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SIU02/TCU02 Overview , Technical

Description & Troubleshooting.

Kalyan Goswami & Indraj


Roy.
Content
Overview
Types of STN
STN Hardware Description
Network Topology
TCU Features (AbisovIP,Synch,Circuit Emulation,....)
How to access TCU/Basic commands
Trouble shooting
Benefits
Operator Value
Summary
Overview
Overview
TYPE OF STN
SIU-01 HARDWARE
SIU-02 HARDWARE
TCU-02 HARDWARE
BASEBAND T503 HARDWARE
BASEBAND T605 HARDWARE
North Bound North Bound
RNC
BSC

North Bound
SGSN
Router1 Router2
M120 M120

L2 MUX
North Bound
OSS

Active MUX (3PP) Passive


Path Path

Active path VLAN: Abis1 , IuB1 ,MuB1

TRANSPORT Passive path VLAN: Abis2,IuB2,MuB2


TRANSPORT
NETWORK
NETWORK

Local Cell Site


TCU

MUX (3PP)
Network Connectivity
TRANSPORT
2G RBS
NE
TCU used as router for both 2G and NB
traffic. Static routes used with BFD.
TCU acts as next hop for NB traffic.

NB
SIU-02/TCU-02 SW
Features & ROADMAP
SIU-02/TCU-02 SW
Features & ROADMAP
FEATURES

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection


ABIS over IP
Circuit Emulation
Synchronization
IP Loopback
Policy based Routing
Bidirectional Forwarding Detection

BFD facilitates minimal traffic


interruption in case of link/path
failures
BFD rapidly detects failures along
the path within milliseconds
(depending on configured
transmission intervals and retry
attempts). This facilitates rapid
repair mechanisms to minimize
service disruption.
The feature reduces the impact
of faults in the backhaul network
by providing fast detection and
fast reroute to an alternate path
(if present).
Abis over IP
GSM RBSs use TDM (E1/T1) as their transport connection
The Abis over IP function enables the RBS to use an IP/Ethernet transport network for backhauling instead
Using the existing TDM backhaul for IP transport facilitates the migration to all-IP. The benefits if IP transport
can be reaped without replacing the existing TDM backhaul.
Circuit Emulation
The Circuit Emulation (CES) feature enables the TCU/SIU to backhaul TDM
based equipment over IP networks. The TDM service provided is structured
E1/T1s with support for 1-31/24 DS0s per E1/T1.
Moving from a TDM based transport network to one based on IP enables
higher capacities at lower costs. To fully utilize IP networks and to avoid
operating parallel transport infrastructures it is important to be able to
move all traffic on an RBS site to IP.
Using this feature, the customer is able to backhaul legacy RBSs and other
TDM based equipment over an IP based network.
Frequency Synchronization Client with NTP over IP
This feature enables NTP frequency
synchronization for an IP-only connected
SIU/TCU.
This solution is cost efficient compared to the
alternative of providing an external clock source,
such as a GPS receiver.
The feature also supports quick roll-out of new IP-
based RBSs, or move from TDM to IP backhaul,
as no synchronization support in the transport
network is required.
Stable oscillator in TCU/SIU provides long-term
stability
IP Loopback
IP services at the TCU/SIU depend on an IP interface to terminate traffic. In
the past, an IP interface has been bound only to a physical network
interface. The IP loopback interface provides an IP termination point that is
not associated with a particular physical interface. Traffic to/from the
loopback interface can be routed via alternate physical interfaces.
Policy Based Routing
Existing routing methods use
only the destination IP address
of each packet to determine
its route. Policy Based Routing
examines a larger set of
packet attributes such as
protocol type, priority,
source/destination address
and source/destination ports
and uses these in route
determination. The route
taken by the packet can thus
be more finely controlled than
with conventional routing.
Access TCU

Connect TCU via Local Management


Terminal
RJ45 connector to Local Management port
telnet 192.168.1.1/24
username: admin
password: hidden
TCU prompt: OSmon>
BASIC COMMANDS &
TROUBLESHOOTING
MAC from DUW

Check Neighbour status :-

MAC from Router


Connected Interface
Conclusion:If MAC address is getting learned it means that layer
2 connectivity from TCU to Router is clear. .
BASIC COMMANDS & TROUBLESHOOTING

