG Configuration

Example: Configure a static SCG


training(config)#video scg scg1
training(config-scg)#network-id 4370
training(config-scg)#cp-duration 100
training(config-scg)#activation-time 2006-05-18-15:59:27.00
training(config-scg)#no ca-descriptor
training(config-scg)#ecm-group 1 super-cas-id 1801.0001 access-crit 00-00-00-
01
training(config-scg)#service 1 transport 1
training(config-scg)#service 2 transport 1
training(config-scg)#service 3 transport 1
training(config-scg)#service 4 transport 1
training(config-scg)#no shut
training(config-scg)#exit

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February 09
Verify Static SCG Configuration

Example: Verify a static SCG


D5(config-scg)#show video scg scg1
SCG "scg1" ID 1 admin up operational state is up
Activation time 2006-05-18-15:59:27.00
Crypto Period Duration 100
Original Network ID 4370
ECM ID 1 Super_CAS_id 1801.0001 AC 00-00-00-01
Service ID 1 Transport ID 1
Service ID 2 Transport ID 1
Service ID 3 Transport ID 1
Service ID 4 Transport ID 1

D5(config-scg)#

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February 09
Prep for EIS Configurations

Determine parameter setting for EIS:


- Decide on a name for the EIS interface
- Select an EIS vendor
- Determine port for D5 to listen on
- Determine IP address to restrict connections to (optional)

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February 09
EIS Configuration

Event Information System (EIS)


- Operator subscriber provisioning and ordering system
- Has knowledge of deployed STBs
EIS Parameter Details:
- Name: eis1
- Vendor: Arris Simulator
- IP Address: <ip of ecmg>
- TCP Port: <port>

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February 09
EIS Configuration Options

Configuration options - mandatory items listed in bold red

end - Exit configuration mode


exit - Exit Mode / CLI
ip -
no -
port - Specify TCP Port to be used by EIS
Client
shutdown - Set administrative state of EIS to
'down'
video - video configuration

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February 09
EIS Configuration

Example: Configure EIS

training(config)#video eis eis1


training(config-eis)#no ip address
training(config-eis)#port 10001
training(config-eis)#no shutdown
training(config-eis)#exit
training(config)#

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February 09
Verify EIS Configuration

Example: Verify general EIS configuration


- show video eis <name>

D5#show video eis eis1


EIS 'eis1' is admin up, line protocol is down
TCP Port is 10001, IP address is not configured
Max SCG is 624, Service scrambling only
No EIS channel open
Total SCGs 4
4 scg_provisions
0 scg errors
1 scg lists
2 channel resets
12 channel tests
0 channel errors
D5#

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February 09
Verify EIS Configuration

Example: Verify general EIS configuration


- show video eis <name>

D5#show video eis eis1


EIS 'eis1' is admin up, line protocol is down
TCP Port is 10001, IP address is not configured
Max SCG is 624, Service scrambling only
No EIS channel open
Total SCGs 4
4 scg_provisions
0 scg errors
1 scg lists
2 channel resets
12 channel tests
0 channel errors
D5#

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February 09
CAS Configuration Wizard via Web Manager

To setup basic CAS via Web Manager, configure:


- The ECMG
- The EMMG
- The EIS
- A video channel container
The Web Manager provides a CAS Configuration Wizard
that goes through each configuration step
- Access the wizard from the CAS drop down menu.

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February 09
CAS Configuration Procedure via Web Manager

CAS Wizard Steps:


- Configure global CAS setting for cypher mode
- Configure the appropriate program mapping for scrambling
- Configure a redundancy group
- Configure the ECMG server
- Configure an optional EIS to create dynamic SCGs
- Configure static SCGs if not using the EIS interface
- Configure the EMMG for TCP/UDP operations
- Configure a channel container to associate an EMMG to the
defined QAM channels

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February 09
Configure Global CAS

Configure the global CAS settings.


Steps Notes
1. From CAS Configure CAS drop-down menus, launch the CAS
Configuration Wizard screen.
2. Specify the Cypher Mode. DVB-Simulcrypt/PM

3. Click Next.

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February 09
Configure Program Mapping

Configure the new program mapping.


Steps Notes
1. From the CAS Configuration Wizard, click New Program Mapping.
2. Enter the program mapping parameters. See below.

3. Click Next.

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February 09
Configure Redundancy Group

Configure a redundancy group.

Steps Notes
1. From the CAS Configuration Wizard, click New Redundancy Group.
2. Enter the redundancy group parameters. See below.

3. Click Next.

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February 09
Configure ECMG
Configure the ECMG.
Steps Notes
1. From the CAS Configuration Wizard, click New ECMG.
2. Enter the ECMG parameters. See below.

3. Click Next.

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February 09
Configure EIS

Configure the optional EIS to create dynamic SCGs.

Steps Notes
1. From the CAS Configuration Wizard, click New EIS.
2. Enter the EIS parameters. See below.

3. Click Next.

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February 09
Configure Static SCG
Configure the optional static SCGs for scrambling.
Steps Notes
1. From the CAS Configuration Wizard, click New Static SCG.
2. Enter the SCG parameters. See below.

3. Click Next.

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February 09
Configure EMMG
Configure the EMMG to connect to the D5 UEQ.
Steps Notes
1. From the CAS Configuration Wizard, click New EMMG.
2. Enter the EMMG parameters. See below.

3. Click Next.

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February 09
Finalize CAS Configuration

The last step of the wizard simply informs you that you are at the end of the
process. It offers you a chance to apply the configurations or review them
before applying.

Steps Notes
1. From the CAS Configuration Wizard, click Finish or Back to review.

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February 09
Configure Channel Container

A channel container is a simple mechanism used to group a number


of QAM channels together.
It associates an EMMG with a channel container so the CAT table and
EMM tables received from the EMMG will be sent on all channels
defined in the channel container.
Configure the optional static SCGs for scrambling.

Steps Notes
1. From CAS Configure CAS drop-down menus, launch the CAS
Configuration Wizard screen.
2. Specify the Cypher Mode. DVB-Simulcrypt/PM

3. Click Next.

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February 09
CAS Review Activity

1. Why is CAS implemented?

2. Which of the components below are part of a CAS server


interface. Select all that apply.
- ECMG
- ECM
- PMT
- EIS
- EMMG
3. Why is scrambling used?

4. Why is encryption used?

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February 09
Activity

Objective: To configure CA interfaces or configure for


pass-through

Directions:
- Configure an ECMG interface and connect to the ECMG
- Configure a channel-group
- Configure an EMMG interface and have an EMMG client
connect to D5 UEQ
- Configure an EIS interface and have an EIS client connect
to the D5 UEQ

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February 09
Activity

Objective: To configure CA interfaces or configure for


pass-through

Directions:
- Configure an ECMG interface and connect to the ECMG
- Configure a channel-group
- Configure an EMMG interface and have an EMMG client
connect to D5 UEQ
- Configure an EIS interface and have an EIS client connect
to the D5 UEQ

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February 09
Module 8 Summary

Configure the CA interface for CAS

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February 09
Switch Digital Video

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February 09
Module 9

Objective
- Define SDV service
- Determine steps to configure an ERM or RPC interface

Topics:
- Digital Broadcast Limitations
- Switched Digital Video Overview
- SDV Architecture

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February 09
Broadcast Video Limitations

All content stacked on transport


All TV programs available to digital TV subscriber at all times
Requires a high bandwidth network that translates to lots of
downstream frequencies
Requirement for HD content increase overall bandwidth needs

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Switched Digital Video
By delivering content only when requested, Switched Digital
Video (SDV) allows for more content delivery through the network
Requires network control protocols such as CCP, MCP, SSP-SIS
Video trans-coding used to normalize stream bandwidths to
common multiple for simple channel stacking
Utilizes multicast switching for efficient transmission of video
content through network

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Primary Benefits of SDV

Cost-effective bandwidth management tool


- Reduces HFC bandwidth requirements compared to existing
linear broadcast content
- Multiple concurrent services offered per QAM channel
SDV, VOD, Broadcast
- Allows scaled bandwidth usage as a function of viewer-ship
rather than as a function of TV programs offered
Enables capture of detailed viewer-ship data
- Enables optimized system performance, program offerings, line-
ups etc.
- Provides exact data on viewer demographics to enable better
directed advertising to be deployed
- New directed advertising can be done at the node level to
different demographic groups

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February 09
SDV Architecture

Types of Elements in the SDV Architecture

STB
Client
SDV
Manager SDV STB
Server

SRM
Manager

Bulk
Encryptor

SDV Staging
Processor

Headend Hub

D5 UEQ

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February 09
Sessions

SDV uses empty sessions to first reserve bandwidth called shells.


Shells are bound with session information when needed.
Sessions are logical, external entities used to manage internal
operations of the stream-based processing with the D5 UEQ.
Two different types of sessions can exist, a statically bound
session, or a SDV session.
- A statically bound session is typically used for VOD and
Broadcast applications and managed directly between the SRM
and the Edge Device. These SRM sessions must be torn down
and re-initialized with any configuration changes.
- An SDV session is quite different. It is based on a shell session
that can have program details bound and unbound at any point
during its lifetime.

