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Tonya Collier
I aim to
Define phobias associated with facial disfigurements and
Define theorize the root cause of such phobias

Discuss how facial disfigurement has (or has not) been

Discuss portrayed in literature

Describe the effects of facial disfigurement in regards to

Describe Lucy Grealy

Compare personal stories from first-hand accounts and

Compare studies to Lucy Grealys p.o.v.
Why are facial disfigurements so
Identifying friend from foe was an essential
survival skill, and a damaged face is thought to
somehow rattle this system confusion that can
cause anxiety
Pop Culture
Unlike phobias such as fear of heights or fear of
the dark, fear of disfigured people has a living
object this commonality can reflect back on the

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The fear of Literally fear Unlike other Much of
disfigured of monsters phobias it is popular
people or of seldom culture pivots
giving birth to discussed on this fear
a disfigured Saw V, the
baby man without
a face

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The fear of Stems from
universal, evolved
Are people
acquiring a innate human able to
deformity and reflexes, social and
the fear or cultural norms and control their
revulsion of
stigmas, or a reactions to
combination of both
deformity in reflex and social disfiguremen
someone else reinforcement? t?
What effect does facial discrimination
have on Lucy Grealy?

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Loneliness Anxiety Disassociati Substance Etc
on abuse
Past and Present Perceptions Towards
Disability: A Historical Perspective by Chomba
Wa Munyi
Limited literature in disability history,
however, continues to pose a great
challenge to students of disability studies
in their endeavor to trace the development
and formation of perceptions towards
persons with disabilities.
Physical Deformity - Understanding Our Gut
Reactions by Joel L. A. Peterson

Deformity is a land of oneThere is

no pride of membership, of
belonging, of citizenship in the land
of the misshapen, the disfigured.
Facial discrimination: Living with a disfigured
by Neil Steinberg
We are a society where people thrive or fail --
in part, in large part -- because of appearance.
The arrangement of your features goes far in
deciding who you are attractive to, what jobs
you get. Study after study shows that people
associate good looks with good qualities, and
impugn those who aren't attractive.
What NOT to Say (and Do) to People with
by Mirah Riben
Today there is a great deal of emphasis
on going beyond tolerance to acceptance
in our language and in our actions toward
differences between and among people
but there are unintended slights we need
to be aware as well.
People with Disabilities as Social Outcasts:
Shifting the Perspective from Victim to Advocate
by Helen Okobokekeimei

Everyone should ask themselves,

what similarities and differences do I
have with people who have
disabilities? To what extent do people
think individuals with disabilities are