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POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT

DRILLING MUD MOTORS

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 1 2/00


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Drilling Technology Overview
Build Rate (deg/100ft, deg/30m)
6 40 72 150
Curvature Long Medium Intermediate Short
M1XL Motors M1XI Motors
Tool Type M1X Motors
Articulated Motors

Collar
(Primary Application) Probe
MWD Type
(Secondary Application) Flexible (Primary Application)

Conventional Composites
Pipe Rotation Premium - Limited Rotation
Sliding - No Rotation

Conventional - No Restrictions

Completions Special

Project Specific

Radius (ft) 1000 140 80 40


Radius (m) 300 43 25 12
1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 2 2/00
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Drilling Technology Overview

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 3 2/00


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Three Point Geometry

Three Points Define a Circle

Bisect the 2 Straight Lines

The Intersection (A) Defines


the Center (Radius) of the
Circle

Defines the Tilt Angle

2 Defines the arc


1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 4 2/00
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Drilling Tools - Deflection Methods

2 x 100
BUR=
L1 + L
2

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated


All rights reserved. Positive Displacement Motors 303-020. 5 2/00
6 1/2 and larger AKO set up

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 6 2/00


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4 3/4 & 3 3/4 with 1/2 shells AKO
set up

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 7 2/00


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Half Shell

Ultra Series 3 1/8, 3 3/4, 4 3/4

Section 3.5.1 Half Shell AKO

Adjustment

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 8 2/00


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Overview
Bearing Deflection Stator By-Pass
Assembly Device Valve

Drive Sub
1 Stage a) Mono Lobe
(Bit Box)
b) Multi Lobe

Drive Sub Universal Joint Rotor


Assembly

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated


All rights reserved. Positive Displacement Motors 303-020. 9 2/00
Fluid Flow Path

Stator
(Elastomer)

Rotor
Direction
Of
Rotation

Fluid Flow

Universal
Joint

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated


All rights reserved. Positive Displacement Motors 303-020. 10 2/00

Power Modules
Lobe Configurations
1/2 2/3 3/4

5/6 7/8 9/10

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated


All rights reserved. Positive Displacement Motors 303-020. 11 2/00

Power Modules
Elastomer
Performance Limitations

Definition

ELASTOMER = ELAST IC POLY MER

Primary Characteristic
Ability to deform substantially under application of a force
and snap back to original shape when force is removed

Positive Displacement Motors


1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 12 2/00
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Power Modules
Elastomer
Performance Limitations

Specific Elastomer Types

System A * Oil/Water Based Mud Systems Standard Temp.**< 130C(265F)


Sysetm C Oil Based Mud Systems High Temp.** <180C (360F)
System D Oil/Water Based Mud Systems Standard Temp.**<130C (265F)
Improved Wear Resistance
Sysetm F Oil/Water Based Mud Systems Temp.** <160C (320F)
High Chemical Resistance

* not in use anymore ** Circulating Temperature

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated


All rights reserved. Positive Displacement Motors 303-020. 13 2/00

Power Modules
Engineering Drilling Systems


Navi-Drill

Ultra Series Motors

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 14 2/00


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Ultra Series Motors
4 3/4" Tool Size

Top Sub Motor Section

Half Shell AKO Bearing Section ND4-5S

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 15 2/00


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Ultra Series Motors
Torque [ftlbs x 1000]

700
10
600

Speed [ rpm]
8
500

6 400

300
4
200
2
100

0 0
1/2 3/4 5/6 7/8 9/10 11/12

Motor Configuration
Basis for comparison:
Size - 6-3/4, Flow rate - 475 GPM, Constant motor length,
Same number of stages, Same pressure drop across entire motor,
Same lobe geometry, Same efficiency.
1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 16 2/00
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Ultra Series Motors
Thread Optimization
Example Tool Size 4.3/4", Stator thread
: Same Loadcase (MUT)
Old design:
Stress contours
min.

New design:

max.

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 17 2/00


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Extreme Motor

X-treme Technology

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 18 2/00


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X-treme Power Section
High power and torque output
60% higher than conventional
mud motors
Higher efficiency
Contoured stator manufacturing
process
90% reduction in rubber content
Lower friction
Lower distortion

Delivers reliability improvements


and extended run times
1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 19 2/00
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Technology

Reduced amount of Elastomer allows for increased


efficiency and greater power output than Ultra.

Allows for 30-40 degrees F increased heat


resistance (295 F with standard elastomer)

Robust design means fewer trips and longer


maintenance cycle time saving rig time.

12-3/4" design will accept higher flow requirements


( up to 1740 gpm) of latest rig hydraulics packages.

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 20 2/00


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6-3/4 X-treme
Why high speed motors instead of turbines?
Torque at bit proportional to motor differential
pressure (easy control)
Greater torque capabilities, use of more aggressive
bits possible
Higher flow rate at same pressure drop
Increased lifetime of bit (better cooling, no stalling)
Higher efficiency at reduced flow rate
Shorter length
Use of Thrusters possible

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 21 2/00


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Half Shell Adjustable Kick-Off (AKO)
Cylindrical Thread replaced by Tapered Thread
Improved Bending Moment Capacity
Reduced Potential of Thread Galling
Almost all tooth flanks are in contact
stronger box
Reduced Number of thread connections

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 22 2/00


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X-treme Benefits

Increased ROP
Higher Power Output
Better Volumetric Efficiency
Better Durability
More Downhole Operating Hours
Longer Maintenance Interval
Broader Operating Range (e.g. Flowrate Regime,
Range of Borehole Diameter)

1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 23 2/00


All rights reserved.