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February 09
D5 UEQ SDV Protocol Support

D5 UEQ supports two types of SDV applications:


- SDV using Edge Resource Manager (ERM) Interface
Verification Reply message (VREP) and Real Time Streaming
Protocol (RTSP)
- SDV using Remote Procedure Call (RPC) interface

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February 09
SDV Configuration

The standard configuration for SDV includes:


- Configure IP address of management and GigE input ports
- Configure physical parameters of RF output ports and
Transport Stream IDs
- Configure users to have access via telnet/SSH/SNMP
Specific application configuration steps follow in the
coming slides.

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February 09
SDV Using ERM Interface

In an SDV application using primarily VREP/RTSP:


- STB client requests content using the Session Manager
(SM)
- SM requests sessions to be setup to the Edge Resource
Manager (ERM)
Interface using VREP sends configuration to ERM
- The ERM is aware of all QAM assets and maps session
request to a QAM with available bandwidth in the serving
group for the STB
Interface using RSTP interface sets up and tears down
session messages
- EQAM receives request to map stream to QAM channel
- EQAM requests content using IGMP request

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February 09
SDV ERM Application

Request Request
session setup
Session
content STB
Manager
Video
Content
MCP/CCP

STB
Map session
Client
Streaming ERM request to QAM RTSP
setup/teardown messages
Server

Discovery and
Video
registration
over IP
VREP
HFC
Network

Content
Network
Request content via
IGMP leave/join

MCP Mini Carousel Protocol


CCP Channel Change Protocol

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February 09
Configure ERM Procedure

Steps that comprise the ERM configuration procedure:


- Set up IGMP version 3 on the GigE interface
- Configure the transport steam ID (TSID) number
allocations for the desired QAM
- Configure the ERM interface and define global settings
- Assign a configured ERM to the Edge Input Groups

- Assign the Serving Groups/QAM Groups to an ERM

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February 09
Configure IGMP

Set up IGMP version 3 on the desired GigE.


Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Multicast drop-down menus, launch the
Multicast Configuration screen.
2. Check the Enable IGMP box on the desired GigE interface.

Example: Configure a GigE for a multicast group.

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February 09
Configure Serving Group Allocations

Configure the TSID number allocations for the desired QAM


channel.
Steps Notes
1. From the Configure QAM TS ID Setup drop-down menus, launch the
Transport Stream ID Allocation screen.
2. Enter the desired transport stream ID number in the appropriate QAM <1-8>
channel number field.
3. Click Apply Changes.
Note: Duplicate TSIDs should be used with some caution because the use of such is not fully compatible with conditional-
access encryption, channel-container replication, or (P)SIG. Where a TSID is ambiguous generally the D5 UEQ
matches the TSID to the lowest numeric QAM channel e.g. QAM 3/2.2 rather than QAM 3/2.3

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Configure Serving Group Allocations

Example: Configure the serving group allocations on a QAM


channel.

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Configure ERM Interface

Configure the ERM interface.


Steps Notes
1. From the SDV Configure ERM Interface drop down menus, launch the Edge
Resource Manager screen.

2. Enter the desired transport stream ID number in the appropriate QAM channel <1-8>
number field.
3. Select New in the field above Admin State.

4. Enter the ERM name in the ERM name field.

5. Select Up in the Admin State drop-down menu.

6. Enter the ERM IP address in the ERM IP address field. ERM to contact

7. Select a local IP address from the Local IP address field. Should match the IP address on
the default gateway subnet.
8. Enter a TRIP port number from the TRIP Port field. 6069 is default

9. Enter the RTSP port number in the RTSP Port field. 554 is default

10. Enter the cost value in the Cost field.

11. Enter a description in the Description field.

Procedure continues on next screen.


February 09

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Configure ERM Interface

Configure global, edge input group, and serving group settings.


Steps Notes
1. Continue in the Edge Resource Manager screen.

2. In the Global configuration box, enter the name into the Streaming Zone field. Needs to match the ERM
streaming zone.
3. Enter a name in the Component Name field. D5 UEQ hostname

4. In the Edge Input Groups box, check the desired GbE box for the Edge Input <1 - 4> Associates the edge
Group. input to the ERM
5. Verify the desired ERM name displays below the GbE port. If not, use the drop-down menu
to select the GbE.
6. Enter a Edge Input Group description in the field below the GbE port.

7. In the Serving Group/QAM Groups box, check the desired QAM RF port box <1 2> Done on a per port
under the selected QAM. basis. Associates QAM to
serving group.
8. Verify the desired ERM name displays beneath the selected RF port. If not, use the drop-down menu
at the top of the screen to select
the correct ERM.
9. Click Apply Changes.

Note: Advanced options screens contain default settings that typically do not need adjustments.

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Configure ERM Interface

Example: Configure the ERM interface.

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Redundant Multicast Streams

D5 UEQ has the ability to identify a dropped multicast stream


and attempt to join a secondary multicast stream with the
same content
Two methods available:
- Hot/Warm joins only one multicast stream at a time.
Less bandwidth intensive but takes longer to recover to a
redundant stream
- Hot/Hot joins multiple multicast streams of the same
content.
Requires more bandwidth (2 to 3 times more) but recovery
time has no impact on the customer

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February 09
Hot/Warm

Hot/Warm joins only one multicast stream at a time.

D5 UEQ

Primary
Multicast Stream

Secondary
Multicast Stream

D5 UEQ

Primary Failure

X
Multicast Stream

Only the primary streams


is joined by the D5 UEQ Secondary
and sent downstream. Multicast Stream

Secondary stream requires


IGMP message to join the
redundant stream.

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February 09
Hot/Hot

Hot/Hot joins multiple multicast streams of the same


content.
D5 UEQ

Primary
Multicast Stream

Secondary
Multicast Stream

D5 UEQ

Primary Failure

X
Multicast Stream

Both streams are joined by Secondary


the D5 UEQ but only the Multicast Stream
primary stream is sent
downstream.

Redundant stream
immediately available.

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February 09
Redundant Multicast Streams
Configuration
From Configure Operations Global Video Management,
configure redundant multicast streams.

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February 09
Activity

Objective:
- Determine steps to configure an ERM interface.

Directions:
- Refer to Activity Workbook
- Instructor guided activity

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February 09
SDV Using RPC Interface

In the SDV application using Remote Procedure Call (RPC):


- RPC is a distributed programming interface that enables
multiple devices to communicate with each in client/server
fashion
- Master SRM acts as an ERM to receive the reset indication
message from the D5 UEQ, control bandwidth, and create
empty shells for SDV usage
- SDV Server acts as a session manager to handle channel
change requests from the STB, map multicast streams to
the D5 UEQ, and bind/unbinds requests

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February 09
SDV RPC Application

Communicates SDV Request


session/server setup Server content
information
Video
Content

STB

Master Reserves and CCP/MCP


Manages shell
coordinate Shell
Streaming SRM session
session groups
Server

Video
over IP
HFC
Network

Content
Network

Request content via


IGMP leave/join

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February 09
Configure RPC Procedure

Switched Digital Video RPC Configuration screen


configures:
- SDV RPC interface
- SRM Master hostname
- Line protocol
- Persistence of the RPC clients
- Connection time-outs

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February 09
Configure RPC Interface

Configure the RPC Interface.


Steps Notes
1. From the SDV Configure RPC Interface drop down menus, launch the Switch
Digital Video RPC Configuration screen.
2. Check the SDV RPC Interface Enabled box.

3. Enter the Master SRM IP address.

4. Check the Save SDV client response connection indefinitely. Box.

4. Select TCP or UDP protocol.

5. Check the Default RPC time out box OR (2,500ms default timeout)
enter the RPC timeout value in the RPC Timeout Period field. (0-65535)
6. Click Apply Changes.

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Configure SDV RPC

Example: Configure the RPC interface.

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Activity

Objective:
- Determine steps to configure an RPC interface.

Directions:
- Refer to Activity Workbook
- Instructor guided activity

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February 09
Module 9 Summary

Define SDV service

Determine steps to configure an ERM or RPC


interface

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February 09
Course Modules

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February 09
Module 10

Objectives:
- Configure the downstream QAM settings
- Configure DEPI addressing
- Configure the DTI settings
- Configure GigE redundancy

Topics:
- M-CMTS Overview
- DEPI Mode
- UDP/IP and L2TPv3
- DTI Support
- M-CMTS Configuration via CLI
- M-CMTS Configuration via Web Manager

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February 09
M-CMTS Overview

The D5 UEQ supports a Modular-Cable Modem Termination System


(M-CMTS)
M-CMTS is a reference edge architecture that separates the
downstream physical layer (PHY) processing from the rest of the CMTS
and places it into the EdgeQAM with similar video PHY processing
The process facilitates the converging of MPEG digital video and
DOCSIS IP voice and data networks
Allows for network flexibility, scaling, lower CAPEX, reliability
D5 UEQ support for additional interfaces:
DOCISIS Timing Interface (DTI)
Downstream External PHY Interface (DEPI) DOCSIS MPEG
Transport (DMPT) Mode for interfacing with M-CMTS Core
Full DOCSIS Control Plane support to interoperate with the M-
CMTS core devices

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February 09
M-CMTS Interfaces

D5 UEQ supports additional network elements and interfaces.