Check BFD status :


Conclusion : If BFD status is Up that means L3 connectivity is through


between router and TCU .
BASIC COMMANDS & TROUBLESHOOTING

BFD session Counter

perfSessUpCount : The number of times this BFD session has


gone into the "up" state.
BASIC COMMANDS & TROUBLESHOOTING

To check whether TCU is reachable for all Interfaces


regarding Abis, IUB and MUB
For Abis Service : # ping <PGW_IP> -I <VIPDATA_IP> -i .107 -c 1000 s 1500

For IuB Service : # ping <NTP_IP> -I <VIPDATA_IP> -i .107 -c 1000 s 1500

For MuB Service : # ping <OSS_IP> -I <VIPOAM_IP> -i .107 -c 1000 s 1500


If 0% packet Loss , its clear that no transmission path issue is there from TCU to Router i.e in south bound part.
If partial packet loss is observed , then there might be issue in Transmission path or some local cabling interface in TCU end that
need to taken care ofMostly issue is being observed in transmission MW path.
Such ping drop will result in HS drops and throughput issues.
Also to check TCU port health , TCU may be replaced at Site with Laptop and configure VLAN & interface IP and check the ping
status. In this way we can isolate TCU from network and isolate media issues.
In critical cases we can suggest for End to end media testing with Ethernet tester.
BASIC COMMANDS & TROUBLESHOOTING
PATH & ROUTE CHECK-
TCU_5895-OSmon> show ip route
Codes: K - kernel, C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, B - BGP
O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
ew - East-West API * - candidate default
show ip route command output
C 10.28.23.108/32 is directly connected, lo
C 10.28.55.108/32 is directly connected, lo
will show all the ip routes,
C 10.40.20.64/30 is directly connected, eth4.1630
C 10.40.20.68/30 is directly connected, eth4.1631
C 10.40.20.72/30 is directly connected, eth4.1632
which helped us to structure
C 10.40.20.76/30 is directly connected, eth4.1633
C 10.40.20.80/30 is directly connected, eth4.1634 the ping command quickly.
C 10.40.20.84/30 is directly connected, eth4.1635
C 10.40.20.88/30 is directly connected, eth6.100
C 10.40.20.92/30 is directly connected, eth6.200
S 10.223.6.0/24 [2/0] via 10.40.20.69, eth4.1631
S 10.223.36.128/26 [2/0] via 10.40.20.65, eth4.1630
S 10.223.60.0/24 [2/0] via 10.40.20.73, eth4.1632
C 127.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, lo
BASIC COMMANDS & TROUBLESHOOTING

Traceroute
With traceroute command from TCU we can check the IP routes via
which traffic is reaching destination node.
TCU_4113-OSmon> traceroute 10.223.2.6
traceroute to 10.223.2.6 (10.223.2.6), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
1 10.30.47.81 (10.30.47.81) 14.794 ms 13.615 ms 11.559 ms
2 10.220.66.169 (10.220.66.169) 6.330 ms 7.234 ms 10.749 ms
3 10.223.2.6 (10.223.2.6) 5.457 ms 6.379 ms 5.919 ms
In several occasion during integration process destination Node like OSS/NTP
is not reachable from TCU where as next hop address is reachable ,we may
use traceroute command to isolate the issue after which hop IP packet is
getting dropped.
BASIC COMMANDS & TROUBLESHOOTING
To get the TG detail and PGW IP- getmoattribute STN=0, TGtransport=all

To get the Virtual IP address - getmoattribute STN=0, VirtualIPInterface=all

To get the NTP IP address - getmoattribute STN=0,


synchronization=0,timeserver=all
BASIC COMMANDS & TROUBLESHOOTING
BASIC COMMANDS & TROUBLESHOOTING
BASIC COMMANDS & TROUBLESHOOTING
To check packet drop on respective P-bits (QOS) on NB/WAN
interface:-
BASIC COMMANDS & TROUBLESHOOTING
To get alarms in TCU :

To check the Status of E1 in TCU :

The status of the E1T1 interface should be enabled


and port labels are marked in yellow.
BASIC COMMANDS & TROUBLESHOOTING
To check TCU Sync quality status:-

To check the routing table of TCU :-

To Check The System Logs