DOCSIS
M-CMTS Timing Server

DOCSIS
Timing Interface
(DTI)

M-CMTS
Core D5 UEQ

Downstream
External-Phy
Interface (DEPI)

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February 09
D5 UEQ Support

D5 UEQ supports DTI, DEPI and Downstream RF Interface


(DRFI)/D3.0 RF specifications.
Capable of dual-DTI server operation through the use of an
additional DTI dongle.
Supports redundant GigE ports for the reception of DEPI traffic.
DEPI traffic consists of the DOCSIS data and MAC traffic that has
not passed through the final processing and RF up-conversion
stage performed by a traditional CMTS.
- All D5 UEQ GigE links may be used to carry DEPI traffic
- All of the D5 UEQ QAM channels can be used as DOCSIS
downstreams

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February 09
DEPI Control Plane

The DEPI control plane dynamically creates MPT sessions between the
core and the D5 UEQ and allows the core to modify certain RF properties
of the QAM channels with which the sessions are associated.
Requires a control plane connection to exist on every GigE link that a
DEPI data session will be established upon.
- This results in the D5 UEQ having to support up to four individual DEPI control
plane endpoints, one for each of its four GigE ports.
The D5 UEQ GigE MAC redundancy feature :
- Supports a GigE port to be nominated as a backup for other ports
- Will continue to operate with the control plane connections active

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February 09
M-CMTS Configuration

D5 UEQ in an M-CMTS Configuration Example

Connection between the M-CMTS core


and the D5 UEQ

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February 09
DEPI Mode

DEPI traffic can be sent from the M-CMTS core to the D5 UEQ
using DMPT (DOCSIS MPEG-TS) traffic format
DEPI Control Plane is used by M-CMTS core devices to setup dynamic
DEPI Data Plane connections to the D5 UEQ
DEPI DMPT mode carries DOCSIS data and MAC frames as
MPEG packets.
The finalized MPEG packets are transported over IP to the D5
UEQ using two different approaches:
- Within L2TPv3 packets
- Directly in UDP/IP packets
Each DEPI DMPT flow is associated with a single QAM output
channel.

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February 09
DEPI DMPT Streams
A D5 UEQ QAM channel with DEPI DMPT traffic can be primary or
secondary.
- Primary downstream channel - a QAM channel receiving DEPI DMPT
traffic with DOCSIS timing; can support all DOCSIS cable modems
(D1.x/2.0/3.
- Secondary downstream channel - a QAM channel receiving DEPI
DMPT traffic without DOCSIS timing; can only support D3.0 cable
modems
- Wideband mode - the M-CMTS Core generates the primary
downstream QAM channel locally while the D5 UEQ handles the
secondary downstream QAM channels
DOCSIS 1.0/1.1/2.0 cable modems can only operate with primary
downstream channels.
DOCSIS 3.0 modems require a minimum of one primary downstream
channel.
- Remaining downstream channels can be primary or secondary
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February 09
L2TPv3 and UDP
Transporting DMPT packets over IP is possible using Layer 2 Tunneling
Protocol v3 (L2TPv3) or User Data Protocol (UDP).
For L2TPv3, the DMPT MPEG traffic is placed in an L2TPv3 packet
-
The L2TPv3 traffic is typically sent as native traffic, without any UDP
header, using IP protocol.
- The D5 UEQ also supports L2TPv3/UDP
For UDP/IP, the DMPT MPEG traffic is placed in an IP packet addressed
to an IP address of a D5 UEQ GigE link using static UDP mapping
- The destination UDP port of the IP packet is mapped to a specific
output QAM channel.
- All traffic received by this UDP/IP combination is passed to the correct
QAM channel for DOCSIS timestamp correction (as required) and RF
up-conversion.

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February 09
L2TPv3 and UDP/IP Configuration
Requirements
Using either L2TPv3 or UDP/IP requires that static
mappings be configured on the D5 UEQ.
The Session ID/IP or UDP/IP settings configured on the D5
UEQ must be used by the M-CMTS Core to setup its
mappings.
In both cases, since IP packet fragmentation is actively
avoided, a maximum of seven MPEG packets are carried.

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February 09
DTI Support

Accurate Downstream/Upstream time synchronization


is essential for DOCSIS to operate.
The DOCSIS Timing Interface, DTI, uses a timing server
to distribute a common timestamp to the D5 UEQ and
the M-CMTS Core.
As a result the D5 UEQ has an identical copy of the
DOCSIS timestamp and is able to ensure that the
DOCSIS system can operate within this distributed
environment.
The DTI server delivers a 10.24MHz clock and DOCSIS
timestamp to each client.

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February 09
Dual DTI Support

The D5 UEQ supports a dual DTI by using an external


dongle that provides two server connections from the D5
UEQs single DTI port.
The DTI port on the D5 UEQ is internally wired to deliver
two separate DTI server signals to the DTI controller on the
D5 UEQ allowing for redundant server setup.

February 09

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Time Offset Adjustment

To ensure hitless downstream load balancing (DLB), the


DOCSIS CM timing offset on the original and new downstream
must be very close
The D5 UEQ timing offset adjustment Feature allows you to
adjust the DTI offset per QAM port
The timing offset for a given CM on a D5 UEQ downstream is
subtracted from the timing offset for the same CM on the same
node (service area) and is applied to the D5.
Example:
D5(config-qam-port)#dti offset -40

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February 09
M-CMTS Configuration via CLI

The main M-CMPT configuration procedures include


configuring:
- QAM downstream RF parameters
- DEPI DMPT using L2TPv3 or UDP
- DTI and dual DTI support
- DTI time offset adjustment
- DEPI
- GigE N+1 redundancy
- Cisco 10K/SPA modular-cable
- DEPI Control Plane

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February 09
Configure a DEPI Group

Configure a new DEPI group. Example:


D5(config)#interface qam 1
D5(config-qam-card)#video annex b
D5(config-if)#no shut
D5(config-if)#exit
D5(config)#interface qam 1/1
D5(config-qam-port)#video format 256
D5(config-qam-port)#video frequency 548000000
D5(config-qam-port)#video power 50
D5(config-qam-port)#channel mode quad
D5(config-qam-port)#no shutdown
D5(config-qam-port)#exit
D5(config)#interface qam 1/1.1
D5(config-qam-chan)#no shutdown
D5(config-qam-chan)#exit
D5(config)#interface qam 1/1.2
D5(config-qam-chan)#no shutdown
D5(config-qam-chan)#exit
D5(config)#
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February 09
Configure DEPI L2TPv3 Addressing

Configure DEPI L2TPv3 addressing to associate with each QAM


channel.
Example:
D5(config)#interface qam 1/1.1
D5(config-qam-if)#depi dmpt sessionId 49162 dest-ip 10.30.4.99
D5(config-qam-if)#exit
D5(config)#interface qam 1/1.2
D5(config-qam-if)#depi dmpt sessionId 49163 dest-ip 10.30.4.99
D5(config-qam-if)#exit
D5(config)#

February 09

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Configure DEPI UDP Addressing

Configure UDP addressing to associate with each QAM channel.


Example:
D5(config)#interface qam 1/1.1
D5(config-qam-if)#depi dmpt udp 49162 dest-ip 10.30.4.99
D5(config-qam-if)#exit
D5(config)#interface qam 1/1.2
D5(config-qam-if)#depi dmpt udp 49163 dest-ip 10.30.4.99
D5(config-qam-if)#exit
D5(config)#

February 09

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View DEPI Session Status

Determine the configuration and status of the input DEPI sessions.


Examples:
D5#show depi sessions
SESSION UDP SRC-IP DEST-IP QAM
49162 - - 10.30.4.99 1/1.1
49163 - - 10.30.4.99 1/1.2
49164 - - 10.30.4.99 1/1.3
49164 - - 10.30.4.99 1/1.4

D5#show depi sessions verbose


SESSION UDP SRC-IP DEST-IP QAM PKT_COUNT SEQ_ERROR
49162 - - 10.30.4.99 1/1.1 3927218424 1
49163 - - 10.30.4.99 1/1.2 3927217864 0
49164 - - 10.30.4.99 1/1.3 3927218375 0
49165 - - 10.30.4.99 1/1.4 3927218284 0

February 09

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Configure the DTI

Enable the DTI link to use the DOCSIS timestamp.


Example:

D5(config)#interface dti
D5(config-dti)#port 1
D5(config-dti)#no shutdown
D5(config-dti)#exit
D5(config)

February 09

ARRIS Group, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 10-364 February 09


Dual DTI Support

Enable the redundant DTI setup.


Example:

D5(config)#interface dti
D5(config-dti)#auto
D5(config-dti)#no revertive
D5(config-dti)#no shutdown
D5(config-dti)#exit
D5(config)

February 09

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Configure the DTI Offset Adjustment
Reduce the time offset value of all the QAM channels associated with QAM 1/1
by 40 ticks.
Example:

D5(config)#interface qam 1/1


D5(config-qam-port)#dti offset -40
D5(config-qam-port)#exit
D5(config)

February 09

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View DTI Status

Determine the status of the input DTI port and the connection to the
remote DTI server.
Examples:
D5#show interface dti
DTI status: normal, port 1 active, 10.24 MHz clock present
DTI enabled, automatic port select, revertive port
disabled

D5#show interface dti counters


T3:000 T4:004 T6:000 T7:002
Normal Time 1251000 Holdover Time 5100

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View DTI Status

View the setting and frame error percentage for the DTI ports.
Examples:
D5#show interface dti 1
Port 1 frame error less than 2 percent
Server type is root, not timed, with a type I clock|
client is stable, cable advance is valid, server is in normal mode
CRC ERR 0x37
Advance 0x0000132a
Port 1 TOD 1980/01/21 01:59:10 GMT +00

D5#show interface dti 2


Port 2 frame error less than 2 percent
Server type is root, not timed, with a type I clock
client is stable, cable advance is valid, server is in normal mode
CRC ERR 0xe1
Advance 0x0000167d
Port 2 TOD 1980/01/21 01:59:17 GMT +00

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View DTI Logs

The following logs relating to the DTI interface are generated:


Example:
DTI-5-PORT_STATUS Port # Active
DTI-5-PORT_STATUS Port # Error Rate > 5%
DTI-5-PORT_STATUS Port # Signal Lost
DTI-3-NO_ACTIVE_PORT No Active DTI port
DTI-6-STATE_CHANGE New State (as listed above)

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DTI Log Session

The following is a log session of a DTI link failure when dual DTI links
are setup on the D5 UEQ:
Example:

MAY 02 04:33:29: DTI-5-PORT_STATUS: Port 2 Signal Lost


MAY 02 04:33:29: DTI-5-PORT_STATUS: Port 1 Signal Lost (2 logged)
MAY 02 04:33:29: DTI-6-STATE_CHANGE: New state bridging old state normal
MAY 02 04:33:31: DTI-3-NO_ACTIVE_PORT: No active DTI port
MAY 02 04:33:31: DTI-6-STATE_CHANGE: New state holdover old state bridging
MAY 02 04:33:32: DTI-5-PORT_STATUS: Port 1 Signal Detected
MAY 02 04:33:32: DTI-5-PORT_STATUS: Port 1 Error Rate < 5%
MAY 02 04:33:32: DTI-5-PORT_STATUS: Port 1 Active
MAY 02 04:33:32: DTI-6-STATE_CHANGE: New state fast old state holdover
MAY 02 04:33:32: DTI-5-PORT_STATUS: Port 2 Signal Detected
MAY 02 04:33:32: DTI-5-PORT_STATUS: Port 2 Error Rate < 5%
MAY 02 04:33:39: DTI-6-STATE_CHANGE: New state normal old state fast

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Configure GigE Redundancy

Enable GigE redundancy.


Example:
D5(config)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1
D5(config-gig-if)#ip bundle gigabitethernet 0/2
D5(config-gig-if)#exit
D5(config)#

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Control Reverting Back to Primary

Prevent reverting back to a primary GigE port when it becomes


available.
Example:
D5_2(config)# ip bundle policy non-revertive
D5_2(config)# ip bundle policy revertive wait-time 20
D5_2(config)#

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Force a Switchover to Backup GigE

Force a switchover to the backup GigE port.


Example:

D5(config)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1


D5(config-gig-if)#ip bundle revert to <<< switch over to backup
D5(config-gig-if)#
D5(config-gig-if)#ip bundle revert from <<< switch over from backup
D5(config-gig-if)#exit
D5(config)#

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Configure an M-CMTS Core Device

An example M-CMTS core device is the Cisco 10K Shared Port


Adapters (SPA) module that handles the downstream MAC
processing for several downstream QAM channels (up to 18
Annex-A channels/24 Annex-B channels).
The rf-channelcommand is used to setup the physical
settings for each QAM channel as well as to set the DEPI
related configuration.
The M-CMTS core configurations match the QAM and DEPI
related configurations previously set on the D5 UEQ.

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Configure an M-CMTS Core Device

Example:
controller Modular-Cable 1/0/0
ip-address 10.30.4.101
modular-host subslot 8/1
rf-channel 0 cable downstream channel-id 24
rf-channel 1 cable downstream channel-id 25
rf-channel 2 cable downstream channel-id 26
rf-channel 3 cable downstream channel-id 27
rf-channel 4 cable downstream channel-id 28. . . .
rf-channel 9 cable downstream channel-id 33
rf-channel 10 cable downstream channel-id 34
rf-channel 10 frequency 548000000 annex B modulation 256qam interleave 12
rf-channel 10 ip-address 10.30.4.99 mac-address 0000.cafe.4175 depi-remote-id 49162
rf-channel 11 cable downstream channel-id 35
rf-channel 11 frequency 556000000 annex B modulation 256qam interleave 12
rf-channel 11 ip-address 10.30.4.99 mac-address 0000.cafe.4175 depi-remote-id 49163
rf-channel 12 cable downstream channel-id 36
rf-channel 12 frequency 564000000 annex B modulation 256qam interleave 12
rf-channel 12 ip-address 10.30.4.99 mac-address 0000.cafe.4175 depi-remote-id 49164
rf-channel 13 cable downstream channel-id 37
rf-channel 13 frequency 572000000 annex B modulation 256qam interleave 12
rf-channel 13 ip-address 10.30.4.99 mac-address 0000.cafe.4175 depi-remote-id 49165 February 09

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M-CMTS Configuration via Web Manager

The main M-CMPT configuration procedures include:


- Configure the downstream QAM settings
- Configure DEPI addressing L2TPv3
- Configure DEPI addressing UDP
- Configure the DTI settings
- Set GigE redundancy
- Configure dual DTI support
- Configure a time offset adjustment

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February 09
Configure a DEPI Group

Configure a new DEPI group.


Steps Notes
1. From M-CMTS Configure DEPI Group drop-down menus, launch Configuration Wizard launches.
the Configure Wizard screen.
2. Enter a new DEPI Group name in the Specify a name for the DEPI
Group field.
3. Select a QAM/Channel from the drop-down menu and click Next. Configure PHY Attributes screen
launches.

4. Select the Annex type. Annex A, B, or C

5. Select On for RF Output.


6. Select QAM modulation. 64/256

7. Frequency information. For informational purposes only.

8. Enter the power level, if needed.


9. Select the channel mode. Single, Quad, Dual available.
Hex in Annex B only.

10. Click Apply Changes to Physical Attributes, if changes are made.


11.Click Next. To configure DEPI attributes on
the QAM channels.
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Configure a DEPI Group

Advance to next
configuration wizard
screen.

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Configure DEPI Addressing

Configure DEPI L2TPv3 or UDP/IP addressing to associate with each


QAM channel.

Steps Notes
1. Continue in the Wizard screen to Configure DEPI Group drop-down
menus, continue in the Configure DEPI Group screen.
2. Check the Include boxes for the appropriate QAM channel.
3. Select the DEPI Mode for the QAM channels. D-MPT (L2TP delivery)
MPT (UDP delivery)

4. Enter the Session ID/UDP number associated with each QAM channel.
5. Select the Destination IP for each QAM channel. Click (icon) to copy
destination IP to other QAMs

6. Click Finish. Advances to the M-CMTS DEPI


Sessions monitor screen.

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Configure DEPI Addressing L2TPv3

Example: Configure DEPI L2TPv3 or UDP/IP addressing via


Wizard.

Click to copy Dest.


IP for remaining
QAM channels.

February 09

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Configure DEPI Addressing L2TPv3

Example: View DEPI Session monitoring screen.

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February 09
Configure the DTI

Configure the DTI settings.

Steps Notes
1. From M-CMTS Configure DTI drop-down menus, launch the M-CMTS
DTI Configuration screen.
2. Select Up for the Admin State. Up is default

3. Select Auto for the Port Selection. Automatic or Manual

4. Select port preference. Port 1 or Port 2

5. Select No for Revert to Previous Port. No is default

6. Click Apply Changes.

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Configure the DTI

Example: Configure the DTI settings.

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February 09
View DTI the DTI

Configure the DTI settings.

Steps Notes
1. From M-CMTS Configure DTI drop-down menus, launch the M-CMTS
DTI Configuration screen.
2. Select Up for the Admin State. Up is default

3. Select Auto for the Port Selection. Auto is default

4. Select No for Revert to Previous Port. No is default

5. Click Apply Changes.

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February 09
Dual DTI Support

Enable a redundant DTI operations.

Steps Notes
1. From M-CMTS Configure DTI drop-down menus, launch the M-CMTS
DTI Configuration screen.
2. Select Up for the Admin State. Up is default

3. Select Auto for the Port Selection. Auto is default

4. Select Yes for Revert to Previous Port. No is default

5. Click Apply Changes.

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Configure the DTI Offset Adjustment

Configure a time offset value on the RF output.

Steps Notes
1. From M-CMTS DEPI Sessions drop-down menus, launch the M-CMTS
DEPI Sessions screen.
2. Enter an offset value for the desired QAM channel. -30,000 - +30,000

3. Click Apply Changes.

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Configure the DEPI Control Plane

Configure the DEPI control plane settings.


Steps Notes
1. From M-CMTS Configure DEPI Control Plane drop-down menus,
launch the DEPI Control Plane Configuration screen.
2. Select Up for the Admin State. Up/Down

3. Select the Maximum Number of DEPI connections. 1 72, default 1

4. Select Lock to prevent video from sharing DEPI QAM channels. Lock/Share with Video

5. Enter the Time-To-Live (TTL) value for the control plane packets 1 255. Default 10
originating at the D5 UEQ, if required.
6. Enter the Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) value for the 0 63. Default is best effort
L2TPv3 packets originated by the D5 UEQ for the DEPI control plane, if CS1(0)
required.
7. Enter the Retries levels for maximum attempts, maximum delays and 1-10 sec. Max. attempts
minimum delays. 1-32 sec. Max. delay
1-32 sec Min. delay

8. Enter the Shared Secret values that are passed between the M-CMTS One/Two
core and the D5 UEQ when using authenticated DEPI control plane
connections.
9. Enter the Maximum Transmission unit to limit the size bytes. 1492 2048 bytes
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Configure the DEPI Control Plane, cont.

Continue to configure the DEPI control plane settings.


Steps Notes
10. Select the Include AVPS in SLI (Set Link Info) setting to modify the Minimal/All
behavior of the SLI message used to signal AVPS. Determine if
minimal changes or all changes on QAM channels are signaled to
the core or D5 UEQ.
11. Select the QAM RF Locking setting to use during a DEPI session, if Disable/Lock revertive/lock non-
desired. revertive/lock against DEPI

12. Select the When RF AVPs fail message to send when AVPS
Send CDN/Send SLI
parameters fail.

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Configure the DEPI Control Plane, cont.

Example: Configure the DEPI control plane settings.

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Configure the L2TPv3 Protocol

Configure the DEPI control plane settings for L2TPv3.


Steps Notes
1. From M-CMTS Configure DEPI Control Plane drop-down menus,
launch the DEPI Control Plane Configuration screen to view the L2TP
configuration box.
2. Check Required to enable Authentication for the DEPI control plane. To Required/MD5/SHA
fine tune the support, check MD5 and/or SHA.
3. Check Enable Layers for the IP or UDP to enable/disable the desired IP is the default.
layer for the native DEPI control plane.
4. Enter the Router ID to set the local 32-bit route id value used by the D5 0.0.0.0 is the default.
UEQ for the DEPI control plane.
5. Enter the Hello Interval to set the time interval for sending Hello 30-300 sec. 60 is the default.
Messages over established L2Tpv3 control plane connections
6. Enter a Vendor Name to set the name supplied during a DEPI control sysDescr.1 is the default based on
the SN<P sysDescr object.
plane connection.

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Activity

Objectives:
- Configure the downstream QAM settings
- Configure DEPI addressing
- Configure the DTI settings
- Configure GigE redundancy

Directions:
- Instructor guided activity done individually or in small
groups

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February 09
Module 10 Summary

Configure the downstream QAM settings

Configure DEPI addressing

Configure the DTI settings

Configure GigE redundancy

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February 09
Redundancy

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February 09
Module 11

Objective:
- Configure a primary and spare QAM
- Configure a GigE trunk group
- Configure trunk group redundancy
- Configure GigE redundancy using CLI
- Configure redundant stream groups

Topics:
- QAM Sparing
- Failover and Failback Procedures
- GigE Trunking and Trunk Redundancy
- GigE Redundancy
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February 09
QAM Sparing Overview

The D5 UEQ provides for multiple failover configurations as


primary/spare QAM modules via QAM redundancy
ARRIS recommends the following configurations:
- Three sparing groups configured as 1:1
- Two sparing groups configured as 2:1
- One sparing group configured as 5:1 s
The spare QAM module may be configured for one of three
levels of readiness:
- Cold Standby- spare is powered off
- Busy Standby- spare has active traffic. Spare traffic is
interrupted when primary module fails and is restored when
primary recovers
- Hot Standby same configuration as primary except the RF
output is disabled
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February 09
1:1 QAM Sparing
The recommended sparing group configured as 1:1 is as follows:
- Slot 1 primary, slot 2 spare
- Slot 3 primary, slot 4 spare
- Slot 5 primary, slot 6 spare

Example: 1:1 QAM Sparing Redundancy

P Primary slot
S Spare slot

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February 09
2:1 QAM Sparing Option One
There are two recommended options for the 2:1 QAM sparing
groups:
- Option 1:
Slot 1 and 3 primary, slot 5 spare
Slot 2 and 4 primary, slot 6 spare

Example: 2:1 QAM Sparing Redundancy

P Primary slot
S Spare slot

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February 09
2:1 QAM Sparing Option Two
2:1 QAM sparing groups:
- Option 2:
Slot 1 and 2 primary, slot 5 spare
Slot 3 and 4 primary, slot 6 spare

Example: 2:1 QAM Sparing Redundancy

P Primary slot
S Spare slot

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February 09
5:1 QAM Sparing Option Two
The recommended 5:1 QAM sparing groups:
- Slot 1 through 5 primary, slot 6 spare

Example: 5:1 QAM Sparing Redundancy

P Primary slot
S Spare slot

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February 09
Failover

Failover to a spare QAM module can occur manually or


automatically.
A failover can be forced by manually shutting down a primary
module or by removing it from the slot.
Automatic failover can be caused by:
- Module powers down due to exceeded environmental thresholds
- MUX FPGA heartbeat fails
- Monitored RF power output is too low
No automatic failover will be performed on traffic problems such
as video oversubscription, buffer overflows or underflows, etc.
In a properly configured spare group, an active module must have
at least one QAM channel enabled for traffic to be allowed to
failover to the spare module.
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February 09
Failback

Failback occurs when the spare module configuration


switches back to the primary
- The switched running configuration is left unchanged
unless failback occurs either manually or automatically
Manual failback mode is used when the failed module is
forced out-of-service via command to bring a QAM module in
failed slot to in-service level.
Automatic failback is performed whenever the primary
module fault is cleared, usually when the module is replaced.
- It may be desirable to test the replacement module before
bringing it online prior to recovering the spare module

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February 09
Enable QAM Sparing via CLI
The spare-group command allows grouping modules in a spare
group.
Use the following steps to setup QAM 1 and 3 to be spared by
QAMs where QAMs 1 and 3 are primary QAMs and QAM 5 is
designated as the spare.
- Example:
interface qam 1
spare-group 5
interface qam 2
spare-group 6
interface qam 3
spare-group 5
interface qam 4
spare-group 6
interface qam 5
shutdown
spare-group 5 manual
interface qam 6
spare-group 6 auto
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February 09
Enable QAM Sparing via Web Manager

Configure QAM sparing.


- Example: Enable 2:1 QAM sparing
QAM 1 and 3 primary, QAM 5 spare
QAM 2 and 4 primary, QAM 6 spare

Steps Notes
To configure QAMs 1 and 3 to be spared by QAM 5, follow these steps:
1. From Configure Output drop-down menus, launch the QAM Port
Modulation Setup for QAM 1 screen.
2. Under QAM 1 in the QAM module menu tree, click Modulator.
3. In the QAM 1 configuration box, select QAM 5 in the QAM Sparing field.
4. Click Apply Changes to QAM 1.
5. Under QAM 5 in the QAM module menu tree, click Modulator.
6. In the QAM 5 configuration box, select the QAM 5 in the QAM Sparing
field.
7. Click the Apply Changes to QAM 5.
8. Under QAM 3 in the QAM module menu tree, click Modulator.
9. In the QAM 3 configuration box, select QAM 5 in the QAM Sparing field.
10. Click the Apply Changes to QAM 3. 11-403

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February 09
Enable QAM Sparing via Web Manager

Configure QAM sparing continued.


- Example: Enable 2:1 QAM sparing
QAM 1 and 3 primary, QAM 5 spare
QAM 2 and 4 primary, QAM 6 spare

Steps Notes
To configure QAMs 2 and 4 to be spared by QAM 6, follow these steps:
1. From Configure Output drop-down menus, launch the QAM Port
Modulation Setup for QAM 2 screen.
2. Under QAM 2 in the QAM module menu tree, click Modulator.
3. In the QAM 2 configuration box, select QAM 6 in the QAM Sparing field.
4. Click Apply Changes to QAM 2.
5. Under QAM 6 in the QAM module menu tree, click Modulator.
6. In the QAM 6 configuration box, select the QAM 6 in the QAM Sparing
field.
7. Click the Apply Changes to QAM 6.
8. Under QAM 4 in the QAM module menu tree, click Modulator.
9. In the QAM 4 configuration box, select QAM 6 in the QAM Sparing field.
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February 09
Enable QAM Sparing
Enable QAM sparing:

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February 09
GigE Trunking

Trunking allows individual Ethernet interfaces to be


combined into a logical grouping for a larger bandwidth
trunk by load-sharing.
The total bandwidth of a trunk is equivalent to the
aggregate of all the physical Ethernet interfaces (links)
in that trunk.
Trunking accomplishes high network availability, load
balancing and redundancy by automatically redirecting
traffic to surviving links of a trunk.
If one or more physical links in that trunk are disabled,
they will be brought back into service when the links
are no longer failed.
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February 09
Trunk Group

The total bandwidth of a trunk is equivalent to the


aggregate of all the physical Ethernet interfaces (links)
in that trunk.

QAMs
GigE Ethernet 0/1

Trunk Group 1
GigE Ethernet 0/2

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February 09
Trunk Redundancy

Redundancy is achieved by the redirection of failed SFP traffic to an SFP


configured for stand-by
When the failure is resolved the SFP is reactivated to work within the trunk

QAMs
GigE Ethernet 0/1

GigE Ethernet 0/2


Trunk Group 1
GigE Ethernet 0/3 Spare

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February 09
GigE Trunking Options

The D5 UEQ can utilize up to four SFP GigE ports in a


video trunk to create a single logical link capable of
delivering:
- Four Gbps using all four GigE interfaces
- Redundancy option examples: 3:1, 2:2, 2:1, and 2 of 1:1
Requires a manual configuration of GigE ports into
static trunking links

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February 09
Configure a Trunk Group

The main steps to configure a trunk:


- Create a port channel
- Add the desired GigE ports to the port channel
- Include a standby port for redundancy (optional)
- Add a loopback interface for management and to carry
the trunks IP address

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February 09
Configure a Trunk via CLI

Enter the configuration mode and issue the following command


to create a port channel. Example:
D5# configure terminal
D5(config)#interface port-channel 1
Add GigE 0/1 to the port-channel. Example:
D5(config-if)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1
D5(config-if)#channel-group 1
D5(config-if)#no shutdown
Add GigE 0/2 to the port channel. Example:
D5(config-if)#interface gigabitethernet 0/2
D5(config-if)#channel-group 1
D5(config-if)#no shutdown
Add GigE 0/3 to the port channel in the standby mode. Example:
D5(config-if)#interface gigabitethernet 0/3
D5(config-if)#channel-group 1 standby
D5(config-if)#no shutdown
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February 09
Configure a Trunk via CLI, cont.

In order to modify the port-channels interface, a loopback


configuration is created. Example:
D5(config-gig-if)#int loopback 1
D5(config-gig-if)#channel-group 1
D5(config-gig-if)#no shutdown
D5(config-if)#management-access
D5(config-if)#ip address 10.250.24.42 255.255.255.0
D5(config-if)#exit

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February 09
Show Interface

Display a summary of the channel configuration using the show


interface command. Example:
D5(config)#show interface port-channel 1
Port-Channel 1 is up, line protocol is up - Attached
Hardware is FEChannel, address is 0019.17132.169194
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1000 Kbit
No. of members in this channel: 4
Member 1: Loopback.1 (Active)
Member 2: GigabitEthernet 0/3.0
Member 3: GigabitEthernet 0/2.0 (Active)
Member 4: GigabitEthernet 0/1.0 (Active)
IP addresses: 10.250.24.42/24
Encapsulation Tags: None Set
Port Selection Criteria: Default Setting
0 packets input, 0 bytes
Received 0 broadcasts, 0 giants
0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame
0 packets output, 0 bytes
0 output errors, 0 collisions, 0 excessive collisions
0 late collision, 0 deferred
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February 09
Configure a Trunk via Web Manager

Configure a trunk.

Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Port Channels drop-down menus, launch the Port
Channels configuration screen.
2. Check the Admin State. See below.

3. Click Apply Changes.

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February 09
Configure a Trunk
Configure a trunk.
Steps Notes
1. Continue from the Port Channels configuration screen.
2. Select the type of port from the Port Selection Criteria drop- Options:
Default
down menu. Source Mac
Destination Mac
Source Destination Mac
Source IP
Destination IP
Source Destination IP

3. Click Apply Changes.

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February 09
Configure SFP Port as Standby

Configure GigE Link Trunking

Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Input drop-down menus, launch the GigabitEthernet See below.
SFP Port Configuration screen.
2. From the Channel Group field under the GigE port to be added to the trunk, Disabled/Port Channel 1/
select the appropriate port channel from the drop-down menu. Port Channel 2

3. From the Channel Group field, check the desired standby channel port.
4. In the Loopback Interfaces box, click Add Loopback to configure a
loopback.
5. From the pop-up script prompt, enter the loopback interface ID. Range 1 16

6. Enter the required loopback parameters.


7. Click Apply Changes.

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February 09
Configure SFP Port

Example: Configure GigE Link Trunking

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February 09
GigE Redundancy

The D5 UEQ supports n+1 GigE redundancy: 1+1, 2+1,


3+1.
- In the 2+1 and 3+1 options, a single GigE port can be used
as a spare for two or three other ports.
- When operating in 2+1 or 3+1, the backup port is allocated
to the first primary port that fails.
To ensure that the backup port continues to be available,
the D5 UEQ will automatically switchback to the primary
port when it recovers.
When using the redundancy option, the primary GigE
port is configured as normal with IP address details, etc.
Unlike trunk groups, GigE ports functions independently
with no load-sharing.
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February 09
Enable GigE Redundancy

To enable redundancy, the ip bundle command is


used to explicitly nominate the backup GigE port by
specifying the correct GigE interface.
- Example:
D5(config)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1
D5(config-gig-if)#ip bundle gigabitethernet 0/2
D5(config-gig-if)#exit

Disable association to an IP bundle by issuing a no ip


bundle command within the primary port.
- Example:
D5(config-gig-if)#no ip bundle gigabitethernet 0/2
D5(config-gig-if)#exit

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February 09
Redundancy Switch Back

The GigE redundancy feature provides control over the switching


back to a primary port if it becomes active again.
The ip bundle policy non-revertive command, available in
global configuration mode, is used to prevent reverting back to a
primary GigE port if it becomes available again.
The ip bundle policy revertive command allows automatic
reverting between interfaces to occur.
- This command also allows a wait-time to be configured to deal
with any delays that occur during link activation (such as STP
link-state resolution).
Example:
D5(config)# ip bundle policy non-revertive
D5(config)# ip bundle policy revertive wait-time 20
D5(config)#

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February 09
Verify IP Bundle

D5(config)#show ip bundle

IP Bundle Policy: Non-Revertive

IP Bundle:
Members: GIG-1
Spare port is GIG-2, port link status is Down
Currently no port is being backed up

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February 09
Redundant Stream Groups via CLI
Redundant stream groups enables multiple input stream definitions to be
associated together, for redundancy reasons, and activated for forwarding.
The configuration statically configures multiple input stream definitions
This protocol relies on the use of multiple MulticastTransportHeaders to
identify input IP multicast streams, one of which will be forwarded as an
output program to a QAM channel.
The command below enables a list of stream classifiers to be used in place
of the current classifier single input command available.
- List of stream classifier parameters:
video [udp <454> src-ip 1.1.1.1 dest-ip 1.1.1.1] virtual-prog
<channel-container>
is equivalent to
video [redundant-stream 'super_str'] virtual-prog <channel-container>

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February 09
Redundant Stream Groups
The redundant stream refers to a named redundant stream group that
contains the list of video input classifiers to use for the video sources.
- Example:
video redundant-stream 'super_str'
video redundant-stream-group 'super_str'
are equivalent to:
video {udp <port>} {src-ip <addr>} dest-ip <addr> {interface {ip
<addr> | gigabit <X/Y.Z>} {priority <1-255>}

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February 09
Policy Definitions
The redundant-stream-group configuration menu also includes some
policy definitions.
Policy definitions allow manual configuration for particular behavior of the
redundant-stream-groups.
- The policy active <hot-hot | hot-cold> option determines how the multiple
video input classifiers should be treated.
- The policy switch-over <ms> option determines the switch over time that is
used to identify when an active video source is no longer active, and a switch
over is necessary.
There is a default switch-over of 750ms.

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February 09
Policy Definitions Example
Example of policy definitions:
video redundant-stream-group super_str
video udp 2321 src-ip 192.165.222.248 dest-ip 224.0.0.1 interface ip
10.20.1.1
video udp 2321 src-ip 192.165.12.198 dest-ip 224.0.2.1 interface
gigabitethernet 0/1.1 priority 24
policy active hot-hot
policy switch-over 500
video redundant-stream-group super_nothing
video dest-ip 238.0.0.1 interface ip 10.20.1.1

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February 09
Show Command Example
Example of super string in hot-hot mode:

show video multicast-transport


<stream-name> UDP Source-IP Destination-IP Interface |
------------------------+-----+---------------+---------------+---------------|
Super_Str * 2321|192.165.222.248| 224.0.0.1| 10.20.1.1|
>* 2321| 192.165.12.198| 224.0.2.1| gige 0/1.1|
------------------------+-----+---------------+---------------+---------------+
Super_Nothing >* -| -| 238.0.0.1| 10.20.1.1|
------------------------+-----+---------------+---------------+---------------+
12345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

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February 09
Show Command Example
Example of multicast transport super string:

show video multicast-transport super_str


2 streams
SSM based
HOT-HOT standby
active stream: (192.165.222.248,224.0.0.1), UDP=2321, delivered to 10.20.1.1
(GE0/1.1)
backup stream: (192.165.12.198,224.0.2.1), UDP=2321, delivered to GE0/1.

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February 09
Configure Redundant Stream Group via
Web Manager
Configure redundant stream group.

Steps Notes
1. From the Configure Redundant Stream Groups drop-down menus,
launch the Redundant Stream Groups configuration screen.
2. Click New to add a redundant stream group entry.
2. Enter the name of the redundant stream group.
3. Select the policy definition from the drop-down menu. Hot/Hot
Hot/Warm - default

4. Enter the switchover time. 600 30,000. 750 - default

5. Enter the bandwidth for the delivered stream. 0 = default (unlimited bandwidth)

6. Click Expand to define more policy definitions.


7. Enter the UDP port for the incoming stream. 0 65535 (optional)

8. Enter the source IP address. Optional

9. Enter the destination IP address. Optional

10. Select the GigE interface from the drop-down menu.


10. Enter the priority of the redundant stream switchover. 1 - 255

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February 09
Assignment to Redundant Stream Group

Assign a channel container to the redundant stream group.


Steps Notes
1. Click the Channel Container button to select from a previously Only one channel container can
assigned channel container. be assigned per group.

2. Click New to access the Channel Container field.


3. Select the channel container from the drop-down list.
4. Click Apply Changes to enter the entire configuration.

Assign a QAM to the redundant stream group.


Steps Notes
1. Click the QAM button.
2. Click New to access the QAM field.
3. Select the QAM from the drop-down list.
4. Click Apply Changes to enter the entire configuration.

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February 09
Assignment to Redundant Stream Group

Assign a program number to the redundant stream group.

Steps Notes
1. Click the QAM button.
2. Click New to access the QAM field.
3. Enter a program number in the Program Number field.
4. Click Apply Changes to enter the entire configuration.

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February 09
Configure Redundant Stream Group via
Web Manager
Example: Configure a channel container to a redundant stream group.

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February 09
Activity
Objective:
- Configure a primary and spare QAM
- Configure a GigE trunk group
- Configure trunk group redundancy
- Configure GigE redundancy using CLI

Directions:
- Configure a primary and a spare QAM and the standby readiness
level.
- Verify the sparing configuration by manually implementing a failover
and failback.
- Configure a trunk group and define the associated GigE ports and
loopback IP.
- Configure an SFP for stand-by.
- Using CLI, configure GigE redundancy and the type of switchback.
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February 09
Module 11 Summary

Configure a primary and spare QAM

Configure a GigE trunk group

Configure trunk group redundancy

Configure GigE redundancy using CLI

Configure redundant stream groups

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February 09
System Security

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February 09
Module 12

Objectives:
- Configure RADIUS servers
- Configure RADIUS server groups
- Enable AAA
- Configure method lists
Topics:
- System Security Overview
- AAA Security Model
- RADIUS Model
- TACACS + Model
- Local Authentication
- RADIUS Configuration Steps

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February 09
System Security Overview

The D5 UEQ supports several types of protocols that communicate


information for administering remote user access to the network
D5 UEQ system security provides for:
- RADIUS Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service
- Authentication, Authorization and Accounting (AAA) limited framework in
support of RADIUS
- TACACS + - Terminal Access Controller Access Control System
RADIUS and TACACS+ support:
- Remote authentication of users gaining access to the D5 UEQ
- Local authorization of commands based on command privilege level
Authentication can be finely tuned to different CLI interfaces such as the
console line or the multiple vty (Telnet) lines
Multiple RADIUS/TACACS+ servers can be configured and added to server
groups to allow for server redundancy.
Enabling RADIUS/TACACS disables all configuration capabilities in the Web
Manager and allows you only monitor access independent of what password
you enter.
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February 09
AAA Functions

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February 09
AAA Security Model

The AAA security model is an architectural framework for the


implementation and management of common security functions
within a mixed network environment.
Authentication
Servers

p t
t tem
in a Router
Log

Authorization
Servers

Lo
gi
n
at
te
m
pt

Accounting
Comma Servers
nd xyz

D5 UEQ

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February 09
RADIUS Model
The D5 UEQ supports RADIUS authentication.
Login attempts terminate at the D5 UEQ
Authentication
Servers

pt
t tem
in a Router
Log

Authorization
Servers
Lo
gi
n
at
te
Co m
m pt
m
an
d
xy
z
Local Accounting
Acct Servers
DB Local
D5 UEQ
Authz
Local DB
Authn
DB

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February 09
TACACS+

Terminal Access Controller Access Control System plus (TACACS+)


is a TCP-based protocol supporting distinct request/response
transactions for authentication, authorization, and accounting.
Supports full payload encryption.
Offers authentication for a wide variety of user services including
login, privilege-level change, such as entering enable mode, and
password change.
Employs an unbounded, server-controlled challenge-response
mechanism.
- The server may issue any number of challenges to a user
prior to accepting or rejecting a service request.
- If the server rejects a service request, the client drops the
connection.
- Otherwise, the client establishes service using parameters
such as session timeout, idle timeout, or privilege level as
directed by the server.
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February 09
Local Authentication

For RADIUS login authentication :


- Supports only login and enable users
- Assigns a privilege level to each CLI command, from 0 to 15
Privilege level associated with login is typical set to 0
Privilege level associated with enable level is 15
Command assignments set locally
For TACACS+ login authentication:
- Issues the enable command with an optional parameter.
- Changes the users privilege level and makes all CLI
commands up to that level available to the user.
Based on a users privilege level, commands are authorized
locally
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February 09
Default Command Privilege Levels
Commands listed in the table Commands with Privilege Level 0
will have a default privilege level
of 0.
Any command not listed in the
table will have a default privilege
level of 15.

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February 09
RADIUS Configuration Steps

Steps to configure RADIUS include:


Setup RADIUS servers
Setup corresponding RADIUS server groups
Enable AAA
Setup default method lists for RADIUS

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February 09
Server Groups

To set up AAA authentication, remote servers must be available.


Servers can be configured with global and individual settings.
An AAA server group is a list of one or more servers used to
perform remote authentication
The D5 UEQ supports up to three separate server groups, each
with their own name.
The method lists is a combination of AAA server groups and
local/none settings that can be lined up in any order to meet the
customers needs.
An method list may contain one or more AAA method
- AAA capabilities can continue to operate even if some
methods become unavailable due to network failures or
configuration errors.
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February 09
Setup Remote RADIUS Server

Configure global settings for all configured RADIUS servers.


Example:
D5(config)#radius-server key abc123
D5(config)#radius-server timeout 3
D5(config)#radius-server retransmit 3
D5(config)#radius-server host 192.168.254.2
D5(config)#

A simplified version of the above commands:


Example:
D5(config)#radius-server host 192.168.254.2 timeout 3 key abc123
D5(config)#radius-server host 192.168.254.4 key ddd999
D5(config)#

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February 09
Setup RADIUS Server Groups

Once the RADIUS servers are setup, the corresponding RADIUS


server groups can be configured.
Example:
D5(config)#aaa group server radius RAD-SRV-GRP
D5(config-sg-radius)#server 192.168.254.2
D5(config-sg-radius)#server 192.168.254.4
D5(config-sg-radius)#exit
D5(config)#

View the server group configuration.


Example:
D5(config)#show radius groups
RADIUS Groups
=====================
Name IP Address
RAD-SRV-GRP 192.168.254.2 192.168.254.4

D5(config)#
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February 09
Line Interfaces
When AAA is enabled on the D5 UEQ, the user can modify how the
user authentication command is setup.
The user has the option of tailoring how AAA operates on each of the
CLI interfaces (also called lines) such as console and Telnet on the
D5 UEQ.
Each line interface supports a CLI session.
The CLI sessions behavior is completely dependent on the
configuration of the associated line.
- However, a sessions authentication process can override a
lines configuration for the duration of a session.
The aaa new-model command provides a wizard-like configuration
interface to enable AAA and set up defaults for all lines
- Once aaa new-model runs, no other configuration changes
can be made until the start of a new login session
- This command disables configuration activities on the Web
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February 09
Configure/Disable AAA

To use AAA, the AAA sub-system must be enabled through the use
of the aaa new-model command.
The result of the aaa new-model command is to:
- Enable the AAA service
- Setup the default method lists for all of the AAA
interfaces (authn, authz and acct)
- Setup each lines AAA configuration to point to the
default method list
When AAA services are no longer required, run the
no aaa new-model command.
- Removes all defined method-lists and all method lists
assigned to the different AAA interfaces on each line
- Does not remove the RADIUS server or RADIUS server-
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February 09
Additional AAA Commands

The aaa new-model command automatically adds global AAA


commands to achieve AAA configuration setting.
aaa authentication login default local
aaa authentication enable default local
aaa authorization commands default none
aaa authorization exec default none
aaa accounting commands default none
aaa accounting exec default none

Also automatically adds per line AAA commands to each of the


lines present within the configuration as follows:
login authentication default
enable authentication default
authorization commands default
authorization exec default
accounting commands 0 default
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February 09
Setup Default Methods List

In order to enable RADIUS to be used for AAA, the default login


and enable authentication method lists must be updated to
reference the RADIUS server groups that have been setup.

Example:
login D5(config)#aaa authentication login default group RAD-SRV-GRP local
D5(config)#aaa authentication enable default group RAD-SRV-GRP local
D5(config)#

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February 09
RADIUS Configuration Setup

An example of a complete RADIUS setup follows:

D5(config)#radius-server host 192.168.254.2 key abc123


D5(config)#radius-server host 192.168.254.4 key ddd999
D5(config)#
D5(config)#aaa group server radius RAD-SRV-GRP
D5(config-sg-radius)#server 192.168.254.2
D5(config-sg-radius)#server 192.168.254.4
D5(config-sg-radius)#exit
D5(config)#
D5(config)#aaa new-model
D5(config)#
D5(config)#aaa authentication login default group RAD-SRV-GRP local
D5(config)#aaa authentication enable default group RAD-SRV-GRP local
D5(config)#

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February 09
Display RADIUS Server Groups

Display RADIUS server group information.


Example:
D5(config)#show radius groups

RADIUS Groups
=====================
Name IP Address
RAD-SRV-GRP 192.168.254.2 192.168.254.4

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February 09
Display RADIUS Hosts

Display the RADIUS host information.

Example:
D5(config)#show radius hosts

Global Defaults
===============
Timeout : 5
Retries : 3
Key : <none>

RADIUS Hosts
===============
Server Port Timeout Retries Key
192.168.254.2 1812 - - abc123
192.168.254.4 1812 - - ddd999
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February 09
Display Detailed RADIUS Information
Display detailed RADIUS related information.
Example:
D5#show radius detail

Global Defaults
===============
Timeout : 5
Retries : 3
Key : <none>

RADIUS Hosts
===============
Server Port Timeout Retries Key
192.168.254.2 1812 - - abc123
192.168.254.4 1812 - - ddd999

RADIUS Detail
===============
RADIUS Server = 192.168.254.2
Access-Request packets formed = 8
Access-Accept packets received = 4
Access-Reject packets received = 4
Access-Challenge packets received = 0
Access-Request packet timeouts = 1
Access-Request packet retransmissions = 1
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February 09
Display Line Configuration Details
Display details of all the currently configured lines, and their individual AAA
configuration options.
Example:
D5(config)#show running-config | begin line

line console
length 24
width 80
timeout 900
no monitor
no vt100-colours
login authentication default
enable authentication default
authorization commands default
authorization exec default
accounting commands 0 default
accounting exec default
line vty 0 3
length 24
width 80
timeout 900
no monitor
no vt100-colours
login authentication default
enable authentication default
authorization commands default
authorization exec default
accounting commands 0 default
accounting exec default
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February 09
Enable Debugging for CLI

The debugging option enables protocol exchange messages


to be monitored between the D5 UEQ and the remote RADIUS
servers
To turn on debugging:
- Enabled debugging subsystem on the D5 UEQ for the CLI
being used
- Enable debug monitor output

Example:
D5(config)#configure debug cli
D5(config)#terminal monitor
D5(config)#

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February 09
Enable RADIUS Debugging

Once the CLI is enabled for debugging, RADIUS debugging can be


enabled and displayed.

Example:
D5(config)# debug module radius
D5(config)#

The no version of the command, described below, disables the


logging of RADIUS.
Example:
D5(config)# no debug module radius
D5(config)#

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February 09
Enable AAA Debugging

Enable AAA debugging.

Example:

D5(config)# debug module aaa


D5(config)#

Produces debug output relating to operation of the AAA framework.


The no version of this command will disable AAA debugging.
Example:
D5(config)#terminal monitor
D5(config)# debug module radius
D5(config)# debug module aasda
Authenticate aaaNewModel: Enabled.
[5] displaying banner
Authenticate aaaNewModel: Enabled.

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February 09
Activity

Objectives:
- Configure RADIUS servers
- Configure RADIUS server groups
- Enable AAA
- Configure method lists

Directions:
- Instructor guided activity done individually or in small groups

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February 09
Module 12 Summary

Configure RADIUS servers.

Configure RADIUS server groups

Enable AAA

Configure method lists

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February 09
System Monitoring & Maintenance

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February 09
Module 13

Objectives:
- Monitor the system for events and conditions
- Configure SNMP access
- Verify system level settings
- Perform a system software upgrade

Topics:
- System Monitoring
- Device Information
- Configure SNMP Access
- Configure Secure Shell
- Configure System Level Settings
- Software Upgrade
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February 09
Monitor System Activity

D5 UEQ System Summary Screen provides a snapshot of


main system activities
Monitor for system input and output streams, environmental
information, and events.
View device information about the software and chassis

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February 09
D5 UEQ Summary Screen

Provides a snapshot of important system information.


Use the Refresh button to force a data update.

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February 09
Monitoring Activities

Monitoring includes the following:


- D5 UEQ event messages based on first/last time
occurrence of events
- Status of the line cards
- Active video sessions event values for the transport
stream, programs, and PIDs
- Active (P)SIG interfaces
- Environmental measurements for the chassis
- Port mapping scheme for selected QAM port
- Measurements of input data traffic and output interfaces

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February 09
View Line Card Status

View information about chassis inventory, module type


and card status.

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February 09
Event Log Database

The D5 UEQ generates asynchronous event messages, or events, in


two ways: as part of normal operations and in response to error
conditions
Multiple identical events are uniquely managed by the Event Log
database.
- Count column tracks multiple identical events by displaying them in
incrementing counts starting at one with the creation of an event.
Subsequent identical events increment the count by one.
- First Time column displays the first occurrence of an event.
- Last Time column displays the last occurrence of an event.
The Event Log Database manages occurrences using the First Time
and Last Time columns, instead of creating multiple listings for the
same event.
Clear button clears the entire table. Individual events cannot be
deleted.
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February 09
Event Log Database

Each event is assigned an event priority. The event


priority indicates the type and impact of the event on
the D5 UEQ operations.
Event Priority Assignments

Value Name
1 Emergency
2 Alert
3 Critical
4 Error
5 Warning
6 Notice
7 Informational
8 Debug

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February 09
Configure Event Log Database

To enable event logging and set the associated


parameters.

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February 09
View Event Log Database

View D5 UEQ events based on first/last time of


occurrence.

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February 09
View Active Video Sessions

View active video sessions event values for the


transport stream, programs, and PIDs.

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February 09
Configure QAM Dejitter Queues

Configure QAM Dejitter rules to add or update the


millisecond values for existing rules.

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February 09
View QAM Dejitter Queues

View the QAM utilization for programs, bitrate, dejitter


queue status, underflow, overflows, active dejitter
buffer size and the configured dejitter buffer size.

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February 09
View Program Extractions

View program extraction data.

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February 09
PSIG Database Summary

View a summary of the active (P)SIG interfaces.

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February 09
Environment Summary

View a summary of the environment telemetry


measurements.

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February 09
Environment Summary

View a summary of the fan speed, temperatures and


voltages.

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February 09
UDP Port Mapping

View a summary of the UDP port mapping of a specific


QAM channel.

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February 09
Interface Counters

View a summary of the input and output counters for


Ethernet interfaces and QAM ports.

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February 09
View QAM Bitrates

View a summary of the QAM bitrate for QAM channels


and QAM port frequencies.

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February 09
View Device Information

View system CPU/memory information


Get system information needed for tech support calls
Generate a running configuration report

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February 09
Version/CPU Info
View current version and CPU information.

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February 09
View Tech Support Info
View information needed for tech support calls.
File can be exported and sent to ARRIS Technical Support.

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February 09
View Inventory Report

Generate system inventory report.

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February 09
View Running Configuration
View the running configuration log.
File can be exported for archival.

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February 09
Secure Shell Configuration

Secure Shell (SSH)


- Provides operators with encrypted access to the D5 UEQ.
- Anyone with an SSH client and a valid D5 UEQ user
account and password can access the D5 UEQ through
SSH.
- D5 UEQ currently supports both SSH v1 and v2 access.
- Refer to the ARRIS D5 UEQ User Documentation for more
information on SSH.

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February 09
SSH Server Operations

Verify SSH daemon is running.

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February 09
Configuring SSH

Enable IP SSH from configure terminal mode.


- ip ssh server enable

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February 09
SSH Server Operations

Disable SSH daemon.

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February 09
SSH Server Show Commands

Show users.
- show ssh

- show ip ssh will also list details of connected clients

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February 09
Configure System Level Settings

One time settings configurations:


- D5 UEQ clock
- NTP Server
- Preferences

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February 09
Configure the D5 Clock

Enter settings for daylight saving, time zone, date, and


time.

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February 09
Configure System Timing

The D5 UEQ supports time synchronization from an


Network Time Protocol (NTP) server.
Useful for keeping logs, determining accurate time of
events and conditional access timing.
Each NTP server configured is polled at a specified
interval.
The Master NTP server is authoritative, and sets system
time.
The first server configured becomes the master,
subsequent are backup.
Default interval is 300 seconds.

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February 09
Configure NTP Server

Configure the D5 UEQ enable the NTP server.

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February 09
Preference Settings

Select the date format for time stamps and refresh


rates.

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February 09
Software/Upgrade Procedures

Download the D5 UEQ software upgrade file from


ARRIS Technical Support.
Save the software upgrade file to an TFTP server.
From the TFTP server download the software upgrade
file to the compact flash on the D5 UEQ.
It is the users responsibility to acquire and deploy a
TFTP server.
Typically done in a maintenance window.
Software and system upgrade procedures appear in the
latest D5 UEQ Release Notes.

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February 09
Software/Upgrade Procedures

Reload the software

Note: Reload Menu items and Save


button text in RED indicates that the
running configuration and startup
configuration differ and a save is
required.

Verify the active


image.

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February 09
Activities

Objective:
- Configure SSH access

Directions:
- Enable SSH on the D5 UEQ

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February 09
Activity

Objective: Demonstrate a system software upgrade.

Directions: as a group
- Save the software upgrade file to an TFTP server.
- From the TFTP server download the software upgrade file
to the compact flash on the D5 UEQ.

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February 09
Module 13 Summary

Monitor system events and conditions

Configure SNMP access

Verify system level settings

Perform a system software upgrade

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February 09
Course Summary

End of Course

Thank You for Attending!

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February 09